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Allogeneic Islet Cells Transplanted Onto the Omentum

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02213003
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 11, 2014
Last Update Posted : February 28, 2023
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
Diabetes Research Institute Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rodolfo Alejandro, University of Miami

Brief Summary:
Current islet transplantation into the portal vein of the liver has shown the unique ability of islets to stabilize blood glucose levels and prevent severe hypoglycemia in a selected group of subjects with Type 1 diabetes. The main limitations of islet transplantation are the need for systemic immunosuppression to maintain function and the loss of islet function over time. Additionally, many studies have demonstrated that the current site of transplantation in the liver is not an ideal site due to several factors. These factors include (1) significant liver inflammation following islet infusion; (2) potential for life-threatening procedure-related complications such as bleeding and thrombosis; (3) high levels of immunosuppressive drugs and GI toxins in the liver contributing to islet toxicity; (4) the inability to retrieve islets after infusion; and (5) development of graft dysfunction in a number of recipients of intrahepatic allogeneic and autologous islets. The implantation of islets into the omentum will allow adequate engraftment of islets onto the omentum and will lead to comparable or superior functional and clinical outcomes than in the traditional intrahepatic site.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Hypoglycemia Hypoglycemia Unawareness Biological: Islet transplantation Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
Islet transplantation will be performed in subjects with unstable Type 1 diabetes mellitus under permanent immunosuppression. Islets are re-suspended in autologous plasma and distributed on the omental surface by a minimal invasive approach. Cell adherence is achieved by addition of clinical-grade recombinant human thrombin that reacts with plasma to create a biocompatible, degradable gel containing the islet graft. The primary efficacy endpoint is the proportion of subjects with HbA1c ≤6.5% at 1 year AND free of severe hypoglycemic events from Day 28 to Day 365, inclusive, after the islet transplant. The primary safety endpoint is to demonstrate patient safety throughout all stages of the trial.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 6 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Allogeneic Islet Cells Transplanted Onto the Omentum
Study Start Date : September 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 2025
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2026

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Islet transplantation
Transplantation of at least 5000 islet equivalents/kg of body weight onto the omentum.
Biological: Islet transplantation
Transplantation of at least 5000 islet equivalents/kg of body weight onto the Omentum.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. A1c </= 6.5% and no severe hypoglycemia [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    composite outcome

  2. procedural complications [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male and female patients age 18 to 65 years of age.
  2. Ability to provide written informed consent.
  3. Mentally stable and able to comply with the procedures of the study protocol.
  4. Type1 diabetes with onset of disease at <40 years of age, insulin-dependence for > 5 years at the time of enrollment
  5. Absent stimulated c-peptide (<0.3ng/mL) in response to a mixed meal tolerance test.
  6. Involvement in intensive diabetes management
  7. At least one episode of severe hypoglycemia in the 12 months prior to study enrollment.
  8. Reduced awareness of hypoglycemia as defined by a Clarke score of 4 or more OR A Hypoglycemia score greater than or equal to the 90th percentile (1047) during the screening period; OR Marked glycemic lability and defined by a lability index score greater than or equal to the 90th percentile (433 mmol/L2/h•wk-1) during the screening period; OR A composite of a Clarke score of 3 or less and a hypoglycemia score greater than or equal to the 75th percentile (423) and a lability index greater than or equal to the 75th percentile (329) during the screening period.
  9. Subjects screening data from 20053135 protocol will be accepted for subjects eligible for this study. If 20053135 visit was 12 months prior to enrollment, Visit 2 laboratory should be repeated.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Body Mass Index (BMI) >30 kg/m2 or patient weight ≤50 kg.
  2. Insulin requirement of >1.0 IU/kg/day or <15 U/day.
  3. HbA1c >10%.
  4. Untreated proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
  5. Blood Pressure: SBP >160 mmHg or DBP >100 mmHg.
  6. Glomerular filtration rate <80 mL/min/1.73 m2 (calculated).
  7. Presence or history of macroalbuminuria (>300mg/g creatinine).
  8. Presence or history of panel-reactive anti-HLA antibodies.
  9. For female subjects: Serum or urine Positive pregnancy test, presently breast-feeding, or unwillingness to use effective contraceptive measures for the duration of the study and 4 months after discontinuation. For male subjects: intent to procreate during the duration of the study or within 4 months after discontinuation or unwillingness to use effective measures of contraception. If sexually active, subject must use at least two medically accepted methods of birth control.
  10. Presence or history of active infection including hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV, or tuberculosis (TB).
  11. Negative screen for Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) by IgG determination.
  12. Invasive aspergillus, histoplasmosis, and coccidioidomycosis infection within one year prior to study enrollment.
  13. Any history of malignancy except for completely resected squamous or basal cell carcinoma of the skin.
  14. Active alcohol or substance abuse.
  15. Hb below the lower limits of normal at the local laboratory; lymphopenia (<1,000/µL), neutropenia (<1,500/µL), or thrombocytopenia (platelets <100,000/µL).
  16. A history of Factor V deficiency.
  17. Any coagulopathy or medical condition requiring long-term anticoagulant therapy.
  18. Severe co-existing cardiac disease,

    1. recent myocardial infarction (within past 6 months)
    2. evidence of ischemia on functional cardiac exam within the last year) left ventricular ejection fraction <30%.
  19. Persistent elevation of liver function tests at the time of study entry.
  20. Symptomatic cholecystolithiasis.
  21. Acute or chronic pancreatitis.
  22. Symptomatic peptic ulcer disease.
  23. Gastrointestinal disorders potentially interfering with the ability to absorb oral medications.
  24. Hyperlipidemia despite medical therapy (fasting LDL cholesterol > 130 mg/dL, fasting triglycerides > 200 mg/dl).
  25. Chronic use of systemic steroids, except for the use of ≤5 mg prednisone daily, or an equivalent dose of hydrocortisone, for physiological replacement only.
  26. Treatment with any anti-diabetic medications other than insulin within 4 weeks of enrollment.

23. Use of any investigational agents within 4 weeks of enrollment. 24. Administration of live attenuated vaccine(s) within 2 months of enrollment. 25. Any medical condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, will interfere with the safe participation in the trial.

26. Treatment with any immunosuppressive regimen at the time of enrollment. 27. A previous islet transplant. 28. A previous pancreas transplant 29. Inflammatory bowel disease. 30. History of intestinal obstructions. 31. Previous major abdominal surgery. 32. History of peritonitis.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02213003

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United States, Florida
Diabetes Research Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Miami, Florida, United States, 33136
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rodolfo Alejandro
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation
Diabetes Research Institute Foundation
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Principal Investigator: Rodolfo Alejandro University of Miami
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Responsible Party: Rodolfo Alejandro, Professor of Medicine, University of Miami
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02213003    
Other Study ID Numbers: 20140144
First Posted: August 11, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 28, 2023
Last Verified: February 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: undecided. This is a small phase 1/2 pilot trial.
Keywords provided by Rodolfo Alejandro, University of Miami:
islet transplantation
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
Diabetes Mellitus
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases