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Fat Burning After a Meal

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02211599
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 7, 2014
Last Update Posted : September 25, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Shanon Casperson, USDA Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study is to determine how adding a carbohydrate beverage to a meal with different protein levels affects the rate at which one's body burns fats, sugars, and proteins.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Postprandial Effect of Carbohydrate Beverage Consumption Other: 15% protein Other: 30% protein Other: Sweetened beverage Not Applicable

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 29 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Post-Prandial Substrate Utilization in Response to the Inclusion of Sweetened Beverage to Meals With Different Levels of Protein Content
Actual Study Start Date : November 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : June 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 15% protein meal and sweetened beverage
Breakfast and lunch will each contain 15% protein. A sweetened flavored beverage will be served with each meal; one drink will be sweetened with sugar and the other with sucralose (a non-nutritive sweetener). Order will be randomized.
Other: 15% protein
Meal to provide 15%en from protein.

Other: Sweetened beverage
Beverage sweetened with either sugar (sucrose) or sucralose (non-nutritive sweetener).

Experimental: 30% protein meal and sweetened beverage
Breakfast and lunch will each contain 30% protein. A sweetened flavored beverage will be served with each meal; one drink will be sweetened with sugar and the other with sucralose (a non-nutritive sweetener). Order will be randomized.
Other: 30% protein
Meal to provide 30%en from protein.

Other: Sweetened beverage
Beverage sweetened with either sugar (sucrose) or sucralose (non-nutritive sweetener).




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Postprandial lipid oxidation rate [ Time Frame: 4 hours after meal consumption ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Energy expenditure measured by postprandial thermogenesis [ Time Frame: 4 hours after meal consumption ]
  2. Postprandial protein oxidation [ Time Frame: 4 hours after meal consumption ]
  3. Postprandial carbohydrate oxidation [ Time Frame: 4 hours after meal consumption ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • BMI less than 25 kg/m2
  • ability to sign the consent form
  • availability of transportation

Exclusion Criteria:

  • percent body fat greater than or equal to 25% for males and 35% for females
  • allergies to any study foods
  • more than a 10% change in body weight within the past 2 months
  • current or planned pregnancy
  • lactation
  • metabolic illness/disease(s)
  • active cancer or in short-term remission (less than 3 years)
  • infectious diseases
  • alcohol or drug abuse
  • tobacco use
  • presence of acute illness
  • taking medications known to affect energy expenditure and appetite

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02211599


Locations
United States, North Dakota
USDA Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center
Grand Forks, North Dakota, United States, 58203
Sponsors and Collaborators
USDA Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Shanon Casperson, PhD USDA Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center
Principal Investigator: James Roemmich, PhD USDA Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center

Responsible Party: Shanon Casperson, PhD, USDA Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02211599     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GFHNRC507
First Posted: August 7, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 25, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Shanon Casperson, USDA Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center:
protein
carbohydrate
lipid
oxidation
fat
sugar
juice
obesity