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Cold Laser: A Modality to Promote Vulvar Healing and Pain Relief

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02204319
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : July 30, 2014
Results First Posted : July 2, 2017
Last Update Posted : July 2, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
ProHealth Care, Inc

Brief Summary:
The objectives of this pilot study are to demonstrate effectiveness of application of the Erchonia Laser (manufactured by Erchonia Corporation),a non-invasive, non-significant risk low level laser red diode light therapy device, in providing relief of pain symptoms in patients with provoked and non- provoked vulvar vestibulitis; to reduce the frequency of use of oral medications to manage pain symptoms; and to reduce the debilitating affect vulvar vestibulitis has on the patient's daily activities, relationships and emotional well-being.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Vulvar Vestibulitis Vestibulodynia Device: Cold laser Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

In the current proposed pilot study, application of a low level laser light device, manufactured by Erchonia Corporation, to reduce the pain of vulvar vestibulitis will be evaluated. The Erchonia Laser device will emit three independent 7 milliWatt, 635 nanometer red light diodes in a hand-held device and is a variable frequency pulsed wave device.

Erchonia low level lasers have been determined safe and effective and non-significant risk (NSR) by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for application for numerous and various pain reduction indications, providing justification for the anticipated safety and effectiveness of application of the Erchonia Laser to reduce pain in patients with vulvar vestibulitis. The FDA has granted 510(k) clearances for Erchonia low level laser devices for five pain reduction indications, all cleared under Product Code 'NHN', defined as: "A light based non-laser device that emits energy in infrared or other wavelengths, provides non-heating and non-thermal effect, and is indicated for adjunctive use in pain therapy or related indication. It does not provide therapeutic topical heating."

The research will be conducted at ProHealth Care; Inc. across four campuses. Patients will be seen in private rooms in the therapy departments.

All study staff are licensed in the field of either Occupational Therapy or Physical therapy (2 in each) with the advanced continuing education necessary to call them a "specialist" in the treatment of pelvic floor disorders. All investigators will complete CITI training for research.

Subjects will be referred into the ProHealth Care system via a prescription for pelvic floor therapy signed by a licensed medical professional with the expertise to diagnose Vulvar vestibulitis. Written information regarding the study and proposed treatment will also be mailed to a larger group of pelvic floor therapists in the greater Milwaukee Wisconsin region through a "Pelvic Floor Study Group" list informing them of the need for subjects with this diagnosis so that they may inform their clients of the availability of such research. These clients may then request a referral from their private health care provider.

The pilot study will be completed in twelve months following the commitment of ProHealth Care, Inc. Institutional Review Board as well as procurement of initial funding through grants applied for during 2013. There will be 10 patients enrolled in the pilot study.

Patients will be screened after they are referred by their physician for physical therapy.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 10 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Cold Laser: A Modality to Promote Vulvar Healing and Pain Relief
Study Start Date : March 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cold Laser Treatment
Cold laser used off of the body over the vulvar involved area. The device to be used in this study is the Erchonia Corporation variable frequency pulsed wave low level laser device employing three independent 7 milliWatt, 635 nanometer red light diodes mounted in a hand-held device and is a variable frequency pulsed wave device. Weekly visits x 6 with 5 minute treatments over vulva and sacral nerve roots each.
Device: Cold laser
Erchonia Corporation variable frequency pulsed wave low level laser device employing three independent 7 milliWatt, 635 nanometer red light diodes mounted in a hand-held device and is a variable frequency pulsed wave device.
Other Name: The Erchonia Laser device




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percent Improvement Change in Visual Analogue Pain Scale (VAS) Calculated With Q-tip Palpation Over 6 Sites From Baseline Visit to Follow up at Two Week From Last Visit [ Time Frame: Average of all sites Compared from baseline visit and at 8 week (from start) follow up ]

    III. Q-tip testing:

    . Q-tip pressure will be applied at the following areas, in the exact order listed: 2:00, 10:00, 5:00, 7:00, 12:00, and 6:00. An average VAS report of pain taken overall and compared from first baseline visit to end of study re-assessment two weeks following last treatment.

    • Pain intensity marked an a line with a point between 0-100 on the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). A separate rating is recorded for each of the 6 numbered areas (see box 1 for reference). 100 is maximum pain level and 0 is no pain measured in centimeters per FDA guidelines for pain calculation on the VAS



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Patient Specific Functional Scale Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline, and two weeks following last treatment at Week 8 ]
    Questionnaire that measures on a 0-10 scale (0= No function, and 10= normal function) one function that most impacts the patient's present symptoms (vaginal penetration/intercourse chosen as most important and pertinent) Measured amount of point change on the scale.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Change in the Vulvar Pain Functional Scale Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline, and after last treatment visit at Week 8 ]

    Questionnaire of eleven questions involving specific functions that may impart pain in the vulvar region and patient response to present tolerance level. Questions have 4-5 answer choices weighted on a 0-3 scale of impairment, with 3 being worst.

    Worst reported score of functional impact =33. No functional impact = 0




Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • • Female

    • 18 years or older
    • Current diagnosis of provoked or non-provoked vulvar vestibulitis made by a suitably qualified medical professional
    • Vulvar pain is chronic, defined as having been present for at least 3 months.
    • Visual Analog Score for typical vulvar pain is at least 30/100 Patient has been stabilized on all hormonal interventions (i.e., birth control pills, topical or oral estrogen agents) and will not be altered for the course of the treatment protocol of this study.
    • Subject is willing and able to decrease use of current pain relief medication to manage vulvar pain throughout study participation, and is willing and able to refrain from engaging in other non-study treatments to manage her vulvar vestibulitis symptoms

Exclusion Criteria:

  • • Vulvar dermatoses such as lichen sclerosis, squamous cell hyperplasia, or lichen planus

    • Active vaginal or pelvic infection, herpetic infections, vulvar cancer and/or treatment for cancer
    • Previous vestibulectomy or other surgical or procedural interventions (for vestibulitis ) to the treatment area
    • Active infection, wound or other external trauma to the areas to be treated with the laser
    • Other neurological disorders such as Multiple Sclerosis
    • Photosensitivity disorder
    • Pregnant or planning pregnancy prior to study end
    • Serious mental health illness, developmental disability or cognitive impairment that may preclude adequate comprehension of the consent form or ability to record study measures

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02204319


Sponsors and Collaborators
ProHealth Care, Inc
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Linda A LaBorde, BS PT ProHealth Care, Inc

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Responsible Party: ProHealth Care, Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02204319     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB-13-21
First Posted: July 30, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 2, 2017
Last Update Posted: July 2, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by ProHealth Care, Inc:
provoked or non-provoked vulvar vestibulitis
low level laser light device

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Vulvodynia
Vulvar Vestibulitis
Vulvar Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Vulvitis