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Nilotinib ± Peg-IFN for First Line Chronic Phase CML Patients (PETALs)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02201459
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified August 2014 by Hospices Civils de Lyon.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : July 28, 2014
Last Update Posted : August 7, 2014
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Novartis
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hospices Civils de Lyon

Brief Summary:
This is a phase III trial comparing, for newly diagnosed chronic phase CML patients, nilotinib 600 mg BID as a standard arm and nilotinib 600 mg BID combined to interferon alfa 2 a (pegylated form improving tolerance and maybe enhancing is efficacy) at increased doses for a total of 24 months of combination, in a 1:1 randomized manner. The assessment for the primary efficacy endpoint will be performed at 12 months (since nilotinib initiation) and is the rate patients obtaining MR4.5 will be measured at this time point.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Drug: Nilotinib (Tasigna ®), capsules of 150 mg Drug: Nilotinib (Tasigna ®) and Pegylated interferon alfa 2a (Pegasys®) Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 200 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Multicenter Phase III Study Comparing the Rate of Molecular Response 4.5 at 12 Months in Newly Diagnosed Philadelphia Positive Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Patients Receiving Either Frontline Nilotinib 600 mg Daily or Nilotinib 600 mg Daily Combined to Pegylated Interferon-alfa 2a (Peg-IFN)
Study Start Date : August 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Nilotinib
Control arm, this compound been licensed in this indication.
Drug: Nilotinib (Tasigna ®), capsules of 150 mg
Nilotinib 2 capsules of 150 mg orally twice daily at 12 hours difference, fasting (minimum 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal) for at least 36 months

Experimental: Peg-IFN alfa 2a (Pegasys®) and Nilotinib
Arm testing the efficacy of a combination of nilotinib and Peg-IFN alfa 2a as frontline therapy for first line chronic phase CML patients.
Drug: Nilotinib (Tasigna ®), capsules of 150 mg
Nilotinib 2 capsules of 150 mg orally twice daily at 12 hours difference, fasting (minimum 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal) for at least 36 months

Drug: Nilotinib (Tasigna ®) and Pegylated interferon alfa 2a (Pegasys®)
  • Nilotinib 2 capsules of 150 mg orally twice daily at 12 hours difference, fasting (minimum 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal) for at least 36 months and
  • Pegylated interferon alfa 2a subcutaneously once a week (auto-injection syringes of 135 and 90 micrograms) at 30 micrograms/week the first month alone (= priming procedure), then at 30 micrograms/2weeks the first month of combination to nilotinib and then at 45 micrograms/week thereafter until month 24 after nilotinib initiation.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Molecular response (MR) 4.5 at 12 months of nilotinib 300 mg twice a day versus a combination of low-dose Peg-Interferon (Peg-IFN) to nilotinib 300 mg twice a day in newly diagnosed CP-CML Chronic Phase Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia patients. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Centralised assessment of the BCR-ABL transcripts at 12 months since nilotinib initiation


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Molecular Response 4.5 at 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 12 months of nilotinib, and duration of MR4.5 during the second year of treatment (18, 24 and 36 months). [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    Centralised assessment of the BCR-ABL transcripts every month for 3 months and every three months until 12 months and thereafter every 6 months until 36 months assessment.

  2. Major Molecular Response at 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 12 months of nilotinib, and duration of MMR during the second year of treatment (18, 24 and 36 months). [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    Centralised assessment of the BCR-ABL transcripts every month for 3 months and every three months until 12 months and thereafter every 6 months until 36 months assessment.

  3. Rate of patients with BCR-ABL/ABL (IS) ≥10% at 3 months. [ Time Frame: 3 months after nilotinib initiation ]
    Centralised assessment of the BCR-ABL transcripts at 3 months.

  4. Rate of CCyR (complete cytogenetic responses: bone marrow Philadelphie positive at 0 % on at least 20 metaphases) at 3, 6, 12 months of nilotinib. [ Time Frame: Assessment at 3, 6 and 12 months ]
    Local bone marrow cytogenetic assessment (on 20 metaphases)

  5. Safety of the nilotinib combined to Peg-IFN or not (hematological and non-hematological adverse events (AE) graded according to the NCI CTC AE v3). [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    Continuous evaluation of the AEs and SAEs reported during 36 months

  6. Quality of life of patients treated in both arms [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    EORTC-QLQ C30 and C24 questionnaire at months -1 (Arm B), month 0, 1, 6, 12, 24, 36.

  7. Doses-reductions/interruptions of drugs in both arms. Mean daily doses of nilotinib and Peg-IFN administered. [ Time Frame: 24 months for Peg-IFN, and 36 months for both drugs ]
    Continuous recording of dose intensity along the study for 24-36 months.

  8. Compliance to drugs in each arms [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    Morisky questionnaire to be fulfilled at 1, 6, 12, 24 and 36 months after nilotinib initiation.

  9. Molecular relapse rate at 6 and 12 months after nilotinib withdrawal in patients obtaining 2-year stable MR4.5. [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    Local (but standardized) assessment of the BCR-ABL transcripts every months for 3 months.

  10. Event-free survival. [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    Survival since randomization without any event defined as loss of CHR, loss of PCyR or CCyR, death from any cause, progression towards accelerated phase or blast crisis.

  11. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    Survival without progression towards accelerated of blast phase, death.

  12. Overall survival. [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    Survival without death from any cause



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and female patients
  • CP-CML, positive Philadelphia chromosome or positive BCR-ABL (M-bcr transcript), diagnosed less than 3 months prior to study entry
  • Age of at least 18 years-old and less than 65 years
  • Patient for whom treatment with Nilotinib is expected
  • No other CML treatment except for hydroxyurea and/or anagrelide
  • No previous TKI treatment.
  • No previous treatment with IFN even for other purposes.
  • SGOT and SGPT < 2.5 UNL
  • Serum creatinine < 2 UNL
  • No planned allogeneic stem cell transplantation
  • Signed informed consent
  • ECOG score 0 to 2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Contra-indication to IFN
  • Transcripts other than M-Bcr
  • Pregnancy, lactation
  • HIV positivity, chronic hepatitis B or C.
  • Prior or concurrent malignancy other than CML (exceptions to be mentioned)
  • History of arterial occlusive disease or (peripheral, carotids or severe coronary heart disease).
  • Permanent elevation of total cholesterol and triglycerides despite treatment
  • Severe psychiatric/neurological disease (previous or ongoing)
  • Concomitant auto-immune disease
  • Other investigational product ongoing
  • Ongoing immunosuppressive treatment
  • Ongoing treatment at risk for inducing torsades de pointes
  • QTcF > 450ms despite correction of predisposing factors (i.e electrolytes…)
  • Congenital long QTcF
  • Unstabilised thyroid disorder
  • No health insurance coverage

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02201459


Contacts
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Contact: Madeleine ETIENNE, CRA 4 78 86 22 32 ext +33 madeleine.etienne@chu-lyon.fr
Contact: jérémy MONFRAY, CRA 4 78 86 22 27 ext +33 jeremy.monfray@chu-lyon.fr

Locations
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France
Franck NICOLINI Recruiting
Lyon, France, 04 78 86 22 50
Contact: Franck Nicolini, MD    4 78 86 22 50 ext 33    franck-emmanuel.nicolini@chu-lyon.fr   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hospices Civils de Lyon
Novartis
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Franck NICOLINI, MD Hopsices Civils de Lyon

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Responsible Party: Hospices Civils de Lyon
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02201459    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2013.837
First Posted: July 28, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 7, 2014
Last Verified: August 2014
Keywords provided by Hospices Civils de Lyon:
Peg-IFN, nilotinib, MR4.5, CML, chronic phase, first-line
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Leukemia, Myeloid
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Interferons
Interferon-alpha
Interferon alpha-2
Peginterferon alfa-2a
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs