Radiation Therapy vs. Observation Following Gemcitabine and Cisplatin for Inoperable Localized Liver Cancer
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02200042|
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : July 25, 2014
Results First Posted : August 28, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 28, 2019
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Stage III Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Stage IVA Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma||Radiation: Image Guided Radiation Therapy||Phase 3|
I. To evaluate the addition of liver-directed radiation therapy with respect to overall survival (OS) for patients with unresectable, localized intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
I. To evaluate the addition of liver-directed radiation therapy with respect to local control for patients with unresectable, localized intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
II. To evaluate the addition of liver-directed radiation therapy with respect to adverse events for patients with unresectable, localized intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
III. To evaluate the addition of liver-directed radiation therapy with respect to regional control for patients with unresectable, localized intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
IV. To evaluate the addition of liver-directed radiation therapy with respect to distant metastases for patients with unresectable, localized intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
V. To evaluate the addition of liver-directed radiation therapy with respect to progression-free survival for patients with unresectable, localized intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 3 years then every 6 months for 2 years.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||1 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Randomization ratio (Experimental:Observation) = 2:1|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Randomized Phase III Study of Focal Radiation Therapy for Unresectable, Localized Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 29, 2014|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||July 2, 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||July 2, 2018|
Experimental: Radiation therapy
Liver-directed radiation therapy
Radiation: Image Guided Radiation Therapy
Patients undergo 15 fractions of image-guided radiation therapy delivered over 19-26 or 27-34 days.
No Intervention: Observation
No radiation therapy
- Overall Survival [ Time Frame: From randomization to last follow-up. Analysis occurs after all patients have been on study for at least two years. ]Overall survival time is defined as time from randomization to the date of death from any cause. Overall survival rates are estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Patients last known to be alive are censored at the date of last contact.
- Distant Metastases [ Time Frame: From randomization to last follow-up. Analysis occurs after all patients have been on study for at least two years. ]
- Incidence of Adverse Events Evaluated Using National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 4.0 [ Time Frame: From randomization to last follow-up. Analysis occurs after all patients have been on study for at least two years. ]
- Local Progression [ Time Frame: From randomization to last follow-up. Analysis occurs after all patients have been on study for at least two years. ]
- Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From randomization to last follow-up. Analysis occurs after all patients have been on study for at least two years. ]
- Regional Progression Defined as Progression or Existing or Appearance of New Nodal Disease [ Time Frame: From randomization to last follow-up. Analysis occurs after all patients have been on study for at least two years. ]
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Pathologically (histologically or cytologically) proven diagnosis of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHC) without distant extrahepatic metastasis prior to study entry. Patients with an adenocarcinoma suggestive of a pancreaticobiliary primary with radiographic findings consistent with an intrahepatic cholangio-carcinoma are eligible.
- Patient must have 1 lesion with a maximum AXIAL diameter of 12cm at the time of study entry. Up to 3 satellite lesions are permitted. Satellite lesions, are defined as lesions less than 2 cm that are within 1 cm of the periphery of the dominant lesion (gross tumor volume [GTV]) are permitted. The satellite lesions are NOT included in the AXIAL diameter measurement. Regional Lymph Node involvement within the porta hepatis (as medial as superior mesenteric vein [SMV] portal vein confluence) is permitted if nodes are deemed clinically positive (i.e. FDG [Fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose] avid);
Appropriate stage for protocol entry, including no distant metastases, based upon the following minimum diagnostic workup:
• Pre-study entry Scan (REQUIRED for All Patients to confirm no progression): computed tomography (CT) scan chest/abdomen/pelvis with multiphasic liver CT scan within 30 days prior to study entry. If CT contrast is contraindicated, CT chest without contrast and MRI of abdomen and pelvis is permitted;
- Zubrod Performance Status 0-1 at the time of study entry;
- Age ≥ 18;
Complete blood count (CBC) / differential obtained within 21 days prior to study entry, with adequate bone marrow function defined as follows:
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000 cells/mm3;
- Platelets ≥ 75,000 cells/mm3;
- Total bilirubin < 2.5 mg/dl;
- Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase [SGPT]) < 5.0 X institutional upper limit of normal;
- Albumin ≥ 2.5mg/dl;
- Creatinine within normal institutional limits or creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for subject with creatinine levels above institutional normal;
- Hemoglobin(Hgb) ≥ 9.0 g/dl. (Note: The use of transfusion or other intervention to achieve Hgb ≥ 9.0 g/dl is acceptable.)
- Patient must provide study specific informed consent prior to study entry;
- Negative Beta-Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (bHCG) prior to study entry if patient is pre or peri-menopausal.
- Must have received 6 months of Gemcitabine/Cisplatin chemotherapy without progression. Disease response to chemotherapy is also permitted. If toxicity precludes 6 months of chemotherapy at least 4 months of Gemcitabine/Cisplatin must have been administered.
- Multiple lesions that don't meet the criteria as satellite lesions as defined in protocol;
- Extrahepatic metastases or malignant nodes beyond the periportal region. Celiac, pancreaticoduodenal and para-aortic nodes> 2 cm are ineligible. Note that benign non-enhancing periportal lymphadenopathy is not unusual in the presence of hepatitis and is permitted, even if the sum of enlarged nodes is > 2.0 cm;
- Hepatic insufficiency resulting in clinical jaundice, encephalopathy and/or variceal bleed at the time of study entry;
- Prior radiotherapy to the region of the liver that would result in overlap of radiation therapy fields;
- Prior selective internal radiotherapy/hepatic arterial Yttrium therapy, at any time;
- Direct tumor extension into the stomach, duodenum, small bowel or large bowel;
- Prior invasive malignancy, excluding the current diagnosis, (except non-melanomatous skin cancer) unless disease free for a minimum of 3 years. (Note: carcinoma in situ of the breast, oral cavity, or cervix is all permissible);
- Prior systemic chemotherapy for the study cancer other than gemcitabine/cisplatin; note that prior chemotherapy for a different cancer is allowable;
- Currently receiving other anti-cancer agents;
- Participants who require anticoagulation should receive low-molecular weight or standard heparin and not warfarin;
- Prior surgery for the IHC. (Liver resection is not allowed);
Severe, active co-morbidity, defined as follows:
- Unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization within the last 6 months of study entry;
- Transmural myocardial infarction within the last 6 months of study entry;
- Acute bacterial or fungal infection requiring intravenous antibiotics at the time of study entry;
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease exacerbation or other respiratory illness requiring hospitalization or precluding study therapy within 30 days prior to study entry;
- HIV positive with CD4 (cluster of differentiation 4) count < 200 cells/microliter. Note that patients who are HIV positive are eligible, provided they are under treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and have a CD4 count ≥ 200 cells/microliter at the time of study entry. Note also that HIV testing is not required for eligibility for this protocol;
- End-stage renal disease (ie, on dialysis or dialysis has been recommended).
- Pregnancy or women of childbearing potential and men who are sexually active and not willing/able to use medically acceptable forms of contraception; this exclusion is necessary because the treatment involved in this study may be significantly teratogenic;
- Grade 3 or higher peripheral neuropathy at the time of study entry.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02200042
|Principal Investigator:||Theodore Hong||NRG Oncology|
Documents provided by NRG Oncology:
|Responsible Party:||NRG Oncology|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
NCI-2014-00849 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
NRG-GI001 ( Other Identifier: NRG Oncology )
NRG-GI001 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180868 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
|First Posted:||July 25, 2014 Key Record Dates|
|Results First Posted:||August 28, 2019|
|Last Update Posted:||August 28, 2019|
|Last Verified:||July 2019|
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type