ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Study of Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Ustekinumab for Symptomatic Gastrointestinal Inflammation Associated With Common Variable Immunodeficiency

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02199496
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 24, 2014
Last Update Posted : November 2, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

- Some people with Common Variable Immunodeficiency Disease (CVID) have gastrointestinal inflammation. This can cause diarrhea, weight loss, and not being able to absorb nutrition from food. Researchers want to see if the drug ustekinumab can help these problems. This drug blocks some proteins that cause inflammation.

Objective:

- To test the safety and efficacy of the drug ustekinumab for people with CVID with gastrointestinal inflammation.

Eligibility:

- Adults ages 18-75 with CVID. They must have chronic diarrhea, have unintentionally lost weight in the last year, and/or need to use nutritional supplements to maintain their weight.

Design:

Participants will undergo the following screening studies to make sure that this study is a good fit for your medical situation, and to make sure it is safe for you to receive the study medications tests, including tests for HIV and hepatitis . This will be done as an inpatient at the NIH Clinical Center and takes about 5-6 days:

  • Participants will be screened with:
  • Medical history
  • Physical exam
  • Blood tests, including tests for HIV and hepatitis.
  • Stool tests, including a timed 48 hour collection for fat malabsorption and a 24 hour collection for protein malabsorption
  • Urine tests, including a pregnancy test for any women with the ability to have a child
  • Chest CT scan to look for infection
  • D-xylose testing, which involves drinking a sugary solution and then having a blood sample drawn to test carbohydrate (sugar) malabsorption
  • Hydrogen breath testing for test for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) this test also involves drinking a sugary solution and then collecting breath samples
  • Upper endoscopy (EGD) and/or colonoscopy to look at the lining of the GI tract and take biopsies for testing. This will be done under sedation by a qualified gastroenterologist.

Participants who complete screening and meet all criteria will then return to the NIH Clinical Center for the following visits:

  • First Treatment Visit (1 clinic day): Medical history, physical exam, measurement of vital signs and weight, review of medications, and an assessment of number and consistency of stools each day. A pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential. A nurse will give you three shots of 90 mg ustekinumab (270 mg total dose) by very small needles injected under the skin, and then observe you for 1 hour.
  • Week 8 Treatment Visit (1 clinic day): Medical history, physical exam, measurement of vital signs and weight, review of medications, and an assessment of number and consistency of stools each day. Blood, urine and stool samples will be collected. A pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential. A nurse will give you one 90 mg dose of ustekinumab by a very small needle injected under the skin, and then observe you for 1 hour.
  • Week 16 Treatment Visit (1 clinic day): Medical history, physical exam, measurement of vital signs and weight, review of medications, and an assessment of number and consistency of stools each day. Blood, urine and stool samples will be collected. A pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential. A nurse will give you one 90 mg dose of ustekinumab by a very small needle injected under the skin, and then observe you for 1 hour.
  • Week 24 Treatment and Mid-point Evaluation Visit (4-6 inpatient days): Medical history, physical exam, measurement of vital signs and weight, review of medications, and an assessment of number and consistency of stools each day. Blood, urine and stool samples will be collected, including repeating the d-xylose carbohydrate malabsorption testing, the 24 hour stool collection for protein malabsorption and the 48 hour stool collection for fat malabsorption. A pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential. A nurse will give you one 90 mg dose of ustekinumab by a very small needle injected under the skin, and then observe you for 1 hour.
  • Week 32 Treatment Visit: Medical history, physical exam, measurement of vital signs and weight, review of medications, and an assessment of number and consistency of stools each day. Blood, urine and stool samples will be collected. A pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential. A nurse will give you one 90 mg dose of ustekinumab by a very small needle injected under the skin, and then observe you for 1 hour.
  • Week 40 Treatment Visit: Medical history, physical exam, measurement of vital signs and weight, review of medications, and an assessment of number and consistency of stools each day. Blood, urine and stool samples will be collected. A pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential. A nurse will give you one 90 mg dose of ustekinumab by a very small needle injected under the skin, and then observe you for 1 hour.
  • Week 48 ...

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
CVID Enteropathy Chronic Diarrhea Maldigestion Malabsorption Biological: Ustekinumab Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to assess the safety/tolerability and efficacy of using ustekinumab in subjects with common variable immunodeficiency CVID or selective IgG subclass deficiency (functional agammaglobulinemia) who have associated symptomatic gastrointestinal inflammation (CVID enteropathy). Ustekinumab (a Food and Drug Administration [FDA] approved drug) is a monoclonal antibody to interleukin (IL)-12/23p40. CVID is a clinically heterogeneous disorder characterized by decreased serum immunoglobulin IgG and IgA levels. In addition to chronic or recurrent pyogenic sino-pulmonary infections, many patients develop non-infectious gastrointestinal manifestations that can be disabling or fatal. Currently there is no standard therapy for the associated gastrointestinal disease outside of empiric nutritional intervention for weight loss, anti-diarrheal agents, and non-specific anti-inflammatory agents.

Recently, gut inflammation complicating functional hypogammaglobulinemia due to CVID and selective IgG subclass deficiency has been characterized as a T helper type 1 (Th1) inflammatory response, with excess IL-12 cytokine production associated with diarrhea and weight loss as well as reduced D-xylose absorption and steatorrhea. This protocol aims to test specific anti-IL-12 therapy in this patient group. It has been previously shown that therapy targeted to IL-12 successfully treated the Th1 gut inflammation of Crohn s disease (CD). Ustekinumab, a monoclonal antibody to the p40 subunit of IL-12 and IL-23, is FDA approved for the treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis, active psoriatic arthritis, and more recently, moderately to severely active CD. This protocol is designed to measure the safety of ustekinumab in patients with functional hypogammaglobulinemia and CVID enteropathy, as well as measure effects on symptoms, gut function, expression of immune cell surface markers, production of cytokines and global gene expression from blood and gut mucosal mononuclear cells, and the gut microbiota.

Patients with CVID and selective IgG subclass deficiency with gastrointestinal symptoms of malabsorption, maldigestion, and chronic diarrhea will be enrolled into this study. Subjects (up to a total of 10 individuals) will receive a treatment dose of 270 mg (3 doses of 90 mg either single-use prefilled syringe or single-use vial, depending on availability) will be injected subcutaneously in subjects by qualified nursing staff on the Day 0 study visit. Subjects will then receive a follow up treatment dose of 90 mg at Week 8, Week 16, Week 24, Week 32 and Week 40 and be followed for a total of 48 weeks.

Subjects will have study procedures prior to treatment and 48 weeks post-treatment, these include upper and/or lower endoscopies, to measure changes in immune responses and studies to evaluate physiologic measures of gut function at 48 weeks, as well as routine safety monitoring throughout the study. Gut absorption tests will be performed at the Week 24 visit. Variables will include safety (adverse event rate), clinical (weight, stool frequency, results of gut absorption tests), and laboratory (lymphocyte and cytokine assays) parameters for descriptive summary statistical analysis (n, mean, median, standard deviation, minimum and maximum range).


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 10 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label Phase I/II Pilot Study to Assess the Safety/Tolerability and Efficacy of Ustekinumab for Symptomatic Gastrointestinal Inflammation Associated With Common Variable Immunodeficiency
Study Start Date : July 23, 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2019



Intervention Details:
  • Biological: Ustekinumab
    Ustekinumab is an IL-12 and IL-23 antagonist biologic drug that is FDA approved to treat psoriasis and Crohn's disease. Ustekinumab may offer a specific and welltolerated new treatment for CVID-related enteropathy.


Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary endpoint of the study is whether treatment with ustekinumab is safe and tolerated in CVID enteropathy patients and does not cause a significant increase in infection or result in any serious adverse events (SAEs) that are determined... [ Time Frame: From the date of study agent administration through the end of the study at 48 weeks. ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The secondary endpoint of the study is whether patients respond to the treatment with ustekinumab. Response will be defined as <1% decrease in weight or a decrease in the number of stools at the Week 8, Week 16, Week 24, Week 32 and Week 40 v... [ Time Frame: From the date of study agent administration through the end of the study at 48 weeks. ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • DIAGNOSIS AND CRITERIA FOR INCLUSION:

A subject is eligible for the study if all of the following criteria are met:

  • Has given written informed consent.
  • Is male or female aged 18 through 75 years.
  • Has CVID or selective IgG subclass deficiency of either one or concomitant IgG subclasses comprising IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 or IgG4 (functional hypogammaglobulinemia) diagnosed prior to screening as based on the International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) criteria.
  • Has a documented, unintended loss of >5% of their body weight over the last year or requires nutritional supplements to maintain his/her body weight and/or has chronic diarrhea defined as a complaint of at >/= 50% of stools are non-formed for at least 4 consecutive weeks per patient history. Alternately, must be dependent on a therapeutic dose of antidiarrheals (e.g., loperamide or diphenoxylate with atropine) for control of chronic diarrhea.
  • If taking oral antibiotics chronically, must have used a stable dose of the antibiotic continuously for at least 2 weeks prior to start of screening period.
  • Is willing to have samples stored.
  • Be willing to consistently take appropriate measures to avoid pregnancy through the Week 48 study point. All subjects will be informed of the potential risks of ustekinumab during pregnancy and counseled on pregnancy avoidance appropriate to the subject s circumstances (e.g. fertility status, medical contraindications to hormonal birth control, and/or personal or religious beliefs regarding pregnancy avoidance). Subject to the judgment and discretion of the PI, some subjects may not need to take pregnancy

avoidance measures. Patient handout on pregnancy avoidance will be provided to patients at the time of consent and discussion regarding pregnancy avoidance during the study.

-Subjects who have previously been treated with a single 270 mg dose of ustekinumab on this study must be greater than 6 months from their treatment dose and have had recurrence of enteropathy symptoms.

CRITERIA FOR EXCLUSION:

A subject is excluded from the study if any of the following criteria are met:

GENERAL CRITERIA:

  • Has any clinically significant disease or condition (e.g., renal, hepatic, neurological, cardiovascular, pulmonary, endocrinologic, psychiatric, hematologic, urologic, or other acute or chronic illness) that in the opinion of the investigator would make the subject an unsuitable candidate for this trial, or put the subject at undue risk by participating in this study.
  • Is a woman who has a positive pregnancy test or who is breast-feeding
  • Is a woman who does not agree to abide by the contraceptive measures required to prevent pregnancy during participation in the study, or meets exemption criteria for contraceptive measures, as outlined in the protocol.
  • Has any of the following clinical chemistry values:

    • AST >2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN).
    • ALT >2.5 times ULN.
    • Serum bilirubin >1.5 times ULN.
    • Serum creatinine >1.5 times ULN.
    • Alkaline phosphatase >2.5 times ULN.
  • Has a hemoglobin level <9 g/dL or hematocrit <30%.
  • Has an International Normalized Ratio (INR) >1.3 or a Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) >3 sec of ULN.
  • Has the following cell counts (cells/microL):

    • Platelet count <75,000 or >800,000.
    • White blood cell count <2,000.
    • Neutrophil count <1,000.
  • Has a current infection requiring intravenous antibiotics, a serious local infection (e.g., cellulitis, abscess) or systemic infection (e.g., pneumonia, septicemia).
  • Has a history of cancer within the past 5 years, with the exception of excised basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or cervical carcinoma in situ.
  • Had a dependency for any illicit drug, chemical, or alcohol within the past 5 years.
  • Has a history of active tuberculosis (TB) (or a chest x-ray (CXR) with findings suggestive of old TB infection including calcified nodular lesions, apical fibrosis, or pleural scarring), acute or chronic hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or opportunistic infections.

GASTROINTESTINAL CRITERIA

-Has a stool sample determined positive for acute gastrointestinal infection with impact of occurrence on gastrointestinal inflammation as determined by principal investigator during screening. In addition, stool samples positive for GI pathogens will be discussed with an infectious disease physician to determine impact of occurrence on gastrointestinal inflammation. If organism thought to be pathogenic, the subject will be treated with appropriate therapy. This will be documented in the subject s medical record.

PRIOR MEDICATION CRITERIA

  • Received daily corticosteroids within 1 month prior to receiving study agent. The use of short-term or single-dose corticosteroids as a pretreatment regimen for IVIG is acceptable.
  • Received any investigational drug within 3 months prior to receiving study agent.
  • Received certolizumab or natalizumab within 3 months prior to receiving study agent
  • Received vedolizumab, infliximab, etanercept, or adalimumab within 2 months prior to receiving study agent.
  • Received cyclosporine, tacrolimus, sirolimus, pimecrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil or any other systemic immunosuppressants within 1 month prior to receiving study agent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02199496


Contacts
Contact: Kimberly L Montgomery-Recht, R.N. (301) 827-0038 kim.montgomery-recht@nih.gov
Contact: Ivan J Fuss, M.D. (301) 496-9663 ifuss@niaid.nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Office of Patient Recruitment (OPR)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@cc.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ivan J Fuss, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02199496     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 140153
14-I-0153
First Posted: July 24, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 2, 2018
Last Verified: October 31, 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) ):
Malabsorption
Enteropathy
Diarrhea
IL-23
IL-12

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Inflammation
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Diarrhea
Intestinal Diseases
Malabsorption Syndromes
Common Variable Immunodeficiency
Pathologic Processes
Immune System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Signs and Symptoms
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Metabolic Diseases
Ustekinumab
Dermatologic Agents