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Study of Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Ustekinumab for Symptomatic Gastrointestinal Inflammation Associated With Common Variable Immunodeficiency

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02199496
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 24, 2014
Last Update Posted : August 29, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

- Some people with Common Variable Immunodeficiency Disease (CVID) have gastrointestinal inflammation. This can cause diarrhea, weight loss, and not being able to absorb nutrition from food. Researchers want to see if the drug ustekinumab can help these problems. This drug blocks some proteins that cause inflammation.

Objective:

- To test the safety and efficacy of the drug ustekinumab for people with CVID with gastrointestinal inflammation.

Eligibility:

- Adults ages 18-75 with CVID. They must have chronic diarrhea, have unintentionally lost weight in the last year, and/or need to use nutritional supplements to maintain their weight.

Design:

Participants will undergo the following screening studies to make sure that this study is a good fit for your medical situation, and to make sure it is safe for you to receive the study medications tests, including tests for HIV and hepatitis . This will be done as an inpatient at the NIH Clinical Center and takes about 5-6 days:

  • Participants will be screened with:
  • Medical history
  • Physical exam
  • Blood tests, including tests for HIV and hepatitis.
  • Stool tests, including a timed 48 hour collection for fat malabsorption and a 24 hour collection for protein malabsorption
  • Urine tests, including a pregnancy test for any women with the ability to have a child
  • Chest CT scan to look for infection
  • D-xylose testing, which involves drinking a sugary solution and then having a blood sample drawn to test carbohydrate (sugar) malabsorption
  • Hydrogen breath testing for test for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) this test also involves drinking a sugary solution and then collecting breath samples
  • Upper endoscopy (EGD) and/or colonoscopy to look at the lining of the GI tract and take biopsies for testing. This will be done under sedation by a qualified gastroenterologist.

Participants who complete screening and meet all criteria will then return to the NIH Clinical Center for the following visits:

  • First Treatment Visit (1 clinic day): Medical history, physical exam, measurement of vital signs and weight, review of medications, and an assessment of number and consistency of stools each day. A pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential. A nurse will give you three shots of 90 mg ustekinumab (270 mg total dose) by very small needles injected under the skin, and then observe you for 1 hour.
  • Week 8 Treatment Visit (1 clinic day): Medical history, physical exam, measurement of vital signs and weight, review of medications, and an assessment of number and consistency of stools each day. Blood, urine and stool samples will be collected. A pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential. A nurse will give you one 90 mg dose of ustekinumab by a very small needle injected under the skin, and then observe you for 1 hour.
  • Week 16 Treatment Visit (1 clinic day): Medical history, physical exam, measurement of vital signs and weight, review of medications, and an assessment of number and consistency of stools each day. Blood, urine and stool samples will be collected. A pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential. A nurse will give you one 90 mg dose of ustekinumab by a very small needle injected under the skin, and then observe you for 1 hour.
  • Week 24 Treatment and Mid-point Evaluation Visit (4-6 inpatient days): Medical history, physical exam, measurement of vital signs and weight, review of medications, and an assessment of number and consistency of stools each day. Blood, urine and stool samples will be collected, including repeating the d-xylose carbohydrate malabsorption testing, the 24 hour stool collection for protein malabsorption and the 48 hour stool collection for fat malabsorption. A pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential. A nurse will give you one 90 mg dose of ustekinumab by a very small needle injected under the skin, and then observe you for 1 hour.
  • Week 32 Treatment Visit: Medical history, physical exam, measurement of vital signs and weight, review of medications, and an assessment of number and consistency of stools each day. Blood, urine and stool samples will be collected. A pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential. A nurse will give you one 90 mg dose of ustekinumab by a very small needle injected under the skin, and then observe you for 1 hour.
  • Week 40 Treatment Visit: Medical history, physical exam, measurement of vital signs and weight, review of medications, and an assessment of number and consistency of stools each day. Blood, urine and stool samples will be collected. A pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential. A nurse will give you one 90 mg dose of ustekinumab by a very small needle injected under the skin, and then observe you for 1 hour.
  • Week 48 ...

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Gastrointestinal Inflammation Associated With CVID CVID Enteropathy Biological: Stelara (ustekinumab) Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to assess the safety/tolerability and efficacy of using ustekinumab in subjects with common variable immunodeficiency CVID or selective IgG subclass deficiency (functional agammaglobulinemia) who have associated symptomatic gastrointestinal inflammation (CVID enteropathy). Ustekinumab (a Food and Drug Administration [FDA] approved drug) is a monoclonal antibody to interleukin (IL)-12/23p40. CVID is a clinically heterogeneous disorder characterized by decreased serum immunoglobulin IgG and IgA levels. In addition to chronic or recurrent pyogenic sino-pulmonary infections, many patients develop non-infectious gastrointestinal manifestations that can be disabling or fatal. Currently there is no standard therapy for the associated gastrointestinal disease outside of empiric nutritional intervention for weight loss, anti-diarrheal agents, and non-specific anti-inflammatory agents.

Recently, gut inflammation complicating functional hypogammaglobulinemia due to CVID and selective IgG subclass deficiency has been characterized as a T helper type 1 (Th1) inflammatory response, with excess IL-12 cytokine production associated with diarrhea and weight loss as well as reduced D-xylose absorption and steatorrhea. This protocol aims to test specific anti-IL-12 therapy in this patient group. It has been previously shown that therapy targeted to IL-12 successfully treated the Th1 gut inflammation of Crohn s disease (CD). Ustekinumab, a monoclonal antibody to the p40 subunit of IL-12 and IL-23, is FDA approved for the treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis, active psoriatic arthritis, and more recently, moderately to severely active CD. This protocol is designed to measure the safety of ustekinumab in patients with functional hypogammaglobulinemia and CVID enteropathy, as well as measure effects on symptoms, gut function, expression of immune cell surface markers, production of cytokines and global gene expression from blood and gut mucosal mononuclear cells, and the gut microbiota.

Patients with CVID and selective IgG subclass deficiency with gastrointestinal symptoms of malabsorption, maldigestion, and chronic diarrhea will be enrolled into this study. Subjects (up to a total of 10 individuals) will receive a treatment dose of 270 mg (3 doses of 90 mg either single-use prefilled syringe or single-use vial, depending on availability) will be injected subcutaneously in subjects by qualified nursing staff on the Day 0 study visit. Subjects will then receive a follow up treatment dose of 90 mg at Week 8, Week 16, Week 24, Week 32 and Week 40 and be followed for a total of 48 weeks.

Subjects will have study procedures prior to treatment and 48 weeks post-treatment, these include upper and/or lower endoscopies, to measure changes in immune responses and studies to evaluate physiologic measures of gut function at 48 weeks, as well as routine safety monitoring throughout the study. Gut absorption tests will be performed at the Week 24 visit. Variables will include safety (adverse event rate), clinical (weight, stool frequency, results of gut absorption tests), and laboratory (lymphocyte and cytokine assays) parameters for descriptive summary statistical analysis (n, mean, median, standard deviation, minimum and maximum range).


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 5 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label Phase I/II Pilot Study to Assess the Safety/Tolerability and Efficacy of Ustekinumab for Symptomatic Gastrointestinal Inflammation Associated With Common Variable Immunodeficiency
Study Start Date : July 23, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 16, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 16, 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm 1
Induction dose of 270 mg Stelara (ustekinumab),followed by every 8 week maintenance doses of 90 mg Stelara (ustekinumab) through Week 40
Biological: Stelara (ustekinumab)
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety/tolerability and efficacy of using Stelara (ustekinumab) in subjects with common variable immunodeficiency or selective IgG subclass deficiency (functional agammaglobulinemia) who have associated symptomatic gastrointestinal inflammation (CVID enteropathy). Subjects will receive a treatment dose of 270 mg will be injected subcutaneously in subjects by qualified nursing staff on the Day 0 study visit. Subjects will then receive a follow up treatment dose of 90 mg at Week 8, Week 16, Week 24, Week 32 and Week 40 and be followed for a total of 48 weeks.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assessment of safety and tolerability as measured by no significant increase in rate or severity of infection [ Time Frame: Week 48 end of study ]
    The primary endpoint of the study is whether treatment with ustekinumab is safe and tolerated in CVID enteropathy patients anddoes not cause a significant increase in infection or result in any serious adverse events (SAEs) that are determined to be definitely,probably or possibly related to administration of the study agent.

  2. Assessment of safety and tolerability as measured by no SAEs determined to be definitely, probably or possibly related to administration of the study agent. [ Time Frame: Ongoing / real-time assessment ]
    The primary endpoint of the study is whether treatment with ustekinumab is safe and tolerated in CVID enteropathy patients anddoes not cause a significant increase in infection or result in any serious adverse events (SAEs) that are determined to be definitely,probably or possibly related to administration of the study agent.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Measurements of changes in body weight and stool frequency [ Time Frame: Week 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, and 48 ]
    To assess the efficacy of the study agent in alleviating symptoms of CVID enteropathy by comparing measurements of weight and stool frequency at Week 8, Week 16, Week 24, Week 32, Week 40, and Week 48 with Day 0 baseline values.

  2. Measurements of changes in gut absorption and protein loss [ Time Frame: Week 24 and 48 ]
    To assess changes in gut absorption and protein loss (D-xylose absorption, 48 hour stool fat collection, fecal alpha-1 antitrypsin (A1AT) clearance) at Week 24 and Week 48 by comparison to baseline studies.

  3. Measurement of changes in mucosal histology score [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
    To assess changes in mucosal histology score (modified D haens scoring) at Week 48 by comparison to baseline score.

  4. Measurements of changes in stimulated cytokine production and mRNA expression microarray by LPMCs [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
    To measure changes in stimulated cytokine production and mRNAexpression microarray by LPMCs at Week 48 by comparison to baseline studies.

  5. Measurement of changes in gut macrobiotic and global gene expression of inducible interferon and metabolic genes in LPMCs [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
    To measure changes in gut microbiota and global gene expression of inducible interferon and metabolic genes in LPMCs at Week 48 by comparison to baseline studies.

  6. Measurement of changes in laboratory surrogate efficacy markers of inflammatory bowel disease treatments [ Time Frame: Week 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, and 48 ]
    To measure changes in laboratory surrogate efficacy markers of inflammatory bowel disease treatments (C-reactive protein [CRP], erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR], albumin,hemoglobin, platelets) at Week 8, Week 16, Week 24, Week 32, Week 40 and Week 48.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • DIAGNOSIS AND CRITERIA FOR INCLUSION:

A subject is eligible for the study if all of the following criteria are met:

  • Has given written informed consent.
  • Is male or female aged 18 through 75 years.
  • Has CVID or selective IgG subclass deficiency of either one or concomitant IgG subclasses comprising IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 or IgG4 (functional hypogammaglobulinemia) diagnosed prior to screening as based on the International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) criteria.
  • Has a documented, unintended loss of >5% of their body weight over the last year or requires nutritional supplements to maintain his/her body weight and/or has chronic diarrhea defined as a complaint of at >/= 50% of stools are non-formed for at least 4 consecutive weeks per patient history. Alternately, must be dependent on a therapeutic dose of antidiarrheals (e.g., loperamide or diphenoxylate with atropine) for control of chronic diarrhea.
  • If taking oral antibiotics chronically, must have used a stable dose of the antibiotic continuously for at least 2 weeks prior to start of screening period.
  • Is willing to have samples stored.
  • Be willing to consistently take appropriate measures to avoid pregnancy through the Week 48 study point. All subjects will be informed of the potential risks of ustekinumab during pregnancy and counseled on pregnancy avoidance appropriate to the subject s circumstances (e.g. fertility status, medical contraindications to hormonal birth control, and/or personal or religious beliefs regarding pregnancy avoidance). Subject to the judgment and discretion of the PI, some subjects may not need to take pregnancy

avoidance measures. Patient handout on pregnancy avoidance will be provided to patients at the time of consent and discussion regarding pregnancy avoidance during the study.

-Subjects who have previously been treated with a single 270 mg dose of ustekinumab on this study must be greater than 6 months from their treatment dose and have had recurrence of enteropathy symptoms.

CRITERIA FOR EXCLUSION:

A subject is excluded from the study if any of the following criteria are met:

GENERAL CRITERIA:

  • Has any clinically significant disease or condition (e.g., renal, hepatic, neurological, cardiovascular, pulmonary, endocrinologic, psychiatric, hematologic, urologic, or other acute or chronic illness) that in the opinion of the investigator would make the subject an unsuitable candidate for this trial, or put the subject at undue risk by participating in this study.
  • Is a woman who has a positive pregnancy test or who is breast-feeding
  • Is a woman who does not agree to abide by the contraceptive measures required to prevent pregnancy during participation in the study, or meets exemption criteria for contraceptive measures, as outlined in the protocol.
  • Has any of the following clinical chemistry values:

    • AST >2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN).
    • ALT >2.5 times ULN.
    • Serum bilirubin >1.5 times ULN.
    • Serum creatinine >1.5 times ULN.
    • Alkaline phosphatase >2.5 times ULN.
  • Has a hemoglobin level <9 g/dL or hematocrit <30%.
  • Has an International Normalized Ratio (INR) >1.3 or a Partial Thromboplastin Time (PTT) >3 sec of ULN.
  • Has the following cell counts (cells/microL):

    • Platelet count <75,000 or >800,000.
    • White blood cell count <2,000.
    • Neutrophil count <1,000.
  • Has a current infection requiring intravenous antibiotics, a serious local infection (e.g., cellulitis, abscess) or systemic infection (e.g., pneumonia, septicemia).
  • Has a history of cancer within the past 5 years, with the exception of excised basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or cervical carcinoma in situ.
  • Had a dependency for any illicit drug, chemical, or alcohol within the past 5 years.
  • Has a history of active tuberculosis (TB) (or a chest x-ray (CXR) with findings suggestive of old TB infection including calcified nodular lesions, apical fibrosis, or pleural scarring), acute or chronic hepatitis B, hepatitis C, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or opportunistic infections.

GASTROINTESTINAL CRITERIA

-Has a stool sample determined positive for acute gastrointestinal infection with impact of occurrence on gastrointestinal inflammation as determined by principal investigator during screening. In addition, stool samples positive for GI pathogens will be discussed with an infectious disease physician to determine impact of occurrence on gastrointestinal inflammation. If organism thought to be pathogenic, the subject will be treated with appropriate therapy. This will be documented in the subject s medical record.

PRIOR MEDICATION CRITERIA

  • Received daily corticosteroids within 1 month prior to receiving study agent. The use of short-term or single-dose corticosteroids as a pretreatment regimen for IVIG is acceptable.
  • Received any investigational drug within 3 months prior to receiving study agent.
  • Received certolizumab or natalizumab within 3 months prior to receiving study agent
  • Received vedolizumab, infliximab, etanercept, or adalimumab within 2 months prior to receiving study agent.
  • Received cyclosporine, tacrolimus, sirolimus, pimecrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil or any other systemic immunosuppressants within 1 month prior to receiving study agent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02199496


Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ivan J Fuss, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Additional Information:
Publications:
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02199496     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 140153
14-I-0153
First Posted: July 24, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 29, 2019
Last Verified: April 2, 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) ):
Malabsorption
Enteropathy
Diarrhea
IL-12
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Intestinal Diseases
Common Variable Immunodeficiency
Inflammation
Pathologic Processes
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Ustekinumab
Dermatologic Agents