Narrow Band Imaging in the Prediction of Surveillance Intervals After Polypectomy in Community Practice: Ready for (a European) Prime Time
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02196402|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 22, 2014
Last Update Posted : July 22, 2014
Several reports have suggested that an endoscopic diagnosis of adenoma, by means of narrow band imaging (NBI), might allow the determination of polyp management and surveillance interval, particularly in patients with diminutive polyps (< 5mm), in which the advanced histological features are uncommon and the prevalence of invasive cancer is negligible (1). On this basis, the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) has set an initiative evaluating the applicability of real-time endoscopic polyp assessment in clinical practice (1), which states that:
- for diminutive polyps to be resected and discarded without pathologic assessment, endoscopic technology (when used with high confidence) used to determine histology of polyps < 5mm in size, when combined with the histopathologic assessment of polyps >5 mm in size, should provide a > 90% agreement in assignment of post-polypectomy surveillance intervals when compared to decisions based on pathology assessment of all identified polyps.
- In order for a technology to be used to guide the decision to leave suspected rectosigmoid hyperplastic polyps <5 mm in size in place (without resection), the technology should provide > 90% negative predictive value (when used with high confidence) for adenomatous histology
This strategy could potentially exert a significant impact on colonoscopy practice, by decreasing at some extent pathology-associated costs, although those related to histological analysis of >5mm polyps is maintained.
In a recent study performed in our Centre (2), we restricted the application of the resect and discard strategy to patients with small or diminutive polyps only, achieving an accordance between endoscopy-directed and histology-directed surveillance strategy of about 85% in both populations. This approach, where decisions on patient management are driven only by the "in vivo" endoscopic assessment, provides on one hand a slightly lower accordance than the threshold of 90% set by the PIVI, but on the other one it allows the complete spare of pathology related costs, although for a smaller proportion of patients. Moreover we observed a negative predictive value of 86% for the presence of adenoma within the diminutive polyps cohort, although a separate analysis for left sided ones was not performed.
AIms of this single center, prospective, observational study:
- To prospectively evaluate the accordance between the endoscopy-directed and histology-directed surveillance strategies by applying the resect and discard strategy for diminutive polyps according to the PIVI statements
- To assess the economic impact of the resect and discard strategy when applied either according to the PIVI statements or to restrictedly to subjects with diminutive polyps only
- To provide a temporary validation of diagnostic performances of the resect and discard strategy for our group and the potential presence of a learning effect for the methodology
- Accordance between endoscopists' and nurses' categorization of adenomas according to standardized criteria (see below)
|Condition or disease|
|Resect and Discard Strategies for Colonoscopy|
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||280 participants|
|Study Start Date :||October 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 2014|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||February 2014|
Consecutive adult (18-80 yrs) outpatients undergoing colonoscopy for routine indications (screening, symptoms, surveillance).
- proportion of cases in which the accordance between the endoscopy-directed and histology-directed surveillance strategies by applying the resect and discard strategy for diminutive polyps according to the PIVI statements was observed [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02196402
|Como, Italy, 22100|