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Observational Study on Metabolism and Psychopathology in Transsexual Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02185274
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 9, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 11, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Erlangen-Nürnberg Medical School
Institute for Sex Research and Forensic Psychiatry, Hamburg, Germany
Hormon-und Stoffwechselzentrum München, Munich, Germany
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Max-Planck-Institute of Psychiatry

Brief Summary:
Gender identity disorders (also known as transsexualism) is defined as a condition in which a person with apparently normal somatic sexual differentiation is convinced that he or she is actually a member of the other sex. Most patients therefore undergo so called cross-sex hormone treatment. Treatment protocols follow international consensus statements but vary considerably between different centres and countries since no prospective and controlled trials are available on this subject and recommendations are mainly based on retrospective data analysis and experience of the individual centres. Applying high doses of testosterone to biological females and vice versa high doses of estradiol to biological males definitely impacts myriads of body functions, from which it has to be assumed that only a minority has already been elucidated so far. Especially in male-to-female-transsexuals there seems to be an increased risk for the development of mood disorders and cardiometabolic comorbidities. In this multi-center observational study we want to investigate, if there is any difference with regard to these outcomes, according to the varying standards of cross-sex hormone treatment between the different centers. Different outcome measures described below will be assessed each time during routine visits at the different centers.

Condition or disease
Transsexualism

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 100 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Observational Study on the Short- and Long-term Effects of Cross-sex-hormone Treatment on Metabolism and Psychopathology in Transsexuals Patients.
Study Start Date : October 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Hormones




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of depressive and anxious symptoms following initiation of cross-sex hormone treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Incidence of depressive and anxious symptoms by means of clinical interview and questionnaires in the the study period defined by different cut-off points in the point scales of the corresponding questionnaire (Beck Depression Inventory II = BDII and Symptomcheckliste bei psychischen Störungen = SCL90 for depression and State and Trait Anxiety Inventory = STAI-X1, X2 for anxiety). A comparison will then be done between the different treatment modes.

  2. Differences in the effects of the different treatment types on cardiometabolic parameters [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Differences in the effects of the different treatment types (differing in dose, application route and type of antiandrogen used) on cardiometabolic risk-parameters such as BMI, body-composition, fasting Insulin, fasting glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, intima media thickness.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Effects of cross-sex hormone treatment on cortisol secretion by hair cortisol measurements [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Assessment of cortisol secretion by a hair sample which provides information about the mean cortisol secretion during the last months. One cm of scalp hair resembles approximately 1 month of growth. This may provide additional information concerning overall cortisol secretion during the last 3 months. One small hair will be sampled by scalp and this will be analysed in regard to psychological and metabolic profiles.

  2. Effects of cross-sex hormone treatment on stress-response by means of Dex/CRH-testing [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    The Dex/CRH-Test has been in use for several years for testing the physiological cortisol-response in psychiatric and neurologic patients and is performed on a routine basis in the Max-Planck Institute for Psychiatry in patients suffering from depressive disorders. It is assumed that regulation of cortisol secretion and responsiveness of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis is pathophysiologically related to depression. The test has been proven to be save. Common transient side-effects include flushing, palpitation, tachypnoea and feeling of warmth which usually resolve within minutes without further intervention.

  3. Genetic predictors for treatment response [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Predictive value of different polymorphism in genes such as the ERa, ERb and AR (Androgen Receptor), GR (Glucocorticoid-Receptor) or genes involved in steroid metabolism and function on metabolic profiles, breast development and psychiatric outcome.

  4. Effects of cross-sex hormone treatment on the metabolome [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Differences in plasma and urine metabolome in plasma such as amino acids; carbohydrates and related; catecholamines and related; complex lipids and related; energy metabolism and organic acids; fatty acids (free and from lipids); purines, pyrimidines and related; steroids and related; vitamins, cofactors and related.

  5. Effects of cross-sex hormone treatment on peripheral neurotrophins [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Effects of cross-sex hormone treatment on serum Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) levels will be assessed in regular intervals during routine visits.

  6. Association of hair cortisol and cortisol response during dex/crh-testing with psychopathology-scores assessed by clinical interview and questionnaires [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]

    The following interviews will be used:

    • The MINI-PLUS interview assessing DSM axis I disorders [57].
    • The SCID-II interview assessing DSM axis II disorders

    The following questionaires will be used

    • stress coping (SVF-78)

    Personality:

    • personality (EPQ, TPQ,NEO-FFI)
    • self-reported quality of life (SF-36)
    • subjective body experience (FBeK)
    • self concept (SKI)
    • social support (B-Lor, FSOZ-U)
    • early life trauma (CTQ)

    Psychopathology:

    • State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI Form X1, STAI Form X2)
    • Depressive symptoms (BDI II)
    • Psychopathology in general (SCL-90)

    Associations of cortisol- and ACTH response following dex/crg-challenge will be analyzed with regard to the presence of depression assessed by clinical interview and psychopathology scores assessed by BDI and STAIX. The other questionnaires will be used for multidimensional modelling.


  7. Predictive value of hair cortisol and cortisol response in dex/crh-testing treatment for depression and anxiety [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]

    Predictive value of hair cortisol 3 month at baseline and after treatment initiation and cortisol response at baseline and after 3 month after treatment initiation during dex/crh-testing for 12 month incidence of depressive or anxiety disorders assessed by clinical interview and questionnaires.

    The following interviews will be used:

    • The MINI-PLUS interview assessing DSM axis I disorders [57].
    • The SCID-II interview assessing DSM axis II disorders

    The following questionaires will be used

    • State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI Form X1, STAI Form X2)
    • Depressive symptoms (BDI II)
    • Psychopathology in general (SCL-90)


Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
  • 2 x 10ml serum
  • 10ml urine
  • Hair sample
  • 7,5ml EDTA-Blood for DNA and plasma
  • 2,5ml blood for mRNA-Analysis
  • 8,5ml stabilized serum
  • Stool sample (2-5ml)


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients will be recruited from the outpatient clinics of the corresponding centres. Every patient is eligible who has not yet received any cross-sex hormone treatment. Patients will be invited to participate at the regular visit after which it is planned to start hormone treatment. Further visits will follow the regular check-up visits in the corresponding centers.
Criteria

Inclusion criteria

  • Patients with the diagnosis gender identity disorder (ICD-10: F64.0), who have given written informed consent following adequate oral and written information.

General Exclusion criteria

  • Patients below the age of 18
  • Legally incompetent patients
  • Prior intake of cross-sex hormones
  • Missing written informed consent
  • Intersexuality

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02185274


Locations
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Germany
Gynaecological department of the University hospital of Erlangen
Erlangen, Germany, 91054
Institute for Sex Research and Forensic Psychiatry
Hamburg, Germany, 20246
Hormon- und Stoffwechselzentrum München
Munich, Germany, 80333
Sponsors and Collaborators
Max-Planck-Institute of Psychiatry
University of Erlangen-Nürnberg Medical School
Institute for Sex Research and Forensic Psychiatry, Hamburg, Germany
Hormon-und Stoffwechselzentrum München, Munich, Germany
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Matthias K Auer, MD Max Planck Insitute of Psychiatry, Department of Neuroendocrinology

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Responsible Party: Max-Planck-Institute of Psychiatry
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02185274     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MPIP-ENDO1
First Posted: July 9, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 11, 2019
Last Verified: March 2019
Keywords provided by Max-Planck-Institute of Psychiatry:
Transsexualism
Cross-sex hormone treatment
Sex hormones
Mood
Stress
Cortisol
Cardiovascular
Metabolome
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs