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Trial record 8 of 229 for:    "Depressive Disorder" [DISEASE] | ( Map: Missouri, United States )

Buprenorphine Used With Treatment Resistant Depression in Older Adults (IRL Grey B)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02181231
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 3, 2014
Last Update Posted : September 13, 2018
Reckitt Benckiser LLC
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eric Lenze, Washington University School of Medicine

Brief Summary:
The investigators are conducting a research study to learn about the safety and benefit of using a medication called buprenorphine for patients with difficult to treat depression. This research study is testing whether combining two medications will be effective in treating depression when initial treatment with just one antidepressant does not relieve the depressive symptoms; this is what is called "difficult to treat depression" or "treatment resistant depression". The two medications the investigators are using are: an anti-depressant medication called venlafaxine extended release (venlafaxine XR), which is the generic form of Effexor, and buprenorphine. Buprenorphine is a medication that is FDA approved for the treatment of opioid dependence. The investigators are testing whether adding buprenorphine to venlafaxine XR enhances treatment response.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Major Depressive Disorder Depression Drug: venlafaxine XR Drug: buprenorphine Drug: Placebo Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

We will consent approximately 100 participants, aged 50 and older, of both sexes and all races. Participation may last up to 32 weeks. We will utilize a clinical trial that has 3 Phases. In Phase 1 we will treat participants with an approximate 12 week course of open-label venlafaxine XR. This is the same lead-in treatment as in our ongoing "IRL Grey" ("Incomplete Response in Late Life Depression: Getting to Remission") multi-site R01 for late-life treatment resistant depression (LL-TRD), and we have found it to be highly successful. Participants who find relief from their depressive symptoms on venlafaxine XR alone will exit the study. Participants meeting criteria for an incomplete response (those still feeling depressed or withdrawn), will be randomly assigned to receive either low-dose buprenorphine or placebo augmentation of venlafaxine xr for 8 weeks (Phase 2), with the goal of achieving remission. Subjects will start at 0.2mg and titrate up as needed to 1.2mg. Subjects may undergo up to 2 MRI scans at the beginning and end of Phase 2 as well as cognitive testing at the same time points. At the conclusion of Phase 2, the blind will be broken for all participants. The participants who were on placebo will be able to begin taking buprenorphine immediately for Phase 3 (approximately 8 weeks). The participants who were already on buprenorphine in Phase 2 can continue to take it during Phase 3. Buprenorphine (BPN) will be tapered upon exiting the study, under the guidance of the P.I. The Phase 3 variations will allow all participants a chance to experience the benefits of buprenorphine (BPN). Efficacy and tolerability data will provide a clinically informative estimate of benefits and risks of buprenorphine augmentation for late-life treatment resistant depression (LL-TRD). We will randomize approximately 20 subjects into Phase 2. Additionally, we will collect buprenorphine (BPN) plasma levels on all those randomized to explore a dose-effect relationship on treatment response.

A small pilot study (ages 21 and up) of up to 15 healthy control subjects will be studied over an approximate 2 week period in order to ensure all of our procedures are working and to determine that there are clinical effects from buprenorphine. Control subjects will undergo a baseline PET/MRI before taking buprenorphine. At least 24 hours after the imaging, control subjects will receive a small dose of BPN starting at 0.2 mg/day and will titrate up as tolerated to 1.2 mg/day for the first week. Each subject will remain at approximately 1.2 mg/day for the duration of the study. At the end of the study, subjects will undergo a second PET/MRI.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 43 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Incomplete Response in Late-Life Depression: Getting to Remission With Buprenorphine
Actual Study Start Date : June 1, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 30, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : April 30, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: venlafaxine plus buprenorphine
Drug: venlafaxine XR plus buprenorphine Dosage varies. Subject remains on antidepressant throughout the 32 week study. Will be randomized to buprenorphine or placebo for up to 16 weeks. 2 MRI sessions may occur before and during randomization.
Drug: venlafaxine XR
slow titration up to maximum dose of 300mg per day, will remain on venlafaxine XR for up to 32 weeks
Other Name: Effexor XR

Drug: buprenorphine
randomized to either buprenorphine or placebo, dose range from 0.2 mg/ qd to 2mg/ qd
Other Names:
  • Temgesic
  • Subutex
  • Suboxone

Placebo Comparator: venlafaxine XR plus placebo
Drug: venlafaxine XR plus placebo Dosage varies. Subject remains on antidepressant throughout the 32 week study. Will be randomized to buprenorphine or placebo for up to 16 weeks. 2 MRI sessions may occur before and during randomization.
Drug: venlafaxine XR
slow titration up to maximum dose of 300mg per day, will remain on venlafaxine XR for up to 32 weeks
Other Name: Effexor XR

Drug: Placebo
patients will remain on venlafaxine XR and be randomized to receive either placebo or buprenorphine for 8 weeks. at the end of the 8 weeks those who did not receive buprenorphine will be offered the opportunity to try it.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) [ Time Frame: 32 weeks ]
  2. Frequency, Intensity, and Burden of Side Effects Rating (FIBSER) [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
  3. Antidepressant Side Effect Checklist (ASEC) [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Suicide Ideation Scale (SIS) [ Time Frame: 32 weeks ]
  2. Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) [ Time Frame: 32 weeks ]
  3. Numeric Scale of Pain (NRS-P) [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria for Main Study:

  1. Age > or = to 50 years.
  2. Major depressive disorder (MDD), single or recurrent, as diagnosed by the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (SCID-IV).
  3. Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) >/= to 15.
  4. Has or agrees to establish a clinical relationship with primary care physician (PCP).
  5. Availability of an informant (e.g., emergency contact).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Inability to provide informed consent.
  2. Depressive symptoms not severe enough (i.e., MADRS < 15) at the baseline assessments
  3. Dementia, as defined by Mini Mental State Exam (3MS) < 84 and clinical evidence of dementia (e.g., memory impairment, executive dysfunction, agnosia, apraxia, aphasia, with functional impairment).
  4. Lifetime diagnosis of bipolar I or II disorder, schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, schizophreniform disorder, delusional disorder, or current psychotic symptoms, as diagnosed by the SCID.
  5. Abuse of or dependence on alcohol or other substances within the past 3 months as determined by SCID, and confirmed by study physician interview.
  6. Drinking 15 or more drinks per week or consuming 5 or more drinks on any one occasion in the past week.
  7. High risk for suicide (e.g., active SI and/or current/recent intent or plan) and unable to be managed safely in the clinical trial (e.g., unwilling to be hospitalized). Urgent psychiatric referral will be made in these cases.
  8. Contraindication to venlafaxine XR or BPN as determined by PCP and study physician including history of intolerance of either venlafaxine XR or BPN in the study target dosage range (venlafaxine XR at up to 300 mg/day; BPN at up to 2 mg/day).
  9. Inability to communicate in English (i.e., interview cannot be conducted without an interpreter; subject largely unable to understand questions and cannot respond in English).
  10. Non-correctable clinically significant sensory impairment (i.e., cannot hear well enough to cooperate with interview).
  11. Unstable medical illness, including delirium, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, or cerebrovascular or cardiovascular risk factors that are not under medical management. This will be determined based on information from the patient's personal physician and study physician's clinical judgment. Referral to the patient's personal physician or to a general practitioner will be made in these cases.
  12. Subjects taking psychotropic medications that cannot be safely tapered and discontinued prior to study initiation. The following exceptions are allowed if they have been taken at a stable dose for at least 4 weeks prior to study entry and there is not a plan to change the dose during the next 28 weeks: benzodiazepines up to 2 mg/d lorazepam equivalent; other sedative-hypnotics (e.g., zolpidem, zaleplon, eszopiclone); gabapentin if prescribed for non-psychiatric indication (e.g., neuropathy).
  13. History of opioid abuse or dependence.
  14. Severe pain, defined as > 7 on 0-10 numeric rating scale for pain.
  15. Concomitant use of strong or moderate CYP3A4 inhibitor (indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir, clarithromycin, itraconazole, ketoconazole, nefazodone, saquinavir, telithromycin, aprepitant, erythromycin, fluconazole, grapefruit juice, verapamil, diltiazem).
  16. Refusal to stop all opioids (to avoid precipitating opioid withdrawal).
  17. Hepatic impairment
  18. Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) < 20 ml/min.
  19. Inability/refusal to identify a person as an emergency contact.
  20. Pregnancy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02181231

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United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Sponsors and Collaborators
Washington University School of Medicine
Reckitt Benckiser LLC
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Principal Investigator: Eric J Lenze, MD Washington University School of Medicine

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Responsible Party: Eric Lenze, Professor of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine Identifier: NCT02181231     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201406016
IND 123020 ( Other Identifier: FDA )
IND 130774 ( Other Identifier: FDA )
First Posted: July 3, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 13, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Eric Lenze, Washington University School of Medicine:
older adult
Effexor XR
treatment resistant
Saint Louis
late life
major depression

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Depressive Disorder
Depressive Disorder, Major
Depressive Disorder, Treatment-Resistant
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Venlafaxine Hydrochloride
Analgesics, Opioid
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Narcotic Antagonists
Serotonin and Noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs