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A Phase II Study of Neoadjuvant FOLFIRINOX

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02178709
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 1, 2014
Results First Posted : January 31, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 17, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Amikar Sehdev, Indiana University

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the rate of pathologic complete response to neoadjuvant FOLFIRINOX in patients with resectable pancreatic cancer using a tissue collection component.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Resectable Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Drug: FOLFIRINOX Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 48 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Neoadjuvant FOLFIRINOX in Patients With Resectable Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma With Tissue Collection
Actual Study Start Date : June 3, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 14, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 30, 2020

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: FOLFIRINOX

FOLFIRINOX consists of the following combination of drugs:

  1. Oxaliplatin, 85 mg/m2, IV over 2 hours prior to irinotecan, administered on days 1 and 15 of each 28 day cycle
  2. Leucovorin, 400 mg/m2, IV over 2 hours with irinotecan, administered on days 1 and 15 of each 28 day cycle
  3. Irinotecan, 180 mg/m2, IV over 90 minutes with leucovorin, administered on days 1 and 15 of each 28 day cycle
  4. 5 FU, 400 mg/m2, IV bolus over 2 minutes after irinotecan, administered on days 1 and 15 of each 28 day cycle.
  5. 5FU, 2400 mg/m2, IV infusion over 46 hours after 5FU bolus injection, administered on days 1 and 15 of each 28 day cycle.
Drug: FOLFIRINOX

FOLFIRINOX consists of the following combination of drugs:

  1. Oxaliplatin, 85 mg/m2, IV over 2 hours prior to irinotecan, administered on days 1 and 15 of each 28 day cycle
  2. Leucovorin, 400 mg/m2, IV over 2 hours with irinotecan, administered on days 1 and 15 of each 28 day cycle
  3. Irinotecan, 180 mg/m2, IV over 90 minutes with leucovorin, administered on days 1 and 15 of each 28 day cycle 4.5 FU, 400 mg/m2, IV bolus over 2 minutes after irinotecan, administered on days 1 and 15 of each 28 day cycle.

5.5FU, 2400 mg/m2, IV infusion over 46 hours after 5FU bolus injection, administered on days 1 and 15 of each 28 day cycle.

Other Names:
  • Oxaliplatin (Eloxatin)
  • Leucovorin
  • Irinotecan (Camptosar)
  • 5 FU (Adrucil)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Patients With Pathologic Complete Response [ Time Frame: Up to 4 months ]

    Pathologic complete response was evaluated using MRI or CT and Evan's criteria for pathologic response following neoadjuvant therapy:

    I: <10% to no tumor cells destroyed IIa: 10-50% of tumor cells destroyed IIb: 50-90% of tumor cells destroyed III: >90% of tumor cells destroyed IIIM: sizable pools of cellular mucin IV: No viable tumor cells (complete pathologic response) IVM: Acellular pools of mucin



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Patients With Treatment-Related Adverse Events Grade 3 or Above [ Time Frame: Every 15 days for approximately 6 months ]
    Number of unique patients who had a treatment-related (possible, probable, or definite) adverse event with grade 3 or greater using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0.

  2. Percentage of Patients Who Successfully Underwent Surgery After Neoadjuvant FOLFIRINOX [ Time Frame: Up to 4 months ]
    The percentage of patients who successfully underwent surgery after neoadjuvant FOLFIRINOX and its 95% confidence interval will be provided.

  3. Rate of R0 Resection [ Time Frame: Up to 4 months ]
    The percentage of patients with a final margin status of R0 after resection of their primary tumor and its 95% confidence interval will be provided. R0 resection indicates a microscopically margin-negative resection, in which no cancer cells seen microscopically at the primary tumor site.

  4. Disease Free Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Disease free survival is defined as the time from on study date to evidence of tumor recurrence or death from any cause. Patients who remained alive and disease free were censored at their date of last disease evaluation.

  5. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 4 years ]
    Overall survival was defined as the time from on study date to death due to any cause. Patients who remained alive were censored at their last known alive date. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to determine the median and 95% confidence interval.

  6. Objective Response Rate (Percentage of Patients With Complete Response or Partial Response) [ Time Frame: Up to 4 months ]

    Measured by RECIST v1.1 Complete response: Disappearance of all target lesions Partial response: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum longest diameter

    The percentage of patients with objective response and its 95% confidence interval will be provided.


  7. Disease Control Rate (Percentage of Patients With Complete Response, Partial Response, or Stable Disease) [ Time Frame: Up to 4 months ]

    Measured by RECIST v1.1

    Complete response: Disappearance of all target lesions Partial response: At least a 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the baseline sum longest diameter Stable disease: Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for partial response nor sufficient increase to qualify for progressive disease, taking as reference the smallest sum longest diameter since the treatment started

    The percentage of patients with objective response and its 95% confidence interval will be provided.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. ≥ 18 years old at the time of informed consent
  2. Able to provide written informed consent and HIPAA authorization
  3. ECOG performance status of 0 or 1
  4. Patient must be eligible for abdominal surgery
  5. Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the pancreas that has been documented to be resectable by standardized radiographic criteria by a pancreatic surgeon
  6. Patients must to have tumor tissue collected prior to enrolling on this trial. Up to 10 patients will be accepted with no pre-treatment research tissue collection or tissue collection from an outside institution.

    a.If the tissue is from an outside institution, it must be reviewed at Indiana University Health Pathology Department if a biopsy was performed outside of this institution.

  7. Women of childbearing potential definition (WOCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test performed within 14 days prior to initiation of FOLFIRINOX.

    Any woman (regardless of sexual orientation, having undergone a tubal ligation, or remaining celibate by choice) is classified as WOCBP if she meets the following criteria:

    1. Has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or
    2. Has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 12 consecutive months).
  8. WOCBP and men must agree to use adequate contraception prior, to study entry, for the duration of study participation, and 8 weeks after the end of treatment.
  9. Patients must have adequate organ function as defined by the following laboratory values at study entry:

    1. Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL (transfusions are acceptable)
    2. ANC ≥ 1.5 x 109/L
    3. Platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L
    4. Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN, or creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min (estimated by Cockcroft-Gault or measured)
    5. Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    6. AST/ALT ≤ 3 x ULN

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior therapy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma
  2. Other malignancies within the past 3 years except for the following: adequately treated cervical or vulvar carcinoma in situ, treated basal cell or squamous carcinoma of the skin, superficial bladder tumors (Ta, Tis & T1), ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast and low grade prostate cancer. Any cancer curatively treated >3 years prior to entry with no clinical evidence of recurrence is permitted.
  3. Hypersensitivity to 5FU, oxaliplatin (or other platinum agents), irinotecan (or to their excipients).
  4. Participation in any investigational drug study within 4 weeks preceding the start of study treatment. Patients are not permitted to participate in another investigational drug study while being treated on this protocol.
  5. Inability to receive a port or PICC line.
  6. History of or suspected Gilbert's Disease (testing not required if presence is not suspected).
  7. Baseline peripheral neuropathy/paresthesia grade ≥ 1.
  8. Active hepatitis B, unless patient has been on antiviral agents for at least 2 months (baseline testing not required).
  9. Active clinically serious infections (> grade 2).
  10. Major surgery or significant traumatic injury within 8 weeks of first study drug. A core pancreatic or liver biopsy does not preclude the patient from the study.
  11. Unable or unwilling to discontinue use of ketoconazole or St John's wort. Use of phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, rifampin and rifabutin is discouraged, but not contraindicated. If patients require phenytoin, carbamazepine or phenobarbital monitoring of drug levels is suggested during the study.
  12. Pregnant or lactating women.
  13. Psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule; those conditions should be discussed with the patient before registration in the trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02178709


Locations
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United States, Indiana
Indiana University Simon Cancer Center
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
Sponsors and Collaborators
Indiana University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Michael House, M.D. Indiana University
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Amikar Sehdev, Indiana University:

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Responsible Party: Amikar Sehdev, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Indiana University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02178709    
Other Study ID Numbers: IUCRO-0473
First Posted: July 1, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 31, 2020
Last Update Posted: February 17, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Keywords provided by Amikar Sehdev, Indiana University:
Pancreatic
Cancer
Resectable
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Adenocarcinoma
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Oxaliplatin
Irinotecan
Folfirinox
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action