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Safety and Efficacy Study of Roxadustat to Treat Anemia in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease, on Dialysis.

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02174731
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 25, 2014
Results First Posted : December 16, 2019
Last Update Posted : December 16, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
FibroGen
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AstraZeneca

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of roxadustat compared to epoetin alfa for the treatment of anemia in chronic kidney disease patients on dialysis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anemia Drug: Roxadustat Drug: Epoetin alfa Phase 3

Detailed Description:
This is a Phase 3, multicenter, randomized, open-label, active-controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of roxadustat compared to epoetin alfa for the treatment of anemia in dialysis patients. Patients on hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD) who have been treated with an erythropoietin analogue or have an indication for treatment with an erythropoietin analogue will be evaluated for eligibility and randomized at a 1:1 ratio to treatment with roxadustat (with discontinuation of prior erythropoietin analogue therapy) or to an active-control group treated with epoetin alfa

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 2133 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Multicenter, Randomized, Open-label, Active-Controlled Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Roxadustat in the Treatment of Anemia in Dialysis Patients
Actual Study Start Date : July 1, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 26, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : September 26, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Roxadustat Drug: Roxadustat
Roxadustat will be administered orally three times a week (TIW) to achieve an Hb level of 11 g/dL and maintain a Hb level of 11±1 g/dL.

Active Comparator: Epoetin alfa Drug: Epoetin alfa
Epoetin alfa will be administered TIW consistent with approved prescribing information for epoetin alfa to achieve an Hb level of 11 g/dL and maintain a Hb level of 11±1 g/dL.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Change From Baseline in Hb Averaged Over Week 28 to Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1, Week 0), Week 28 to 52 ]
    Baseline Hb was defined as the mean of the three last central laboratory Hb values from the screening and randomization visits. Mean change in Hb from baseline to the participants mean level from Week 28 to Week 52 was analyzed using a missing at random (MAR) based multiple imputation Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). Baseline Hb was used as a covariate and treatment group, cardiovascular (CV) history, geographic region and dialysis duration as fixed effects. The adjusted least squares (LS) mean estimates of change from baseline during Week 28 to Week 52 are presented.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Hb From Baseline to the Mean Level During the Evaluation Period (Week 28 to Week 36) Without Having Received Rescue Therapy Within 6 Weeks Prior to and During the 8‑Week Evaluation Period [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1, Week 0), Week 28 to 36 ]
    Baseline Hb was defined as the mean of the three last central laboratory Hb values from the screening and randomization visits. Mean change in Hb from baseline to the participants mean level from Week 28 to Week 36,without having received rescue therapy within 6 weeks prior to and during this 8 week evaluation period was analysed using Mixed Model of Repeated Measures (MMRM). Baseline Hb was used as a covariate and treatment group, CV history, geographic region and dialysis duration as fixed effects. The adjusted LS mean estimates of change from baseline during Week 28 to Week 36 are presented for participants that did not receive rescue therapy within 6 weeks prior to and during this 8‑week evaluation period.

  2. Proportion of Total Time of Hb Within the Interval of >=10 g/dL From Week 28 to Week 52 [ Time Frame: Week 28 to 52 ]
    The proportion of total time was computed as follows: For each participant, the recorded Hb values were first linearly interpolated between measurements. The time this interpolated curve was >=10 g/dL was computed and subsequently divided by the time between the measurements from Week 28 to Week 52. The difference between roxadustat and epoetin alfa were compared using ANCOVA. Baseline Hb was used as a covariate and the treatment groups, CV history, geographic region and dialysis duration as fixed effects.

  3. Proportion of Total Time of Hb Within the Interval of 10 to 12 g/dL From Week 28 to Week 52 [ Time Frame: Week 28 to 52 ]
    The proportion of total time was computed as follows: For each participant, the recorded Hb values were first linearly interpolated between measurements. The time this interpolated curve was within 10-12 g/dL was computed and subsequently divided by the time between the measurement from Week 28 to 52. The difference between roxadustat and epoetin alfa were compared using ANCOVA. Baseline Hb was used as a covariate and the treatment groups, CV history, geographic region and dialysis duration as fixed effects.

  4. Mean Change in Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Cholesterol From Baseline to Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1, Week 0) to Week 24 ]
    Baseline LDL was defined as the last result obtained prior to randomization. Mean changes in LDL cholesterol from baseline to Week 24 was analysed using ANCOVA. Baseline Hb and baseline LDL were used as covariates and treatment groups, CV history, geographic region and dialysis duration as fixed effects. The adjusted LS mean estimates of change from baseline to Week 24 are presented.

  5. Mean Change in Hb From Baseline to the Participant's Mean Level Between Week 28 to Week 52 in Participants With Baseline High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (hsCRP) Greater Than the Upper Limit of Normal (ULN) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1, Week 0), Week 28 to 52 ]
    Baseline hsCRP was quantified from stored biomarker samples obtained at randomization. Baseline Hb is defined as the mean of the three last central laboratory Hb values from the screening and randomization visits. Changes in Hb from baseline to mean value during Weeks 28 to 52 in participants with baseline hsCRP >ULN was analyzed using a MAR based multiple imputation ANCOVA. Baseline Hb was used as a covariate and treatment group, CV history, geographic region and dialysis duration as fixed effects. The adjusted LS mean estimates of change from baseline during Week 28 to Week 52 are presented.

  6. Mean Monthly IV Iron Use From Week 36 to End of Study (EOS) [ Time Frame: Week 36 to EOS (4 weeks after the treatment period) ]
    Oral iron supplementation was allowed for both treatment groups without restriction. Oral iron was recommended for dietary supplementation to support erythropoiesis and as the first line treatment for prevention and treatment of iron deficiency, unless the participant was intolerant to this route of treatment. In participants receiving roxadustat, the Investigator was allowed to initiate the use of an approved IV iron supplement if a participant's Hb value had not sufficiently responded to 2 or more dose increases of the IP, and ferritin <100 nanogram per milliliter (ng/mL) or transferrin saturation (TSAT) <20%. IP treatment was allowed to continue during IV iron administration. Discontinuation of IV iron supplementation was recommended once the participant was no longer considered to be iron deficient (ferritin >100 ng/mL and TSAT >20%).

  7. Time-To-First Administration of RBC Transfusion as Rescue Therapy [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1, Week 0) up to EOS (4 weeks after the treatment period) ]
    Time-to-first RBC transfusion as rescue therapy was calculated as (date of first occurrence of any RBC transfusion as rescue therapy, or date of censoring if no event had occurred) - (date of first dose of IP) + 1. Event rate was calculated as (number of participants with event) divided by (the total number of days at risk for event across all participants in given group divided by 365.25) multiplied by 100. The event rate is presented for participants with events.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 130 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

  1. Provision of Informed Consent prior to any study specific procedures
  2. Age ≥18 years at screening visit 1
  3. Previous versions of the protocol prior to US amendment ver 6.0 and outside of US amendment ver 7.0:

    Receiving or initiating hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis for treatment of native kidney end-stage renal disease (ESRD) at least 30 days prior to visit 1. Patients treated with hemodialysis must have access consisting of an arteriovenous fistula, AV graft, or tunneled (permanent) catheter. Patients on peritoneal dialysis must have a functioning peritoneal dialysis catheter in place.

    Starting with US amendment ver. 6.0 and outside of US amendment ver 7.0 (changed to recruit incident dialysis patients only):

    Receiving or initiating hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis for treatment of native kidney end-stage renal disease (ESRD) for a minimum of 2 weeks and a maximum of 4 months prior to randomization. Patients treated with hemodialysis must have access consisting of an arteriovenous fistula, AV graft, or tunneled (permanent) catheter. Patients on peritoneal dialysis must have a functioning peritoneal dialysis catheter in place.

  4. Two central laboratory Hb values during the screening period, obtained at least 7 days apart, must be <12 g/dL in patients currently treated with an erythropoietin analogue or <10 g/dL in patients not currently treated with an erythropoietin analogue. Patients are considered not currently treated if they have not received either Mircera® for at least 8 weeks or any other erythropoietin analogue for at least 4 weeks prior to visit 1.
  5. Ferritin ≥100 ng/mL at randomization (obtained from screening visit)
  6. TSAT ≥20% at randomization (obtained from screening visit)
  7. Serum folate level ≥ lower limit of normal (LLN) at randomization (obtained from screening visit)
  8. Serum vitamin B12 level ≥ LLN at randomization (obtained from screening visit)
  9. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤3x upper limit of normal (ULN), and total bilirubin (Tbili) ≤1.5 x ULN at randomization (obtained from screening visit)
  10. Body weight 45 to 160 kg (prescribed dry weight)

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study (applies to both AstraZeneca staff and/or staff at the study site)
  2. Previous randomisation in the present study
  3. New York Heart Association Class III or IV congestive heart failure at enrolment
  4. Myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome, stroke, seizure or a thrombotic/thromboembolic event (e.g., deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism) within 12 weeks prior to randomization
  5. History of chronic liver disease (e.g., chronic infectious hepatitis, chronic auto-immune liver disease, cirrhosis or fibrosis of the liver)
  6. Known hereditary hematologic disease such as thalassemia, sickle cell anemia, a history of pure red cell aplasia or other known causes for anemia other than CKD
  7. Known and untreated retinal vein occlusion or known and untreated proliferative diabetic retinopathy (risk for retinal vein thrombosis)
  8. Diagnosis or suspicion (e.g. complex kidney cyst of Bosniak Category IIF, III or IV) of renal cell carcinoma on renal ultrasound (or other imaging procedure e.g. CT scan or MRI) conducted at screening or within 12 weeks prior to randomization.
  9. Uncontrolled hypertension at the time of randomization (defined as systolic BP ≥180 mmHg or diastolic BP ≥100 mmHg on repeated measurement post-dialysis in hemodialysis patients or at any time in peritoneal dialysis patients), contraindication to epoetin alfa treatment (e.g., pure red cell aplasia, hypersensitivity or know inability to tolerate epoetin alfa)
  10. History of prostate cancer, breast cancer or any other malignancy, except the following: cancers determined to be cured or in remission for ≥5 years, curatively resected basal cell or squamous cell skin cancers, cervical cancer in situ or resected colonic polyps.
  11. Positive for any of the following: human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or anti-hepatitis C virus antibody (anti-HCV Ab)
  12. Chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, SLE, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis or inflammatory bowel disease that is determined to be the principal cause of anemia
  13. Known hemosiderosis, hemochromatosis or hypercoagulable condition
  14. Any prior organ transplant with the exception of an autologous renal transplant or a renal transplant that was subsequently removed ("explanted") or scheduled organ transplantation date
  15. Any red blood cell (RBC) transfusion during the screening period
  16. Any current condition leading to active significant blood loss
  17. Any prior treatment with roxadustat or a hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor (HIF-PHI)
  18. Has received another new chemical entity (defined as a compound which has not been approved for marketing) or has participated in any other clinical study that included drug treatment within the month preceding the first administration of IP in this study. (Note: patients consented and screened, but not randomized in this study or a previous study are not excluded)
  19. History of alcohol or drug abuse within 2 years prior to randomization
  20. Females of childbearing potential, unless using contraception as detailed in the protocol or sexual abstinence (see Section 3.8)
  21. Pregnant or breastfeeding females
  22. Known allergy to the investigational product or any of its ingredients
  23. Any medical condition, including active, clinically significant infection, that in the opinion of the investigator or Sponsor may pose a safety risk to a patient in this study, which may confound efficacy or safety assessment, or may interfere with study participation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02174731


Locations
Show Show 189 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
AstraZeneca
FibroGen
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Steven Fishbane, MD Chief Division of Kidney Diseases and Hypertension, North Shore University Hospital, Great Neck, NY, USA
Study Director: Mark Houser, MD AZ R&D, Gaithersburg, USA
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by AstraZeneca:
Study Protocol  [PDF] September 19, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] September 28, 2018

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: AstraZeneca
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02174731    
Other Study ID Numbers: D5740C00002
First Posted: June 25, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 16, 2019
Last Update Posted: December 16, 2019
Last Verified: November 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by AstraZeneca:
Renal,
CKD,
Epoetin alfa,
Roxadustat,
dialysis,
anemia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Anemia
Hematologic Diseases
Epoetin Alfa
Hematinics