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Cat Pilot Study - Environmental Exposure Chamber (EEC) vs. Nasal Allergen Challenge (NAC)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02163122
First Posted: June 13, 2014
Last Update Posted: September 12, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Immune Tolerance Network (ITN)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  Purpose

This is a pilot trial in cat allergic participants, designed to compare allergic responses in each participant to a specific allergen by two methods of exposure. The methods of exposure to be used are: the environment exposure chamber (EEC) and nasal allergen challenge (NAC). Potential participants will be screened for evidence of cat allergy.

Participants with a range of allergic sensitivities to cat allergen will be enrolled. To help ensure some breadth in the level of allergic sensitivity among participants, individuals with both high and low exposures to cat allergens in their daily lives will be enrolled.


Condition Intervention Phase
Hypersensitivity, Immediate Procedure: Nasal Allergen Challenge Other: Environmental Exposure Chamber Biological: Cat allergen (FelD1) Early Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A Pilot Study to Compare Responses to Cat Allergen Exposure Using the Environmental Exposure Chamber (EEC) and Nasal Allergen Challenge (NAC)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • NAC Total Nasal Symptom Score (TNSS) Area under the Curve (AUC) [ Time Frame: Hour 0 to Hour 3 of Day 1 (for "NAC first" arm) or Day 30 (for "EEC first" arm) ]
    TNSS AUC evaluated from hour 0 to hour 3 of the NAC

  • EEC TNSS AUC [ Time Frame: Hour 0 to Hour 3 of Day 2 (for "EEC first" arm) or Day 30 (for "NAC first" arm) ]
    TNSS AUC evaluated from hour 0 to hour 3 of the EEC


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • TNSS AUC with NAC [ Time Frame: Hour 0 to Hour 2 ]
  • TNSS AUC with EEC [ Time Frame: Hour 1 to Hour 3 ]
    Recorded on second day of EEC.

  • Peak TNSS Score [ Time Frame: Hour 0 to Hour 8 ]
    Peak TNSS score during NAC and EEC.


Enrollment: 24
Study Start Date: January 2015
Study Completion Date: June 2016
Primary Completion Date: June 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: NAC Followed by EEC
This arm will undergo allergy assessment first by NAC. After a rest and washout period, the same individuals will undergo assessment in an EEC.
Procedure: Nasal Allergen Challenge
Cat allergen (FelD1) applied directly to the nasal tissues
Other: Environmental Exposure Chamber
The mobile EEC (mEEC) is a movable facility, designed with clean-room technology, used to expose subjects to aeroallergens (in this trial, the allergen FelD1 from cats) at controlled, consistent airborne levels, similar to that experienced in subjects' daily lives.
Other Name: EEC
Biological: Cat allergen (FelD1)
Experimental: EEC Followed by NAC
This arm will undergo allergy assessment first in an EEC. After a rest and washout period, the same individuals will undergo assessment by NAC.
Procedure: Nasal Allergen Challenge
Cat allergen (FelD1) applied directly to the nasal tissues
Other: Environmental Exposure Chamber
The mobile EEC (mEEC) is a movable facility, designed with clean-room technology, used to expose subjects to aeroallergens (in this trial, the allergen FelD1 from cats) at controlled, consistent airborne levels, similar to that experienced in subjects' daily lives.
Other Name: EEC
Biological: Cat allergen (FelD1)
Experimental: Dose-finding Phase
An initial group of 6 to 12 participants with cat allergy as defined by the eligibility criteria will undergo a single-visit, stepwise dose-escalating nasal allergen challenge only, with the aim of estimating the most appropriate single dose of allergen to use in the randomized phase. Eligible participants who participate in the dose-finding phase may proceed to the randomized phase of the trial after a minimum 28-day washout period.
Procedure: Nasal Allergen Challenge
Cat allergen (FelD1) applied directly to the nasal tissues
Biological: Cat allergen (FelD1)

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. History of moderate to severe allergic rhinitis (AR) caused by cat exposure for at least 2 years.
  2. Skin prick test mean wheal diameter ≥ 5 mm larger than negative control to standardized cat extract at screening.
  3. Non-pregnant, non-lactating women. For women of childbearing age, a willingness to use an effective form of contraception for the duration of the trial.
  4. In general good health based on medical history and physical exam.
  5. The ability to give informed consent and comply with study procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. A history of anaphylaxis to cat allergen.
  2. Prebronchodilator FEV1 less than 80% of predicted value at screening visit.
  3. History of moderate/severe ARIA (Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma) severity classification for allergic rhinitis for most of previous year in the absence of cat exposure (ARIA classification citation: Bousquet J, Khaltaev N, Cruz AA, et al. Allergy 2008; 63 Suppl 86:8-160.)
  4. History of asthma symptoms or exacerbations in the past 12 months requiring regular inhaled corticosteroids for greater than 4 weeks per year, any oral corticosteroid usage, any emergency department visit for asthma or any asthma-related hospitalization.
  5. Participants who, at the discretion of the investigator, suffer from seasonal allergic rhinitis to interfering allergens that cannot complete the study outside of the local pollen season or who have significant allergy to other perennial allergens that cannot be avoided during the study.
  6. History of serious chronic medical conditions which might interfere with treatment or assessments or may pose additional risks from participation in the study.
  7. History of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
  8. History of significant recurrent acute sinusitis, defined as 2 episodes per year for the last 2 years, all of which required antibiotic treatment.
  9. History of chronic sinusitis, defined as a sinus symptoms lasting greater than 12 weeks that includes 2 or more major factors or 1 major factor and 2 minor factors. Major factors are defined as facial pain or pressure, nasal obstruction or blockage, nasal discharge or purulence or discolored postnasal discharge, purulence in nasal cavity, or impaired or loss of smell. Minor factors are defined as headache, fever, halitosis, fatigue, dental pain, cough, and ear pain, pressure, or fullness.
  10. History of systemic disease affecting the immune system such as autoimmune diseases, immune complex disease, or immunodeficiency, where, in the opinion of the study physician, participation in the trial would pose a risk or significant effect on the immune system.
  11. Evidence of any active or suspected bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic infections within 30 days prior to allergen challenge.
  12. Exposure to an individual with active tuberculosis within six months prior to allergen challenge.
  13. At time of allergen challenge, current symptoms of, or treatment for, an upper respiratory tract infection, acute sinusitis, acute otitis media, or other relevant infectious process; serous otitis media is not an exclusion criterion. Participants may be re-evaluated for eligibility after symptoms resolve.
  14. History of cancer within the last 5 years, except for nonmelanoma skin cancer, stage 1 renal cell carcinoma, stage 1 prostate cancers cured by local resection and any curatively treated carcinomas in situ.
  15. Any tobacco smoking within the last year or a history of ≥10 pack years.
  16. Allergen immunotherapy treatment with cat within the previous 5 years.
  17. Any history of grade 4 anaphylaxis due to any cause as defined by the CTCAE grading criteria.
  18. History of bleeding disorders, treatment with anticoagulation or anti-platelet therapy or chronic treatment with aspirin for cardiovascular prophylaxis.
  19. Treatment with omalizumab within 6 months prior to the NAC or EEC procedures.
  20. Currently taking any of the following medications: beta blockers; tricyclic antidepressants; monoamine oxidase inhibitors.
  21. Ongoing systemic immunosuppressive treatment.
  22. History of intolerance to rescue medications or their excipients.
  23. For women of childbearing age a positive urine pregnancy test with sensitivity of less than 50 mIU/mL.
  24. The use of any investigational drug within 30 days of the NAC or EEC procedures.
  25. The presence of any medical condition that the investigator deems incompatible with participation in the trial.
  26. Any clinically significant abnormal finding on physical examination, vital signs or laboratory results at screening as deemed so by the Investigator.
  27. Any clinically significant physical findings of nasal anatomical deformities (including the presence of nasal mucosal ulceration, nasal polyps, purulent secretions, septal perforation or any other major abnormalities in the nose) which, at the discretion of the Investigator, would interfere with the study procedures.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02163122


Locations
Canada, Ontario
Inflamax Research Inc.
Mississauga, Ontario, Canada, L4W 1A4
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Immune Tolerance Network (ITN)
Investigators
Study Chair: Stephen Durham, MD Imperial College London
Principal Investigator: Piyush Patel, MD Inflamax Research Incorporated
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02163122     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DAIT ITN061AD
First Submitted: June 11, 2014
First Posted: June 13, 2014
Last Update Posted: September 12, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Cat Allergy
Feld1

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Immune System Diseases