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Genetically Modified T-cell Immunotherapy in Treating Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Persistent/Recurrent Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02159495
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 10, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 6, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
City of Hope Medical Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial studies the side effects and the best dose of genetically modified T-cells after lymphodepleting chemotherapy in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia or blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm that has returned after a period of improvement or has not responded to previous treatment. An immune cell is a type of blood cell that can recognize and kill abnormal cells in the body. The immune cell product will be made from patient or patient's donor (related or unrelated) blood cells. The immune cells are changed by inserting additional pieces of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) (genetic material) into the cell to make it recognize and kill cancer cells. Placing a modified gene into white blood cells may help the body build an immune response to kill cancer cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission Acute Biphenotypic Leukemia Early Relapse of Acute Myeloid Leukemia Late Relapse of Acute Myeloid Leukemia Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm Acute Myeloid Leukemia Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Interleukin-3 Receptor Subunit Alpha Positive Minimal Residual Disease Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia Untreated Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Drug: cyclophosphamide Biological: Autologous CD123CAR-CD28-CD3zeta-EGFRt-expressing T Lymphocytes Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Biological: Allogeneic CD123CAR-CD28-CD3zeta-EGFRt-expressing T-lymphocytes Drug: Fludarabine Phosphate Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To examine the anti-tumor activity and safety of administering ex vivo expanded T cells that are genetically modified using a self-inactivating (SIN) lentiviral vector to express a co-stimulatory CD123-specific chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) as well as a truncated EGFR (CD123CAR-CD28-CD3zeta-EGFRt+ T cells [CD123+ CAR T cells]) following lymphodepletion for patients with CD123+ relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (arm 1), or CD123+ persistent or recurrent Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm (BPDCN) (arm 2). II. To determine the recommended Phase II dose (RP2D) for both arms (AML and BPDCN). SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To assess activity in the form of CD123+ CAR T cell persistence, 6 month progression free survival (PFS 6mo) rate, and 1 year overall survival (OS) rate, and describe the immunogenicity of CD123R(EQ)28zeta/EGFRt+ T cells. TERTIARY OBJECTIVES: I. To assess impact on hematopoiesis, change from baseline in numbers of CD123+ blood cells, CD123 expression on malignant cells and hematopoietic cells, and the clinical efficacy of EGFRt mediated CAR T cell ablation.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of autologous or allogeneic (related or unrelated donor) CD123+ CAR T cells. Patients undergo a lymphodepleting regimen 3-10 days prior to CD123+ CAR T cell infusion as determined by the principal investigator and the protocol team. Patients receive either cyclophosphamide intravenously (IV) on days -4 and/or -3; fludarabine phosphate and cyclophosphamide IV on days -5 to -3; fludarabine phosphate IV on days -5 to -3 and cyclophosphamide IV on days -4 and/or -3. Patients receive autologous or allogeneic CD123+ CAR T cells IV over 15 minutes on day 0. Patients with evidence of disease at > 28 days, continuing expression of the CD123 antigen, and not having experienced a dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) may receive a second infusion of CD123+ CAR T cells after 28 days. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 24 hours, then every 2 days for up to 14 days, every week for 1 month, every month for 1 year and then yearly for 15 years.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Cellular Immunotherapy Using T Cells Lentivirally Transduced to Express a CD123-Specific, Hinge-Optimized, CD28-Costimulatory Chimeric Antigen Receptor and a Truncated EGFR for Patients With CD123+ Relapsed/Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia and Persistent/Recurrent Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm
Study Start Date : December 1, 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (lymphodepletion, T-cell immunotherapy)
Patients undergo a lymphodepleting regimen 3-10 days prior to CD123+ CAR T cell infusion as determined by the principal investigator and the protocol team. Patients receive either cyclophosphamide IV on days -4 and/or -3; fludarabine phosphate and cyclophosphamide IV on days -5 to -3; fludarabine phosphate IV on days -5 to -3 and cyclophosphamide IV on days -4 and/or -3. Patients receive autologous or allogeneic CD123+ CAR Tcells IV over 15 minutes on day 0. Patients with evidence of disease at > 28 days, continuing expression of the CD123 antigen, and not having experienced a DLT may receive a second infusion of CD123+ CAR T cells after 28 days.
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CPM
  • CTX
  • Cytoxan
  • Endoxan
  • Endoxana

Biological: Autologous CD123CAR-CD28-CD3zeta-EGFRt-expressing T Lymphocytes
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CD123R(EQ)28zeta/EGFRt+ T cells
  • Anti CD123-CAR/CD28-costimulatory Lentiviral Vector-transduced Autologous T Lymphocytes

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Allogeneic CD123CAR-CD28-CD3zeta-EGFRt-expressing T-lymphocytes
Given IV
Other Name: Allogeneic CD123R(EQ)28zeta/EGFRt+ T Cells

Drug: Fludarabine Phosphate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • 9H-Purin-6-amine, 2-fluoro-9-(5-O-phosphono-.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl)-
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara
  • Oforta
  • SH T 586




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) defined as any grade 3 or higher toxicity as assessed by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0 [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Rates and associated 95% Clopper and Pearson binomial confidence limits will be estimated. Tables will summarize all toxicities and side effects by attribution of treatment, dose, time-post treatment, organ and severity. Analysis will be done separately for each disease arm.

  2. Incidence of adverse events as assessed by NCI CTCAE version 4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ]
    Rates and associated 95% Clopper and Pearson binomial confidence limits will be estimated. Tables will summarize all toxicities and side effects by attribution of treatment, dose, time-post treatment, organ and severity. Analysis will be done separately for each disease arm.

  3. Disease response (CR or CRi) [ Time Frame: Up to 15 year post-treatment ]
    Rates and associated 95% Clopper and Pearson binomial confidence limits will be estimated. Analysis will be done separately for each disease arm.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Engraftment of transferred CD123+ CAR T cells [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]
    Rates and associated 95% Clopper and Pearson binomial confidence limits will be estimated. Analysis will be done separately for each disease arm.

  2. CAR123-specific antibody level [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ]
    Rates and associated 95% Clopper and Pearson binomial confidence limits will be estimated. Analysis will be done separately for each disease arm.

  3. Duration of response [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ]
    Will provide descriptive statistics. Analysis will be done separately for each disease arm.

  4. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ]
    Rates and associated 95% Clopper and Pearson binomial confidence limits will be estimated for PFS 6mo. Analysis will be done separately for each disease arm.

  5. Survival [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ]
    Rates and associated 95% Clopper and Pearson binomial confidence limits will be estimated for 1 year OS. Analysis will be done separately for each disease arm.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Number of CD123+ normal cells in peripheral blood and bone marrow [ Time Frame: Up to day 14 ]
    Percents and counts will be calculated. Analysis will be done separately for each disease arm.

  2. Number of peripheral blood cell subsets in hematopoietic stem cell compartment [ Time Frame: Up to day 14 ]
    Percentages and counts will be calculated. Analysis will be done separately for each disease arm.

  3. Proof of elimination of CD123+ CAR T cells [ Time Frame: Up to day 14 ]
    Rates and associate 95% Clopper and Pearson binomial confidence limits will be estimated. Descriptive statistics and graphical methods will be used to describe T cell numbers and percentages over time. Analysis will be done separately for each disease arm.

  4. Number of CD123+ leukemic cells in peripheral blood and bone marrow [ Time Frame: Up to day 14 ]
    Percents and counts will be calculated. Analysis will be done separately for each disease arm.

  5. Number of peripheral blood cell subsets in progenitor cell compartment [ Time Frame: Up to day 14 ]
    Percentages and counts will be calculated. Analysis will be done separately for each disease arm.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • ARM 1 AML: Research patients enrolled are those patients with relapsed or refractory CD123+ AML de novo, or secondary OR participants who are at high risk for disease recurrence NOTE: CD123+ biphenotypic acute leukemia or CD123+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) may also be considered but only after discussion with the study principal investigator (PI)

    • Relapsed AML is defined as patients that had a first complete remission (CR) before developing recurrent disease (increased bone marrow blasts)
    • Refractory AML is defined as patients that have not achieved a first CR after 2 cycles of induction chemotherapy; for patients with AML evolving from myelodysplastic syndrome, they should have completed at least one cycle of induction chemotherapy
  • ARM 2 BPDCN: Research participants with a diagnosis of BPDCN, according to World Health Organization (WHO) classification by hematopathology, who underwent at least 1 line of systemic therapy for BPDCN and who have persistent or recurrent disease in at least one of the following are eligible: peripheral blood, bone marrow, lymph nodes, spleen, cutaneous lesions or other sites OR participants who are at high risk for disease recurrence
  • FOR BOTH STUDY ARMS: Research participants must have bone marrow and/or peripheral blood samples available for confirmation of diagnosis of AML or BPDCN; CD123 positivity must be confirmed by either flow cytometry or immunohistochemistry within 90 days of study entry; cytogenetics, flow cytometry, and molecular studies (such as FMS-like tyrosine kinase-3 [FLT-3] status) will be obtained as per standard practice however, for research participants who are a high risk of recurrence, they must have historical bone marrow and/or peripheral blood samples available for confirmation of diagnosis of AML or BPDCN; CD123 positivity must be confirmed by either flow cytometry or immunohistochemistry prior to start of lymphodepletion
  • Weight >= 50 kg
  • Karnofsky performance status score >= 70
  • Life expectancy >= 16 weeks at time of enrollment
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control or abstinence) prior to study entry and for six months following duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect that she is pregnant while participating on the trial, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Calculated creatinine clearance (absolute value) of >= 50 mL/minute or creatinine < 2.0 mg/dl or < 2 times upper limit of normal for the research participant's age group
  • Serum bilirubin =< 3.0 mg/dL
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 5 times the institutional upper limits of normal
  • Ejection fraction measured by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multi gated acquisition scan (MUGA) >= 50%
  • Diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) or forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) > 45% predicted
  • Research participants' last dose of prior chemotherapy or radiation must be >= 2 weeks before leukapheresis; Note: this criterion is not applicable if the research participant's donor is undergoing leukapheresis
  • If a research participant has undergone prior allogeneic stem cell transplant, he/she must be off all immunosuppressants for graft versus host disease (GVHD) for at least 2 weeks before undergoing leukapheresis

    *Note: the above is not applicable if the research participant's donor is undergoing leukapheresis

  • Negative serum or urine pregnancy test
  • All research participants must have the ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent or age appropriate assent for pediatric patients *Note: For research participants who do not speak English, a short form consent may be used with a City of Hope (COH) certified interpreter/translator to proceed with screening and leukapheresis, while the request for a translated full consent is processed; however, the research participant is allowed to proceed with lymphodepletion and T cell infusion only after the translated full consent form is signed

ELIGIBILITY TO UNDERGO LYMPHODEPLETION Note: evaluation should be performed no more than 7 days prior to lymphodepletion

  • Research participant with known central nervous system (CNS) leukemic involvement that is refractory to intrathecal chemotherapy and/or cranio-spinal radiation but effectively treated to complete remission (<5 white blood cell[WBC]/mm^3 and no blast in cerebrospinal fluid [CSF]) is eligible to proceed with lymphodepletion
  • Research participants must have a donor or stem cells source identified for allogeneic transplantation, either related (7/8 or 8/8 allele matched or haploidentical), unrelated 7/8 or 8/8 allele match) donor, or cord blood stem cell source (at least 4/6 matched)
  • Research participants with a response less than a CR or complete response with incomplete hematopoietic recovery (CRi) or detectable minimal residual disease (MRD) positive disease
  • Research participant has a released cryopreserved T cell product for CAR T cell infusion on approximately day 0
  • Research participant must be at least 2 weeks out from having received the last dose of investigational agent
  • Karnofsky performance status (KPS) >= 70
  • Documented measurable or evaluable disease
  • Non hematological toxicity related to prior therapy must either have returned to =< grade 2, baseline, or deemed irreversible
  • Research participants of reproductive potential must agree to use and utilize and adequate method of contraception throughout treatment and for at least 8 weeks after T cell infusion
  • If a research participant has undergone prior allogeneic stem cell transplant, he/she must be off all immunosuppressants for GVHD for at least 7 days before beginning lymphodepletion
  • Pulmonary: not requiring supplemental oxygen or mechanical ventilation, oxygen saturation 90% or higher on room air
  • Cardiovascular: not requiring pressor support, no symptomatic cardiac arrhythmias, no acute coronary syndrome, or uncontrolled hypertension
  • Renal Function: calculated creatinine clearance (absolute value) of >= 50 mL/minute or creatinine < 2.0 mg/dl or < 2 times upper limit of normal for the research participant's age group
  • Liver Function: adequate liver function defined as total bilirubin =< 3.0 mg/dl
  • ALT and AST =< 5 times the institutional upper limits of normal
  • Neurological: research participant without clinically significant encephalopathy/new focal deficits
  • Infectious diseases: no clinical evidence of uncontrolled active infectious process

ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA AT TIME OF INFUSION OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED T CELLS

  • Research participants has undergone lymphodepletion
  • Pulmonary: not requiring supplemental oxygen or mechanical ventilation, oxygen saturation 90% or higher on room air
  • Cardiovascular: not requiring pressor support, no symptomatic cardiac arrhythmias, no acute coronary syndrome, or uncontrolled hypertension
  • Renal Function: calculated creatinine clearance (absolute value) of >= 50 mL/minute or creatinine < 2.0 mg/dl or < 2 times upper limit of normal for the research participant's age group
  • Liver Function: adequate liver function defined as total bilirubin =< 3.0 mg/dl
  • ALT and AST =< 5 times the institutional upper limits of normal
  • Neurological: research participant without clinically significant encephalopathy/new focal deficits
  • Infectious diseases: no clinical evidence of uncontrolled active infectious process
  • Research participant must be off all anti-leukemic drugs, with the exception of the lymphodepleting regimens, at least 7 days prior to CAR T cell infusion

ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA TO UNDERGO OPTIONAL T CELL ABLATION

  • Research participant has >= 1% CD123+ CAR T cells in the peripheral blood
  • Pulmonary: not requiring supplemental oxygen or mechanical ventilation, oxygen saturation 90% or higher on room air
  • Cardiovascular: not requiring pressor support, no symptomatic cardiac arrhythmias, no acute coronary syndrome, or uncontrolled hypertension
  • Renal Function: serum creatinine did NOT increase by more than 2.5 fold from baseline (at time of screening)
  • Liver Function: adequate liver function defined as total bilirubin =< 3.0 mg/dl
  • AST =< 5 x ULN, ALT =< 5 x ULN
  • Neurological: research participant without clinically significant encephalopathy/new focal deficits
  • Infectious diseases: no clinical evidence of uncontrolled active infectious process

ALLOGENEIC DONOR CRITERIA FOR APHERESIS DONATION:

  • Related donor selection will be conducted in accordance with City of Hope's Department of Hematology & Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation criteria and, in the case of unrelated donor from a transplant center, will comply with the National Marrow Donor Program's (NMDP) donor selection standards; when a potentially eligible recipient of an unrelated donor product from an NMDP Center is identified, the recipient will complete an NMDP search transfer request to allow City of Hope (COH) NMDP staff to contact the NMDP Coordinating Center, who in turn, will contact the donor's prior Donor Center; the search will follow the NMDP Policy for subsequent donation requests; any form deemed appropriate and necessary by the NMDP, including the Subsequent Donation Request Form, Therapeutic T Cell Collection Prescription and Therapeutic Stem Cell Collection Prescription, will be submitted as required
  • In the case of a related donor: The identified donor must be the original donor whose stem cells were used for the research participant's alloSCT
  • For both related and unrelated donors: The donor's hepatitis B surface antigen must be negative and the hepatitis C antibody must be nonreactive; in the case of a positive hepatitis C antibody result, the hepatitic C virus (HCV) viral polymerase chain reaction (PCR) will have to be performed and the results should be negative

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Research participants with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active or poorly controlled infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, poorly controlled pulmonary disease or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Research participants who have tested human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive, or have active hepatitis B or C infection based on testing performed within 4 weeks of enrollment
  • Research participants with presence of other active malignancy. However, research participants with history of prior malignancy treated with curative intent and in complete remission are eligible
  • Pregnant and lactating women are excluded from this study

Study-Specific Exclusion

  • Failure of research participant to understand the basic elements of the protocol and/or the risks/benefits of participating in this phase I study
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biological composition to cetuximab
  • Dependence on corticosteroids:

    • If the participant is undergoing leukapheresis: physiological replacement doses of steroids are allowed - prednisone no more than 7.5 mg, hydrocortisone less than 12 mg/m^2/day

      • However, all participants must be able to reduce steroid requirement to no more than physiological replacement doses prior to start of lymphodepletion
  • Active autoimmune disease requiring systemic immunosuppressive therapy
  • Research participants will be excluded, who in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02159495


Locations
United States, California
City of Hope Medical Center Recruiting
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
Contact: Lihua E. Budde    800-826-4673    ebudde@coh.org   
Principal Investigator: Lihua E. Budde         
Sponsors and Collaborators
City of Hope Medical Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Lihua E. Budde City of Hope Medical Center

Responsible Party: City of Hope Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02159495     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 13272
NCI-2014-01147 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
13272 ( Other Identifier: City of Hope Medical Center )
First Posted: June 10, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 6, 2018
Last Verified: March 2018

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Neoplasms
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Recurrence
Neoplasm, Residual
Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes
Neoplastic Processes
Cyclophosphamide
Fludarabine phosphate
Fludarabine
Vidarabine
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists