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Clinical Validation of Lophius Biosciences Kit T-Track® CMV in Allo-HSCT Recipients (AlloProtectCMV)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02156479
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 5, 2014
Last Update Posted : August 8, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
German Federal Ministry of Education and Research
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Lophius Biosciences GmbH

Brief Summary:

This study in a cohort of allo-HSCT recipients aims to validate the suitability of an improved T-Track® CMV assay to assess the functionality of CMV protein-reactive effector cells and its suitability to determine cut-off values mediating protection from recurrent CMV reactivations in allo-HSCT recipients.

Lophius T-Track® CMV represents a highly standardized and sensitive diagnostic tool to assess the functionality of a network of clinically relevant CMV-reactive effector cells. It is based on the stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) with activated immunodominant CMV proteins, pp65 and IE-1, and the subsequent quantification of CMV-specific CMI (spot forming colonies) using a highly sensitive IFN-γ ELISpot.


Condition or disease
Cytomegalovirus Infection GVHD

Detailed Description:

CMV reactivation after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is associated with significant morbidity and increased overall mortality. Patients are generally pre-emptively treated with antiviral medication after elevated levels of CMV copies in peripheral blood or plasma have been detected by quantitative PCR. However, these CMV reactivations are often subclinical and do not lead to complications or CMV disease. In these cases functional CMV- specific effector cells have been shown to mediate protection from clinical symptoms. Monitoring of CMV- specific effector cells after allo-HSCT could help to prevent severe side effects due to unnecessary antiviral treatment.

Since the majority of patients develops more than one episode of CMV reactivation, determination of functional CMV-reactive effector cells of cell mediated immunity (CMI) could also help to predict the likelihood of relapsing CMV reactivations and thereby adjust the need for and duration of secondary prophylaxis.

Currently available techniques to measure CMV-specific effector cells lack either a functional read out (multimer stain) or are time consuming and difficult to standardize (detection of intracellular interferon gamma (IFN-ᵞ) after in vitro stimulation using flow cytometry). The improved T-Track® CMV assay has the advantage of combining a standardized and highly sensitive test system with a functional read out (IFN-ᵞ production) considering the function of antigen presenting cells (APC) and different populations of clinically relevant effector cells (CTL, T helper-, NK-, NKT cells). Based on experiences of the performance of this assay system in healthy individuals and hemodialysis patients (the latter as part of a performance evaluation - EUDAMED number 00015561) the presented trial aims to validate an improved variant of this test (including optimized, LPS-depleted IE-1 protein) with regard to its suitability to predict freedom from relapse of CMV-reactivation following treatment of CMV reactivation in a cohort of 120-150 patients after allo-HSCT. Moreover, the results will be compared to (i) analysis of leukocyte subpopulations and (ii) multimer techniques detecting CMV-specific CD8 positive T lymphocytes (CTL) (optional).

Demonstrating the suitability of the improved T-Track® CMV assay to identify patients at reduced risk for recurrent CMV-reactivation, CMV disease or GvHD would highly improve and optimize follow-up care after allo-HSCT regarding therapy success as well as reduced public health care costs.


Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 175 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Clinical Validation of an Improved T-Track® CMV Assay to Assess the Functionality of CMV Protein-reactive Cell-mediated Immunity (CMI) and Its Suitability to Determine a Protective Cut-off Value for Recurrent CMV Reactivations in Allo-HSCT Recipients
Actual Study Start Date : July 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Group/Cohort
Allo-HSCT recipients
Patients receiving an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for the first time, being either CMV seropositive or receiving a graft from a CMV seropositive donor or both, donor and recipient are CMV seropositive



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Determination of changes in pp65 and/or IE-1 specific CMI applying T-Track® CMV [ Time Frame: days 45, 60 and 80 post Tx as well as at any time between day 45 - 225 in case of CMV-complications ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes in CMV viral load measured by CMV-PCR [ Time Frame: As defined in the respective guidelines of the participating institutes, at least in parallel with T-Track® CMV, any time between day 0 - 225 ]
  2. Determination of frequencies of leukocyte subpopulations [ Time Frame: In parallel with T-Track® CMV, thus days 45, 60 and 80 post Tx as well as at any time between day 45 - 225 in case of CMV-complications ]
    Numbers of naïve (CD45RA) and memory (CD45RO) CD4 and CD8 positive T cells (CD3) as well as NK cells (CD56) and monocytes (CD14) determined by flow cytometry


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Determination of numbers of CMV-specific CTL applying a multimer staining for CMV epitopes [ Time Frame: In parallel withT-Track® CMV, thus days 45, 60 and 80 post Tx as well as at any time between day 45 - 225 in case of CMV-complications, optional ]
  2. Determination of occurrence and severity of GvHD [ Time Frame: Any time during study period (day 0 - 225) ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients receiving an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for the first time, being either CMV seropositive or receiving a graft from a CMV seropositive donor or both, donor and recipient are CMV seropositive
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients receiving an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation being either CMV seropositive or receiving a graft from a CMV seropositive donor or both, donor and recipient are CMV seropositive (D+/R-, D-/R+, D+/R+)
  • Patients receiving a first allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell graft
  • Patient at least 18 years of age
  • Written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Seronegativity for CMV both for patient and donor (D-/R-)
  • Patients receiving standard anti-CMV prophylaxis
  • Patients receiving a haploidentical allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell graft
  • Patients receiving an umbilical cord blood graft
  • Patients treated with Alemtuzumab (e.g. Campath)
  • Patient has any form of substance abuse, psychiatric disorder or condition that, in the opinion of the investigator may invalidate communication with the investigator
  • Lack or withdrawal of informed consent
  • Patient is unable to comply with the visit schedule in the protocol

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02156479


Locations
Germany
Universitätsklinikum Regensburg
Regensburg, Germany, 93053
Sponsors and Collaborators
Lophius Biosciences GmbH
German Federal Ministry of Education and Research
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Daniel Wolff, Prof. Dr. med. Klinik für Innere Medizin III, Hämatologie und Onkologie Regensburg

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Lophius Biosciences GmbH
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02156479     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LB-B1
First Posted: June 5, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 8, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018

Keywords provided by Lophius Biosciences GmbH:
CMV
T-Track CMV
allo-HSCT
CMI

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cytomegalovirus Infections
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases