Mechanisms of Anti-VEGF Induced Hypertension
Background: High blood pressure is a common complication observed in cancer patients prescribed anti-VEGF drugs. Increased blood pressure increases the risk of heart attacks and strokes, thus adversely affecting survival and quality of life in this patient group. However, little is known about the mechanisms leading to high blood pressure with anti-VEGF drugs. As a result, the management of anti-VEGF drug-induced hypertension is largely empirical. A better knowledge of effects of specific blood pressure lowering drugs, i.e. antihypertensives, on anti-VEGF drug-induced hypertension would optimize therapeutic management and reduce the risk associated with hypertension and proteinuria in patients with cancer.
Methods: Datasets of two completed GSK clinical trials using the anti-VEGF drug pazopanib, i.e. VEG108844 and VEG105192, will be accessed to 1) determine the way blood pressure changes over time after commencing anti-VEGF treatment; 2) identify whether there are any relationships between pre-study and baseline blood pressure values, treatment with specific antihypertensive drugs, and changes in blood pressure after commencing anti-VEGF treatment; and 3) identify whether specific antihypertensive drugs and drug combinations, prescribed either before or after commencing anti-VEGF treatment, lead to a better blood pressure control and prevent proteinuria during anti-VEGF treatment. Specific statistical analyses will be conducted to assess and identify associations and will account for other patient's characteristics and repeated observations over time. The investigators plan to conduct this study over 6 months.
Studies VEG108844 and VEG105192 have been selected as they investigate the same anti-VEGF drug, pazopanib, in a homogeneous group, i.e. patients with renal cancer. At the same time, inclusion of a placebo arm as well as a treatment arm with a different anti-VEGF drug, sunitimib, will allow initial comparisons across different groups.
The results deriving from this study will provide important knowledge on 1) patterns of blood pressure changes with anti-VEGF drugs and 2) whether specific antihypertensive drugs or drug classes might be better than others in preventing and managing anti-VEGF induced hypertension and proteinuria.
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Retrospective|
|Official Title:||Associations Between Antihypertensive Drugs and Patterns of Blood Pressure Changes: a Strategy to Reduce the Burden of Anti-VEGF Induced Hypertension|
- Changes in systolic blood pressure with different anti-hypertensive drug classes in anti-VEGF induced hypertension [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Number of patients developing hypertension, i.e. >140/90 mmHg, with anti-VEGF drugs [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Number of patients developing proteinuria with anti-VEGF drugs [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- Survival of renal cancer patients on anti-VEGF drugs [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02156310
|Australia, South Australia|
|Department of Clinical Pharmacology|
|Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, 5042|
|Principal Investigator:||Arduino A Mangoni, MD, PhD||Flinders University|