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Case Selection and Treatment Protocol for Immediate Dental Implants in the Esthetic Zone

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02154581
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 3, 2014
Results First Posted : July 9, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 9, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
ITI International Team for Implantology, Switzerland
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Brief Summary:

In this study a tooth that needs to be extracted will be replaced by an implant (artificial root) placed at the same appointment as the extraction. The investigators want to observe how the gums change shape with healing in two different scenarios:

  1. If the soft tissue around your tooth is thin, following extraction and implant placement an extra soft tissue graft (taken from your palate) in the area in order to increase the thickness of your gums after healing.
  2. If the soft tissue around your tooth is thick, the implant will be placed without a soft tissue graft.

Previous studies have shown that both methods work and can give good results. In fact the two methods are used routinely but they have never been compared objectively to one another in the same research study.

The main purpose of this study is to evaluate if there is any difference in terms of esthetic outcomes between these two treatment modalities after a crown has been placed on the implant.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Jaw, Edentulous, Partially Acquired Absence of Single Tooth Device: SLActive implant Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 41 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Case Selection and Treatment Protocol for Immediate Dental Implants in the Esthetic Zone: A Controlled Clinical Trial
Study Start Date : January 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 28, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : April 28, 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Type 1 implant and thin biotype
In this group, immediate implant placement (SLActive implant) is performed in patients with thin tissue biotype. In addition to implant placement bone grafting of the void between the implant and the fresh extraction socket, bone grafting the buccal aspect of the buccal plate (overcontouring) and soft tissue grafting (connective tissue) are performed.
Device: SLActive implant
Other Names:
  • Straumann
  • Dental Implants
  • Type 1 implant placement

Active Comparator: Type 1 implant and thick biotype
In this group, immediate implant placement (SLActive implant) is performed including bone grafting of the void between the implant and the fresh extraction socket.
Device: SLActive implant
Other Names:
  • Straumann
  • Dental Implants
  • Type 1 implant placement




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mid Facial Mucosal Level at Implant Site [ Time Frame: Change from Baseline to 3 months ]
    Baseline will be at the time of crown delivery. Thereafter, the mid facial mucosal level at implant site will be recorded at 3, 6, 12 months after crown delivery.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. PES/WES (Pink Esthetic Score, White Esthetic Score). [ Time Frame: Approximately 1 year after baseline ]
    Baseline will be at the time of crown delivery. Secondary outcome measures will be recorded at 12 months after crown delivery. The PES (Pink Esthetic Score) and WES (White Esthetic Score) scales are 10 point scales, made up of 5 categories, each with a 2 point value. Each category is scored out of 2, and the scores totaled to give an optimal score out of 10, and then the two scores (PES and WES) added to give a total score out of 20, with 20 being the highest possible score (best outcome) and 0 being the worst outcome.

  2. Probing Depth [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year after baseline ]
    Baseline will be at the time of crown delivery. Secondary outcome measures will be recorded at baseline, 3 and 12 months after crown delivery. The measurement of the pocket around the implanted tooth, measured with a graduated probe. A healthy pocket depth is around 3 mm with no bleeding during the measurement process. The values are totaled and a mean score of all the readings is reported.

  3. Modified Plaque Index [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year after baseline ]
    Baseline will be at the time of crown delivery. Secondary outcome measures will be recorded at 3, 6, 12 months after crown delivery. Measurement of amount of plaque build-up on teeth, using a scale of 0 (no plaque detection), to 3 (an abundance of soft matter). The scores are totaled and a mean score reported.

  4. Modified Bleeding Index [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year after baseline ]
    Baseline will be at the time of crown delivery. Secondary outcome measures will be recorded at 3, 6, 12 months after crown delivery. Bleeding from the gums is measured on probing the gum and measured on scale of 0 to 5, with 0 being the best outcome, with no bleeding, and 5 being the worst outcome, with spontaneous bleeding. The scores are totaled and a mean score reported.

  5. Radiographic Bone Level [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year after baseline ]
    Baseline will be at the time of crown delivery. Secondary outcome measures will be recorded at baseline 3, and 12 months after crown delivery. Radiographic bone measurements recorded following final restoration placement (baseline), after 3 and 12 months of loading, and change between these time points. A positive value indicates bone loss and a negative value indicates bone gain. BIC (Bone implant contact)= Distance from implant shoulder to first bone to implant contact.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. The patient is 18 years or older.
  2. Ability to understand and provide informed consent before starting the study.
  3. Ability and willingness to comply with all study requirements.
  4. The patient, if of child-bearing potential, has a negative urine pregnancy test.
  5. Adequate oral hygiene to allow for implant therapy consistent with standards of care.
  6. Adequate bone volume to accommodate the planned endosseous dental implant placement according to immediate placement protocols utilizing Straumann Bone Level implants RC (Regular Crossfit) 4.1mm or Bone Level Implant NC (Narrow Crossfit) 3.3 mm at 8, 10,12 or 14mm in length.
  7. One tooth in the anterior maxilla (first pre-molar to first pre-molar) requiring extraction resulting in a single- tooth gap planned to be restored with a dental implant as determined by the patient's dental provider.
  8. The site to be treated is surrounded by two natural teeth.
  9. Except the site to be treated, none of the maxillary incisors, canines and first pre-molars display marginal soft tissue recession.
  10. Following extraction, intact extraction socket bony walls are present.
  11. Primary stability of implant consistent with standards of care is achieved at the time of implant placement.
  12. Patient must be able to pay for fees related to the surgical implant placement related to extraction, grafting of the implant site, and half of the cost of the crown at the time of implant placement.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patient reports tobacco use within the last five years. Tobacco use for this study is defined as a current smoking habit with moderate or heavy smoking (more than 10 cigarettes per day) or tobacco chewing use.
  2. History of alcoholism or drug abuse within the past 5 years.
  3. Severe wear with an etiology of bruxism or clenching habits.
  4. Patient has significant untreated periodontal disease (grade III or IV), caries, or clinical or radiographic signs of infection within two adjacent tooth positions of implant area.
  5. History of HIV infection, Hepatitis B or C.
  6. Patients with a history of systemic disease that precludes standard dental implant therapy or alters daily activities to a level consistent with ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) III classification (including cardiovascular, hepatic, renal, gastrointestinal, metabolic, neurologic, pulmonary, endocrine, autoimmune, or psychiatric disorders).
  7. Presence of local inflammation or mucosal diseases such as lichen planus.
  8. Patient history consistent with high risk for subacute bacterial endocarditis.
  9. Current hematological disorder or warfarin (or similar) therapy.
  10. Patient has a disease that affects bone metabolism, such as, but not limited to, osteoporosis, hyperthyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, congenital connective tissue disorders (e.g., osteogenesis imperfecta), or Paget's disease.
  11. Patient is taking medications or having treatments known to have an effect on bone turnover, including: thiazide diuretics, calcitonin, systemic steroids, bisphosphonates, vitamin D (>800 IU/day), estrogen or progesterone therapy.
  12. Current steroid treatment: defined as any person who within the last two years has received for two weeks a dose equivalent to 20 mg hydrocortisone.
  13. Patient currently undergoing chemotherapy.
  14. Patient history of radiation treatment to the head or neck.
  15. Physical or mental handicaps that would interfere with patient's ability to exercise good oral hygiene on a regular basis.
  16. Use of any investigational drug or device within the 30 day period immediately prior to implant surgery.
  17. Patient is pregnant.
  18. Extraction sites having anatomic conditions that preclude immediate implant placement.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02154581


Locations
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United States, Texas
Graduate Periodontics, Dental School, UTHSCSA
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78229
Sponsors and Collaborators
The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
ITI International Team for Implantology, Switzerland
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Guy Huynh-Ba, DDS, MS UTHSCSA Department of Periodontics
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio:
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Responsible Party: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02154581    
Other Study ID Numbers: ITI 799_2011
HSC20130085H ( Other Identifier: UTHSCSA IRB )
First Posted: June 3, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 9, 2019
Last Update Posted: July 9, 2019
Last Verified: June 2019
Keywords provided by The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio:
Dental implants
Esthetic score
Immediate implants
Gingival biotype
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Jaw, Edentulous
Jaw, Edentulous, Partially
Mouth, Edentulous
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Tooth Diseases
Jaw Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases