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Vaccine Plus Booster Shots in Men With Prostate Cancer Undergoing Treatment With Radical Prostatectomy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02153918
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 3, 2014
Results First Posted : October 12, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 12, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Peter Pinto, M.D., National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:

Background:

- Some men with prostate cancer have their prostate glands removed. The cancer can still come back. Researchers want to know if receiving a vaccine before prostate removal surgery can lead to less recurrence.

Objective:

- To see if a vaccine and booster shots given to men with prostate cancer before surgery changes the immune cells in the prostate gland.

Eligibility:

- Men age 18 and older who have prostate cancer that has not spread, and who want to have their prostate glands removed as treatment.

Design:

  • Participants will be screened by their regular cancer care. They may have a small piece of prostate removed.
  • Participants must practice effective birth control before and during the study treatment and for 1 month after the last vaccine booster.
  • Participants will have a medical history, physical exam, and blood and liver tests. They will be asked about how they perform daily activities.
  • Participants will have a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the prostate. The scanner is a metal cylinder in a strong magnetic field. Participants will lie on a table that slides in and out of the scanner.
  • Participants will be injected with the vaccine, most likely in the leg. They will be injected with the vaccine booster 3 times over several weeks.
  • At each booster visit, participants will have a medical history, physical exam, and blood and liver tests.
  • Participants will have another MRI. Then they will have surgery to remove their prostate.
  • Participants will have 2 follow-up visits during the year after surgery. They will have a medical history, physical exam, and blood test.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Cancer Prostatic Neoplasms Neoplasms, Prostate Biological: PROSTVAC-V/TRICOM Biological: PROSTVAC-F/TRICOM Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Background

  • Adenocarcinoma of the prostate is the most common cancer diagnosis in American males and follows lung cancer as the leading cause of cancer death.
  • Vaccine strategies represent a novel therapeutic approach in the treatment for prostate cancer. One potential target for a prostate cancer vaccine is prostatic specific antigen (PSA), due to its restricted expression on prostate cancer and normal prostatic epithelial cells.
  • A neoadjuvant approach may be of potential benefit providing prolonged protection via the patient s immune system against future recurrence.
  • PROSTVAC is a vaccine that induces strong immune responses, has shown promising evidence of activity in a randomized phase II study (8.5 month improvement in median overall survival) and is currently in phase III clinical testing.
  • This vaccine has been tested in locally recurrent prostate cancer with substantial inflammatory infiltrates within the prostate seen following subcutaneous and intraprostatic injection.

Objectives

-The primary objective is to evaluate the post vaccine immunologic cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) and cluster of differentiation 8 (CD8) cell infiltrate response of a neoadjuvant vaccine strategy in prostatectomy specimens in patients who plan to undergo radical prostatectomy.

Eligibility

  • Patients must have biopsy proven prostate cancer and are surgical candidates for radical prostatectomy
  • Must be of sufficient good health to be surgical candidates for radical prostatectomy and have elected radical prostatectomy for management of their prostate cancer
  • Granulocyte count is greater than or equal to 1,500/mm(3), Platelet is greater than or equal to 50,000/mm(3), hemoglobin (Hgb) is greater than or equal to 8 g/dL, Bilirubin < 1.5mg/dL, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 2.5x upper limit of normal (ULN), Creatinine is less than or equal to 1.5 X ULN
  • Pre-intervention biopsy tissue must be available either from outside institution or repeat biopsy

Design

  • This study will utilize rV-PSA(L155)-TRICOM (PROSTVAC-V) as a priming vaccination followed by monthly boosting with rF-PSA (L155)-TRICOM (PROSTVAC-F) for 3 months.
  • Patients will undergo radical prostatectomy after 4 months of treatment with PROSTVAC-V/F.
  • The maximum accrual to the trial will be 27 patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 27 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Neoadjuvant rFowlpox-PSA (L155)-TRICOM (Prostvac-F/TRICOM) in Combination With rVaccinia-PSA (L155)-TRICOM (Prostvac-V/TRICOM) in Men With Prostate Cancer Undergoing Treatment With Radical Prostatectomy
Actual Study Start Date : May 31, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 28, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : January 16, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Vaccine Plus Booster Shots
PROSTVAC-V/TRICOM followed by PROSTVAC-F/ TRICOM boost monthly until radical prostatectomy or off therapy PROSTVAC
Biological: PROSTVAC-V/TRICOM
A recombinant vaccinia virus vector vaccine containing the genes for human prostatic specific antigen (PSA) and three co-stimulatory molecules.

Biological: PROSTVAC-F/TRICOM
A recombinant fowlpox virus vector vaccine containing the genes for human PSA and three co-stimulatory molecules.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Changes From Baseline to After Surgery of Cluster of Differentiation 4 (CD4) and Cluster of Differentiation 8 (CD8) Cell Infiltrates [ Time Frame: Baseline (pre vaccination) and approximately week 10 ]
    Immunologic CD4 and CD8 cell infiltrate response of a neoadjuvant prime/boost vaccine strategy in prostatectomy specimens. Prostate biopsy specimens are collected and stained for CD4 and CD8 cells. Quantification is reported as the number of stained cells per micron squared of surface area. Change will be noted by utilizing computer automated staining analysis. Density of cell infiltrate will be calculated and the pre and post vaccine values will be compared to determine response to vaccine.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Count of Participants With Change in Peripheral Prostatic Specific Antigen (PSA)-Specific T Cell Responses [ Time Frame: Baseline (pre vaccination) and week 10 ]
    Change in peripheral prostatic specific antigen (PSA)-specific T cells will be assessed by the enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay. A change of >250 cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) or cluster of differentiation 8 (CD8) cells producing cytokine or positive for cluster of differentiation 107a (CD107a) in response to PSA post vaccination relative to baseline will be considered evidence of an immunologic response to the vaccine. The number of subjects developing positive PSA-Specific T cell responses with vaccination will be reported.

  2. Intraprostatic Treg Cell Infiltration With Cluster of Differentiation 4 (CD4)+Forkhead Box P3 (FOX-P3) Staining [ Time Frame: Baseline (pre vaccination) and post surgery after last dose of vaccine, approximately week 10 ]
    Prostate biopsy samples collected at baseline and at surgery after last dose of vaccine will be stained for analysis of immune cell infiltrate. Quantification will be reported as number of stained cells per micron squared of surface area.

  3. Prostatic Specific Antigen (PSA) Changes Secondary to Vaccination [ Time Frame: Baseline (pre vaccination) and approximately week 10 ]
    A change in PSA secondary to vaccination is defined as an increase or decrease in PSA value beyond the baseline level. PSA levels of 4.0 ng/ml and lower are considered normal.

  4. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Changes Secondary to Vaccination [ Time Frame: Baseline (pre vaccination) and approximately week 10 ]
    MRI of the prostate was performed for changes in imaging characteristics of prostate cancer pre and post vaccination. MRI changes secondary to vaccination is defined as increase or decrease in the size of lesions from baseline (pre-vaccine) measurements.

  5. Count of Participants With Serious and Non-serious Adverse Events Assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria in Adverse Events (CTCAE v4.0) [ Time Frame: Date treatment consent signed to date off study, approximately 33 months and 5 days ]
    Here is the count of participants with serious and non-serious adverse events assessed by the Common Terminology Criteria in Adverse Events (CTCAE v4.0). A non-serious adverse event is any untoward medical occurrence. A serious adverse event is an adverse event or suspected adverse reaction that results in death, a life threatening adverse drug experience, hospitalization, disruption of the ability to conduct normal life functions, congenital anomaly/birth defect or important medical events that jeopardize the patient or subject and may require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the previous outcomes mentioned.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

-INCLUSION CRITERIA

  1. Patients must have histopathological documentation of adenocarcinoma of the prostate prior to starting this study and evaluable biopsy tissue (e.g., unstained slides or blocks) available for analysis. If evaluable tissue is not available, the patient must agree to undergo a pre-vaccination prostate biopsy on study as an alternative to having available tissue available.
  2. Patients must be a surgical candidate for radical prostatectomy based on standard workup of prostatic specific antigen (PSA), biopsy results, and if necessary supplemental imaging.
  3. Patients must have chosen radical prostatectomy as their definitive treatment of choice for management of their prostate cancer.
  4. Patients must have a performance status of 0 to 1 according to the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) criteria
  5. No systemic steroid or steroid eye drop use within 2 weeks prior to initiation of experimental therapy. Limited doses of systemic steroids to prevent intravenous (IV) contrast, allergic reaction or anaphylaxis (in patients who have known contrast allergies) are allowed.
  6. Hematological eligibility parameters (within one month of starting therapy):

    • Granulocyte count greater than or equal to 1,500/mm(3)
    • Platelet count greater than or equal to 50,000/mm(3)
    • Hemoglobin (Hgb) greater than or equal to 8 g/dL
  7. Biochemical eligibility parameters (within one month of starting therapy):

    1. Hepatic function: Bilirubin < 1.5 mg/dl (OR in patients with Gilbert's syndrome, a total bilirubin less than or equal to 3.0 mg/dL), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 2.5 times upper limit of normal.-. Creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 X ULN
    2. Creatinine less than or equal to 1.5 X ULN
    3. Patients must be test negative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis B and C.
  8. Patients must not have other active invasive malignancies within the past 2 years (with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancers) or life threatening illnesses.
  9. Patients must be willing to travel to the study site for follow-up visits.
  10. Patients must be greater or equal to18 years of age.
  11. All patients who have received prior vaccination with vaccinia virus (for smallpox immunization) must not have a history of allergy to the vaccine.
  12. Patients must understand and sign informed consent that explains the neoplastic nature of their disease, the procedures to be followed, the experimental nature of the treatment, alternative treatments, potential risks and toxicities, and the voluntary nature of participation.
  13. The effects of the study agents used in this protocol on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason men must agree to use adequate contraception (abstinence,vasectomy, or female partner use of intrauterine device (IUD), hormonal [birth control pills, injections, or implants], tubal ligation) prior to study entry and for up to one month after the last vaccination.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA

  1. Prior splenectomy.
  2. The recombinant vaccinia vaccine should not be administered if the following apply to either recipients or, for at least 3 weeks after vaccination, their close household contacts (Close household contacts are those who share housing or have close physical contact):

    • Persons with active or a history of eczema or other eczematoid skin disorders
    • Those with other acute, chronic or exfoliative skin conditions (e.g., atopic dermatitis, burns, impetigo, varicella zoster, severe acne or other open rashes or wounds) until condition resolves
    • Pregnant or nursing women; children under 3 years of age
    • Patients should have no evidence, as listed below, of being immunocompromised:
    • HIV positivity due to the potential for decreased tolerance and risk for severe side effects.
    • Hepatitis B or C positivity.
    • Concurrent use of topical steroids (including steroid eye drops) or systemic steroids. This is to avoid immunosuppression which may lead to potential complications with vaccinia (priming vaccination). Nasal or inhaled steroid use is permitted.
  3. Patients with known allergy to eggs.
  4. Other serious intercurrent illness.
  5. Patients with a history of unstable or newly diagnosed angina pectoris, recent myocardial infarction (within 6 months of enrollment) or New York Heart Association class II-IV congestive heart failure.
  6. Patients with significant autoimmune disease that is active or potentially life threatening if activated.
  7. Patients with clinically significant cardiomyopathy requiring treatment.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02153918


Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Peter A Pinto, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Peter Pinto, M.D., National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Additional Information:
Publications:
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Responsible Party: Peter Pinto, M.D., Principal Investigator, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02153918     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 140112
14-C-0112
First Posted: June 3, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 12, 2018
Last Update Posted: October 12, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Peter Pinto, M.D., National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Surgery
Neoadjuvant
CD8 Cell Infiltrate Response
CD4 Cell Infiltrate Response
Vaccine
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Prostatic Diseases
Genital Diseases, Male
Metronidazole
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents