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Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Metformin Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Borderline-Resectable or Locally-Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

This study is currently recruiting participants.
See Contacts and Locations
Verified April 2017 by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02153450
First received: May 30, 2014
Last updated: April 24, 2017
Last verified: April 2017
  Purpose
This pilot clinical trial studies stereotactic radiosurgery and metformin hydrochloride in treating patients with pancreatic cancer that may be removed (borderline-resectable) or not removed by surgery. Stereotactic radiosurgery may be able to send x-rays directly to the tumor and cause less damage to normal tissue. Metformin hydrochloride, used for diabetes, may also kill cancer cells as demonstrated in laboratory studies. Giving stereotactic radiosurgery with metformin hydrochloride may kill more tumor cells.

Condition Intervention Phase
Acinar Cell Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas Duct Cell Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas Recurrent Pancreatic Cancer Stage I-III Pancreatic Cancer Drug: metformin hydrochloride Radiation: stereotactic radiosurgery Early Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Pilot Trial of Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy and Metformin for Borderline-Resectable and Locally-Advanced Pancreatic Adenocarcinomas

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) rate scored according to the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria version 4 [ Time Frame: Up to 21 days post-treatment ]
    The rate of DLT for each treatment group will be estimated based on the number of incidences using a binomial distribution and its confidence intervals will be estimated using Wilson's method. The factors associated with DLT will be identified using logistic regression using forward model selection procedure


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical response rate using the revised Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Using a binomial distribution and its confidence intervals will be estimated using Wilson's method.

  • Progression-free survival using the revised RECIST version 1.1 [ Time Frame: Time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 2 years ]
    The factors associated with progression-free survival will be identified using logistic regression using forward model selection procedure.

  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    The probability of overall survival along with median survival for each treatment group will be estimated using Kaplan-Meier method.


Estimated Enrollment: 15
Actual Study Start Date: May 8, 2015
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (stereotactic radiosurgery, metformin hydrochloride)

Patients receive metformin hydrochloride PO daily or BID on days -11 to -1. Patients then undergo stereotactic radiosurgery 5 days a week for 5 weeks and receive concurrent metformin hydrochloride* PO BID for 5 weeks. Patients undergo laparotomy on week 6 (or weeks 5-7). Systemic therapy continues as soon as it is considered feasible by the treating physicians.

*NOTE: Metformin hydrochloride should be stopped 2 days before laparotomy.

Drug: metformin hydrochloride
Given PO
Other Name: Glucophage
Radiation: stereotactic radiosurgery
Undergo stereotactic radiosurgery

Detailed Description:

This is an open label pilot, single-center, non-randomized trial is designed to evaluate the tolerability and preliminary activity of the combination of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) with metformin for resectable and locally-advanced pancreatic/periampullary cancers.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

The primary objectives of this study are to:

1) To determine if the addition of metformin to SBRT adds minimal additional toxicity for patients with A). borderline-resectable or B). not surgically resectable pancreatic adenocarcinomas.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate the clinical/pathological response and resectability rates associated with these regimens.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive metformin hydrochloride orally (PO) daily or twice daily (BID) on days -11 to -1. Patients then undergo stereotactic radiosurgery 5 days a week for 5 weeks and receive concurrent metformin hydrochloride* by mouth, two times a day for 5 weeks. Patients undergo laparotomy on week 6 (or weeks 5-7). ). Systemic therapy continues as soon as it is considered feasible by the treating physicians.

*NOTE: Metformin hydrochloride should be stopped 2 days before laparotomy.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must be able to provide written informed consent
  • Histologically and/or cytologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the pancreas, clinical stage T1-4, N0-1, M0
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dl
  • Alkaline phosphatase < 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Albumin > 2.5 g/dL
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1500/mm^3
  • Platelet count ≥ 75,000/mm^3
  • Total bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT]) ≤ 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) ≤ 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine ≤ 1.5
  • Borderline-resectable or locally-advanced pancreatic cancer (based upon impression of the surgical oncologist, in conjunction with radiologic consultations) as defined per the Alliance consensus :

    • Borderline-resectable

      • An interface between the primary tumor and superior mesenteric vein (SMV)/portal vein measuring 180 degrees or greater of the circumference of the vein wall
      • Short-segment occlusion of the SMV/portal vein but with suitable vessel proximal and distal to the obstruction to allow safe resection and reconstruction
      • Short-segment interface (of any degree) between the tumor and the hepatic artery with normal artery proximal and distal to the interface that is amenable to resection and arterial reconstruction
      • An interface between the tumor and the SMA or celiac trunk measuring less than 180 degrees of the circumference of the artery wall
    • Not surgically resectable due to one or more of the following things

      • Patient is not a surgical candidate due to medical comorbidities and/or poor performance status
      • Patient elects not to undergo surgical therapy
      • Patient has locally-advanced pancreatic cancer based on having one of the following:

        • Encasement of the SMA/celiac artery (>180 degrees).
        • Involvement of the SMV/portal vein without options for reconstruction.
        • Aortic invasion or encasement.
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (double barrier method of birth control or abstinence) 6 weeks prior to study entry, for the duration of study participation and for 6 months after completing treatment; should a woman become pregnant or suspect that she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform the treating physician immediately
  • Patients previously treated with chemotherapy are eligible unless they have evidence of local or distant disease progression; patients must have completed their last cycle of chemotherapy at least two weeks prior to study enrollment
  • Patients currently taking metformin are eligible for participation.
  • Women of child-bearing potential and male patients who are sexually-active must agree to use effective methods of birth control throughout protocol treatment.
  • Patients must not have poorly-controlled diarrhea (no more than 4 loose stools per day). Patients may be reconsidered for the study if the diarrhea resolves.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence of gross duodenal invasion, gastric outlet obstruction
  • Gastrointestinal perforation or intra-abdominal abscess (< 3 months); recent (< 3 months) gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding from gastric or duodenal ulcer
  • Systemic collagen vascular disease including scleroderma or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE); rheumatoid arthritis is eligible
  • Serious active infection requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotics
  • Conditions leading to inadequate gastrointestinal tract absorption as determined by the treating physician and/or investigator
  • Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Poorly-controlled diarrhea (> 4 loose bowel movement [BM]/day without use of anti-motility agents) within 7 days of study enrollment; patients may be reconsidered for the study if the diarrhea resolves
  • Comorbid conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator, would complicate safety or compliance such as known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or current substance abuse
  • Patients who are pregnant or lactating
  • Patients who are unwilling or unable to comply with study and/or follow-up procedures
  • Treatment for other carcinomas within the last two years, except cured non-melanoma skin cancer, curatively treated in-situ cervical cancer, or localized prostate cancer with stable prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
  • Multi-focal pancreatic lesions concerning for cancer.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02153450

Locations
United States, Ohio
University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Seidman Cancer Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center Recruiting
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106-5065
Contact: Jennifer A. Dorth    800-641-2422    jennifer.dorth@uhhospitals.org   
Principal Investigator: Jennifer A. Dorth         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jennifer Dorth Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Case Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02153450     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CASE4213
NCI-2014-01172 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
CASE 4213 ( Other Identifier: Case Comprehensive Cancer Center )
P30CA043703 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: May 30, 2014
Last Updated: April 24, 2017

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No

Keywords provided by Case Comprehensive Cancer Center:
pancreatic cancer
Radiation
Metformin
Pancreatic Adenocarcinomas

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Acinar Cell
Carcinoma
Adenocarcinoma
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Metformin
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on June 22, 2017