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Study to Treat Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) With a New Medication

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02149836
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 29, 2014
Last Update Posted : December 21, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
James Murrough, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to test the antidepressant effects of Ezogabine in major depressive disorder (MDD). The investigators also aim to determine the safety and tolerability Ezogabine in patients with MDD. The investigators hypothesize that depressive symptoms will be significantly decreased following an 8-week treatment period of the medication compared to baseline.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Major Depressive Disorder Depression Drug: ezogabine Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Study Introduction:

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a global health disease associated with significant morbidity and costs. Many anti-depressants exist within the monoaminergic system yet novel therapeutics are still needed outside of this system. Ezogabine, currently approved by the FDA for adjunctive treatment of partial-onset seizures, may serve as a potential key agent for those with MDD. Ezogabine is known to bind to and activate KCNQ transmembrane K+ ion channels, specifically targeting KCNQ2 in the VTA. Such membrane activity has been show to play a role in previous studies involving a social defeat model of depression. Specifically, data has shown that KCNQ channels were upregulated only in resilient mice and moreover, ezogabine was able to potentiate KCNQ channel activity to result in a fast reversal of the depressed phenotype.

General Investigational Plan:

Objectives:

A. Primary Efficacy Objective: To test the antidepressant effects of Ezogabine in MDD.

B. Primary Safety Objective: To characterize the safety and tolerability of Ezogabine in patients with MDD.

C. Secondary Objectives: To measure the effects of Ezogabine on ventral tegmental area (VTA)-striatal reward circuitry in MDD using reward task-based functional MRI. Rationale: Ezogabine is hypothesized to modulate the firing rate of VTA dopamine (DA) neurons and thereby influence the functioning of the mesolimbic reward system.

Hypotheses

A. Efficacy Hypothesis:

Hypothesis 1a: Depressive symptoms will be significantly decreased following an 8-week treatment period compared to baseline, as measured by change in Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS).

Hypothesis 1b: The antidepressant response rate at study end (defined as 50% in depressive symptoms compared to baseline) will exceed 50%, consistent with known response rates of current antidepressant agents.

B. Safety Hypothesis: Ezogabine will be safe and adverse event rates will be similar to rates observed in other adult populations. Specific safety items to be monitored include frequency and intensity of adverse events as measured by the Patient Rated Inventory of Side Effects (PRISE) and treatment-emergent suicidal ideation or behavior as measured by the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS).


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 18 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Proof-Of-Concept Clinical Trial of a Novel KCNQ Potentiator in Major Depressive Disorder
Study Start Date : August 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Ezogabine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: ezogabine
Ezogabine dosage plan to 900mg and then tapered down
Drug: ezogabine

Treatment Week 1: 100mg of Ezogabine by mouth three times per day (total daily dose = 300mg) Treatment Week 2: dose will be increased to 150 mg Ezogabine by mouth three times per day (total daily dose = 450mg).

Treatment Week 3: dose will be increased to 200mg of Ezogabine by mouth three times per day (total daily dose = 600mg).

Treatment Week 4: dose will be increased to 250mg of Ezogabine by mouth three times per day (total daily dose = 750mg).

Treatment Week 5: dose will be increased to 300mg of Ezogabine by mouth three times per (total daily dose = 900mg).

Participants will continue to take 900mg of Ezogabine per day and return weekly to the clinic for the remainder of the study.

Following this primary outcome visit, participants will be instructed to taper the study medication over the following 3 weeks based on FDA recommended guidelines as follows:

250 mg po TID daily x 1 week, then 200 mg po daily x 1 week, then 100 mg po daily x 1 week, then discontinue

Other Names:
  • Potiga
  • Retigabine




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale comparison to baseline [ Time Frame: baseline and end of treatment (8 weeks) ]
    The Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (29) is a 10-item instrument used for the evaluation of depressive symptoms in adults and for the assessment of any changes to those symptoms. Each of the 10 items is rated on a scale of 0 to 6, with differing descriptors for each item. These individual item scores are added together to form a total score, which can range between 0 and 60 points. The MADRS is specifically designed to detect changes in depression severity in the context of a medication treatment trial.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Patient Rated Inventory of Side Effects (PRISE) [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    frequency of observed adverse events over the Ezogabine treatment period as captured by the PRISE; assesses the presence of treatment side effects in nine organ/function systems (gastrointestinal, nervous system, heart, eyes/ears, skin, genital/urinary, sleep, sexual functioning, and other)

  2. Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    The Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) (28) is a comprehensive, semi-structured interview measure that uniquely measures the full spectrum of suicidality including passive and active suicidal ideation, suicidal intent as well as suicidal behaviors.

  3. Functional MRI comparison to baseline [ Time Frame: baseline and post treatment (8 weeks) ]
    Functional MRI of reward processing: The primary neuroimaging endpoint is the degree of change observed in VTA/midbrain and striatal brain activity during reward anticipation and receipt as a function of ezogabine treatment.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female participants, 18-65 years of age;
  • Current diagnosis of major depressive disorder according as determined by a psychiatrist and confirmed with The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI);
  • At least moderate depression severity as defined by a score of >= 21 on the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS);
  • At least a moderate level of anhedonia based on a Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) score ≥ 20;
  • If female of childbearing potential, must agree to use of a medically accepted form of contraception, or else agree to abstinent;
  • Participants must have a level of understanding of the English language sufficient to agree to all tests and examinations required by the study and must be able to participate fully in the informed consent process.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Lifetime diagnosis of schizophrenia or any psychotic disorder, bipolar disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder or pervasive developmental disorders or mental retardation;
  • Diagnosis of a substance use disorder within the past 6 months (excluding substance use disorder in sustained remission)
  • Female participants who are pregnant, nursing, for may become pregnant;
  • Any unstable medical illnesses including hepatic, renal, gastroenterologic, respiratory, cardiovascular (including ischemic heart disease); endocrinologic, neurologic (including history of severe head injury), immunologic, or hematologic disease;
  • Clinically significant abnormalities of laboratories, physical examination, or ECG;
  • Prolonged QT Interval at screening, operationalized as a QTc of > 480 ms at baseline;
  • Hypokalemia (potassium value less than 3.5mEq/L) or hypomagnesemia (magnesium value less than 1.6mEq/L) at baseline;
  • A history of retinal abnormalities (ie, pigment changes, retinal dystrophy) or findings of retinal pathology on ophthalmological exam at baseline
  • Antidepressant medication within 2 weeks of start of treatment (4 weeks for fluoxetine)*
  • Other psychotropic medication, including antipsychotics and mood stabilizers within 2 weeks of start of treatment; subjects will be allowed to remain on a stable dose of zolpidem 10 mg nightly for sleep or a benzodiazepine as needed for sleep or anxiety (dosage equivalent to lorazepam 1 mg daily or less)
  • No current or recent significantly elevated risk of self-harm or violence as determined by the PI.
  • For subjects who may participate in the MRI portion of the study, claustrophobia, any trauma or surgery which may have left magnetic material in the body, magnetic implants or pacemakers, and inability to lie still for 1 hour or more.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02149836


Locations
United States, New York
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
New York, New York, United States, 10029
Sponsors and Collaborators
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
Investigators
Principal Investigator: James Murrough, MD Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Responsible Party: James Murrough, Assistant Professor, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02149836     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GCO 14-0597
First Posted: May 29, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 21, 2016
Last Verified: December 2016

Keywords provided by James Murrough, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai:
major depressive disorder
depression
treatment resistent depression

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Depressive Disorder, Major
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Ezogabine
Anticonvulsants
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action