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A Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Eltrombopag in Japanese Subjects With Refractory, Moderate or More Severe Aplastic Anemia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02148133
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 28, 2014
Results First Posted : May 3, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 3, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )

Brief Summary:

This was a non-randomized, open-label, phase II study to assess the efficacy and safety of eltrombopag in Japanese moderate or more severe aplastic anemia (AA) subjects with a platelet count <30,000/microliter who were refractory to anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG)-based immunosuppressive therapy (IST), who have relapsed after ATG-based IST, or who are ineligible for ATG-based IST.

Eltrombopag was expected to improve trilineage blood cells and decrease transfusion frequency based on the result from the previous study in patients with severe AA. This study used the hematologic response rate, defined as the proportion of subjects showing improvement in at least one of the three blood cell lineages or a decrease in blood transfusion volume, as the primary endpoint.

A total of 36 subjects were screened and 21 were enrolled in the study. Treatment with eltrombopag started at 25 milligram (mg)/day and increased by 25 mg/day every 2 weeks according to the platelet count up to 100 mg/day. Response assessment was performed at 3 months after starting the study treatment (Week 13). Subjects in whom the treatment was assessed as effective continued with the study treatment. Subjects in whom the treatment was assessed as effective (when meeting any of the response criteria) at 6 months after starting the study treatment (Week 26) might enter the extension phase and continue the treatment with eltrombopag. The primary endpoint was the hematologic response rate at Week26.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cytopaenia Drug: Eltrombopag 12.5 mg Drug: Eltrombopag 25 mg Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 21 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Non-randomized, Open-label, Phase II Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Eltrombopag in Japanese Subjects With Refractory, Moderate or More Severe Aplastic Anemia
Actual Study Start Date : July 23, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 10, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : September 5, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Eltrombopag

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Eltrombopag
Subjects were assigned the investigational product (eltrombopag 25 mg/day) orally once a day under fasting condition. The dose adjustment was done every 2 weeks according to the platelet count (increased by eltrombopag 25 mg/day every 2 weeks according to the platelet count up to 100 mg/day).
Drug: Eltrombopag 12.5 mg
White, round, film-coated tablets containing 12.5 mg of eltrombopag free acid (SB-497115-GR, eltrombopag) in each tablet
Other Name: Revolade

Drug: Eltrombopag 25 mg
White, round, film-coated tablets containing 25 mg of eltrombopag free acid (SB-497115-GR, eltrombopag) in each tablet
Other Name: Revolade




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Hematological Response at Week 26 [ Time Frame: D183 (Week 26) ]
    Hematologic response rate at 6 months (at WeeK 26) after the start of study treatment was defined as the percentage of subjects who met any of the response criteria (Platelet count, Hemoglobin level, Neutrophil count). 1 ) Platelet count: an increase from baseline by 20,000/μL or more (In the absence of platelet transfusion), or no platelet transfusion requirements for 8 weeks; 2) Hemoglobin: When the baseline hemoglobin level is <9 g/dL: Without RBC transfusion at baseline, an increase from baseline by 1.5 g/dL or more; With RBC transfusion at baseline, a decrease of at least 4 units in RBC transfusions in the post-treatment 8-week period compared to the pre-treatment 8-week period (1 unit = RBC derived from 200 mL blood); 3) Neutrophil count: an increase from baseline by 500/μL or more (in the absence of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)), or (if < 500/μL at baseline) an increase by 100 % or more. Only descriptive analysis done.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in Platelet Count From Baseline in the Absence of Platelet Transfusion Over Time [ Time Frame: Up to 2.5 years ]
    The changes in observed values for Platelet Count were summarized. The measurements were followed up to Week 26 and thereafter in the extension part (Up to the launch of the product after approval, which will be approximately up to two and a half years). Only descriptive analysis done.

  2. Change in Hemoglobin From Baseline in the Absence of Red Blood Cell (RBC) Transfusion Over Time [ Time Frame: Up to 2.5 years ]
    The changes in observed values for Hemoglobin were summarized. The measurements were followed up to Week 26 and thereafter in the extension part (Up to the launch of the product after approval, which will be approximately up to two and a half years). Only descriptive analysis done.

  3. Change in Neutrophil Count From Baseline in the Absence of Granulocyte-colony Stimulating Factor (G-CSF) Over Time [ Time Frame: Up to 2.5 years ]
    The changes in observed values for Neutrophil Count were summarized. The measurements were followed up to Week 26 and thereafter in the extension part (Up to the launch of the product after approval, which will be approximately up to two and a half years). Only descriptive analysis done.

  4. Hematological Response at Week 13 in Terms of the Platelet Count, Hemoglobin Level and Neutrophil Count [ Time Frame: Week 13 ]
    The frequency and percentage were calculated with 95% confidence interval (CI) of responses (which meet each response criteria) of platelet count, hemoglobin and neutrophil count at Week 13.

  5. Duration of Hematological Response in Participants Who Responded at the Week 13 [ Time Frame: Up to 2.5 years ]
    The duration of haematological response was defined, for subjects who responded at the Week 13 visit, as the number of months from the first date of a response until the first date of a relapse or the date the subject was last assessed. Only subjects with at least 2 response assessments were included in the duration of response assessment. The measurements were followed up to Week 26 and thereafter in the extension part (Up to the launch of the product after approval, which will be approximately up to two and a half years). Only descriptive analysis done.

  6. Volume of (Platelet and RBC) Transfusion in Each Period [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 92 (Week 13), Day 183 (Week 26), Extension W39 and Extension W52 ]
    The amount of blood transfusion (platelets, RBC) were summarized. The measurements were followed up to Week 26 and thereafter in the extension part (Up to the launch of the product after approval, which will be approximately up to two and a half years). Only descriptive analysis done.

  7. Frequency of (Platelet and RBC) Transfusion in Each Period [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 92 (Week 13), Day 183 (Week 26), Extension W39 and Extension W52 ]
    The frequency of blood transfusion (platelets, RBC) were summarized. The measurements were followed up to Week 26 and thereafter in the extension part (Up to the launch of the product after approval, which will be approximately up to two and a half years). Only descriptive analysis done.

  8. Percentage of Participants With Reduced Volume of Transfusion (Platelet and RBC) [ Time Frame: Up to 2.5 years ]
    The proportion of the participants for whom the amount of blood transfusion (platelets and RBC) is decreased was measured and reported as a percentage. The measurements were followed up to Week 26 and thereafter in the extension part (Up to the launch of the product after approval, which will be approximately up to two and a half years). Only descriptive analysis done. This analysis was performed for the subjects who were baseline transfusion dependent.

  9. Percentage of Participants Who Become Transfusion (Platelet and RBC) Independent [ Time Frame: Up to 2.5 years ]
    The proportion of participants for whom blood transfusion (platelets and RBC) became unnecessary was measured and reported as a percentage. The measurements were followed up to Week 26 and thereafter in the extension part (Up to the launch of the product after approval, which will be approximately up to two and a half years). Only descriptive analysis done. This analysis was performed for the subjects who were baseline transfusion dependent.

  10. Long-term Safety and Tolerability of Eltrombopag [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose of study treatment ]
    The frequency and percentage of subjects who experienced adverse events (AEs), serious adverse events (SAEs) and deaths by primary system organ class (SOC) and MedDRA preferred term were summarized.

  11. Number of Participants With Bleeding Events and Severity of Bleeding [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days after last dose of study treatment ]
    The measurements were followed up to Week 26 and thereafter in the extension part.

  12. Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) for Eltrombopag [ Time Frame: Day 14 at 25 mg QD (-0.05, 0.15, 0.30, 0.45, 1.00, 1.30 and 24.00), at 50,75 and 100 mg QD (pre-dose) ]
    At some study sites, full blood sampling for pharmacokinetic (PK) evaluation of Eltrombopag was performed on Day 14 to calculate Cmax, tmax, AUC(0-t), and AUC(0-tau). PK parameters were calculated from plasma concentration-time data using non-compartmental methods.

  13. Time to Reach the Maximum Plasma Concentration (Tmax) for Eltrombopag [ Time Frame: Day 14 at 25 mg QD (-0.05, 0.15, 0.30, 0.45, 1.00, 1.30 and 24.00), at 50,75 and 100 mg QD (pre-dose) ]
    At some study sites, full blood sampling for pharmacokinetic (PK) evaluation of Eltrombopag was performed on Day 14 to calculate Cmax, tmax, AUC(0-t), and AUC(0-tau). PK parameters were calculated from plasma concentration-time data using non-compartmental methods.

  14. Area Under the Concentration-time Curve From Time Zero (Pre-dose) to Last Time of Quantifiable Concentration Within a Subject Across All Treatments (AUC 0-t) and Over the Dosing Interval (AUC 0-tau) for Eltrombopag [ Time Frame: Day 14 at 25 mg QD (-0.05, 0.15, 0.30, 0.45, 1.00, 1.30 and 24.00), at 50,75 and 100 mg QD (pre-dose) ]
    At some study sites, full blood sampling for pharmacokinetic (PK) evaluation of Eltrombopag was performed on Day 14 to calculate Cmax, tmax, AUC(0-t), and AUC(0-tau). PK parameters were calculated from plasma concentration-time data using non-compartmental methods.

  15. Mean Change in Eltrombopag Concentration in Pharmacokinetic Serum Samples Over Time at Days 14 and 15 [ Time Frame: Day 14 (pre-dose, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 24 post-dose), Day 15 (pre-dose) ]
    At every study center, blood samples was be collected on Day 15 of multiple doses of eltrombopag 25 mg to determine the plasma eltrombopag concentration prior to the next dose (trough concentration). In addition, one-point pre-dose blood sampling was performed at every study center on Day 15 of multiple doses of eltrombopag 50 mg, 75 mg and 100 mg to determine trough concentrations. PK parameters were calculated from plasma concentration-time data using non-compartmental methods.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 79 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has given written informed consent. If a subject is under 20 years, both the subject and the subject's legally acceptable representative have to give informed consent.
  • Japanese subjects aged >=18 and <80 years at the time of informed consent.
  • Diagnosis of moderate (stage II) or more Aplastic Anemia (AA) with platelet count <30,000/microliter (based on the diagnosis criteria of AA established by the Study Group on Idiopathic Hematopoietic Disorder as a part of Research on Measures for Intractable Diseases supported by Health and Labor Science Research Grants).
  • Subjects who became refractory to Anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG)-based Immunosuppressive therapy (IST), who have relapsed after ATG-based IST, or who are ineligible for ATG-based IST. Note: Refractory or relapsed subjects to whom re-treatment with ATG is indicated should not be enrolled in the study. Subjects who have a sibling donor with matched human leukocyte antigen (HLA) should not be enrolled in the study. However, such subjects may be enrolled if the disease relapsed after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), if HSCT is not indicated, or the subject does not want to undergo HSCT.
  • Adequate organ function at screening and Day 1 as defined as follows: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) <=3 × central laboratory upper limit of normal (ULN); Creatinine, total bilirubin, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) <1.5 × central laboratory ULN (total bilirubin <2.5 × central laboratory ULN with Gilbert's Syndrome)
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS): 0 or 1
  • Subjects with QT interval corrected for heart rate by Fridericia's formula (QTcF) <450 milliseconds (msec) or QTcF<480 msec with branch block. Corrected QT interval duration (QTc) is QT interval corrected by Fridericia formula (QTcF), machine or manual over read. QTcF is based on single or averaged QTc value of triplicate electrocardiogram (ECG).
  • Subjects who meet one of the following conditions: Male subjects who have a female partner of childbearing potential must either have a prior vasectomy or agree to use an acceptable contraception from time of enrollment in the study until 16 weeks after the last dose of eltrombopag (based upon the lifecycle of sperm); Female subjects of non-childbearing potential (who are physiologically unable to become pregnant) defined as: Premenopausal women with documented bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or hysterectomy; or postmenopausal women after at least 12 months of natural amenorrhea [if uncertain, postmenopausal state should be confirmed by hematology result of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) >40 milli international unit /milliliter (mIU/mL) or estradiol <40 picogram (pg)/mL (<140 picomole /Liter (pmole/L)].; Female subjects of childbearing potential: Defined as those not meeting the definition of non-childbearing potential. Female subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) or urine pregnancy test within 7 days prior to the first dose of study treatment. It is recommended that the pregnancy test should be performed as close as possible to the first dose of study treatment. Female subjects with a positive pregnancy test must be excluded from the study. Subjects with a negative pregnancy test must use acceptable contraception including abstinence after the pregnancy test. Subjects must agree to use the acceptable contraception including abstinence from 14 days prior to the first dose of study treatment until 28 days after the last dose of eltrombopag.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Treatment with ATG in the past 12 months. Note: Subjects who are receiving cyclosporine or anabolic steroids (excluding danazol) at a stable dose may be enrolled if laboratory values are stable at screening.
  • Congenital aplastic anemia (e.g., Fanconi anemia, congenital dyskeratosis)
  • Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) granulocyte clone size determined by flow cytometry >=50%
  • Presence of chromosomal aberration (-7/7q- detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), or other aberrations detected by Giemsa (G)-band staining) Note: Subjects with the result by G-band staining (bone marrow aspiration) not adopted into the abnormal clone definition of An International System for Human Cytogenetic Nomenclature (ISCN) can be enrolled as no chromosomal aberration.
  • Past history of thromboembolism or current use of anticoagulants. Note: Subjects with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) should not be enrolled.
  • Past or current history of malignant tumor. Note: Subjects who have a history of completely resected malignant tumor and have been disease-free for 5 years are eligible.
  • Subjects who test positive for hepatitis B surface (HBs) antigen, hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody at screening. Note: Subjects with inactive hepatitis B may be enrolled. Judgment of inactive hepatitis B will be done by the medical advisor.
  • Subjects with concurrent uncontrollable severe infection (e.g., sepsis)
  • Hepatic cirrhosis
  • Cardiac disorder (congestive heart disease of New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification Grade II/III/IV), or arrhythmia with a risk of thrombosis (e.g., atrial fibrillation). Note: Subjects with NYHA Grade II due to cardiac disorder should not be enrolled but those with NYHA Grade II due to Aplastic Anemia (AA) may be enrolled.
  • Alcohol or drug abuse
  • Pregnant women (a positive serum or urine pregnancy test within 7 days prior to the first dose of study treatment) or lactating women. Note: Female subjects who are lactating are eligible to participate if they discontinue nursing prior to the first dose of study treatment and refrain from nursing until 5 days after the treatment completion.
  • Past history of immediate or delayed hypersensitivity to compounds chemically similar to eltrombopag or their activators
  • Treatment with another investigational product within 30 days or the period 5-fold longer than the half-life of the investigational product, whichever longer, prior to the first dose of eltrombopag
  • Prior treatment with eltrombopag, romiplostim, or any other Thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor agonist
  • Use of prohibited concomitant medications.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02148133


Locations
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Japan
Novartis Investigative Site
Aichi, Japan, 453-8511
Novartis Investigative Site
Aichi, Japan, 460-0001
Novartis Investigative Site
Hyogo, Japan, 664-8540
Novartis Investigative Site
Ibaraki, Japan, 305-8576
Novartis Investigative Site
Ishikawa, Japan, 920-8641
Novartis Investigative Site
Miyagi, Japan, 981-1293
Novartis Investigative Site
Okayama, Japan, 700-0962
Novartis Investigative Site
Osaka, Japan, 530-0012
Novartis Investigative Site
Osaka, Japan, 543-8555
Novartis Investigative Site
Osaka, Japan, 565-0871
Novartis Investigative Site
Tochigi, Japan, 329-0498
Novartis Investigative Site
Tokyo, Japan, 141-8625
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
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Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Novartis Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02148133    
Other Study ID Numbers: 200926
CETB115E1201 ( Other Identifier: Novartis )
First Posted: May 28, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 3, 2019
Last Update Posted: May 3, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals ):
Eltrombopag
Aplastic Anemia (AA)
Thrombocytopenia
Thrombopoietin
Bone Marrow
Bone Marrow Biopsy
Hematopoietic Stem Cells
Mature Blood Cells
Pancytopenia
Leukopenia
Platelets
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Anemia
Anemia, Aplastic
Hematologic Diseases
Bone Marrow Diseases