Muscle Strengthening Exercises and Global Stretching in Elderly
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02143674|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 21, 2014
Last Update Posted : May 21, 2014
Introduction: The life expectancy and the number of people hitting the old age have increased in recent years. The aging process is accompanied by morphological and functional changes that contribute to reduced functional capacity, increase the number of falls and the appearance of physical limitations. Exercise promotes maintenance of functional autonomy, improving the physical ability of the elderly making it more independent.
Objective: To evaluate the effect of a program of muscle strengthening exercises associated with global stretching on balance, fear of falling and functional capacity in elderly women.
Methods: This was a non-randomized controlled trial, in which 12 volunteers aged over 60 years were divided into two groups: intervention group (IG, n = 7) submitted to muscle strengthening exercises and stretching, 2 times per week for 12 weeks, and the control group (CG, n = 5), not submitted to the protocol but were educated about physical exercises. Before and after the protocol were evaluated scores of Berg Balance Scale, the Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I) and Evaluation of Functional Autonomy Development Group for Latin American Maturity (GDLAM). Data were statistically analyzed within and between groups with a significance level of p <0.05.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Osteoporosis Senile Osteopenia||Other: Muscle stretching and Strength Training Other: Educated about physical exercises||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||59 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Single (Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||MUSCLE STRENGTHENING EXERCISES AND GLOBAL STRETCHING: IMPACT ON BALANCE, FEAR OF FALLING AND FUNCTIONAL CAPACITY OF ELDERLY|
|Study Start Date :||September 2012|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||November 2012|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||January 2014|
Muscle stretching and Strength Training
Other: Muscle stretching and Strength Training
Each step of stretching on specific muscles was repeated three times by keeping the posture for 30 seconds, (Arnold and Kokkonen, 2007; Toraman A, Yildirim. 2010; Dai, Ware, Giuliani, 2012; Duque et al., 2013; Granacher et al., 2013). The Pectoral, Quadriceps, Paraspinal, Abdominal and Ischial tibial and sural triceps muscles were elongated.
Strength Training Muscle strengthening was performed using weights and dumbbells. The training load individually determined through the test of strength with 10 repetitions maximum. The load was reevaluated four weeks of training. The Abdominal, Paraspinal, Quadriceps and Posterior thigh muscles (hamstrings) were submitted to the intervention protocol.
|Experimental: Educated about physical exercises||
Other: Educated about physical exercises
- balance score [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]Berg Balance Scale (BBS)
- Fear of falling score [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I)
- Functional Capacity [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]Evaluation of the Latin American Functional Autonomy Development Group for Maturity (GDLAM)
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02143674
|Laboratory of Kinesiotherapy and Manual Therapeutic Resources, Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE)|
|Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, 50670-901|