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Muscle Strengthening Exercises and Global Stretching in Elderly

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02143674
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 21, 2014
Last Update Posted : May 21, 2014
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Fundação de Amparo à Ciência e Tecnologia do Estado de Pernambuco
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Maria das Graças Rodrigues de Araújo, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

Brief Summary:

Introduction: The life expectancy and the number of people hitting the old age have increased in recent years. The aging process is accompanied by morphological and functional changes that contribute to reduced functional capacity, increase the number of falls and the appearance of physical limitations. Exercise promotes maintenance of functional autonomy, improving the physical ability of the elderly making it more independent.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of a program of muscle strengthening exercises associated with global stretching on balance, fear of falling and functional capacity in elderly women.

Methods: This was a non-randomized controlled trial, in which 12 volunteers aged over 60 years were divided into two groups: intervention group (IG, n = 7) submitted to muscle strengthening exercises and stretching, 2 times per week for 12 weeks, and the control group (CG, n = 5), not submitted to the protocol but were educated about physical exercises. Before and after the protocol were evaluated scores of Berg Balance Scale, the Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I) and Evaluation of Functional Autonomy Development Group for Latin American Maturity (GDLAM). Data were statistically analyzed within and between groups with a significance level of p <0.05.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Osteoporosis Senile Osteopenia Other: Muscle stretching and Strength Training Other: Educated about physical exercises Not Applicable

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 59 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: MUSCLE STRENGTHENING EXERCISES AND GLOBAL STRETCHING: IMPACT ON BALANCE, FEAR OF FALLING AND FUNCTIONAL CAPACITY OF ELDERLY
Study Start Date : September 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: INTERVENTION
Muscle stretching and Strength Training
Other: Muscle stretching and Strength Training

Each step of stretching on specific muscles was repeated three times by keeping the posture for 30 seconds, (Arnold and Kokkonen, 2007; Toraman A, Yildirim. 2010; Dai, Ware, Giuliani, 2012; Duque et al., 2013; Granacher et al., 2013). The Pectoral, Quadriceps, Paraspinal, Abdominal and Ischial tibial and sural triceps muscles were elongated.

Strength Training Muscle strengthening was performed using weights and dumbbells. The training load individually determined through the test of strength with 10 repetitions maximum. The load was reevaluated four weeks of training. The Abdominal, Paraspinal, Quadriceps and Posterior thigh muscles (hamstrings) were submitted to the intervention protocol.


Experimental: Educated about physical exercises Other: Educated about physical exercises



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. balance score [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Berg Balance Scale (BBS)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Fear of falling score [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I)

  2. Functional Capacity [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    Evaluation of the Latin American Functional Autonomy Development Group for Maturity (GDLAM)



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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • women aged over 60 years,
  • independent in locomotion,
  • with ability to understand verbal commands to perform the tests and participation in the treatment program

Exclusion Criteria:

  • execution of other physical activities or doing other types of physical therapy,
  • had any prior neurological deficit (stroke, traumatic brain injury, Parkinson's disease) or
  • musculoskeletal diseases which compromising performance and mobility,
  • use of orthosis for locomotion,
  • inability to perform the evaluation tests and/or participation in the intervention session

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02143674


Locations
Brazil
Laboratory of Kinesiotherapy and Manual Therapeutic Resources, Department of Physical Therapy, Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE)
Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, 50670-901
Sponsors and Collaborators
Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
Fundação de Amparo à Ciência e Tecnologia do Estado de Pernambuco

Responsible Party: Maria das Graças Rodrigues de Araújo, PhD, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02143674     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UFPernambuco
UFPE CAAE N.130.281 ( Other Identifier: UFPE CAAE N.130.281 )
First Posted: May 21, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 21, 2014
Last Verified: May 2014

Keywords provided by Maria das Graças Rodrigues de Araújo, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco:
Stretching exercise muscle
Elderly
Techniques and exercise
Physiotherapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Osteoporosis
Bone Diseases, Metabolic
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Metabolic Diseases