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Safety Study of Fenretinide in Adult Patients With Cystic Fibrosis

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02141958
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 20, 2014
Last Update Posted : July 12, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Elias Matouk, McGill University Health Center

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and tolerability of ascending doses of a novel oral formulation of Fenretinide to adult cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, once-daily for 21 days (treatment cycle). This study will include up to three (3) dose levels with minimum 7 day breaks in between treatment cycles. For each dose level, blood samples will be collected for exploratory pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) evaluation.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cystic Fibrosis Drug: Fenretinide Drug: Placebo Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Patients with cystic fibrosis have an innate imbalance of essential fatty acids, with increased arachidonic acid (AA) levels, decreased docosahexanoic acid (DHA) levels, and elevated AA/DHA ratio. An increasing amount of evidence suggests that this lipid imbalance is a primary effect in CF, playing a major role in the infection-inflammation vicious cycle that leads to respiratory failure. Fenretinide, a derivative of vitamin A, was shown to correct the AA/DHA imbalance in lungs and blood plasma in specific animal model of CF, resulting in reduced lung inflammation and decrease in the severity of pulmonary infections with Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

This is a single center, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled Phase 1 clinical study to evaluate the safety and tolerability of up to 3 increasing oral doses of Fenretinide compared to placebo, and to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of Fenretinide in adult CF patients chronically infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A single cohort of 16 clinically stable adult patients will be randomized to either Fenretinide or placebo, in a 3:1 randomization scheme (12 active, 4 placebo).


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 15 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Adaptive Phase I Intra-patient Dose Escalation Study of Fenretinide in Adult Cystic Fibrosis Patients
Study Start Date : April 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Cystic Fibrosis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Fenretinide
Fenretinide will be administrated orally once per day for 21 consecutive days, in up to three treatment cycles of ascending doses, with a minimum of 7-day drug-free period between cycles. Twelve (12) patients will be on Fenretinide.
Drug: Fenretinide
Fenretinide oral capsules of 100mg, each selected dose being administered once daily for 21 days (treatment cycle). Up to three total daily dose levels will be assessed in the study, as follows: 100mg of Fenretinide (one capsule) for the first treatment cycle, 200mg of Fenretinide (two capsules) in the second treatment cycle, and 300mg or 400mg of Fenretinide (3 or 4 capsules) will be selected for the third treatment cycle, based on safety and PK data collected.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Four (4) patients will be on Placebo.
Drug: Placebo
A matching placebo will be used to keep the study double-blind.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assessment of the safety and tolerability of ascending doses of oral Fenretinide, each dose to be administered to adult cystic fibrosis (CF) patients once-daily (QD) during a 21 days treatment cycle. [ Time Frame: During a 21 days treatment cycle, from time taking first dose (Day 1) through last day of each treatment cycle (Day 21) ]
    Changes in clinical signs and symptoms of safety data during a 21 days treatment cycle, such safety data assessment including physical examinations, ECGs, vital signs, pulmonary function (spirometry), clinical laboratory results, assessment of ophthalmological condition, and adverse events reported. The safety data will be used to authorize dose escalations. Up to three (3) doses of Fenretinide will be assessed in up to three (3) treatment cycles of 21 days.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacokinetic profile of the drug, measuring Cmax, Tmax, T1/2, AUC (area under the curve) and Css (steady state concentration), for each dose level [ Time Frame: Day 1 and 21 of each treatment cycle ]
    Cmax, Tmax, T 1/2, and Css (steady state concentration) with target plasma levels of Fenretinide 1-2 µM as a pharmacokinetic / pharmacodynamic biological activity

  2. Pharmacodynamic lipid markers: plasma Arachidonic Acid (AA) and Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) [ Time Frame: At baseline and Day 21 of each treatment cycle ]
    Arachidonic Acid as omega-6 proinflammatory fatty acid and Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) as an omega-3 anti-inflammatory fatty acid.

  3. Pharmacodynamic inflammatory markers: Immunoglobulin G, Interleukin 1β, Interleukin 6, Interleukin 8, Interleukin 10, Macrophage inflammatory protein-1β, Tumor necrosis factors and Vascular endothelial growth factor [ Time Frame: At baseline and Day 21 of each treatment t cycle ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Pre-specified exploratory parameter: pulmonary function using the Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 second test [ Time Frame: At baseline and Day 21 of each treatment cycle ]
    Forced expired volume in 1 second as percent predicted according to age, gender and height

  2. Pre-specified exploratory parameter: quality of life using the Cystic Fibrosis Quality of life Questionnaire Revised (CFQ-R) [ Time Frame: At baseline and Day 21 of each treatment cycle ]
    respiratory symptom score, physical domain and health perception domain



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed Informed Consent
  • Males or females
  • 18 years and older
  • Diagnosis: Patients must have a diagnosis of cystic fibrosis (positive sweat chloride test) or confirmation of two genetic mutations, one mutation on each of the two alleles of the Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene causing Cystic Fibrosis
  • Chronic cystic fibrosis lung disease with baseline Forced Exploratory Volume in one second equal or superior to 40% predicted value for age, gender and height
  • Clinically stable patients will be enrolled in the study, i.e. stable at least one month after successful treatment of pulmonary exacerbation
  • Chronic pulmonary Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization and/or infection (sustained microbiological evidence from sputum for the past 6 months, prior to enrollment)
  • Pancreatic function: Patient must take pancrelipase supplementation if diagnosed with pancreatic insufficiency as prescribed by a physician. Enzyme supplementation should not be modified during the trial
  • Female patients should be on an effective contraceptive method during the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy : due to the potential teratogenic effects of retinoids, pregnant women are NOT eligible
  • Breastfeeding by study patient is NOT allowed
  • Clinically abnormal renal function: Serum Creatinine > 132 micromoles/L
  • Clinically abnormal liver function: Total bilirubin >1.5 x Upper Limit of the Normal range (ULN), Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) and/or Aspartate AminoTransferase (AST) > 3 x ULN and Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) > 2 x ULN
  • Known history of a severe allergy or sensitivity to retinoids
  • Presence of a cancerous tumor, active or in remission, treated or not
  • Presence of nyctalopia or hemeralopia at enrolment, or any other serious retinal, ophthalmological condition (eg: retinitis pigmentosa, choroidoretinitis and xerophthalmia), including glaucoma
  • Presence of serious dermatological conditions at entry, including inflammatory or xerotic pathologies such as psoriasis or ichthyosis
  • Prior therapy with Fenretinide. Other retinoids (eg: vitamin A supplements) are allowed, but their dosing regimen should remain constant throughout the study
  • Participation in another drug clinical trial within 30 days prior to the enrollment
  • Patients who, in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study
  • Patients unable to comply with the study protocol and follow-up schedule for any psychological, familial, sociological or geographical reason.
  • Patients with known allergies to excipients in the oral capsule formulation proposed to be used in the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02141958


Locations
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Canada, Quebec
Montreal Chest Institute
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H2X 2P4
Sponsors and Collaborators
Elias Matouk
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Elias Matouk, MD Montreal Chest Institute

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Responsible Party: Elias Matouk, Professor, McGill University Health Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02141958     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MGU-4HPR-13-01
First Posted: May 20, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 12, 2016
Last Verified: July 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Fibrosis
Cystic Fibrosis
Pathologic Processes
Pancreatic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases