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Clinical Biomarkers in Alpha-mannosidosis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02141503
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 19, 2014
Last Update Posted : December 3, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) )

Brief Summary:

Background:

- Alpha-mannosidosis is a rare inherited disorder. It causes problems in many organs and tissues of the body. It can occur in children and adults. Because there is no treatment for this disease, researchers want to find out more about it.

Objective:

- To learn more about Alpha-mannosidosis.

Eligibility:

- People ages 5-60 with Alpha-mannosidosis.

Design:

  • Participants will be recruited from patient support organizations and medical genetics clinics.
  • Participants will have 3 study visits, about once a year. A final evaluation will be made after 3 years.
  • Participants will have a medical history and a physical exam.
  • Blood samples and a urine sample will be collected.
  • Cerebrospinal fluid will be collected. A small area of the lower back will be numbed with medicine. A thin needle will be inserted between the spine bones. About 2 tablespoons of spinal fluid will be removed.
  • Brain magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) scans will be done at each visit. MRS uses a strong magnetic field and radio waves to take pictures of chemicals in the brain with a scanner. The participant will lie on a table that can slide in and out of the cylinder. While in the scanner the participant will hear loud knocking noises. They will get earplugs or earmuffs to muffle the sound. Medicines might be used to keep the participant asleep during the MRS.
  • Participants will have a skin biopsy at the first visit only. A small area of the participant s skin will be numbed. A small circle of skin will be removed with a biopsy tool.

Condition or disease
Alpha-Mannosidosis

Detailed Description:

Alpha-mannosidosis (AMD) is an inherited lysosomal storage disorder caused by mutations in the LAMAN gene, which encodes lysosomal alpha-mannosidase and is characterized by neurodevelopmental delay, mild immune deficiency, facial and skeletal abnormalities, hearing impairment, intellectual disability, muscle weakness and ataxia. The progression of neuromuscular and skeletal deterioration is insidious, occurring over several decades, rendering most patients wheel-chair dependent. No consistently successful treatment is available. To better characterize the biochemical phenotype and natural history of this disorder, we will study 15 patients with AMD, ranging in age from five to 60 years, recruited from Departments of Biochemical Genetics and Medical Genetics at university medical centers mainly in the US and Canada or referred by the Intl Society for Mannosidosis & Related Diseases. Participants in the study will visit the NIH Clinical Center 2-3 days on an outpatient basis and will undergo clinical and biochemical evaluations to establish reliable clinical

benchmarks and to identify cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers that could serve as candidate

surrogate markers of treatment effect in future clinical trials. The protocol will take advantage of the NICHD Biomedical Mass Spectrometry Facility to generate CSF proteomic profiles. Patients will also undergo MR spectroscopy (under sedation/anesthesia, if appropriate) in order to establish the phenotypic baseline and for possible utility as a guide for natural history and/or treatment outcomes in future studies. If the pre-clinical components of this proposal prove promising, the prospect of a recombinant adeno-associated viral gene therapy trial involving a brain-directed (intrathecal) approach for AMD would be possible within 3 years.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 11 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Other
Official Title: Clinical Biomarkers in Alpha-Mannosidosis
Study Start Date : July 24, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 29, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : November 29, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Identify cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers that could serve as candidate surrogate markers of treatment effect in a future clinical trial. [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Identify cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers that could serve as candidate surrogate markers of treatment effect in a future clinical trial.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Establish reliable clinical benchmarks for alpha-mannosidosis. [ Time Frame: Ongoing ]
    Establish reliable clinical benchmarks for alpha-mannosidosis.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   5 Years to 60 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

    1. Must have a verifiable diagnosis of AMD based on clinical, biochemical and/or molecular grounds, including increased urinary excretion of mannose-rich oligosaccharides, decreased acidic -mannosidase activity in leukocytes or other nucleated cells, and/or mutations in two alleles of the LAMAN gene.
    2. Must be at least five years old.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Significant systemic or major disease including congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease and pre-existing or recent onset pulmonary disease, renal failure, organ transplantation, decompensated liver disease, serious psychiatric disease, or malignancy that in the opinion of the investigator would preclude successful participation..
  2. Pregnancy. We will perform a urine pregnancy test on all post-menarcheal female subjects on the same day as the history and physical exam, prior to MRI. If pregnancy is identified, we will follow Maryland state law in place at the time concerning parental notification. In the event a woman becomes pregnant during the study, she will be withdrawn from all study procedures, but the study team will follow up with the participant regarding the pregnancy outcome.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02141503


Locations
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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Stephen G Kaler, M.D. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Publications:
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Responsible Party: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02141503    
Other Study ID Numbers: 140106
14-CH-0106
First Posted: May 19, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 3, 2019
Last Verified: November 29, 2019
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) ):
Biomarkers
Alpha-Manosidosis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Mannosidase Deficiency Diseases
alpha-Mannosidosis
Carbohydrate Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Lysosomal Storage Diseases
Metabolic Diseases