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Trial record 2 of 224 for:    Louisville AND placement

The Clinical Effect of Implant Placement With a Simultaneous Soft Tissue Allograft

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02139748
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 15, 2014
Last Update Posted : December 8, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Henry Greenwell, University of Louisville

Brief Summary:
Dental implant placement and simultaneous grafting using one layer gum graft will result in the same facial ridge contour and soft tissue thickness as one layer of gum graft plus bone graft.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dental Implants Procedure: Dental Implant & ADM Procedure: Dental Implant & ADM & bone xenograft Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

30 patients will have a dental implant placed in maxillary sites from teeth number 4 to 13. Any implant system is acceptable since the objective of the study is to evaluate soft tissue thickness due to graft placement, not to evaluate the implant. 15 patients will be randomly selected by a coin toss to receive a one layer of ADM (Control Group) while another fifteen will receive one layer of ADM and bovine-derived xenograft (Test Group). The graft will be placed simultaneously with the dental implant. A blinded examiner will be used. Should the examiner become unblinded the subject will be excluded from the study.

Each patient will receive a diagnostic work-up including standardized radiographs (periapicals), study casts, clinical photographs, and a periodontal examination. Presurgical preparation will include detailed oral hygiene instructions. Baseline data will be collected at initial exam. Parameters measured will include: plaque index, gingival index, probing depth, keratinized tissue, bleeding on probing, adjacent tooth recession, radiographic examination, tissue esthetics, colors, contours, and clinical photographs will be taken at baseline, during surgery and post-op visits.

The treatment will be randomly assigned using a coin toss. The mentor will flip the coin. The surgical procedure will consist of the reflection of full thickness flaps to expose the buccal crest. A dental implant will be placed in the edentulous site. Any implant system will be acceptable since the objective of the study is to evaluate soft tissue thickness and contour, not the dental implant. Either one layer of ADM or one layer of ADM plus bovine-derived xenograft (BX) will be placed following implant placement on the buccal aspect of the implant. When one layer of ADM is used it will be placed on the buccal surface of the implant only. When one layer of ADM and BX are used the BX will be overlaid buccal to the implant, then covered by ADM. Thus the buccal surface will have either one layer of ADM or one layer of ADM with BX. The surgical procedures will be documented with clinical photographs. Records will be kept of healing every 2 weeks for the first 8 weeks, then at 4 months or 16 weeks. At the end of 16 weeks or 4 months, once the study is completed, post and crown procedure over the implant can be started.

To provide adequate room to establish emergence profile the implant platform should be 3 to 4 mm apical to the mid-facial gingival margin when a 2-stage dental implant system is used. This may require reduction of the osseous crest by scalloping the bone so that the mid-facial osseous crest is 3-4 mm apical to the mid-facial gingival margin. This may result in a sub-crestal position of the interproximal implant platform (measured as a negative number). The top of the implant will be even with the crestal bone. The implant used will be any dental implant. At the time of surgery the implant platform will be placed even with the mid-facial osseous crest if a two-stage implant is used.

All probing measurements will be taken using the University of North Carolina probe. One investigator who is unaware of group assignment will perform all baseline examinations and all follow-up examinations. He will be calibrated prior to study initiation to assure that evaluations are consistent. The surgeon will perform all surgical procedures and will know the group to which each participant has been assigned. Standardized periapical radiographs will be taken at implant placement and at the 4-month examinations.

All patients will be seen at 1-2, 3-4, 5-6 and 7-8, and 16 weeks and buccal, occlusal and lingual clinical photographs will be taken at each visit. Patients will take doxycycline hyclate 100 mg qd for two weeks, Vicodin ES q4-6h as needed for pain, and naproxen 375 mg q12h for one week for inflammation. At post-operative visits plaque removal, and oral hygiene instruction, as needed, will be performed along with clinical photographs and standardized radiographs as scheduled.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 28 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Clinical Effect of Implant Placement and Simultaneous Grafting Using Acellular Dermal Matrix Allograft vs. Acellular Dermal Matrix Allograft Plus Bovine-Derived Xenograft
Study Start Date : July 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Dental Implant & ADM
Dental implant placement plus simultaneous grafting use one layer of ADM.
Procedure: Dental Implant & ADM
A dental implant will be placed and the buccal soft tissue will be grafted using an acellular dermal matrix allograft.

Experimental: Dental Implant & ADM & bone xenograft
Dental implant placement plus simultaneous grafting use one layer of ADM with bovine xenograft.
Procedure: Dental Implant & ADM
A dental implant will be placed and the buccal soft tissue will be grafted using an acellular dermal matrix allograft.

Procedure: Dental Implant & ADM & bone xenograft
A dental implant will be placed along with a buccal acellular dermal matrix allograft which will cover a bone xenograft.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Buccal soft tissue contour around dental implant. [ Time Frame: 4 months post dental implant placement. ]
    Contour will be categorized as concave, flat, or convex (subjective categories).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Buccal soft tissue thickness around dental implant. [ Time Frame: 4 months post dental implant placement. ]
    Thickness will be measured with an endodontic file using a rubber stopper (objective measure of tissue thickness by penetrating tissue and measuring the thickness in mm).

  2. Buccal soft tissue healing around dental implant. [ Time Frame: 4 months post dental implant placement. ]
    The outcomes will be categorized as normal, delayed or accelerated (subjective assessment and assignment to a category).



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Have one edentulous site bordered by 2 teeth in maxillary sites from second premolar to second premolar (maxillary 4 to 13) to receive an implant with simultaneous grafting with an ADM with or without bovine-derived xenograft.
  2. Healthy persons at least 18 years old.
  3. Understands and has signed the informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with uncontrolled diabetes, immune disease, or any systemic disease that significantly affects the periodontium.
  2. Previous head and neck radiation.
  3. Patients who have taken oral bisphosphonates for > 3 years or any IV bisphosphonates.
  4. Smokers (or other tobacco habits that might interfere with soft tissue healing).
  5. Patients who need prophylactic antibiotics prior to dental procedures.
  6. Patients with allergies to any medication or material used in the study, or that would adversely affect study procedures.
  7. Chemotherapy in the previous 12 months.
  8. Psychological problems that would interfere with treatment.
  9. Patients unable or unwilling to sign the informed consent.
  10. Pregnant subjects will be excluded due to risk of miscarriage.

Post-treatment Exclusion Criteria

  1. Failure of patient to follow treatment protocol.
  2. Failure of implant to osseointegrate.
  3. Failure of the allograft to heal.
  4. Unanticipated healing complications that will adversely affect treatment results.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02139748


Locations
United States, Kentucky
Graduate Periodontics, University of Louisville School of Dentistry
Louisville, Kentucky, United States, 40292
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Louisville
Investigators
Study Director: Ting-wei H Hsu, D.M.D Co-investigator, University of Louisville
Principal Investigator: Henry Greenwell, D.M.D, M.S.D University of Louisville
Study Director: Bobby L Cockerham, DDS Co-investigator University of Louisville

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Henry Greenwell, DMD, MSD, University of Louisville
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02139748     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 14.0387
First Posted: May 15, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 8, 2016
Last Verified: May 2014

Keywords provided by Henry Greenwell, University of Louisville:
Dental Implants
Alveolar Bone Grafting
Acellular Dermis