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Study of Ataluren in Nonsense Mutation Cystic Fibrosis (ACT CF)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02139306
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 15, 2014
Results First Posted : May 14, 2020
Last Update Posted : May 14, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Cystic Fibrosis Foundation
ECFS-Clinical Trial Network (ECFS-CTN)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
PTC Therapeutics

Brief Summary:
This is a Phase 3, international, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, efficacy and safety study of ataluren in patients with nonsense mutation cystic fibrosis (nmCF) not receiving chronic inhaled aminoglycosides.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cystic Fibrosis Drug: Ataluren (PTC124®) Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:
This study is to enroll 208 subjects (184 fully evaluable) with nonsense-mutation-mediated CF who are at least 6 years of age and have an forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) >= 40% and <= 90% of predicted. Subjects will be stratified based on age, inhaled antibiotic use, and baseline FEV1, and will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive oral ataluren administered 3 times per day (TID) at respective morning, midday, and evening doses of 10-, 10-, and 20-mg/kg or placebo. Based on the results of a previously conducted study, patients treated with chronic inhaled aminoglycosides (including TOBI) will not be eligible for participation. Spirometry measurement at the screening visit will establish patient eligibility for inclusion based on lung function. FEV1 stability will be assessed during the approximately 4-week screening period, at the conclusion of which patients will be required to demonstrate a relative change in %-predicted FEV1 of less than 15% when compared to the screening value. Assessments will be performed every 8 weeks, depending upon the outcome measure.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 279 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3 Efficacy and Safety Study of Ataluren (PTC124®) in Patients With Nonsense Mutation Cystic Fibrosis
Actual Study Start Date : August 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Cystic Fibrosis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Ataluren (PTC124®)
Participants received ataluren as oral powder for suspension at the dosages of 10, 10, and 20-mg/kg at morning, midday and evening, respectively for 48 weeks of treatment duration or until treatment discontinuation.
Drug: Ataluren (PTC124®)
Oral Ataluren TID

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants received matching placebo orally at morning, midday and evening for 48 weeks of treatment duration or until treatment discontinuation.
Drug: Placebo
Oral Placebo TID




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Absolute Change From Baseline in Percent-predicted Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second (ppFEV1) at Week 48 [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 48 ]
    The FEV1 is the volume of air forcibly exhaled in one second and is measured using forced expiratory air spirometry. Change in ppFEV1 at Week 48 was defined as the average between the change from baseline at Week 40 and that at Week 48. Baseline for ppFEV1 was defined as an average of ppFEV1 at Screening (Weeks -4 to -1) and Baseline (Day 1) visits.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. 48-week Rate of Pulmonary Exacerbations [ Time Frame: Week 48 ]
    Pulmonary exacerbations were assessed using expanded Fuchs criteria. The expanded Fuchs exacerbation is defined as the presence of at least 4 of 12 Fuchs' signs and symptoms requiring treatment with any form of antibiotic treatment (inhaled, oral, or intravenous). Fuchs' signs and symptoms included increased cough; change in sputum volume, color, or consistency; new or increased hemoptysis; increased dyspnea during moderate or mild exertion, or at rest; sinus pain or tenderness; change in sinus discharge; malaise, fatigue, or lethargy; anorexia or weight loss; temperature above 38 degrees Celsius; change in findings on chest examination; relative 10% decrease in ppFEV1, and chest radiography results consistent with pulmonary infection. The 48-week rate was calculated as: 48-week rate = total number of events /treatment duration by week*48.

  2. Change From Baseline in the Cystic Fibrosis Questionnaire - Revised (CFQ-R) Respiratory Domain at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1) and Week 48 ]
    The teen/adult CFQ-R was used for this study. It was developed specifically for participants with cystic fibrosis. It is a disease-specific instrument designed to measure impact on overall health, daily life, perceived well-being, and symptoms. The respiratory domain assessed respiratory symptoms like coughing, congestion, wheezing etc. Scaling of each item is done via 4-point Likert scales. Scores for each item are summed up to generate a domain score. Scores ranges from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating better health and lower scores indicating worse health.

  3. Change From Baseline in Body Mass Index (BMI) at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1) and Week 48 ]
    Malnutrition is common in participants with cystic fibrosis. The BMI is an important clinical measure of nutritional status.

  4. Number of Participants With Treatment Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) and Treatment Emergent Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: From study drug administration to 4-week post treatment follow-up visit (approximately 52 weeks) ]
    An adverse event (AE) is any unfavourable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a study treatment, whether or not considered related to the study treatment. A TEAE is defined as an AE that occurs or worsens in the period extending from first dose of study drug to 4 weeks after last dose of study drug. An SAE is an untoward medical occurrence or effect associated with the use of a study drug at any dose, regardless of whether it is considered to be related to the study drug, which results in one of the following: death; inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization; life threatening adverse event; persistent or significant disability or incapacity or substantial disruption of the ability to conduct normal life functions; any other medically important event; or a pregnancy resulting in spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, neonatal death, or congenital anomaly.

  5. Number of Participants With TEAEs by Severity and Relationship to Study Drugs [ Time Frame: From study drug administration to 4-week post treatment follow-up visit (approximately 52 weeks) ]
    The relationship of TEAEs to the study drugs were assessed as: probable related, possibly related, unlikely related, and unrelated. The severity of TEAEs were graded using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, Version 3.0 as: Grade 1 (mild), Grade 2 (moderate), Grade 3 (severe), Grade 4 (life threatening), or Grade 5 (fatal).

  6. Number of Participants With SAEs by Severity and Relationship to Study Drugs [ Time Frame: From study drug administration to 4-week post treatment follow-up visit (approximately 52 weeks) ]
    The relationship of SAEs to the study drugs were assessed as: probable related, possibly related, unlikely related, and unrelated. The severity of SAEs were graded using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, Version 3.0 as: Grade 1 (mild), Grade 2 (moderate), Grade 3 (severe), Grade 4 (life threatening), or Grade 5 (fatal).

  7. Number of Participants With Abnormal Vital Signs Reported as TEAEs [ Time Frame: From study drug administration to 4-week post treatment follow-up visit (approximately 52 weeks) ]
    Vital signs included systolic and diastolic blood pressure, pulse rate, pulse oximetry, and body temperature. Participants with abnormal vital signs who required clinical intervention or further investigation (beyond ordering a repeat [confirmatory] test) unless they are associated with an already reported clinical event are reported.

  8. Number of Participants With Abnormal Clinical Laboratory Parameters Reported as TEAEs [ Time Frame: From study drug administration to 4-week post treatment follow-up visit (approximately 52 weeks) ]
    Clinical laboratory tests included haematology, biochemistry, and urinalysis. Participants with abnormal laboratory parameters who required clinical intervention or further investigation (beyond ordering a repeat [confirmatory] test) unless they are associated with an already reported clinical event are reported.

  9. Number of Participants With Abnormal Electrocardiogram Reported as TEAEs [ Time Frame: From study drug administration to 4-week post treatment follow-up visit (approximately 52 weeks) ]
    Participants with abnormal electrocardiogram who required clinical intervention or further investigation (beyond ordering a repeat [confirmatory] test) unless they are associated with an already reported clinical event are reported.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Evidence of signed and dated informed consent/assent document(s) indicating that the subject (and/or his parent/legal guardian) has been informed of all pertinent aspects of the trial
  • Age >=6 years.
  • Body weight >=16 kg.
  • Sweat chloride >60 milliequivalent per liter (mEq/L)
  • Documentation of the presence of a nonsense mutation in at least 1 allele of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene, as determined by genotyping performed at a laboratory certified by the College of American Pathologists (CAP), or under the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act/Amendment (CLIA), or by an equivalent organization
  • Verification that a blood sample has been drawn for sequencing of the CFTR gene
  • Ability to perform a valid, reproducible spirometry test using the study-specific spirometer with demonstration of an FEV1 >=40% and <=90% of predicted
  • Demonstration at Visit 2 of a valid %-predicted FEV1 within 15% of the Screening % predicted FEV1 value
  • Resting oxygen saturation (as measured by pulse oximetry) >=92% on room air.
  • Confirmed screening laboratory values within pre-specified ranges
  • In subjects who are sexually active, willingness to abstain from sexual intercourse or employ a barrier or medical method of contraception during the study drug administration and 60-day follow-up period
  • Willingness and ability to comply with all study procedures and assessments, including scheduled visits, drug administration plan, study procedures, laboratory tests, and study restrictions

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Known hypersensitivity to any of the ingredients or excipients of the study drug
  • Previous participation in the Phase 3 trial of ataluren (PTC124-GD-009-CF).
  • Any change (initiation, change in type of drug, dose modification, schedule modification, interruption, discontinuation, or re-initiation) in a chronic treatment/prophylaxis regimen for Cystic Fibrosis (CF) or for CF-related conditions within 4 weeks prior to screening
  • Chronic use of inhaled aminoglycosides (eg, tobramycin) or use of inhaled aminoglycosides within 4 weeks prior to screening.
  • Exposure to another investigational drug within 4 weeks prior to screening
  • Ongoing participation in any other therapeutic clinical trial
  • Evidence of pulmonary exacerbation or acute upper or lower respiratory tract infection (including viral illnesses) within 3 weeks prior to screening
  • Treatment with intravenous antibiotics within 3 weeks prior to screening
  • Ongoing immunosuppressive therapy (other than corticosteroids)
  • Ongoing warfarin, phenytoin, or tolbutamide therapy
  • History of solid organ or hematological transplantation
  • Major complications of lung disease (including massive hemoptysis, pneumothorax, or pleural effusion) within 8 weeks prior to screening
  • Known portal hypertension
  • Positive hepatitis B surface antigen, hepatitis C antibody test, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test
  • Pregnancy or breast-feeding
  • Current smoker or a smoking history of >=10 pack-years (number of cigarette packs/day x number of years smoked).
  • Prior or ongoing medical condition (eg, concomitant illness, alcoholism, drug abuse, psychiatric condition), medical history, physical findings, electrocardiogram (ECG) findings, or laboratory abnormality that, in the investigator's opinion, could adversely affect the safety of the subject, makes it unlikely that the course of treatment or follow-up would be completed, or could impair the assessment of study results

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02139306


Locations
Show Show 88 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
PTC Therapeutics
Cystic Fibrosis Foundation
ECFS-Clinical Trial Network (ECFS-CTN)
Investigators
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Study Director: Joseph McIntosh, MD PTC Therapeutics
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: PTC Therapeutics
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02139306    
Other Study ID Numbers: PTC124-GD-021-CF
2013-004581-34 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: May 15, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 14, 2020
Last Update Posted: May 14, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cystic Fibrosis
Fibrosis
Pathologic Processes
Pancreatic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases