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Selinexor Combined With Standard Chemoradiation as Neoadjuvant Treatment in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02137356
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified September 2015 by Sheba Medical Center.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : May 13, 2014
Last Update Posted : September 3, 2015
Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sheba Medical Center

Brief Summary:

Locally advanced rectal cancer (T3, T4 or lymph node positive tumors) are conventionally treated with 5FU / capecitabine based chemoradiation prior to surgical resection. This treatment is associated with only a 15-20% pathological complete response. Selinexor (KPT-330) is a Selective Inhibitor of Nuclear Export (SINE) XPO1 antagonist that has demonstrated radiosensitization with in vivo models and has suggested single agent activity against colorectal cancers in a Phase I trial. Here we perform a Phase I/Ib trial of standard chemoradiation combined with Selinexor.

We hypothesize that tumors treated with this new combination will demonstrate an increased response rate compared to those treated with capecitabine-radiation alone.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Rectal Neoplasms Radiation: standard dose pelvic radiation therapy Drug: standard dose capecitabine Drug: dose-escalated selinexor treatment Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The American Cancer Society estimated that in 2012 there were 40,290 new cases of rectal cancer in the United States. In the 1980's the standard of care was surgical resection alone, unfortunately this was associated with high rates of local recurrence (30%) in node positive or T3-4 disease. Randomized studies demonstrated the efficacy of adding post-operative and subsequently pre-operative chemo-radiation. Preoperative radiation, either on its own or with concomitant chemotherapy, decreases local recurrence, increases disease-free and overall survival and improves rates of sphincter preservation.

The current standard of care in the United States and Israel, for patients with node positive or T3 of T4 disease is preoperative chemo-radiation. The radiation is delivered to a dose of 45-55 Gy delivered over 5-6 weeks. The chemotherapy traditionally employed was infusional 5- fluorouracil (5FU). In recent years this has been replaced by an oral 5FU derivative, Capecitabine[15]. Some European centers favor an intense short-course preoperative radiation regimen of 25Gy over 5 days. This regimen is rarely used in Israel (or the United States) for logistical reasons (surgery needs to be rigidly scheduled immediately after completion of radiation) and concerns about long-term side effects.

Pathological complete response is when at the time of operation no cancerous tissue is found in the operative specimen. Pathological complete response is indicative of both the sensitivity of the tumor and the effectiveness of the preoperative chemotherapeutic regimen. Pathological complete response is associated with an excellent prognosis in terms of local recurrence, distal recurrence and overall survival. Standard preoperative chemoradiation is associated with a pathological complete response of 15-20%. For patients with locally advanced disease receiving standard chemoradiation, the 5 year local recurrence rate is expected to be 6% and 5 year survival 68%.

This open label study is therefore proposed to examine the combination of chemoradiation with Selinexor, a SINE XPO1 antagonist, that is being evaluated in Phase 1 studies in solid and hematological malignancies and that has shown single agent activity in heavily pretreated patients with CRC. The long-term goal of the project Is to establish a new treatment for patients with rectal cancer that will improve their cure rate and lengthen their overall survival.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 28 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Investigator Sponsored Phase I Trial of Selinexor Combined With Standard Capecitabine Based Chemoradiation as a Neoadjuvant Treatment in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer
Study Start Date : December 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: treatment arm
standard dose pelvic radiation therapy, standard dose capecitabine, dose-escalated selinexor treatment
Radiation: standard dose pelvic radiation therapy

radiation therapy to pelvis delivered using standard conformal or IMRT techniques.

50.4-55 Gy

Other Names:
  • radiotherapy
  • radiation therapy

Drug: standard dose capecitabine
825 mg/m2 twice daily, 5 days a week (max dose 2000mg twice daily), only on days when radiation is delivered
Other Name: xeloda

Drug: dose-escalated selinexor treatment
Selinexor oral drug will be given twice weekly according to the dose escalation schedule described in the protocol. Selinexor will be started on the day radiation begins, until the end of week 6.
Other Name: KPT-330

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of patients with adverse events [ Time Frame: Six weeks ]
    We will track adverse events in order to determine the safety and tolerability of the intervention.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of patients whose tumors demonstrate pathological complete response at resection [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ]
    In order to assess the efficacy of the intervention we will count the number of patients whose tumors demonstrate pathological complete response at final resection

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Written informed consent in accordance with Sheba Medical Center guidelines.
  2. Age ≥18 years. Patients with locally advanced non-metastatic rectal cancer, defined as minimum T3 or N1 per AJCC 7th edition, (i.e. T3N0 or T1N1 would be eligible for enrolment, but not T2N0).
  3. Histologically confirmed diagnosis of rectal adenocarcinoma.
  4. ECOG Performance Status 0-1
  5. Hematological function: total WBC count > 2,000/mm3; absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1,000/mm3; platelet count >= 150,000/mm3 - 1,000,000/mm3
  6. Adequate hepatic function within 14 days prior to study entry: total bilirubin <2 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) (except patients with Gilbert's syndrome who must have a total bilirubin of <3 times ULN); both AST and ALT (aspartate and alanine aminotransferases) <2.5 times ULN.
  7. Adequate renal function within 14 days prior to study entry, defined as creatinine <=1.5*upper normal limit and/or estimated creatinine clearance of ≥30 mL/min, calculated using the formula of Cockcroft and Gault (140-Age) • Mass (kg)/(72 • creatinine mg/dL); multiply by 0.85 if female.
  8. Female patients of childbearing potential must agree to use dual methods of contraception and have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening, and male patients must use an effective barrier method of contraception if sexually active with a female of child-bearing potential. Acceptable methods of contraception are condoms with contraceptive foam, oral, implantable or injectable contraceptives, contraceptive patch, intrauterine device, diaphragm with spermicidal gel, or a sexual partner who is surgically sterilized or post-menopausal. For both male and female patients, effective methods of contraception must be used throughout the study and for three months following the last dose.
  9. Willing to undergo biopsy prior to starting treatment to obtain fresh-frozen tissue.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Received radiation, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy, or any other anticancer therapy ≤2 weeks prior to study entry. Patients who received an investigational anticancer study within 3 weeks prior to study entry are excluded.
  2. Malignancy diagnosed within the 5 years prior to study entry (however non-melanotic skin cancers, in-situ carcinomas of cervix are allowed).
  3. Previous radiation therapy to the pelvis (superficial radiation to the skin in the pelvic area is acceptable).
  4. Previous 'low anterior resection' or 'abdominoperineal resection' for rectal cancer.
  5. Major surgery within four weeks before study entry;
  6. Unstable cardiovascular function:

    1. symptomatic ischemia, or
    2. uncontrolled clinically significant conduction abnormalities (ie: ventricular tachycardia on antiarrhythmics are excluded, whereas 1st degree AV block or asymptomatic LAFB/RBBB will not be excluded), or
    3. congestive heart failure (CHF) of NYHA Class ≥3
    4. myocardial infarction (MI) within 3 months;
  7. Uncontrolled infection requiring parenteral antibiotics, antivirals, or antifungals within one week prior to first dose; patients with controlled infection or on prophylactic antibiotics are permitted in the study;
  8. Known to be HIV seropositive;
  9. Known active hepatitis A, B, or C infection; or known to be positive for HCV RNA or HBsAg (HBV surface antigen);
  10. Any underlying condition that would significantly interfere with the absorption of an oral medication.
  11. Serious psychiatric or medical conditions that could interfere with treatment;
  12. Patients with coagulation problem and active bleeding in the last month (peptic ulcer, epistaxis, spontaneous bleeding) - however bleeding from the rectal cancer itself is not an exclusion criteria.
  13. Patients who are pregnant or lactating.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02137356

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Sheba Medical Center Recruiting
Ramat Gan, Israel, 52621
Contact: Yaacov R Lawrence, MBBS MA MRCP    97235304410   
Contact: Aliza Ackerstein    035308402   
Principal Investigator: Yaacov R Lawrence, MBBS MA MRCP         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sheba Medical Center
Karyopharm Therapeutics Inc
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Principal Investigator: Yaacov R Lawrence, MBBS MA MRCP Sheba Medical Center
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Responsible Party: Sheba Medical Center Identifier: NCT02137356    
Other Study ID Numbers: SHEBA-14-1061-YL-CTIL
First Posted: May 13, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 3, 2015
Last Verified: September 2015
Keywords provided by Sheba Medical Center:
rectal cancer
rectal adenocarcinoma
locally advanced rectal cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Rectal Neoplasms
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents