Evaluate Safety and Efficacy of Intravenous Autologous ADMSc for Treatment of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02135380|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified May 2014 by Kasiak Research Pvt. Ltd..
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
First Posted : May 9, 2014
Last Update Posted : May 13, 2014
Despite intense research efforts and clinical trials, there is still no effective treatment that can prolong the survival of patients with IPF. Conventional therapeutic approach includes combination of corticosteroids, anti-oxidants, immunodepressants and immune modulatory anti-fibrotic agents to be discontinued 20 days before screening. The only, so far, therapeutic approach that has been proven effective in terms of prolonging patient's survival is lung transplantation. Nonetheless, not all the patients with IPF are eligible for lung transplantation; there is a significant proportion of these patients that finally succumb while waiting in a lung transplantation list. Therefore, there is critical need for more effective and reliable therapeutic modalities5. Adult Stem Cells (ASCs) seem to represent one of these. Therefore, it is conceivable to assume that adult-stem cells can be easily and safely be applied as a novel therapeutic agent in chronic and fatal lung diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and IPF.
Therefore, there is an urgent need to provide a safe, effective and affordable treatment option for IPF patients. New diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic strategies need to be developed to reduce the burden of IPF. Given the present lack of appropriate treatment adjunctive in the therapy of IPF, adipose derived stromal vascular fraction provides new opportunities for development of the same.
MSCs are having anti-fibrotic activity and hence may be excellent source to tackle pulmonary fibrosis and hence could be explored for their therapeutic potential for treating Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. MSC's also display membrane-bound and insoluble secreted molecules involved with cell attachment to neighbouring cells and to the extra cellular matrix.18 This cell surface configuration may enable mesenchymal stem cells to home from bloodstream to mesenchymal tissue.14
As limited clinical information is available about use of SVF and MSC in the IPF patients hence this Open Label, Prospective, Randomized multi center comparative study has been undertaken to explore the tolerability & effectiveness of SVF in one treatment arm and MSC in second treatment arm in IPF patients.
Adipose derived stromal vascular fraction and Mesenchymal Stem Cells has been found in preclinical studies to be safe and effective
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis||Biological: Autologous Stromal Vascular Fraction (SVF) Biological: Autologous Adipose Derived MSCs (ADMSCs) Other: Control||Phase 1 Phase 2|
Adipose Derived Stromal Vascular Fraction (ADSVF) Stromal Vascular Fraction (SVF) obtained from tumescent liposuction. The SVF contains a variety of cells such as pre-adipocytes, endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells, pericytes, fibroblasts, and adult stem cells (ASCs). In addition, the SVF also contains blood cells from the capillaries supplying the fat cells. These include erythrocytes or red blood cells, B and T cells, macrophages, monocytes, mast cells, natural killer (NK) cells, hematopoietic stem cells and endothelial progenitor cells, to name a few. It also contains growth factors such as transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), and fibroblast growth factor (FGF), among others. This is consistent with the secretions of cells in the presence of an extracellular matrix. The SVF also contains the various proteins present in the adipose tissue extracellular matrix of which laminin is of interest due to its ability to help in neural regeneration.Entire procedure for SVF preparation and isolation of SVF cells will be carried out in cGMP compliance clean room.
Pure stromal vascular fraction to the tune of 99% will be isolated for this clinical trial eliminating other unnecessary cells such as RBC and leukocytes.
Adipose Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (ADMSC) Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are present as a rare population of cells in adipose tissue which is almost 30-40% of the nucleated cells, but they can rapidly grow in culture without losing their stemness. MSCs can be expanded in vitro ≥ 2 million -fold and retain their ability to differentiate into several mesenchymal lineages. MSCs have several characteristics such as Ease of isolation, High expansion potential,Genetic stability,Reproducible attributes from isolate to isolate,Reproducible characteristics, Compatibility with tissue engineering principles, Potential to enhance repair in many vital tissues, Uniform dose and Better quality control and release criteria.
Beside autologous use MSC can also be used for allogenic therapy. Several studies have used allo-MSC in vivo and experience suggests that the allo-MSCs are not rejected and many have positive effects on engraftment.MSC's can be isolated from various tissues, cultured ex vivo, and expanded many fold.18 Cultured-expanded MSC's appear to represent a homogeneous population by flow cytometric measures of cell-surface markers. These cell retain the ability to undergo in vitro differentiation to osteogenic, adipogenic and chondrogenic lineages, even when clonally expanded.19 Human adipose tissue derived MSCs are capable of differentiating into endothelial cells in vitro and later form capillary-like structures in semisolid medium and suggest differentiation potential of MSCs is not restricted to mesodermal lineages but also transdifferentiation of MSCs into other lineages like endothelial could be realized in vitro and in vivo8 MSCs are known to give rise to limb-bud mesoderm (osteoblasts, chondrocytes, adipocytes, stroma cells, and skeletal myoblasts) and can also differentiate into cells of visceral mesoderm (endothelial cells).9 MSCs can facilitate vasculogenesis by increasing vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels. After MSCs are intramyocardially injected into the infarct zone, local VEGF levels rise, vascular density and regional blood flow increases, and contractility improves.
MSCs are having anti-fibrotic activity and hence may be excellent source to tackle pulmonary fibrosis and hence could be explored for their therapeutic potential for treating Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. MSC's also display membrane-bound and insoluble secreted molecules involved with cell attachment to neighboring cells and to the extra cellular matrix.18 This cell surface configuration may enable mesenchymal stem cells to home from bloodstream to mesenchymal tissue.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||60 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Prospective, Multicentric, Phase I/II, Open Label, Randomized, Interventional Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Intravenous Autologous Adipose Derived Adult Stem Cells for Treatment of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF).|
|Study Start Date :||August 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||August 2015|
Autologous Stromal Vascular Fraction
Single dose of autologous adipose derived Stromal Vascular Fraction (SVF) intravenously.
Biological: Autologous Stromal Vascular Fraction (SVF)
Study arm A subjects will receive single dose of autologous adipose derived Stromal Vascular Fraction (SVF) intravenously.
Other Name: Autologous Stromal Vascular Fraction
Autologous Adipose Derived MSCs
3 doses of 2 million per kg body weight adipose tissue derived Ex-vivo expanded Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) intravenously each. All the three doses will be given at weekly intervals.
Biological: Autologous Adipose Derived MSCs (ADMSCs)
Study arm B subjects will receive total 3 doses of 2 million per kg body weight adipose tissue derived Ex-vivo expanded Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) intravenously each. All the three doses will be given at weekly intervals.
Other Name: Autologous Adipose Derived MSCs
Active Comparator: Control
- Safety [ Time Frame: 9 Month ]The Incidence of treatment emergent Adverse Event (AE) in the study.
- Efficacy [ Time Frame: 9 Month ]Change in predicted FVC% at EOS Change in predicted DLCO% at EOS Change in the 6MWT at EOS Changes in the disease extent and severity as reflected by HRCT (64 SLICE) at EOS from randomisation.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02135380
|Contact: Dr.Pankaj A Thakur, PhD||+91-(022)-411 73463 ext email@example.com|
|Contact: Sainyukta S Medhekar, MSc||91-(022)-411 73463 ext firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Kasiak Research Pvt Ltd||Recruiting|
|Thane, Maharashtra, India, 400 610|
|Contact: Dr. Pankaj A Thakur, PhD +91-(022)-411 73463 ext 463 email@example.com|
|Contact: Sainyukta S Medhekar, MSc +91-(022)-411 73463 ext 463 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Dr.Pratibha Singhal, M.B.B.S.M.D.|
|Principal Investigator: Dr. Ashok Mahashur, M.B.B.S.M.D.|
|Principal Investigator: Dr. Sujeet Rajan, M.B.B.S.M.D.|
|Principal Investigator: Dr. Karthik Shah, M.B.B.S.M.D.|
|Principal Investigator:||Dr. Ashok A Mahashur, M.B.B.S.M.D.||P.D. Hinduja National Hospital and Medical Research Centre|
|Principal Investigator:||Dr. Pratibha S Singhal, M.B.B.S.M.D.||Bombay Hospital and Medical Research Council|
|Principal Investigator:||Dr.Sujeet K Rajan, M.B.B.S.M.D.||Bhatia General Hospital|
|Principal Investigator:||Dr. Kartik B Shah, M.B.B.S.M.D.||Cumballa Hill Hospital And Heart Institute|