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Study to Investigate Safety, Pharmacokinetic (PK), Pharmacodynamic (PD) and Clinical Activity of Trametinib in Subjects With Cancer or Plexiform Neurofibromas and Trametinib in Combination With Dabrafenib in Subjects With Cancers Harboring V600 Mutations

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02124772
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 28, 2014
Results First Posted : July 14, 2021
Last Update Posted : July 14, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals )

Brief Summary:

This was a 4-part (Part A, Part B, Part C and Part D), Phase I/IIa, multi-center, open label, study in pediatric subjects with refractory or recurrent tumors.

Part A was a repeat dose, dose escalation and expansion phase that identified the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of trametinib monotherapy. Part B evaluated the preliminary activity of trametinib monotherapy in 4 disease-specific cohorts of subjects. Part C was aimed to determine the safety, tolerability and preliminary activity of the RP2D of trametinib in combination with a limited dose escalation of dabrafenib. Part D evaluated the preliminary activity of trametinib in combination with dabrafenib in 2 disease-specific cohorts of subjects.

The overall goal of this trial was to efficiently establish safe, pharmacologically relevant dose of trametinib monotherapy and trametinib in combination with dabrafenib in infants, children and adolescents and determine preliminary activity of trametinib monotherapy and trametinib in combination with dabrafenib in selected recurrent, refractory or unresectable childhood tumors.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cancer Drug: Trametinib Drug: Dabrafenib Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This was a 4-part (Part A, Part B, Part C and Part D), Phase I/IIa, multi-center, open label, study in pediatric subjects with refractory or recurrent tumors.

Part A was a repeat dose, dose escalation and expansion phase that identified the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of trametinib monotherapy using a 3 + 3 dose- escalation procedure. The starting dose level of trametinib was 0.0125 mg/kg/day, the second dose level was 0.025 mg/kg/day and the third dose level was 0.040 mg/kg/day. Additionally, in Part A extension an intermediate trametinib dose level of 0.032 mg/kg/day was assessed in subjects under 6 years of age. In all cohorts, the total daily trametinib dose was not to exceed the adult dose (2 mg) in any subject.

Part B evaluated the preliminary activity of trametinib monotherapy in 4 disease-specific cohorts of subjects:

B1: Refractory or relapsed neuroblastoma B2: Recurrent or unresectable low grade glioma (LGG) with BRAF tandem duplication with fusion (glioma fusion) B3: Neurofibromatosis Type -1 associated plexiform neurofibromas (NF-1 with PN) that are unresectable and medically significant B4: BRAF V600 mutant tumors In Part B it was used the RP2D of trametinib (0.025 mg/kg/day) determined in Part A.

Part C was a 3+3 study design to determine the safety, tolerability and preliminary activity of the RP2D of trametinib in combination with a limited dose escalation of dabrafenib. The trametinib dose administered in Part C was based on the trametinib monotherapy RP2D from Part A (0.025 mg/kg/day). For the evaluation of combination therapy in this study, the starting dose of dabrafenib was 50% of the monotherapy RP2D established in a separate study: 2.63 mg/kg/day (<12 years old subjects) and 2.25 mg/kg/day (≥12 years old subjects). The second dose level of dabrafenib was 100% of the monotherapy RP2D: 5.25 mg/kg/day (<12 years old subjects) and 4.5 mg/kg/day (≥12 years old subjects).

Additionally, in Part C extension, the trametinib dose determined from Part A extension (0.032 mg/kg/day) with 100% pediatric RP2D of dabrafenib (5.25 mg/kg/day) was assessed in subjects under 6 years of age.

In all cohorts, the total daily trametinib dose was not to exceed the adult dose (2 mg) in any subject and the total daily dabrafenib dose was not to exceed the adult dose (300 mg) in any subject.

Part D evaluated the preliminary activity of trametinib in combination with dabrafenib in two disease-specific cohorts of subjects diagnosed with low grade glioma (LGG) and Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH).

In Part D it was used the RP2D of the combination treatment determined in Part C (0.025 mg/kg/day trametinib and the 100% RP2D of dabrafenib) in subjects 6 years to < 18 years of age. Additionally, once Part C extension had defined the trametinib RP2D for subjects under 6 years of age, this dose was used for the remaining subjects enrolled in Part D (0.032 mg/kg/day trametinib and the 100% RP2D of dabrafenib).

The overall goal of this trial was to efficiently establish safe, pharmacologically relevant dose of trametinib monotherapy and trametinib in combination with dabrafenib in infants, children and adolescents and determine preliminary activity of trametinib monotherapy and trametinib in combination with dabrafenib in selected recurrent, refractory or unresectable childhood tumors.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 139 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label, Dose-Escalation, Phase I/II Study to Investigate the Safety, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics and Clinical Activity of the MEK Inhibitor Trametinib in Children and Adolescents Subjects With Cancer or Plexiform Neurofibromas and Trametinib in Combination With Dabrafenib in Children and Adolescents With Cancers Harboring V600 Mutations
Actual Study Start Date : January 15, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 29, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : December 29, 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Part A - TMT 0.0125 mg/kg/day
Participants treated with trametinib 0.0125 mg/kg/day
Drug: Trametinib
Trametinib was administered orally, once daily. It was available in tablets (0.125 mg, 0.5 mg, 2 mg dose) as well as in powder form for oral solution (0.05 mg/mL dose).

Experimental: Part A - TMT 0.025 mg/kg/day
Participants treated with trametinib 0.025 mg/kg/day
Drug: Trametinib
Trametinib was administered orally, once daily. It was available in tablets (0.125 mg, 0.5 mg, 2 mg dose) as well as in powder form for oral solution (0.05 mg/mL dose).

Experimental: Part A - TMT 0.032 mg/kg/day
Participants under 6 years of age treated with trametinib 0.032 mg/kg/day
Drug: Trametinib
Trametinib was administered orally, once daily. It was available in tablets (0.125 mg, 0.5 mg, 2 mg dose) as well as in powder form for oral solution (0.05 mg/mL dose).

Experimental: Part A - TMT 0.04 mg/kg/day
Participants treated with trametinib 0.04 mg/kg/day
Drug: Trametinib
Trametinib was administered orally, once daily. It was available in tablets (0.125 mg, 0.5 mg, 2 mg dose) as well as in powder form for oral solution (0.05 mg/mL dose).

Experimental: Part B - Neuroblastoma
Participants with refractory or relapsed neuroblastoma treated with trametinib 0.025 mg/kg/day
Drug: Trametinib
Trametinib was administered orally, once daily. It was available in tablets (0.125 mg, 0.5 mg, 2 mg dose) as well as in powder form for oral solution (0.05 mg/mL dose).

Experimental: Part B - LGG fusion
Participants with refractory or relapsed neuroblastoma treated with trametinib 0.025 mg/kg/day
Drug: Trametinib
Trametinib was administered orally, once daily. It was available in tablets (0.125 mg, 0.5 mg, 2 mg dose) as well as in powder form for oral solution (0.05 mg/mL dose).

Experimental: Part B - NF-1 with PN
Participants with neurofibromatosis Type -1 associated plexiform neurofibromas (NF-1 with PN) treated with trametinib 0.025 mg/kg/day
Drug: Trametinib
Trametinib was administered orally, once daily. It was available in tablets (0.125 mg, 0.5 mg, 2 mg dose) as well as in powder form for oral solution (0.05 mg/mL dose).

Experimental: Part B - BRAF V600 mutant solid tumor
Participants with BRAF V600 mutant solid tumors treated with trametinib 0.025 mg/kg/day
Drug: Trametinib
Trametinib was administered orally, once daily. It was available in tablets (0.125 mg, 0.5 mg, 2 mg dose) as well as in powder form for oral solution (0.05 mg/mL dose).

Experimental: Part C - TMT 0.025 mg/kg/day + 50% DRB RP2D
Participants treated with a combination therapy of trametinib (0.025 mg/kg/day) plus 50% of the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of dabrafenib monotherapy (2.63 mg/kg/day for <12 years old subjects and 2.25 mg/kg/day for ≥12 years old subjects)
Drug: Trametinib
Trametinib was administered orally, once daily. It was available in tablets (0.125 mg, 0.5 mg, 2 mg dose) as well as in powder form for oral solution (0.05 mg/mL dose).

Drug: Dabrafenib
Dabrafenib was administered orally, twice daily. The daily dose was divided into two equal doses. It was available in capsules (50 mg and 75 mg), dispersible tablets (10 mg) and powder for oral suspension (10 mg/mL dose).

Experimental: Part C - TMT 0.025 mg/kg/day + 100% DRB RP2D
Participants treated with a combination therapy of trametinib (0.025 mg/kg/day) plus 100% of the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of dabrafenib monotherapy (5.25 mg/kg/day for <12 years old subjects and 4.5 mg/kg/day for ≥12 years old subjects)
Drug: Trametinib
Trametinib was administered orally, once daily. It was available in tablets (0.125 mg, 0.5 mg, 2 mg dose) as well as in powder form for oral solution (0.05 mg/mL dose).

Drug: Dabrafenib
Dabrafenib was administered orally, twice daily. The daily dose was divided into two equal doses. It was available in capsules (50 mg and 75 mg), dispersible tablets (10 mg) and powder for oral suspension (10 mg/mL dose).

Experimental: Part C - TMT 0.032 mg/kg/day + 100% DRB RP2D
Participants under 6 years of age treated with a combination therapy of trametinib (0.032 mg/kg/day) with 100% of the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of dabrafenib monotherapy (5.25 mg/kg/day)
Drug: Trametinib
Trametinib was administered orally, once daily. It was available in tablets (0.125 mg, 0.5 mg, 2 mg dose) as well as in powder form for oral solution (0.05 mg/mL dose).

Drug: Dabrafenib
Dabrafenib was administered orally, twice daily. The daily dose was divided into two equal doses. It was available in capsules (50 mg and 75 mg), dispersible tablets (10 mg) and powder for oral suspension (10 mg/mL dose).

Experimental: Part D - LGG
Participants with low grade glioma (LGG) treated with a combination therapy of trametinib (0.032 mg/kg/day for < 6 years old subjects and 0.025 mg/kg/day for ≥ 6 years old subjects) plus 100% of the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of dabrafenib monotherapy (5.25 mg/kg/day for <12 years old subjects and 4.5 mg/kg/day for ≥12 years old subjects)
Drug: Trametinib
Trametinib was administered orally, once daily. It was available in tablets (0.125 mg, 0.5 mg, 2 mg dose) as well as in powder form for oral solution (0.05 mg/mL dose).

Drug: Dabrafenib
Dabrafenib was administered orally, twice daily. The daily dose was divided into two equal doses. It was available in capsules (50 mg and 75 mg), dispersible tablets (10 mg) and powder for oral suspension (10 mg/mL dose).

Experimental: Part D - LCH
Participants with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) treated with a combination therapy of trametinib (0.032 mg/kg/day for < 6 years old subjects and 0.025 mg/kg/day for ≥ 6 years old subjects) plus 100% of the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of dabrafenib monotherapy (5.25 mg/kg/day for <12 years old subjects and 4.5 mg/kg/day for ≥12 years old subjects)
Drug: Trametinib
Trametinib was administered orally, once daily. It was available in tablets (0.125 mg, 0.5 mg, 2 mg dose) as well as in powder form for oral solution (0.05 mg/mL dose).

Drug: Dabrafenib
Dabrafenib was administered orally, twice daily. The daily dose was divided into two equal doses. It was available in capsules (50 mg and 75 mg), dispersible tablets (10 mg) and powder for oral suspension (10 mg/mL dose).




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events in Subjects Treated With Trametinib Monotherapy [ Time Frame: From the day of the first dose of trametinib up to 30 days after the last dose, up to maximum duration of 64 months ]
    Incidence of treatment emergent adverse events is defined as number of participants with adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs), including changes from baseline in vital signs and laboratory results qualifying and reported as AEs. The number of participants in each category is reported in the table.

  2. Average Steady State Plasma Concentration (Cavg) of Trametinib When Administered Alone (Monotherapy) [ Time Frame: pre dose, 1, 2, 4, 7, 10 and 24 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15. The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated based on trametinib plasma concentrations by using non-compartmental methods. The average steady state plasma concentration (Cavg) of trametinib was calculated as the ratio of area under the curve (AUC)/tau, where tau = 24 h for trametinib.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Trough Concentration (Ctrough) of Trametinib When Administered Alone and in Combination With Dabrafenib [ Time Frame: pre dose on Cycle 1 Day 15. The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated based on trametinib plasma concentrations by using non-compartmental methods. Ctrough is defined as the observed plasma concentration just prior to the beginning of, or at the end, of a dosing interval.

  2. Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of Trametinib When Administered Alone and in Combination With Dabrafenib [ Time Frame: pre dose, 1, 2, 4, 7, 10 and 24 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part A and B) and pre dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part C and D). The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated based on trametinib plasma concentrations by using non-compartmental methods. Cmax is defined as the maximum (peak) observed plasma concentration following a dose.

  3. Time to Reach Maximum Plasma Concentration (Tmax) of Trametinib When Administered Alone and in Combination With Dabrafenib [ Time Frame: pre dose, 1, 2, 4, 7, 10 and 24 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part A and B) and pre dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part C and D). The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated based on trametinib plasma concentrations by using non-compartmental methods. Tmax is defined as the time to reach maximum (peak) plasma concentration following a dose.

  4. Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve From Time Zero to the Time of Last Quantifiable Concentration (AUClast) of Trametinib When Administered Alone and in Combination With Dabrafenib [ Time Frame: pre dose, 1, 2, 4, 7, 10 and 24 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part A and B) and pre dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part C and D). The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated based on trametinib plasma concentrations by using non-compartmental methods. The linear trapezoidal method was used for area under the curve calculation.

  5. Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve From Time Zero to the End of the Dosing Interval Tau at Steady-state (AUCtau) of Trametinib When Administered Alone and in Combination With Dabrafenib [ Time Frame: pre dose, 1, 2, 4, 7, 10 and 24 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part A and B) and pre dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part C and D). The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated based on trametinib plasma concentrations by using non-compartmental methods. The linear trapezoidal method was used for area under the curve calculation. The duration of the dosing interval (tau) was 24 hours for trametinib.

  6. Apparent Plasma Clearance (CL/F) of Trametinib When Administered Alone and in Combination With Dabrafenib [ Time Frame: pre dose, 1, 2, 4, 7, 10 and 24 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part A and B) and pre dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part C and D). The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated based on trametinib plasma concentrations by using non-compartmental methods. Apparent plasma clearance (CL/F) values were calculated as Dose/AUCtau.

  7. Average Steady State Plasma Concentration (Cavg) of Trametinib When Administered in Combination With Dabrafenib [ Time Frame: pre dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15. The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated based on trametinib plasma concentrations by using non-compartmental methods. The average steady state plasma concentration (Cavg) of trametinib was calculated as the ratio of area under the curve (AUC)/tau, where tau = 24 h for trametinib.

  8. Incidence of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events in Subjects Treated With Trametinib in Combination With Dabrafenib [ Time Frame: From the day of the first dose of the combination up to 30 days after the last dose, up to maximum duration of 53 months ]
    Incidence of treatment emergent adverse events is defined as number of participants with adverse events (AEs) and serious adverse events (SAEs), including changes from baseline in vital signs and laboratory results qualifying and reported as AEs. The number of participants in each category is reported in the table.

  9. Best Overall Response (BOR) Based on RECIST v1.1, RANO and Dombi Criteria and as Per Investigator Assessment [ Time Frame: From the day of the first dose of any study drug up to the last dose, up to maximum duration of 63 months ]

    Response evaluations were assessed using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors v1.1 (RECIST v1.1) for subjects with solid tumors except neuroblastomas, primary central nervous system tumors (gliomas) or plexiform neurofibromas (PNs).

    Response evaluations for subjects with neuroblastomas could have included: measureable disease (by CT/MRI alone) assessed according to RECIST v1.1, evaluable disease assessed for meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) response, and biochemical (urine HVA/VMA) with bone marrow involvement assessed by Hematoxylin and Eosin staining of bilateral bone marrow biopsies and aspirates.

    Response evaluations for glioma subjects was assessed using Response Assessment in Neuro Oncology (RANO) criteria with solid tumors through MRI scans.

    Response evaluations of PNs were assessed using volumetric determination and Dombi criteria through MRI scans.

    The number of participants in each response category is reported in the table.


  10. Objective Response Rate (ORR) Based on RECIST v1.1, RANO and Dombi Criteria and as Per Investigator Assessment [ Time Frame: From the day of the first dose of any study drug up to the last dose, up to maximum duration of 63 months ]
    Objective response rate (ORR) was defined as the percentage of subjects with best overall response rate (BOR) with confirmation of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) according to criteria for a specific disease type, among subjects with disease assessment at baseline. BOR for each subject was determined from the sequence of overall responses according to the rules for RECIST v1.1, RANO and Dombi criteria. ORR was calculated based on the investigator assessment of tumor response data and was based on confirmed responses.

  11. Clinical Benefit Rate (CBR) Based on RECIST v1.1, RANO and Dombi Criteria and as Per Investigator Assessment [ Time Frame: From the day of the first dose of any study drug up to the last dose, up to maximum duration of 63 months ]
    Clinical Benefit Rate (CBR) was defined as the percentage of subjects with best overall response rate (BOR) with confirmation of complete response (CR), partial response (PR) or stable disease (SD) according to criteria for a specific disease type, among subjects with disease assessment at baseline. BOR for each subject was determined from the sequence of overall responses according to the rules for RECIST v1.1, RANO and Dombi criteria. ORR was calculated based on the investigator assessment of tumor response data and was based on confirmed responses.

  12. Apparent Clearance (CL/F) of Trametinib Estimated With a PopPK Model [ Time Frame: pre dose, 1, 2, 4, 7, 10 and 24 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part A and B) and pre dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part C and D). The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    The population pharmacokinetic (PopPK) model of trametinib can be described using a two-compartment model with dual sequential 1st order absorption (Ka1, Ka2) and 1st order elimination. Apparent clearance (CL/F) of trametinib estimated with the PopPK model is summarized in this record.

  13. Apparent Central Volume (Vc/F) of Trametinib Estimated With a PopPK Model [ Time Frame: pre dose, 1, 2, 4, 7, 10 and 24 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part A and B) and pre dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part C and D). The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    The population pharmacokinetic (PopPK) model of trametinib can be described using a two-compartment model with dual sequential 1st order absorption (Ka1, Ka2) and 1st order elimination. Apparent central volume (Vc/F) of trametinib estimated with the PopPK model is summarized in this record.

  14. Absorption Rate Constants (Ka1 and Ka2) of Trametinib Estimated With a PopPK Model [ Time Frame: pre dose, 1, 2, 4, 7, 10 and 24 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part A and B) and pre dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part C and D). The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    The population pharmacokinetic (PopPK) model of trametinib can be described using a two-compartment model with dual sequential 1st order absorption (Ka1, Ka2) and 1st order elimination. The absorption rate constants (Ka1 and Ka2) estimated with the PopPK model are summarized in this record.

  15. Significant Covariates Estimated With a PopPK Model [ Time Frame: pre dose, 1, 2, 4, 7, 10 and 24 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part A and B) and pre dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 hours post trametinib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15 (part C and D). The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]

    The population pharmacokinetic (PopPK) model of trametinib can be described using a two-compartment model with dual sequential 1st order absorption (Ka1, Ka2) and 1st order elimination. Sex and weight are significant covariates on apparent clearance (CL/F), and weight is also a significant covariate on apparent intercompartmental clearance (Q/F). Use of dabrafenib, yes or no, is a covariate on the relative bioavailability of trametinib, reflecting the effect of dabrafenib on the PK of trametinib.

    The estimates of these covariates (effect of weight on CL/F, effect of sex on CL/F, effect of weight on Q/F, effect of combination with dabrafenib on relative bioavailability F1) calculated with the PopPK model are summarized in this record.


  16. Trough Concentration (Ctrough) of Dabrafenib When Administered in Combination With Trametinib [ Time Frame: pre dose on Cycle 1 Day 15. The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated based on dabrafenib plasma concentrations by using non-compartmental methods. Ctrough is defined as the observed plasma concentration just prior to the beginning of, or at the end, of a dosing interval.

  17. Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of Dabrafenib When Administered in Combination With Trametinib [ Time Frame: pre dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 hours post dabrafenib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15. The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated based on dabrafenib plasma concentrations by using non-compartmental methods. Cmax is defined as the maximum (peak) observed plasma concentration following a dose.

  18. Time to Reach Maximum Plasma Concentration (Tmax) of Dabrafenib When Administered in Combination With Trametinib [ Time Frame: pre dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 hours post dabrafenib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15. The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated based on dabrafenib plasma concentrations by using non-compartmental methods. Tmax is defined as the time to reach maximum (peak) plasma concentration following a dose.

  19. Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve From Time Zero to the Time of Last Quantifiable Concentration (AUClast) of Dabrafenib When Administered in Combination With Trametinib [ Time Frame: pre dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 hours post dabrafenib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15. The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated based on dabrafenib plasma concentrations by using non-compartmental methods. The linear trapezoidal method was used for area under the curve calculation.

  20. Area Under the Plasma Concentration-time Curve From Time Zero to the End of the Dosing Interval Tau at Steady-state (AUCtau) of Dabrafenib When Administered in Combination With Trametinib [ Time Frame: pre dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 hours post dabrafenib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15. The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated based on dabrafenib plasma concentrations by using non-compartmental methods. The linear trapezoidal method was used for area under the curve calculation. The duration of the dosing interval (tau) was 12 hours for dabrafenib.

  21. Apparent Plasma Clearance (CL/F) of Dabrafenib When Administered in Combination With Trametinib [ Time Frame: pre dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 hours post dabrafenib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15. The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated based on dabrafenib plasma concentrations by using non-compartmental methods. Apparent plasma clearance (CL/F) values were calculated as Dose/AUCtau.

  22. Average Steady State Plasma Concentration (Cavg) of Dabrafenib When Administered in Combination With Trametinib [ Time Frame: pre dose, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 hours post dabrafenib dose on Cycle 1 Day 15. The duration of 1 cycle was 28 days. ]
    Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters were calculated based on dabrafenib plasma concentrations by using non-compartmental methods. The average steady state plasma concentration (Cavg) of dabrafenib was calculated as the ratio of area under the curve (AUC)/tau, where tau = 12 h for dabrafenib.

  23. Palatability of Trametinib Oral Solution in Pediatric Subjects Assessed by Palatability Questionnaire [ Time Frame: After the first dose of trametinib oral solution and no later than Day 8 (±3 days) ]
    For subjects ≥ 12 years of age who received the trametinib oral solution, the subject completed a form to evaluate the various properties of the solution (e.g., bitterness, sweetness, appearance, texture and overall taste). For subjects < 12 years of age who received the solution, their caregiver (e.g. parent or guardian) evaluated the solution with the child based on verbal and non-verbal feedback. The questionnaire was completed after the first dose of study drug and no later than Day 8 (±3 days). Subjects completed a form for each drug separately if enrolled in Parts C and D.

  24. Palatability of Dabrafenib Oral Suspension in Pediatric Subjects Assessed by Palatability Questionnaire [ Time Frame: After the first dose of dabrafenib oral suspension and no later than Day 8 (±3 days) ]
    For subjects ≥ 12 years of age who received the dabrafenib suspension, the subject completed a form to evaluate the various properties of the suspension (e.g., bitterness, sweetness, appearance, texture and overall taste). For subjects < 12 years of age who received the suspension, their caregiver (e.g. parent or guardian) evaluated the suspension with the child based on verbal and non-verbal feedback. The questionnaire was completed after the first dose of study drug and no later than Day 8 (±3 days). Subjects completed a form for each drug separately if enrolled in Parts C and D.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Month to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • General Eligibility Criteria (All Parts)
  • Written informed consent - a signed informed consent and/or assent (as age appropriate) for study participation including PK sampling will be obtained according to institutional guidelines.
  • Male or female between one month and <18 years of age (inclusive) at the time of signing the informed consent form (Part C and Part D between 12 months and <18 years of age, inclusive).
  • Must have a disease that is relapsed/refractory to all potentially curative standard treatment regimens or must have a current disease for which there is no known curative therapy, or therapy proven to prolong survival with an acceptable quality of life.
  • Prior therapy: The subject's disease (i.e. cancer, neurofibromatosis type 1 [NF-1] with plexiform neurofibroma [PN], or Langerhans cell histocytosis [LCH]) must have relapsed after or failed to respond to frontline curative therapy or there must not be other potentially curative treatment options available. Curative therapy may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or any combination of these modalities. All subjects must have recovered to grade <=1 from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to enrollment. Prior therapy includes; myelosuppressive chemotherapy, differentiating agents/ biologic response modifiers (small molecules, antibodies, viral therapies) (anti-cancer agent), non-myelosuppressive anticancer agents, investigational agent, radiation therapy, stem cell transplantation or infusion, number of prior treatment regimens, colony stimulating factors, corticosteroids.
  • Performance score of >=50% according to the Karnofsky/Lansky performance status scale.
  • Females of child-bearing potential must be willing to practice acceptable methods of birth control. Additionally, females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days prior to start of study drugs, throughout treatment period and for 4 months after last dose of study drugs.
  • Must have adequate organ function as defined by the following values: renal function - 24 hr creatinine clearance (revised Schwartz formula), or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >=60 milliliter (mL) per minute per 1.73 meter square (mL/min/1.73m^2); or a serum creatinine <=upper limit of normal (ULN) for age and gender; liver functions as bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) <=1.5 x ULN for age, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) <=2.5 x ULN; for the purposes of enrollment and toxicity monitoring the ULN for ALT will be 45 unit per liter (U/L); cardiac function - corrected QT (QTcB) interval <480 milliseconds (msec), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >=lower limit of normal (LLN) by ECHO.
  • Able to swallow and retain enterally (per oral [PO] or nasogastric or gastric tube) administered medication and does not have any clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may alter absorption such as malabsorption syndrome or major resection of the stomach or bowels.
  • Adequate Blood Pressure Control defined as: Blood pressure <= the 95th percentile for age, height, and gender.
  • French subjects: In France, a subject will be eligible for inclusion in this study only if either affiliated to or a beneficiary of a social security category.
  • Specific Eligibility Criteria, Part A
  • Subjects must meet general eligibility criteria.
  • For the initial dose escalation to identify the maximum tolerable or PK target dose, age between 2 years and <18 years (inclusive) at the time of signing the informed consent form. Children < 2 years of age will be enrolled once the age specific expansion cohorts are open.
  • Histologically confirmed solid tumors, which may include but are not limited to rhabdomyosarcoma and other soft tissue sarcomas, Ewing sarcoma family of tumors, osteosarcoma, neuroblastoma, Wilms' tumor, hepatic tumors, germ cell tumors, primary brain tumors, NF-1 associated PF and LCH. In subjects with brain stem gliomas the requirement for histological confirmation can be waived if a biopsy was not performed. For plexiform neurofibromas, histologic confirmation of tumor is not necessary in the presence of consistent clinical and radiological findings, but should be considered if malignant degeneration of a PN is clinically suspected.
  • Measurable or evaluable tumors. Subjects with neuroblastoma that is only detectable by Meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scan are eligible. Subjects with neuroblastoma that is only detected by bone marrow aspirate/biopsy or elevated homovanillic acid / vanillylmandelic acid (HVA/VMA) are not eligible.
  • Adequate bone marrow function defined as absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >=1000/microliter, hemoglobin >=8.0 gram per deciliter (g/dL) (may receive red blood cell transfusions), platelets >=75,000/ microliter (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions within a 7 day period prior to enrollment).
  • Specific Eligibility Criteria, Part B
  • Subjects must meet general eligibility criteria. The specific eligibility criteria listed here will apply to subjects enrolling to different cohorts of Part B.
  • Tumor tissue (archived or fresh) is required and must be available to be shipped to GSK or site specific laboratory.
  • Solid tumor cohort (B1) specific criteria
  • B1: Refractory or relapsed neuroblastoma
  • B2: Recurrent or unresectable low grade gliomas with BRAF tandem duplication with fusion
  • B3: Neurofibromatosis Type -1 associated plexiform neurofibromas (NF-1 with PN) that are unresectable and medically significant.
  • B4: BRAF V600 mutant tumors.
  • Specific Eligibility Criteria, Part C - Subjects must meet general eligibility criteria.
  • Tumors that have been documented by CLIA or equivalent certified laboratory test to harbor BRAF V600 mutation at diagnosis or relapse
  • Measurable or evaluable disease
  • Adequate bone marrow function
  • Specific Eligibility Criteria, Part D - Subjects must meet general eligibility criteria
  • Measurable or evaluable disease
  • Recurrent or refractory BRAFV600 mutant LGG or LCH tumors
  • Adequate bone marrow function

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Lactating or pregnant female.
  • History of another malignancy including resected non-melanomatous skin cancer.
  • Subjects with NF-1 associated optic pathway tumors are excluded if they are actively receiving therapy for the optic pathway tumor or do not meet criteria for PN or malignant solid tumor.
  • Subjects with a history of NF-1 related cerebral vascular anomaly (such as Moyamoya).
  • Subjects with NF-1 actively receiving therapy for the optic pathway tumor.
  • Subjects with NF-1 and only PN lesions that cannot be evaluated by volumetric analysis (only applicable to Part B).
  • Any serious and/or unstable pre-existing medical, psychiatric disorder or other conditions that could interfere with subject's safety, obtaining informed consent or compliance to the study procedures.
  • Any prohibited medication(s), currently used or expected to be required.
  • Any medications for treatment of left ventricular systolic dysfunction.
  • Part B, Part C and Part D only: Previous treatment with dabrafenib or any BRAF inhibitor, trametinib or another MEK inhibitor, or and Extracellular signal-regulated kinase inhibitor (exception: prior treatment with sorafenib is permitted). Patients who have received prior dabrafenib or another BRAF inhibitor may enrol into Part B4. Patients who have had prior dabrafenib or BRAF inhibitor therapy may enroll in Part C or Part D if they have had prior benefit to dabrafenib or BRAF inhibitor monotherapy, as determined by the investigator.
  • Administration of an investigational study treatment within 30 days preceding the first dose of study treatment(s) in this study.
  • Have a known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to study treatment or excipients that contraindicate their participation.
  • Current active liver or biliary disease (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones, or liver metastases).
  • History of hepatic sinusoid obstructive syndrome (venoocculsive disease) within the prior 3 months.
  • History of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia.
  • History of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis.
  • History of or current evidence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO).
  • For subjects with solid tumors that are not primary central nervous system (CNS) tumors or NF-1 associated plexiform neurofibromas subjects with symptomatic or untreated leptomeningeal or brain metastases or spinal cord compression are excluded. NOTE: Subjects previously treated for these conditions that have had stable CNS disease (verified with consecutive imaging studies) for >3 months, are asymptomatic and are not currently taking corticosteroids, or are on stable dose or decreasing of corticosteroids for at least 7 days prior to enrolment are permitted.
  • A history of known Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), or Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infection. Subjects with laboratory evidence of cleared HBV and HCV infection may be enrolled.
  • Unresolved toxicity of National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events, version 4.0 (NCI CTCAE v4.0) Grade 2 or higher from previous anti-cancer therapy, except alopecia.
  • Presence of active gastrointestinal (GI) disease or other condition that will interfere significantly with the absorption of drugs.
  • A history or evidence of cardiovascular risk including: a QT interval corrected for heart rate using the Bazett's formula (QTcB) >=480 msec; a history or evidence of current clinically significant uncontrolled arrhythmias (clarification: Subjects with atrial fibrillation controlled for >30 days prior to dosing are eligible); a history of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction or unstable angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting within 6 months prior to randomization; a history or evidence of current >=Class II congestive heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) guidelines; subjects with intra-cardiac defibrillators; abnormal cardiac valve morphology (>=grade 2) documented by echocardiogram (subjects with grade 1 abnormalities [i.e., mild regurgitation/stenosis] can be entered on study). Subjects with moderate valvular thickening should not be entered on study. Subjects with prosthetic valves can be considered eligible provided they meet the criteria as stated above; Treatment refractory hypertension defined as a blood pressure of systolic >140 millimeter of mercury (mmHg) and/or diastolic >90 mmHg (or above 95th age-specific percentile listed in protocol), which cannot be controlled by anti-hypertensive therapy.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02124772


Locations
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United States, Arizona
Novartis Investigative Site
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85016-7710
United States, California
Novartis Investigative Site
San Francisco, California, United States
United States, District of Columbia
Novartis Investigative Site
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20010
United States, Maryland
Novartis Investigative Site
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, Massachusetts
Novartis Investigative Site
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
United States, Minnesota
Novartis Investigative Site
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
United States, New York
Novartis Investigative Site
New York, New York, United States, 10065
United States, Ohio
Novartis Investigative Site
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45229
United States, Pennsylvania
Novartis Investigative Site
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
United States, Tennessee
Novartis Investigative Site
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105-3678
Australia, New South Wales
Novartis Investigative Site
Westmead, New South Wales, Australia, 2145
Canada, Ontario
Novartis Investigative Site
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 1X8
France
Novartis Investigative Site
Paris Cedex 05, France, 75248
Novartis Investigative Site
Villejuif Cedex, France, 94805
United Kingdom
Novartis Investigative Site
Sutton, Surrey, United Kingdom, SM2 5PT
Novartis Investigative Site
London, United Kingdom, WC1N 3JH
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
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Study Director: Novartis Pharmaceuticals Novartis Pharmaceuticals
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals ):
Study Protocol  [PDF] August 21, 2020
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] November 18, 2020

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Novartis Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02124772    
Other Study ID Numbers: 116540
2013-003596-35 ( EudraCT Number )
CTMT212X2101 ( Other Identifier: Novartis )
First Posted: April 28, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 14, 2021
Last Update Posted: July 14, 2021
Last Verified: June 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

Novartis is committed to sharing with qualified external researchers, access to patient-level data and supporting clinical documents from eligible studies. These requests are reviewed and approved by an independent review panel on the basis of scientific merit. All data provided is anonymized to respect the privacy of patients who have participated in the trial in line with applicable laws and regulations.

This trial data availability is according to the criteria and process described on www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com


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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Novartis ( Novartis Pharmaceuticals ):
v600-mutation
neuroblastoma
Trametinib
pediatrics
Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
low grade glioma
plexiform neurofibromas
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neurofibroma
Neurofibromatoses
Neurofibroma, Plexiform
Nerve Sheath Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Diseases
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary
Neurocutaneous Syndromes
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Trametinib
Dabrafenib
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action