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Pancreatic Resectability in Cancers With Known Limited Extension (PRICKLE) (PRICKLE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02124369
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Poor accrual)
First Posted : April 28, 2014
Last Update Posted : July 16, 2019
Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Cancer Research UK
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
CCTU- Cancer Theme, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust

Brief Summary:

Pancreatic cancer is difficult to treat, and even in a situation where an operation can be performed to remove the cancer, the disease can unfortunately come back soon afterwards. When pancreatic cancer is more advanced, the outcomes are even less positive. Recently, a large international study showed that combining a chemotherapy drug that is standard for treating pancreatic cancer, called gemcitabine with a new chemotherapy drug called Abraxane was more effective than gemcitabine alone for patients with advanced pancreatic cancer.

The purpose of this study is to determine whether this combination of gemcitabine and Abraxane can shrink a pancreatic cancer that is not thought to be operable enough to enable it to be removed by surgery. It is hoped that in this way, the treatment may improve the outcome. In addition, in this study we would like to analyse the appearances of the tumour using imaging, and collect blood and tumour samples to try to confirm laboratory research that has been carried out with this treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Drug: Abraxane Drug: Gemcitabine Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a single-centre, non-randomised, phase 2a, single arm, Simon two-stage design trial of nab-paclitaxel and gemcitabine (ABX/GEM) in patients with histological documentation of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) who are determined by central radiological review to have "category 2" borderline unresectable LAPC. We will investigate the feasibility of administering ABX/GEM in terms of safety and efficacy, and will study activity both in terms of radiological response and the feasibility of downstaging patients to "category 1" status, in order to attempt resection after up to 6 cycles of combination treatment. In addition to adding to data on the safety and tolerability of this combination, peri- and post-operative morbidity following this treatment will be evaluated. As part of the trial, detailed correlative studies will be undertaken to evaluate the mechanism of action of the combination, at a tissue level, a circulating biomarker level and a radiological level.

We propose that the tumour shrinkage (response) seen in Stage IV pancreatic cancer patients as a result of ABX/GEM may translate to a realistic prospect of downstaging borderline unresectable LAPC tumours sufficiently to enable resection. Notionally, even in the absence of a classical partial response by RECIST criteria (≥30% reduction in sum of longest diameters) a beneficial outcome may arise from any tumour shrinkage sufficient to permit the tumour to be separated from major vessels thus rendering it resectable. Such an outcome may significantly alter the poor survival outcomes in this group of patients. The PRICKLE clinical study paradigm is useful for evaluating novel agents and combinations that show impressive activity in the pre-clinical or advanced setting and offers an opportunity for detailed correlative translational studies to evaluate activities of therapy.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 9 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pancreatic Resectability in Cancers With Known Limited Extension (PRICKLE) - A Single-centre Phase 2a Study of Gemcitabine Plus Nab-paclitaxel for Borderline Unresectable Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : July 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Abraxane & gemictabine
Abraxane, IV, 125mg/m2 and gemcitabine, IV, 1000mg/m2, on days 1,8 & 15 per 28 day cycle, up to a maximum of 6 cycles.
Drug: Abraxane
125mg/m2, IV, on days 1,8 & 15 of each 28 day cycle, up to 6 cycles.
Other Name: nab-paclitaxel

Drug: Gemcitabine
1000mg/m2, IV, on days 1,8 & 15 of a 28 day cycle, up to 6 cycles.
Other Name: Gemzar

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Tumour resection rate [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
    Is the combination of ABX/GEM effective in shrinking LAPC tumours sufficiently to permit resection.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants with Serious and Non-Serious Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
    Determining the causality of Adverse Events and Serious Adverse Events

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Radiological response by percentage change [ Time Frame: 18 months ]
    Radiological response as determined by percentage change in sum of longest diameters for all target lesions at 3 or 6 months from the start of treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with borderline unresectable advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma, defined as Category 2 by central radiological review.
  • Aged 18 years or over at the time of signing the informed consent form.
  • Documented histological or cytological diagnosis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma.
  • ECOG performance status 0-1.
  • Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks.
  • Willing and able to comply with scheduled visits, treatment plans, laboratory tests and other study procedures.
  • Adequate haematological function defined by:
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1,500 cells/mm3 (1.5 x 109/L).
  • Haemoglobin ≥8.0 g/dL (80 g/L) (may be increased to this level with transfusion as long as there is no evidence of active bleeding).
  • Platelets ≥100x 109/L
  • Adequate renal function defined by serum creatinine≤1.5 x ULN or calculated creatinine clearance by Cockcroft-Gault of ≥50 ml/min.
  • Adequate hepatic function defined by:
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Total bilirubin ≤1.5 x ULN
  • Patients may have endoscopic or radiologic stenting to treat biliary obstruction. If so, bilirubin must return to ≤1.5 x ULN prior to enrolment.
  • Received no prior therapy for their disease.
  • Measurable disease by RECIST 1.1 criteria. Tumour assessments and measurements must be done within 28 days before the patient receives the first dose of ABX/GEM.
  • All Women of Child Bearing Potential (WoCBP) and all sexually active male patients must agree to use effective contraception methods throughout the study and for 6 months after the final dose of trial drug.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with metastatic PDAC, or disease which is amenable to resection with curative intent. These include tumours which are defined as Category 1 or 3 by central radiological review.
  • Other invasive malignancies diagnosed within the last 5 years, with the exceptions of adequately treated localized cured prostate cancer, in situ carcinoma of the cervix uteri and basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. Cancer survivors, who have undergone potentially curative therapy for a prior malignancy, have no evidence of that disease for three years or more and are deemed at negligible risk for recurrence, are eligible for the trial.
  • Known allergy or hypersensitivity to ABX or GEM.
  • Routine use of oral anti-oxidant supplements: beta-carotene, selenium, lutein, zeaxanthin, lycopene, pycnogenol, fernblock, omega-3S, vitamin C, vitamin E, astaxanthin. If recent use, a washout period of 5 half-lives is required.
  • Patients with pre-existent ischemic heart disease particularly those under active treatment for coronary disease, will be excluded from Sonuvue dynamic contrast enhanced ultrasound investigation due to sporadic reports of cardiac ischemia in this population. They will be eligible for the rest of the study, as long as their cardiac status does not preclude surgery.
  • Significant acute or chronic medical or psychiatric condition, disease or laboratory abnormality which in the judgment of the Investigator would place the patient at undue risk or interfere with the study. Examples include, but are not limited to:
  • Patients who have had a venous thromboembolic event (e.g., pulmonary embolism or deep vein thrombosis) requiring anticoagulation who are not appropriately anti-coagulated or have had a NCI CTCAE (version 4.0) Grade 2 or greater bleeding episode in the 4 weeks before Day 1.
  • Patients taking warfarin, unless it is possible for the patient to be switched to a low molecular weight heparin for the duration of the study
  • Patients with a significant history of stroke, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, or ventricular arrhythmia requiring medication or mechanical control within the last 6 months.
  • Cirrhotic liver disease, ongoing alcohol abuse, or known chronic active or acute hepatitis B, or hepatitis C.
  • Known infection with HIV.
  • Women, who are pregnant, plan to become pregnant or are lactating (during the study or for up to 6 months after the last dose).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02124369

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United Kingdom
Addenbrookes Hospital
Cambridge, United Kingdom, CB2 0QQ
Sponsors and Collaborators
CCTU- Cancer Theme
Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Cancer Research UK
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Principal Investigator: Bristi Basu, Dr Addenbrookes Hospital
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: CCTU- Cancer Theme, Dr Bristi Basu, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02124369    
Other Study ID Numbers: PRICKLE
2013-004200-19 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: April 28, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 16, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Keywords provided by CCTU- Cancer Theme, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust:
Pancreatic cancer
locally advanced
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs