Try the modernized ClinicalTrials.gov beta website. Learn more about the modernization effort.
Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Ixazomib Plus Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02119468
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 21, 2014
Results First Posted : September 16, 2021
Last Update Posted : April 26, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
City of Hope Medical Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of ixazomib and to see how well it works when given together with pomalidomide and dexamethasone in treating patients with relapsed or relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. Ixazomib may stop the growth of cancer by interfering with proteasomes (the protein breakdown mechanism in the cells). Pomalidomide and dexamethasone can modify and regulate the immune system and may stop cancer cells from growing. Giving ixazomib with pomalidomide and dexamethasone may be an effective treatment for relapsed or relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Refractory Plasma Cell Myeloma Recurrent Plasma Cell Myeloma Drug: ixazomib citrate Drug: dexamethasone Drug: pomalidomide Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of MLN9708 (ixazomib), when given in combination with pomalidomide and dexamethasone, in patients with relapsed or relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. (Phase I) II. To estimate the response rate and to evaluate the antitumor activity of the three drug combination: MLN9708 (at the RP2D), pomalidomide and dexamethasone, in patients with relapsed or relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. (Phase II)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the safety of MLN9708 at each dose level when given as part of a three drug combination by assessing the following: type, frequency, severity, attribution, time course and duration of adverse events; and clinical laboratory tests at various points in the study. (Phase I) II. To characterize and evaluate toxicities, including type, frequency, severity, attribution, time course and duration, at the RP2D, for the three drug combination. (Phase II) III. To obtain estimates of response duration, depth of response, clinical benefit response, and survival (overall and progression-free), at the RP2D, for the three drug combination. (Phase II)

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study of ixazomib followed by a phase II study.

Patients receive ixazomib orally (PO) on days 1, 8, and 15; dexamethasone PO on days 1, 8, 15, and 22; and pomalidomide PO on days 1-21. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 32 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Trial of MLN9708 Plus Pomalidomide and Dexamethasone for Relapsed or Relapsed Refractory Multiple Myeloma
Actual Study Start Date : June 30, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 18, 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2022


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (3mg MLN9708)
Patients receive 3mg ixazomib citrate (MLN9708) orally on days 1, 8, and 15; dexamethasone orally on days 1, 8, 15, and 22; and pomalidomide orally on days 1-21. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: ixazomib citrate
Given orally
Other Names:
  • MLN9708
  • proteasome inhibitor MLN9708

Drug: dexamethasone
Given orally
Other Names:
  • Aeroseb-Dex
  • Decaderm
  • Decadron
  • DM
  • DXM

Drug: pomalidomide
Given orally
Other Names:
  • CC-4047
  • Pomalyst

Experimental: Treatment (4mg MLN9708)
Patients receive 4mg ixazomib citrate (MLN9708) orally on days 1, 8, and 15; dexamethasone orally on days 1, 8, 15, and 22; and pomalidomide orally on days 1-21. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: ixazomib citrate
Given orally
Other Names:
  • MLN9708
  • proteasome inhibitor MLN9708

Drug: dexamethasone
Given orally
Other Names:
  • Aeroseb-Dex
  • Decaderm
  • Decadron
  • DM
  • DXM

Drug: pomalidomide
Given orally
Other Names:
  • CC-4047
  • Pomalyst




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Patients With Dose-Limiting Toxicities (Phase I) [ Time Frame: From the initial treatment to Day 28 (Cycle #1) ]
    Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) is defined as any of the toxicities in Section 7.3 that are at least possibly related to either Pomalidomide or MLN9708 that occur during cycle 1. Toxicity graded according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.03. The highest dose level that produces 1/6 dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) in course 1 will be the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). The RP2D of ixazomib and pomalidomide will generally be the MTD, but it may be less than the MTD based on a review of available data/cumulative toxicities from phase I.

  2. Overall Response Rate at the Recommended Phase II Dose (RP2D) [ Time Frame: From the initial treatment to 24 months ]
    Over response rate is calculated as the percent of evaluable patients that have confirmed stringent complete remission (sCR), complete remission (CR), very good partial remission (VGPR) or partial remission [PR]) per modified IMWG criteria. sCR as defined below plus normal FLC ratio and absence of clonal cells in bone marrow. CR defined as negative immunofixation on the serum and urine and disappearance of any soft tissue plasmacytomas and < 5% plasma cells in bone marrow. VGPR defined as serum and urine M-protein detectable or > 90% reduction in serum M-protein plus urine M-protein level < 100 mg/24 h. PR defined as > 50% reduction of serum M-protein and reduction in 24 hours urinary M-protein by >90% or to < 200 mg/24 h. The exact 95% confidence intervals are calculated for the estimate.

  3. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of MLN9708 (Phase I) [ Time Frame: From the initial treatment to Day 28 (Cycle #1) ]
    The highest dose level that produces 1/6 dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) in Cycle #1 will be the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). The RP2D of ixazomib and pomalidomide will generally be the MTD, but it may be less than the MTD based on a review of available data/cumulative toxicities from phase I.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Duration of Response at the Recommended Phase II Dose (RP2D) [ Time Frame: Time interval from the date of first documented response (sCR/CR/VGPR or PR) to documented disease relapse, progression or death whichever occurs first, up to 24 months ]
    Time from the date of first documented response (sCR/CR/VGPR or PR) to documented disease relapse, progression or death whichever occurs first. sCR as defined below plus normal FLC ratio and absence of clonal cells in bone marrow. CR defined as negative immunofixation on the serum and urine and disappearance of any soft tissue plasmacytomas and < 5% plasma cells in bone marrow. VGPR defined as serum and urine M-protein detectable or > 90% reduction in serum M-protein plus urine M-protein level < 100 mg/24 h. PR defined as > 50% reduction of serum M-protein and reduction in 24 hours urinary M-protein by >90% or to < 200 mg/24 h.

  2. Clinical Benefit Response Rate at the Recommended Phase II Dose (RP2D) [ Time Frame: From the initial treatment up to 24 months ]
    Clinical benefit response rate is calculated as the percent of evaluable patients that have confirmed stringent complete remission (sCR), complete remission (CR), very good partial remission (VGPR), partial remission (PR), minimal response (MR) or stable disease (SD) per modified IMWG criteria. The exact 95% confidence intervals are calculated for the estimate.

  3. One-Year Overall Survival at the Recommended Phase II Dose (RP2D) [ Time Frame: Date of first dose of study drug to date of death from any cause, up to 24 months. And the median follow-up for the surviving patients is at least one year. ]
    Overall survival (OS) was measured from initial treatment to death from any cause. It was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method; the 95% confidence interval was calculated using Greenwood's formula.

  4. One-Year Progression-Free Survival at the Recommend Phase II Dose (RP2D) [ Time Frame: Date of first dose of study drug to first documented disease relapse, progression or death from any cause, whichever occurs first, up to 24 months. And the median follow-up for the surviving patients is at least one year. ]
    Progression-free survival (PFS) was defined as time from initial treatment to recurrence, progression or death. In a clinical trial, measuring the progression-free survival is one way to see how well a new treatment works. Progression-free survival was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method; the 95% confidence interval was calculated using Greenwood's formula [Breslow NE, Day NE. Statistical methods in cancer research: volume II, the design and analysis of cohort studies. IARC Sci Publ 1987;82:1-406.]



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Voluntary written informed consent must be given before performance of any study related procedure not part of standard medical care, with the understanding that consent may be withdrawn by the patient at any time without prejudice to future medical care
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 10-14 days prior to and again within 24 hours of starting pomalidomide or MLN9708 and must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control, one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME, at least 28 days before she starts taking pomalidomide or MLN9708 through 90 days after the last dose of study drug; FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing; men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a vasectomy from the time of signing the informed consent form through 90 days after the last dose of study drug; all patients must be counseled at a minimum of every 28 days about pregnancy precautions and risks of fetal exposure
  • All patients enrolled into this trial, must be registered in and must comply with all requirements of the POMALYST (pomalidomide) Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy (REMS) program
  • Patients must have a diagnosis of relapsed or relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma with a minimum of one prior regimen and a maximum of 5 prior regimens
  • Patients must have had therapy with a proteasome inhibitor and lenalidomide and be refractory to lenalidomide according to the International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) criteria definition of refractory disease (progressive disease on or within 60 days of stopping lenalidomide)
  • Patients must have measurable disease defined as one of the following:

    • Serum M protein >= 0.5 g/dL
    • Urine M protein >= 200 mg/24 hours
    • Serum free light chain >= 10 mg/dL provided the free light chain (FLC) ratio is abnormal
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0, 1, or 2
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 75,000/uL for patients in whom < 50% of bone marrow nucleated cells are plasma cells; or a platelet count >= 50,000/uL for patients in whom >= 50% of bone marrow nucleated cells are plasma cells; platelet transfusions are not allowed within 3 days of last platelet assessment to confirm eligibility
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 × the institutional upper limit of the normal range (IULN)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 3 × IULN
  • Calculated creatinine clearance >= 45 mL/min

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Female patients who are pregnant or breastfeeding or have a positive serum pregnancy test during the screening period
  • Failure to have fully recovered (ie, =< grade 1 toxicity) from the reversible effects of prior chemotherapy
  • Prior therapy with a combination regimen containing pomalidomide except the 2 drug combination of pomalidomide and dexamethasone
  • Major surgery within 14 days before enrollment
  • Radiotherapy within 14 days before enrollment; if the involved field is small, 7 days will be considered a sufficient interval between treatment and administration of the MLN9708
  • Central nervous system involvement
  • Infection requiring systemic antibiotic therapy or other serious infection within 14 days before study enrollment
  • Evidence of current uncontrolled cardiovascular conditions, including uncontrolled hypertension, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina, or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
  • Systemic treatment, within 14 days before the first dose of MLN9708, with strong inhibitors of cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily A, polypeptide 2 (CYP1A2) (fluvoxamine, enoxacin, ciprofloxacin), strong inhibitors of cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A (CYP3A) (clarithromycin, telithromycin, itraconazole, voriconazole, ketoconazole, nefazodone, posaconazole) or strong CYP3A inducers (rifampin, rifapentine, rifabutin, carbamazepine, phenytoin, phenobarbital), or use of Ginkgo biloba or St. John's wort
  • Unable or unwilling to undergo antithrombotic prophylaxis
  • Ongoing or active systemic infection, active hepatitis B or C virus infection, or known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive
  • Any serious medical or psychiatric illness that could, in the investigator's opinion, potentially interfere with the completion of treatment according to this protocol
  • Known allergy to any of the study medications, their analogues, or excipients in the various formulations of any agent
  • Known gastrointestinal (GI) disease or GI procedure that could interfere with the oral absorption or tolerance of MLN9708 or pomalidomide including difficulty swallowing
  • Diagnosed or treated for another malignancy within 2 years before study enrollment or previously diagnosed with another malignancy with evidence of residual disease; patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of any type are not excluded if they have undergone complete resection
  • Patient has > grade 2 peripheral neuropathy on clinical examination during the screening period
  • Participation in other clinical trials, including those with other investigational agents not included in this trial, within 21 days of the start of this trial and throughout the duration of this trial (for all other standard therapies, no treatment within 14 days of the start of this trial)
  • Patients who are pomalidomide refractory, defined as patients who progress on or within 60 days of pomalidomide when given as a single agent or with dexamethasone

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02119468


Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, Arizona
Mayo Clinic
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259
United States, California
City of Hope Medical Center
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
United States, Georgia
Emory University/Winship Cancer Institute
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
United States, Tennessee
Sarah Cannon Research Institute (SCRI)
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37203
Sponsors and Collaborators
City of Hope Medical Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Amrita Krishnan City of Hope Medical Center
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by City of Hope Medical Center:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: City of Hope Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02119468    
Other Study ID Numbers: 12267
NCI-2014-00803 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
12267 ( Other Identifier: City of Hope Medical Center )
First Posted: April 21, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 16, 2021
Last Update Posted: April 26, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Paraproteinemias
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Dexamethasone
Pomalidomide
Ixazomib
Glycine
Proteasome Inhibitors
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents