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Pilot Investigation of Stem Cells in Stroke Phase II Efficacy (PISCES-II)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02117635
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 21, 2014
Last Update Posted : July 23, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
ReNeuron Limited

Brief Summary:

The primary aim of this Phase II trial is to determine whether it is sufficiently likely that CTX DP treatment at a dose level of 20 million cells improves the recovery in the use of the paretic arm in acute stroke patients to justify a subsequent larger prospectively controlled study.

This study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of intracerebral CTX DP at a dose level of 20 million cells in patients with paresis of an arm following an ischaemic middle cerebral artery (MCA) stoke. Eligible patients will have no useful function of the paretic arm a minimum of 28 days after the ischaemic stroke (a modified NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) Motor Arm Score of 2, 3 or 4 for the affected arm).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ischaemic Stroke Cerebral Infarction Hemiparesis Arm Paralysis Biological: CTX DP Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Design: This Phase II efficacy trial is a multi-centre, open label, single arm, non-comparative design, administering a single dose of CTX cells 2 to 3 months post-ischaemic stroke with follow-up over 12 months. The trial will be overseen by an independent DSMB. The DSMB will adjudicate at predetermined intervals whether a patient has satisfied the primary response criterion and whether the ongoing safety profile justifies continuation or modification of the study.

At least 21 patients will be enrolled to receive CTX DP (20 million cells) by stereotaxic intra-striatal injection ipsilateral to the location of the MCA ischaemic stroke.

Pre-treatment selection of patients: Men and women, aged 40 or more, supratentorial ischaemic stroke or a stroke with elements of both in an area perfused by the MCA (i.e. stroke due to ischaemia resulting in infarct located in the basal ganglia, internal capsule, or corona radiata or a stroke due to ischaemia resulting in infarction of part of the cerebral cortex).

Patients with a first stroke within the past 4 weeks (at time of consent) satisfying the following criteria: Modified NIHSS Motor Arm Score of 2 (some effort against gravity), 3 (no movement against gravity) or 4 (no movement) for the paretic arm post ischaemic stroke; Clinical diagnosis of stroke confirmed by physician using neuro-imaging (computerised tomography or magnetic resonance imaging). A Score of 0 or 1 for test 2 of the ARAT at visit 1 and 2 using the affected arm.

Treatment: One patient will be treated at one time. A single dose (20 million) of CTX DP cells will be administered intracranially via stereotaxic neurosurgery.

Post-treatment follow-up: Patients will be followed for 12 months post-implantation.

End-points: The primary endpoint of the trial is efficacy, using ARAT. Secondary endpoints are efficacy and safety. Outcome measures for efficacy include Fugl-Meyer, NIHSS, BI and RFA. Safety will be assessed by incidence of relevant adverse events monitoring patient's general physical condition and clinical measures (temperature, pulse rate and rhythm, ECG, blood pressure, full blood count, liver function tests, serum urea and electrolytes), immunological response and concomitant medications at the 7 follow-up visits to the clinic in the first year after treatment.

Post-trial follow-up: Annual correspondence with family practitioners; Life-long follow-up for new diagnosis of cancer, site of primary tumour, and survival via National Cancer Registry.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 23 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Efficacy Study of Intracerebral CTX0E03 DP in Patients With Stable Paresis of the Arm Following an Ischaemic Stroke.
Study Start Date : June 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 31, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : August 16, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Ischemic Stroke

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: allogeneic human neural stem cell


human neural stem cell product, single dose once only injection

Biological: CTX DP
20 million cell dose administered by surgery to the damaged area of the brain
Other Names:
  • CTX0E03 DP
  • allogeneic human neural stem cell therapy product

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Action Research Arm Test (ARAT) [ Time Frame: 3 months ]

    The primary outcome measure is a minimum 2 point improvement in the ARAT test number 2 (Yozbatiran et al., 2008).

    Response will be defined as a minimum improvement of 2 points in test number 2 of the ARAT (Grasp a 2.5 cm3 block and move it from the starting position to the target end position) in the affected arm 6 months after injection of CTX DP. This would represent an improvement from a pre-treatment state in which the patient was unable to grasp and reposition the block as required to a post-treatment state in which the patient could accomplish the task as specified within 60 seconds.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. To assess the efficacy of intracranial CTX DP in restoring upper limb function following an ischaemic stroke using the ARAT [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  2. To assess the efficacy of intracranial CTX DP in restoring function following an ischaemic stroke using the Modified National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  3. To assess the efficacy of intracranial CTX DP in restoring patient's functional independence following an ischaemic stroke using the Rankin Focused Assessment (RFA) version of the modified Rankin Scale [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  4. To assess the efficacy of CTX DP in improving patient's ability to execute activities of daily living following an ischaemic stroke using the Barthel Index (BI) [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  5. To assess the safety and tolerability of intracranial CTX DP in patients following an ischaemic stroke [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    Incidence of adverse events: monitoring of vital signs, temperature, pulse rate and rhythm, ECG, blood pressure, full blood count, liver function test, serum urea and electrolytes, CTX antibody screen

  6. To assess the efficacy of intracranial CTX DP in restoring upper limb function following an ischaemic stroke using the Fugl-Meyer [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent or witnessed informed consent in the event that the patient is unable to sign informed consent due to paresis of the affected arm.
  • Supratenorial ishaemic stroke
  • Male or female aged 40 years or more.
  • Stroke, at time of consent, satisfying the following criteria:
  • Modified NIHSS Motor Arm Score of 2, 3 or 4 for affected arm visit 1 and visit 2.
  • Clinical diagnosis of stroke confirmed by physician using neuro-imaging (CT or MRI).
  • A Score of 0 or 1 for test 2 of the ARAT on day 28+7 and day 56+7 post-stroke using the affected arm.
  • Ability to comprehend verbal commands.
  • Eligible for neurosurgery including appropriate anatomical target for cell implantation.

Exclusion criteria:

  • - Prior history of stroke resulting in permanent moderate to severe disability (i.e. Rankin Scale greater than 2) (other than the presenting ischaemic stroke).
  • Stroke due to haemorrhage.
  • History of neurological or other disease resulting in significant functional impairment of the paretic arm impairing potential ability to pick up, lift and place a 2.5 cm3 block (e.g. Parkinson's disease, motor neuron disease, arthritis, Dupuytren's contracture or fixed anatomical abnormality).
  • Any contraindications to MRI including presence of a cardiac pacemaker (excluding MR-conditional cardiac pacemaker), metal fragments in eye etc.
  • Uncontrolled blood pressure defined as systolic blood pressure ≥180 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure ≥110 mm Hg (patients are only to be excluded if an initial value exceeding these limits is repeated on retesting over several days).
  • Patient with a severe comorbid disorder, not expected to survive more than 12 months.
  • Acute cardiovascular events other than the presenting ischaemic stroke (e.g. myocardial infarction, recent coronary intervention for symptomatic cardiac disease) considered by the Investigator or the anaesthetist responsible for the patient to place the patient at increased anaesthetic risk, 3 months prior to planned injection of CTX0E03 DP.
  • History of malignant disease (except for non-melanoma skin cancer) within the previous 5 years or any history of malignant brain tumours or brain metastasis.
  • Current treatment with tamoxifen.
  • Patients taking valproate drugs for any indication in whom it is not considered appropriate to discontinue the valproate for a period of one week prior and four weeks post neurosurgery. Patients in whom valproate is switched to an alternative agent during this period may be included.
  • Requirement for antiplatelets and/or anticoagulants including heparin, warfarin or other anticoagulants/ medication that can not be interrupted to allow surgery.
  • Requirement for intermittent (stop/start date from 1-month prior-to and 3 month post- CTX0E03 DP administration) use of oral antispasticity medications (oral antispasticity medications are acceptable if they have been taken regularly for at least one month prior to CTX0E03 DP administration).
  • A history of uncontrolled diabetes e.g. history of hypoglycaemic or hyperglycaemic events requiring hospital admission over previous 6 months.
  • Females of childbearing potential (FOCBP) (or within 2 years of last menstrual cycle) must have a confirmed negative pregnancy test at time of treatment and agree to use two reliable methods of contraception (e.g. oral contraceptive and condom, intra-uterine device (IUD) and condom, diaphragm with spermicide and condom) for the duration of this study
  • Sexually active males with partners who are FOCBP must be willing to use a reliable method of contraception (e.g. barrier and spermicide or as described above) for the duration of this study.
  • Considered unlikely to be able to attend for all follow-up visits.
  • Organ transplant recipient
  • In the opinion of the investigator, sustained consumption of alcohol or drugs at a level likely to be injurious to health.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02117635

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United Kingdom
Queen Elizabeth Hospital
Birmingham, United Kingdom
NHS Southern General Hospital
Glasgow, United Kingdom, G51 4TF
Kings College Hospital
London, United Kingdom
University College London Hospital
London, United Kingdom
Royal Victoria Infirmary
Newcastle, United Kingdom
Nottingham City Hospital
Nottingham, United Kingdom
SalfordRoyal NHS Foundation Trust
Salford, United Kingdom
Royal Hallamshire Hosptial
Sheffield, United Kingdom
Southampton Hospital
Southampton, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
ReNeuron Limited
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Principal Investigator: Keith W Muir University of Glasgow
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: ReNeuron Limited
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02117635    
Other Study ID Numbers: RN01-CP-0002
2012-003482-18 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: April 21, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 23, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018
Keywords provided by ReNeuron Limited:
Non comparative
Neural stem cells
Intracranial administration
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Ischemic Stroke
Cerebral Infarction
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Brain Infarction
Brain Ischemia
Neurologic Manifestations