ASV Effects on Myocardial Energetics and Sympathetic Nerve Function in Heart Failure and Sleep Apnea. (AMEND)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02116140|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 16, 2014
Last Update Posted : November 21, 2019
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), central sleep apnea (CSA) and heart failure (HF) are states of metabolic demand and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activation. In patients with sleep apnea and HF, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) initially may reduce left ventricular (LV)stroke volume (SV) but subsequently improves and LV function. This may relate to an early beneficial effect on myocardial energetics through early reduction in metabolic demand that subsequently leads to improved efficiency of LV contraction. However, it is not clear whether long-term adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) favorably affects cardiac energetics. Any such benefit may also relate to reduced sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activation. However its effect on myocardial SNS function is also not well studied.
In a pilot study we demonstrated early (6 week) beneficial effects of CPAP in patients with OSA and HF. The current proposal (AMEND) is a unique substudy of the recently funded ADVENT-HF trial (Adaptive Servo Ventilation for Therapy of Sleep Apnea in HeartFailure) (NCT01128816; CIHR; D. Bradley, PI).
We propose to evaluate the long-term (6 month) effects of ASV on daytime 1) oxidative metabolism; 2) the work metabolic index (WMI) as an estimate of mechanical efficiency; 3) myocardial sympathetic nerve (SN) pre-synaptic function; and 4) heart rate (HR) variability in patients with HF and coexisting OSA or CSA. In conjunction with echocardiographic measures of LV stroke work, positron emission tomography (PET) derived [11C] acetate kinetics will be used as a measure of oxidative metabolism, to determine the WMI. [11C] hydroxyephedrine (HED) retention will be used to measure cardiac SN pre-synaptic function.
Primary Hypotheses: In patients with chronic stable HF and CSA or OSA without excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), long-term (6-month) ASV therapy yields:
- Beneficial effects on daytime myocardial metabolism leading to a reduction in the rate of oxidative metabolism as measured by [11C]acetate kinetics using PET imaging;
- Improvement in energy transduction from oxidative metabolism to stroke work as measured by an increase in the daytime work-metabolic index.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Heart Failure Obstructive Sleep Apnea Central Sleep Apnea||Other: [C11]Acetate and HED PET||Not Applicable|
DEFINITIONS Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by: episodes of partial or complete pharyngeal collapse leading to obstructive hypopnea and apnea during sleep. OSA often coexists with HF.
Central sleep apnea (CSA) is characterized by: reductions in central respiratory drive during sleep that leads to episodes of partial or complete cessation of airflow. CSA often co-exists with HF.
Continuous positive airway pressure(CPAP) delivers air through a nasal or oral interface to preserve upper airway patency. It is a treatment for symptomatic OSA or some patients with CSA.
Adaptive Servoventilation (ASV) is effective in alleviating OSA and CSA. It provides expiratory positive pressure to alleviate OSA, and inspiratory positive airway pressure to eliminate CSA.
Oxidative metabolism: utilization of substrates via the tricarboxylic acid cycle for Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production; it is linked to myocardial oxygen consumption and can be measured with [11C]acetate PET.
The work-metabolic index (WMI) is the external work (minute-work) of the left ventricle corrected for the rate of oxidative metabolism and is an estimate of mechanical efficiency.
Myocardial sympathetic neuron (SN) presynaptic function is the measure of uptake and storage of neuronal catecholamines in the heart measured by [11C]hydroxyephedrine (HED) PET.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||60 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Basic Science|
|Official Title:||Effects of Long Term Adaptive Servo Ventilation Therapy on Myocardial Energetics and Sympathetic Nerve Function in Heart Failure and Sleep Apnea. The AMEND Sub-study|
|Study Start Date :||July 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||June 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 2020|
Experimental: [C11]Acetate HED PET
AMEND is a single centre substudy of the ADVENT-HF trial. This substudy is a clinical physiologic proposal designed to determine the effects of long-term (6 months) ASV on cardiac energetics and SN function in patients with chronic stable HF and sleep apnea extending our previous evaluation of short-term CPAP in patients with OSA and HF.
All subjects consenting to the ADVENT primary trial will be eligible to participate in the substudy.
Substudy consenting patients will have [11C]acetate and [11C]HED PET imaging; HR variability; plasma norepinephrine (NE) levels, urine normetanephrine levels within 2 weeks of the sleep study. Baseline measurements will be repeated after 6 months in all patients.
Other: [C11]Acetate and HED PET
- ASV therapy yields a reduction in the rate of oxidative metabolism as measured by [11C]acetate kinetics using PET imaging in patients with HF, OSA and/or CSA [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- ASV therapy yields an improvement in energy transduction from oxidative metabolism to stroke work as measured by an increase in the daytime work-metabolic index inpatients with HF, OSA and/or CSA. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- ASV for CSA or OSA in patients with HF and sleep apnea will normalize daytime myocardial SN pre-synaptic function measured by [11C]HED retention on PET imaging, [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- ASV for CSA or OSA in patients with HF and sleep apnea will normalize daytime sympathetic contributions to heart rate variability [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02116140
|Contact: Linda M Garrard, BScN||613-696-7000 ext firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Olga Walter||613-696-7000 ext email@example.com|
|University of Ottawa Heart Institute||Recruiting|
|Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1Y 4W7|
|Contact: Linda M Garrard, BScN 613-696-7000 ext 14192 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Olga Walter 613-696-7000 ext 19508 email@example.com|
|Sub-Investigator: Jean DaSilva, PhD|
|Sub-Investigator: Robert A deKemp, PhD|
|Sub-Investigator: Lisa M. Mielniczuk, MD|
|Sub-Investigator: Judith Leech, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Rob S Beanlands, MD||Ottawa Heart Institute Research Corporation|