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Stereotactic Radiation Therapy and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02107755
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified December 2018 by Jose Bazan, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 8, 2014
Last Update Posted : December 21, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jose Bazan, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies the effectiveness of the combination of stereotactic radiation therapy and ipilimumab in patients with metastatic melanoma that has spread to four or fewer sites in the body (oligometastatic). Stereotactic radiation therapy is a type of external beam radiation therapy that uses special equipment to position the patient and precisely give a either a single large dose of radiation therapy to a tumor or several large doses of radiation therapy to a tumor using precision and accuracy that is guided by onboard daily imaging prior to radiation therapy. Monoclonal antibodies, such as ipilimumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some monoclonal antibodies find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Giving stereotactic radiosurgery together with ipilimumab may kill more tumor cells by causing addition melanoma antigens to be presented to the immune system.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Liver Metastases Lung Metastases Recurrent Melanoma Stage IV Melanoma Tumors Metastatic to Brain Biological: ipilimumab Radiation: stereotactic radiosurgery Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the progression-free survival of patients with oligometastatic melanoma treated with the combination of stereotactic ablative radiation therapy (SABR) (stereotactic radiosurgery) and ipilimumab in patients with oligometastatic melanoma using modified World Health Organization (mWHO) criteria.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the 6-month progression-free survival of the combination of SABR and 3 mg/kg ipilimumab in patients with oligometastatic melanoma using immune related response criteria (irRC) criteria.

II. To evaluate the tolerability and safety of the combination. III. To evaluate the response rate based on mWHO & irRC criteria. IV. To evaluate the local control rate. V. To evaluate the overall survival rate.

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate changes in blood and serum markers: absolute lymphocyte count, T-cell activation markers, T-cell suppression markers, T-helper cells and related cytokines, T-regulatory (T-reg) markers, co-stimulatory molecules, and serum cytokines when SABR is added to the ipilimumab regimen.

II. Evaluate genomic deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) mutations in key melanoma genes and their correlation with response, progression-free survival, and overall survival.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive ipilimumab intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes on day 1 in weeks 1, 4, 7, and 10. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 4 total doses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. At approximately 5-6 weeks, patients undergo stereotactic radiosurgery over 2-3 days per week. Patients with stable disease or confirmed partial or complete response after completion of ipilimumab therapy at week 12 may receive re-induction ipilimumab at the discretion of the treating physician.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 and 90 days, every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually for 5 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 8 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study Using Stereotactic Ablative Radiation Therapy and Ipilimumab in Patients With Oligometastatic Melanoma
Actual Study Start Date : July 2, 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus Genetics related topics: Melanoma
MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma
Drug Information available for: Ipilimumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (ipilimumab, stereotactic radiosurgery)
Patients receive ipilimumab IV over 90 minutes on day 1 in weeks 1, 4, 7, and 10. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 4 total doses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. At approximately 5-6 weeks, patients undergo stereotactic radiosurgery over 2-3 days per week. Patients with stable disease or confirmed partial or complete response after completion of ipilimumab therapy at week 12 may receive re-induction ipilimumab at the discretion of the treating physician.
Biological: ipilimumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 monoclonal antibody
  • MDX-010
  • MDX-CTLA-4
  • monoclonal antibody CTLA-4

Radiation: stereotactic radiosurgery
Undergo stereotactic radiosurgery

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Blood and tissue samples will be collected for research purposes.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of progression-free survival by mWHO criteria [ Time Frame: Time of study enrollment until the first documented date of disease progression, assessed up to 6 months ]
    Calculated along with corresponding 95% binomial confidence intervals. Kaplan-Meier curves will be used.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of progression-free survival by irRC criteria [ Time Frame: Time of study enrollment until the first documented date of disease progression, assessed up to 6 months ]
    Calculated along with corresponding 95% binomial confidence intervals. Kaplan-Meier curves will be used.

  2. Frequency of grade 3 and grade 4 toxicities according to Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4 [ Time Frame: Up to 90 days after the last ipilimumab infusion ]
    Frequency and severity of adverse events and tolerability of the regimen in each of the patient groups will be collected and summarized by descriptive statistics. The maximum grade for each type of toxicity will be recorded for each patient, and frequency tables will be reviewed to determine toxicity patterns.

  3. Frequency of objective response rate, defined as complete response + partial response, measured by computed tomography (CT) using mWHO criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 12 weeks ]
  4. Frequency of objective response rate, defined using irRC [ Time Frame: Up to 12 weeks ]
  5. Rate of local failure [ Time Frame: Time of study enrollment until the first documented date of failure within the irradiated field, assessed up to 10 years ]
  6. Rate of overall survival [ Time Frame: Time of study enrollment until the time of death, assessed up to 10 years ]
    Kaplan-Meier curves will be used.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Change in marker levels between those with vs. without the clinical improvement [ Time Frame: Baseline to week 50 ]
    Summarized univariately in a quantitative manner and also summarized by clinical outcome group (e.g. prog-free and alive at 6 months vs. not). Graphical analyses will be largely used to assess potential patterns and relationships; e.g. side-by-side boxplots to assess differences.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Willing and able to give written informed consent
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2
  • Histologic diagnosis of melanoma with metastatic disease to a visceral organ (lung, liver, brain, adrenal, nodal station outside the regional lymph drainage of the primary, vertebral bodies)
  • 1-3 sites of metastatic disease able to be targeted by SABR
  • White blood cells (WBC) >= 2000/uL
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/uL
  • Platelets >= 75 x 10^3/uL
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (>= 80 g/L; may be transfused)
  • Creatinine =< 2.0 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN for patients without liver metastasis, =< 5 times for liver metastases
  • Bilirubin =< 2.0 x ULN, (except patients with Gilbert's syndrome, who must have a total bilirubin less than 3.0 mg/dL)
  • No active or chronic infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, or hepatitis C
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must be using an adequate method of contraception to avoid pregnancy throughout the study and for up to 26 weeks after the last dose of investigational product, in such a manner that the risk of pregnancy is minimized

    • WOCBP include any female who has experienced menarche and who has not undergone successful surgical sterilization (hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or is not post-menopausal; post-menopause is defined as:

      • Amenorrhea >= 12 consecutive months without another cause, or
      • For women with irregular menstrual periods and taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT), a documented serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level >= 35 mIU/mL
    • Women who are using oral contraceptives, other hormonal contraceptives (vaginal products, skin patches, or implanted or injectable products), or mechanical products such as an intrauterine device or barrier methods (diaphragm, condoms, spermicides) to prevent pregnancy, or are practicing abstinence or where their partner is sterile (eg, vasectomy) should be considered to be of childbearing potential
    • WOCBP must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 72 hours before the start of ipilimumab
    • Men of fathering potential must be using an adequate method of contraception to avoid conception throughout the study (and for up to 26 weeks after the last dose of investigational product) in such a manner that the risk of pregnancy is minimized

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any other malignancy from which the patient has been disease-free for less than 3 years, with the exception of adequately treated and cured basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • Autoimmune disease: patients with a history of inflammatory bowel disease, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, are excluded from this study, as are patients with a history of symptomatic disease (eg, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic progressive sclerosis [scleroderma], systemic lupus erythematosus, autoimmune vasculitis [eg, Wegener's Granulomatosis]); motor neuropathy considered of autoimmune origin (e.g. Guillain-Barre syndrome and Myasthenia Gravis)
  • Any underlying medical or psychiatric condition, which in the opinion of the investigator will make the administration of ipilimumab hazardous or obscure the interpretation of adverse events (AEs), such as a condition associated with frequent diarrhea
  • Any non-oncology vaccine therapy used for prevention of infectious diseases (for up to 1 month before or after any dose of ipilimumab)
  • A history of prior treatment with ipilimumab or prior cluster of differentiation (CD)137 agonist or cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4) inhibitor or agonist
  • A history of prior treatment with anti-programmed death (PD)-1 or anti-PD-L1 antibodies
  • Concomitant therapy with any of the following: interleukin (IL)-2, interferon, other non-study immunotherapy regimens, cytotoxic chemotherapy, other investigation therapies
  • Concomitant therapy with immune-suppressants or chronic use of systemic corticosteroids
  • Must be off prior systemic therapies for 2 weeks prior to enrollment; patients that have been previously treated with systemic therapy adjuvantly or for metastatic disease remain eligible as long as they continue to meet all other eligibility criteria (oligometastatic, no visceral metastasis > 5 cm, eligible for SABR)
  • Prior radiation therapy that at the treating physician's discretion makes SABR unsafe
  • No evidence of pleural effusion or ascites
  • Congestive heart failure > class II New York Heart Association (NYHA) or unstable angina
  • Cardiac ventricular arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy
  • Major surgery, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 2 weeks of first dose of study drug
  • A visceral metastasis greater than 5 cm
  • A visceral metastasis that due to its location cannot be safely treated with SABR
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP), defined above who:

    • Are unwilling or unable to use an acceptable method of contraception to avoid pregnancy for their entire study period and for at least 8 weeks after cessation of study drug, or
    • Have a positive pregnancy test at baseline, or
    • Are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Prisoners or subjects who are compulsorily detained (involuntarily incarcerated) for treatment of either a psychiatric or physical (eg, infectious) illness
  • Have a known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reaction or idiosyncrasy to drugs chemically related to study drug, or excipients or to dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)
  • Persons of reproductive potential must agree to use an adequate method of contraception throughout treatment and for at least 8 weeks after ipilimumab is stopped
  • Sexually active WOCBP must use an effective method of birth control during the course of the study, in a manner such that risk of failure is minimized; before study enrollment, WOCBP must be advised of the importance of avoiding pregnancy during study participation and the potential risk factors for an unintentional pregnancy; all WOCBP MUST have a negative pregnancy test before first receiving ipilimumab; if the pregnancy test is positive, the patient must not receive ipilimumab and must not be enrolled in the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02107755


Locations
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United States, Ohio
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jose Bazan, MD Ohio State University
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Jose Bazan, Principal Investigator, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02107755    
Other Study ID Numbers: OSU-12182
NCI-2014-00381 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
First Posted: April 8, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 21, 2018
Last Verified: December 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Jose Bazan, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center:
oligometastatic melanoma
melanoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Melanoma
Neoplasm Metastasis
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Ipilimumab
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action