ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

A Study of Abemaciclib (LY2835219) Combined With Fulvestrant in Women With Hormone Receptor Positive HER2 Negative Breast Cancer (MONARCH 2)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02107703
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : April 8, 2014
Results First Posted : March 13, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 13, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eli Lilly and Company

Brief Summary:
The main purpose of this study is to compare progression-free survival for women with hormone receptor positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2) negative advanced breast cancer receiving either abemaciclib+fulvestrant or fulvestrant alone. Participants will be randomized to abemaciclib or placebo in a 2:1 ratio. The study will last about 9 months for each participant.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Neoplasms Drug: Abemaciclib Drug: Fulvestrant Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 669 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: MONARCH 2: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 3 Study of Fulvestrant With or Without Abemaciclib, a CDK4/6 Inhibitor, for Women With Hormone Receptor Positive, HER2 Negative Locally Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : July 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2017
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Abemaciclib + Fulvestrant
150 milligrams (mg) Abemaciclib given orally once every 12 hours in 28 day cycles. 500 mg fulvestrant administered as two 250-mg injections intramuscularly (IM) on Days 1 and 15 of Cycle 1, then on Day 1 of Cycle 2 and beyond. Participants may continue to receive treatment until discontinuation criteria are met.
Drug: Abemaciclib
Administered Orally
Other Name: LY2835219

Drug: Fulvestrant
Administered IM

Placebo Comparator: Placebo + Fulvestrant
Placebo will be supplied as capsules administered orally every 12 hours in 28 day cycles. 500 mg fulvestrant administered as two 250-mg injections IM on Days 1 and 15 of Cycle 1, then on Day 1 of Cycle 2 and beyond. Participants may continue to receive treatment until discontinuation criteria are met.
Drug: Fulvestrant
Administered IM

Drug: Placebo
Administered Orally




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: From Date of Randomization until Disease Progression or Death Due to Any Cause (Up To 31 Months) ]
    PFS defined as the time from the date of randomization to the first evidence of disease progression as defined by response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) v1.1 or death from any cause. Progressive Disease (PD) was at least a 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, with reference being the smallest sum on study and an absolute increase of at least 5 mm, or unequivocal progression of non-target lesions, or 1 or more new lesions. If a participant does not have a complete baseline disease assessment, then the PFS time was censored at the date of randomization, regardless of whether or not objectively determined disease progression or death has been observed for the participant. If a participant was not known to have died or have objective progression as of the data inclusion cutoff date for the analysis, the PFS time was censored at the last adequate tumor assessment date.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From Date of Randomization until Death Due to Any Cause (Up To 80 Months) ]
    OS defined as the time from the date of randomization to the date of death due to any cause. For each participant who is not known to have died as of the data-inclusion cutoff date for overall survival analysis, OS time was censored on the last date the participant is known to be alive.

  2. Percentage of Participants Achieving Complete Response (CR) or Partial Response (PR) (Objective Response Rate [ORR]) [ Time Frame: From Date of First Dose until Disease Progression or Death Due to Any Cause (Up To 31 Months) ]
    ORR was the percentage of participants achieving a best overall response (BOR) of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) as per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1. CR defined as the disappearance of all target and non-target lesions and no appearance of new lesions. PR defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameters (LD) of target lesions (taking as reference the baseline sum LD), no progression of non-target lesions, and no appearance of new lesions. PD was at least a 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, with reference being the smallest sum on study and an absolute increase of at least 5 mm, or unequivocal progression of non-target lesions, or 1 or more new lesions.

  3. Duration of Response (DOR) [ Time Frame: From Date of CR, PR until Disease Progression or Death Due to Any Cause (Up To 31 Months) ]
    DOR was the time from the date of first evidence of complete response or partial response to the date of objective progression or the date of death due to any cause, whichever is earlier. CR and PR were defined using the RECIST v1.1. CR defined as the disappearance of all target and non-target lesions and no appearance of new lesions. PR defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the LD of target lesions (taking as reference the baseline sum LD), no progression of non-target lesions, and no appearance of new lesions. If a responder was not known to have died or have objective progression as of the data inclusion cutoff date, duration of response was censored at the last adequate tumor assessment date. PD was at least a 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, with reference being the smallest sum on study and an absolute increase of at least 5 mm, or unequivocal progression of non-target lesions, or 1 or more new lesions.

  4. Percentage of Participants Achieving CR, PR or Stable Disease (SD) (Disease Control Rate [DCR]) [ Time Frame: From Date of First Dose until Disease Progression or Death Due to Any Cause (Up To 31 Months) ]
    Disease Control Rate (DCR) was the percentage of participants with a best overall response of CR, PR, or Stable Disease (SD) as per Response using RECIST v1.1 criteria. CR defined as the disappearance of all target and non-target lesions and no appearance of new lesions. PR defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the LD of target lesions (taking as reference the baseline sum LD), no progression of non-target lesions, and no appearance of new lesions. SD was neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD for target lesions, no progression of non-target lesions, and no appearance of new lesions. PD was at least a 20% increase in the sum of the diameters of target lesions, with reference being the smallest sum on study and an absolute increase of at least 5 mm, or unequivocal progression of non-target lesions, or 1 or more new lesions.

  5. Percentage of Participants With CR, PR or SD With a Duration of At Least 6 Months (Clinical Benefit Rate [CBR]) [ Time Frame: From Date of First Dose until Disease Progression or Death Due to Any Cause (Up To 31 Months) ]
    Clinical benefit rate defined as percentage of participants with best overall response of CR, PR, or SD with a duration of at least 6 months.CR defined as the disappearance of all target and non-target lesions and no appearance of new lesions.PR defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the LD of target lesions (taking as reference the baseline sum LD), no progression of non-target lesions, and no appearance of new lesions.SD was neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD for target lesions, no progression of non-target lesions, and no appearance of new lesions. Percentage of participants=(participants with CR+PR+SD with a duration of at least 6 months /number of participants enrolled) *100.PD was at least a 20% increase in sum of the diameters of target lesions,with reference being the smallest sum on study and an absolute increase of at least 5 mm or unequivocal progression of non-target lesions,or 1 or more new lesions.

  6. Change From Baseline in Pain and Symptom Burden Assessment Using the Modified Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (mBPI-sf) [ Time Frame: Baseline, End of Study (Up To 31 Months) ]
    A self-reported scale that measures the severity of pain based on the average pain experienced over the past 24 hours. The severity scores range from 0 (no pain) to 10 (pain as severe as you can imagine). The overall change is based on the estimated main treatment effect. Least square (LS) Mean value was controlled for Treatment, visit, Treatment*Visit and baseline.

  7. Pharmacokinetics (PK): Area Under the Concentration Curve (AUC) of Abemaciclib, Its Metabolites M2 and M20 [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 2-4 hours (h) post dose, Cycle 1 Day 15 4 and 7h post dose, Cycle 2 Day 1 pre dose and 3h post dose, Cycle 3 Day1 pre dose ]
    Area Under the Plasma Concentration versus Time Curve from Time Zero to Infinity (AUC[0-∞]) was evaluated for Abemaciclib and Metabolites M2 and M20.

  8. Change From Baseline in Health Status Using the EuroQol 5-Dimension 5 Level (EQ-5D 5L) [ Time Frame: Baseline, End of Study (Up To 31 Months) ]
    European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions-5 Level (EQ-5D-5L) is a standardized measure of health status of the participant. The EQ-5D-5L is assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS) that ranged from 0 to 100mm, where 0 is the worst health you can imagine and 100 is the best health you can imagine. A higher score indicates better health state. LS Mean value was controlled for Treatment, visit, Treatment*Visit and baseline.

  9. Change From Baseline to Short Term Follow up in Quality of Life Using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Short Term Follow Up (Up To 31 Months) ]
    EORTC QLQ-C30 v3.0 was a self-administered questionnaire with multidimensional scales that measures 5 functional domains (physical, role, cognitive, emotional, and social), global health status, and symptom scales of fatigue, pain, nausea and vomiting, dyspnea, loss of appetite, insomnia, constipation and diarrhea, and financial difficulties. A linear transformation is applied to standardize the raw scores to range between 0 and 100 per developer guidelines. For functional domains and global health status, scores range from 0 to 110 with higher scores representing a better level of functioning. For symptoms scales, scores range from 0 to 100 with higher scores representing a greater degree of symptoms. LS Mean value of changing from baseline to short follow up was estimated from the mixed model that was controlled for Treatment, visit, Treatment*Visit and baseline.

  10. Change From Baseline to Short Term Follow up in Quality of Life Using the EORTC QLQ-BR23 (Breast) Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline, Short Term Follow Up (Up To 31 Months) ]
    EORTC-QLQ-BR23 measured multi-item functional scales for body image, sexual functioning and future perspective and measured single item symptoms scales which assessed systemic therapy side effects, breast symptoms and arm symptoms. For functional scales, scores ranged from 0 to 100 where higher scores represented a better level of functioning. For symptoms scales, scores ranged from 0 to 100 where higher scores represented a greater degree of symptoms. LS Mean value of changing from baseline to short follow up was estimated from the mixed model that was controlled for Treatment, visit, Treatment*Visit and baseline.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Have a diagnosis of HR+, HER2- breast cancer
  • Have locally advanced disease not amenable to curative treatment by surgery or metastatic disease. In addition, participants must fulfill 1 of the following criteria:

    • relapsed with radiologic evidence of progression while receiving neoadjuvant or adjuvant endocrine therapy, with no subsequent endocrine therapy received following progression
    • relapsed with radiologic evidence of progression within 1 year from completion of adjuvant endocrine therapy, with no subsequent endocrine therapy received following progression
    • relapsed with radiologic evidence of progression more than 1 year from completion of adjuvant endocrine therapy and then subsequently relapsed with radiologic evidence of progression after receiving treatment with either an antiestrogen or an aromatase inhibitor as first-line endocrine therapy for metastatic disease. Participants may not have received more than 1 line of endocrine therapy or any prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease
    • presented de novo with metastatic disease and then relapsed with radiologic evidence of progression after receiving treatment with either an antiestrogen or an aromatase inhibitor as first line endocrine therapy for metastatic disease. Participants may not have received more than 1 line of endocrine therapy or any prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease
  • Have postmenopausal status due to either surgical/natural menopause or ovarian suppression (initiated at least 28 days prior to Day 1 of Cycle 1) with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist such as goserelin
  • Have a negative serum pregnancy test at baseline (within 14 days prior to randomization) and agree to use medically approved precautions to prevent pregnancy during the study and for 12 weeks following the last dose of abemaciclib if postmenopausal status is due to ovarian suppression with a GnRH agonist
  • Have either measurable disease or nonmeasurable bone only disease
  • Have a performance status ≤1 on the ECOG scale
  • Have discontinued previous therapies for cancer (including specifically, aromatase inhibitors, anti-estrogens, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and immunotherapy) for at least 21 days for myelosuppressive agents or 14 days for nonmyelosuppressive agents prior to receiving study drug, and recovered from the acute effects of therapy (until the toxicity resolves to either baseline or at least Grade 1) except for residual alopecia or peripheral neuropathy

Exclusion Criteria

  • Are currently receiving an investigational drug in a clinical trial or participating in any other type of medical research judged not to be scientifically or medically compatible with this study
  • Have visceral crisis, lymphangitic spread, or leptomeningeal carcinomatosis visceral crisis is not the mere presence of visceral metastases but implies severe organ dysfunction as assessed by symptoms and signs, laboratory studies, and rapid progression of the disease
  • Have clinical evidence or history of central nervous system metastasis
  • Have received prior treatment with chemotherapy (except for neoadjuvant/ adjuvant chemotherapy), fulvestrant, everolimus, or any CDK4/6 inhibitor
  • Have received treatment with a drug that has not received regulatory approval for any indication within 14 or 21 days prior to randomization of study drug for a nonmyelosuppressive or myelosuppressive agent, respectively
  • Have received recent (within 28 days prior to randomization) yellow fever vaccination
  • Have had major surgery within 14 days prior to randomization of study drug to allow for post-operative healing of the surgical wound and site(s)
  • Have a personal history within the last 12 months of any of the following conditions: syncope of cardiovascular etiology, ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, or sudden cardiac arrest
  • Have inflammatory breast cancer or a history of any other cancer (except nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in-situ of the cervix), unless in complete remission with no therapy for a minimum of 3 years
  • Have received an autologous or allogeneic stem-cell transplant
  • Have active bacterial or fungal infection, or detectable viral infection
  • Have initiated bisphosphonates or approved Receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK) ligand targeted agents <7 days prior to randomization

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02107703


  Show 142 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eli Lilly and Company
Investigators
Study Director: Call 1-877-CTLILLY (1-877-285-4559) or 1-317-615-4559 Mon - Fri 9 AM - 5 PM Eastern time (UTC/GMT - 5 hours, EST) Eli Lilly and Company
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Eli Lilly and Company:

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Eli Lilly and Company
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02107703     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 15362
I3Y-MC-JPBL ( Other Identifier: Eli Lilly and Company )
2013-004728-13 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: April 8, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 13, 2018
Last Update Posted: March 13, 2018
Last Verified: June 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Lilly provides access to the individual patient data from studies on approved medicines and indications as defined by the sponsor specific information on ClinicalStudyDataRequest.com. This access is provided in a timely fashion after the primary publication is accepted. Researchers need to have an approved research proposal submitted through ClinicalStudyDataRequest.com. Access to the data will be provided in a secure data sharing environment after signing a data sharing agreement.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)

Keywords provided by Eli Lilly and Company:
MONARCH 2

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Hormones
Estradiol
Fulvestrant
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Estrogen Receptor Antagonists
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Estrogens