ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu
Trial record 25 of 188 for:    "Acute megakaryoblastic leukemia"

AML Therapy With Irradiated Allogeneic Cells

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02105116
Recruitment Status : Terminated (No patients were eligible to receive the experimental component of the protocol therapy.)
First Posted : April 7, 2014
Results First Posted : July 25, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 25, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Roger Strair, MD, PhD, Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Brief Summary:
This pilot clinical trial studies if cells donated by a close genetic relative can help maintain acute myeloid leukemia (AML) complete remission (CR). Eligible patients will receive a standard induction chemotherapy. If a complete remission results they will receive irradiated allogeneic cells from a HLA haploidentical relative. Only patients who obtain a CR after the standard induction chemotherapy are eligible for the experimental therapy (irradiated haploidentical cells).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adult Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia (M7) Adult Acute Minimally Differentiated Myeloid Leukemia (M0) Adult Acute Monoblastic Leukemia (M5a) Adult Acute Monocytic Leukemia (M5b) Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia With Maturation (M2) Adult Acute Myeloblastic Leukemia Without Maturation (M1) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22) Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22) Adult Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia (M4) Adult Erythroleukemia (M6a) Adult Pure Erythroid Leukemia (M6b) Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Untreated Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Drug: fludarabine phosphate Drug: cytarabine Biological: donor lymphocytes Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Drug: G-CSF Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Toxicity of haploidentical allogeneic cellular therapy in patients in complete remission (CR) (or CR with incomplete platelet recovery [CRp]) after induction chemotherapy with fludarabine (fludarabine phosphate)-cytarabine.

II. Efficacy of haploidentical allogeneic cellular therapy in patients in CR (or CRp) after induction chemotherapy with fludarabine-cytarabine (remission rates at 6, 12, 18, 24 months).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Immunologic parameters before and after haploidentical therapy: host anti-leukemia T cells; host regulatory T cells.

OUTLINE:

INDUCTION CHEMOTHERAPY: Patients receive fludarabine phosphate intravenously (IV) over 1 hour once daily (QD) for 5 days and cytarabine IV over 4 hours for 5 days. Treatment may continue for 1 or 2 courses at the discretion of the treating physician.

ALLOGENEIC CELLULAR THERAPY: Patients undergo irradiated donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) of 3 x 10^8 cluster of differentiation (CD)3+ cells/kg at 8 weeks. Patients with stable disease may repeat irradiated DLI every 8-12 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically for up to 2 years.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: AML Therapy With Irradiated Allogeneic Cells
Study Start Date : February 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 16, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : December 16, 2015


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Standard chemotherapy followed by allogenic therapy
INDUCTION CHEMOTHERAPY: Patients receive standard induction chemotherapy with fludarabine phosphate IV over 1 hour QD for 5 days and cytarabine IV over 4 hours for 5 days. G-CSF 5 mcg/kg will be started at day14 if day14 bone marrow does not have >5% leukemic blasts. Treatment may continue for 1 or 2 courses at the discretion of the treating physician. If the patient enters a complete remission they are eligible for ALLOGENEIC CELLULAR THERAPY: Patients eligible for the experimental therapy undergo irradiated Donor Lymphocyte Infusion (DLI) of 3 x 10^8 CD3+ cells/kg at 8 weeks. Patients with stable disease may repeat irradiated DLI every 8-12 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara

Drug: cytarabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ARA-C
  • arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • arabinosylcytosine
  • Cytosar-U
  • cytosine arabinoside

Biological: donor lymphocytes
Undergo infusion of donor lymphocytes

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Drug: G-CSF
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Filgrastim
  • Neupogen®




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse Events Related to Experimental Therapy [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]

    Patients will be observed for incidence of adverse events related to experimental therapy, graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0.

    Of the 6 patients enrolled, all were ineligible to enter the experimental treatment phase of the study because of failure to reach complete remission. None of the enrolled patients received experimental therapy (allogeneic donor lymphocyte therapy). The one death occurred while receiving standard therapy prior to eligibility for experimental allogeneic therapy. The remained of patients were ineligible for experimental therapy because they did not obtain a complete remission after standard induction chemotherapy.


  2. Response Rate, Determined by Allogeneic Cell Therapy-related Mortality [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Patients' response rate will be determined by allogeneic cell therapy-related mortality. Of the 6 patients enrolled, all were ineligible to enter the experimental treatment phase of the study for failure to reach complete remission. Hence no outcomes are available.

  3. Response Rate, Determined by Duration of Complete Remission [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Patients will be scored as being in continuous remission at 2 years or having relapsed sooner. Of the 6 patients enrolled, all were ineligible to enter the treatment phase of the study for failure to reach complete remission for allogenic treatment.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression Free Survival Probability for CR [ Time Frame: At 2 years ]
    Calculated using Kaplan-Meier estimation method. Corresponding 95% confidence interval will be provided. Of the 6 patients enrolled, all were ineligible to enter the experimental treatment phase of the study for failure to reach complete remission. Hence no outcomes are available.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically proven non-M3 AML:

    • Refractory/relapsed AML OR
    • Initial diagnosis of AML in patient >= 60 years old
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) institutional limits (unless Gilbert's disease)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X institutional ULN
  • Cardiac left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >= 35%
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dl
  • Any organ dysfunction thought to be secondary to disease will be considered separately and the patient will be included at the investigators discretion
  • Patients must give informed consent
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 3
  • Must have a potential haploidentical donor (parent, sibling, child)
  • A patient is eligible for second enrollment (allo-cellular therapy) if all of the following inclusion criteria are met:
  • Patient must have documented CR or CRp after 1 or 2 cycles of fludarabine + cytarabine
  • Patient must not be a candidate for an allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT)
  • Patient must have a partially (>= 3/6 class I antigen) human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched (by serology or low resolution deoxyribonucleic acid [DNA] testing) relative able to serve as a donor
  • Patients must not have active uncontrolled infections, other medical or psychological/social conditions that might increase the likelihood of patient adverse effects or poor outcomes
  • Total bilirubin < 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) institutional limits (unless Gilbert's disease)
  • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) =< 2.5 X institutional ULN
  • Serum creatinine < 2.0 mg/dl
  • ECOG performance status =< 2
  • DONOR: donor must be related to patient and be partially (>= 3/6 antigen) HLA-matched
  • DONOR: donor must meet all New Brunswick Affiliated Hospitals (NBAH) requirements for hematopoietic stem cell donation, including:
  • DONOR: age >= 18 years old
  • DONOR: white blood cells (WBC) 4.0-10.0 x 10^3/mm^3
  • DONOR: platelet count 150,000 to 440,000/mm^3
  • DONOR: hemoglobin/hematocrit; 12.5-18 g/dl, 38 to 54%
  • DONOR: not pregnant or lactating
  • DONOR: not human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1, HIV-2, hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis B core or human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV)-I/II seropositive; hepatitis B surface antigen (HB S ag) (-); meet other infectious disease screening criteria utilized by NBAH Blood Center
  • DONOR: no uncontrolled infections, other medical or psychological/social conditions, or medications that might increase the likelihood of patient or donor adverse effects or poor outcomes
  • DONOR: meet other blood bank criteria for blood product donation (as determined by NBAH Blood Center screening history and laboratory studies)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of current or prior medical problems that the investigator feels will prevent administration of therapy or assessment of response due to excess toxicity
  • Patients with known active central nervous system (CNS) leukemia will be excluded from this clinical study
  • Known HIV-positive patients are excluded from the study
  • Patients may not be pregnant or breast feeding

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02105116


Locations
United States, New Jersey
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08903
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Roger Strair, MD, PhD Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Responsible Party: Roger Strair, MD, PhD, Professor of Medicine, RWJMS, Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02105116     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 021208
NCI-2013-02408 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
Pro2013002693 ( Other Identifier: IRB number )
021208 ( Other Identifier: Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey )
P30CA072720 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 7, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 25, 2018
Last Update Posted: July 25, 2018
Last Verified: June 2018

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute
Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute
Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Myeloproliferative Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Fludarabine
Fludarabine phosphate
Cytarabine
Vidarabine
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents