Post-Approval Clinical Study to Evaluate the Calcivis Caries Activity Imaging System
This is a prospective, multi-centre, post-approval clinical study to assess the safety and the performance of the Calcivis Caries Activity Imaging System in aiding the identification of active caries lesions on the occlusal surfaces of human teeth. Following the identification of potential caries lesions by oral examination under ICDAS (International Caries Detection and Assessment System) guidelines, a disclosing solution will be applied which will cause areas of active demineralization (loss of calcium ions) to luminesce - these will be captured with an intra-oral camera to produce mapping images of the tooth surface. For the purposes of this study the presence / absence of luminescence will be used as an indicator of lesion activity / inactivity.
The study will be deemed a success if the level of agreement between elevated luminescence with the Calcivis System, and areas of expected lesion activity as rated by the Investigators ICDAS staging, is above 70%, is not due to chance and correlates well with published data on active non-cavitated lesions in molars at various stages of eruption.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
|Official Title:||Post-Approval Clinical Study to Evaluate the Safety and Performance of the Calcivis Caries Activity Imaging System in a Clinical Setting|
- Percentage Agreement of Sound/Unsound Teeth Between ICDAS Score and Calcivis System [ Time Frame: Day 0 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]% agreement calculated as no. of teeth where ICDAS assessment & Calcivis System assessment is in agreement/total number of teeth assessed multiplied by 100. Agreement defined as a sound tooth without luminescence & an unsound tooth with luminescence.
- Measure Safety of the Calcivis Caries Imaging System [ Time Frame: Day 0 and Day 7 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Collection of all adverse events recorded and reported throughout the duration of the study
- Patient Experience [ Time Frame: Day 0 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Completion of Patient Questionnaires after imaging with the Calcivis System
- User Experience [ Time Frame: 0 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Completion of User Questionnaires after imaging with the Calcivis System
|Study Start Date:||May 2014|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Sound and Unsound Molars
Imaging of unrestored sound molars (ICDAS 0), and third Molars (ICDAS 1,2 or 3) with the Calcivis Caries Activity Imaging System
Device: Calcivis Caries Activity Imaging System
Teeth imaged with the Calcivis Caries Activity Imaging System
Dental caries (tooth decay) is a significant clinical and public health problem. The development of caries lesions involves a net mineral loss of dental tissue, which can lead to progressive loss of tooth structure surface, associated pain and disease. Detecting, assessing, diagnosing and treating such lesions are core activities in dentistry. Currently the main detection and diagnosis aids are visual inspection and the use of a probe, together with X-ray images. Determination of the activity status of a lesion (how likely it is to progress) is required to assess treatment needs. Currently methods are problematic and involve the clinician's subjective assessment and / or monitoring lesion progression over a number of visits.
Therefore, this prospective, multi-centre, post-approval clinical study has been designed to assess the safety and performance of the Calcivis Caries Activity Imaging System in a clinical setting.
The device under evaluation - the Calcivis Caries Activity Imaging System comprises a hand-held specialised intra-oral camera which takes images of the lesion on the tooth surface immediately before and after application of a disclosing solution which contains a photoprotein. This photoprotein will detect free calcium ions on the tooth surface and produces a visible light signal if the caries lesion is active.
Patients attending routine dental appointments and / or patients on the dental practice register, who are identified by the Investigator as meeting all the study inclusion and exclusion criteria will be approached to discuss their possible participation in the study. Patients will be given a Patient Information Sheet to read and time to consider their participation. If they agree to participate, they will be asked to attend for two study visits, one week apart. Written informed consent will be taken before any study procedures are conducted.
At Study Visit 1, pre-imaging demographics and oral hygiene information will be collected. All occlusal surfaces of the teeth (12 possible molars and pre-molars) will be cleaned by the Dentist, by brushing with dental paste and rinsing with tap water and using a 3-in-1 air / water spray, according to a Tooth Cleaning Protocol. The Dentist will then perform an oral examination identifying and noting the ICDAS score of each tooth to be imaged with the Calcivis System. Colour photographs will be taken with a standard intra-oral camera of each selected molar and surrounding mucosa. Each tooth selected for imaging will be air dried for 5 seconds immediately before application of the disclosing solution and imaging. Images of one sound tooth and one unrestored erupted, or erupting third molar with an ICDAS score of 1,2 or 3 will be imaged. An additional two teeth may be imaged (remaining erupted / erupting third molar and / or any other molar with an ICDAS score of 1,2 or 3), up to a maximum of four teeth. Immediately after imaging has been completed, patients rinse out with tap water and a second colour photograph will be taken with a standard intra-oral camera of each selected molar and surrounding mucosa. Any adverse events will be recorded.
Post-imaging Questionnaires will be completed by all patients at the end of Study Visit 1, and User Questionnaires will be completed at the end of each Study Visit day.
Patients will return after one week for Study Visit 2. At this visit, a final oral examination will be conducted and colour will be taken with a standard intra-oral camera of each selected molar and surrounding mucosa. Any adverse events observed or volunteered by the patient will be recorded.
At the end of either Study Visit 1 or 2, the Dentist may share the images of the teeth imaged with the Calcivis System with the patient.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02098304
|Bathgate Smile Centre|
|Bathgate, United Kingdom, EH482SS|
|Downie, Haper and Shanks Dental Practice|
|Edinburgh, United Kingdom, EH17 8HP|
|Clark and Watson Dental Practice|
|Falkirk, United Kingdom, FK1 1JJ|
|Principal Investigator:||Charles Ormond, BDS,MGDS,FDS||Clark and Watson Dental Practice|