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Onalespib, Dabrafenib, and Trametinib in Treating Patients With BRAF-Mutant Melanoma or Solid Tumors That Are Metastatic or Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02097225
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 27, 2014
Last Update Posted : June 30, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of onalespib when given together with dabrafenib and trametinib in treating patients with BRAF-mutant melanoma or solid tumors that have spread to another place in the body (metastatic) or cannot be removed by surgery. Onalespib, dabrafenib, and trametinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
BRAF V600E Mutation Present BRAF V600K Mutation Present Metastatic Malignant Solid Neoplasm Metastatic Melanoma Stage III Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v7 Stage IIIA Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v7 Stage IIIB Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v7 Stage IIIC Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v7 Stage IV Cutaneous Melanoma AJCC v6 and v7 Unresectable Solid Neoplasm Drug: Dabrafenib Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Drug: Onalespib Other: Pharmacological Study Drug: Trametinib Phase 1

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), toxicity, and safety profile of onalespib (AT13387) given weekly in combination with dabrafenib and trametinib in patients with BRAF-mutant metastatic or unresectable solid tumors.


I. To obtain preliminary estimates of the objective response rate (ORR) and progression-free survival (PFS) and document the 6-month PFS and 1-year overall survival (OS) of patients with BRAF-mutant metastatic or unresectable melanoma treated with AT13387 given weekly in combination with dabrafenib and trametinib.

II. To describe the pharmacokinetics of treatment with dabrafenib, trametinib, and AT13387.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of onalespib.

Patients receive dabrafenib orally (PO) twice daily (BID), trametinib PO once daily (QD) on days 1-28, and onalespib intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 28 days and every 6 months for up to 2 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 22 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of AT13387 in Combination With Dabrafenib and Trametinib in Patients With BRAF-Mutant Melanoma and Other Solid Tumors
Actual Study Start Date : May 29, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 31, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus Genetics related topics: Melanoma
MedlinePlus related topics: Melanoma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (dabrafenib, trametinib, onalespib)
Patients receive dabrafenib PO BID and trametinib PO QD on days 1-28, and onalespib IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Dabrafenib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • BRAF Inhibitor GSK2118436
  • GSK-2118436
  • GSK-2118436A
  • GSK2118436

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Drug: Onalespib
Given IV
Other Names:
  • AT 13387
  • AT-13387
  • AT13387

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies

Drug: Trametinib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • GSK1120212
  • JTP-74057
  • MEK Inhibitor GSK1120212

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose of onalespib in combination with dabrafenib and trametinib, defined as the highest dose level at which 0 or 1 of six patients has experienced a dose limiting toxicity [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Toxicities will be graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events version 5.0. Toxicity rates will be summarized with a 90% exact binomial confidence interval.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response rate, defined as the proportion of patients with complete or partial response as their best response to therapy assessed according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1 [ Time Frame: The date of first dose of trial therapy and the date of objectively documented disease progression or cessation of trial therapy, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 28 days after end of treatment ]
    The response rate will be presented as a point estimate with a 90% exact binomial confidence interval.

  2. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: Time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 28 days after end of treatment ]
    The distribution of progression-free survival will be summarized using the product-limit method of Kaplan-Meier.

  3. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: Time from start of treatment to time of progression or death, whichever occurs first, assessed at 6 months ]
    Median times for each endpoint will be presented with two-sided, 90% confidence intervals estimated using log(-log[survival]) methodology. Kaplan-Meier estimates of 6-month progression-free survival will also be presented with two-sided, 90% confidence intervals.

  4. Overall survival [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    The distribution of overall survival will be summarized using the product-limit method of Kaplan-Meier. Kaplan-Meier estimates of 1-year overall survival will also be presented with two-sided, 90% confidence intervals.

  5. Disease-free survival [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    The one-year disease-free survival after treatment will be estimated using the product-limit methods of Kaplan-Meier, and presented with 90% confidence intervals.

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Pharmacokinetic parameters (maximal plasma or serum concentration, area under the curve to the last collection point, area under the curve for dose interval, and time of maximal concentration) [ Time Frame: Course 1, days 1 and 15 (pre-dose, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 24 hour post-dose) and day 1 in courses 2, 4, 8, and 12 (pre-dose) ]
    Descriptive statistics including mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variation, geometric mean, median, minimum and maximum will be computed for each pharmacokinetic variable; descriptive statistics for natural-log transformed pharmacokinetic variables will also be provided.

  2. Changes in the expression of the key signaling proteins [ Time Frame: Baseline to 7 days (1 week) ]
    Will be performed to assess how changes in the expression of the key signaling proteins relate to patient response.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically confirmed, BRAF-mutant (V600E/K) solid tumor (molecularly confirmed using Cobas assay or a comparable Food and Drug Administration [FDA]-approved assay) that is metastatic or unresectable, have received and tolerated prior BRAF or BRAF and MEK inhibitor (BRAF targeted) therapy at full dose or not previously received BRAF targeted therapy, and for which standard curative measures do not exist or are no longer effective

    • If test at Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA)-certified laboratory (lab) used a non-FDA approved method, information about the assay must be provided; (FDA approved tests for BRAF V600 mutations in melanoma include: THxID BRAF Detection Kit and Cobas 4800 BRAF V600 Mutation Test)
  • Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as >= 20 mm with conventional techniques or as >= 10 mm with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or calipers by clinical exam
  • Prior therapy is allowed; patients may have received any number of prior lines of therapy, including treatment with a BRAF and/or MEK inhibitor
  • All prior anti-cancer treatment-related toxicities must be less than or equal to grade 1 according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5 (CTCAE version 5.0; National Cancer Institute [NCI], 2017) at the time of enrollment; a notable exception are endocrinopathies caused by immune checkpoint inhibitors that are appropriately treated with medical management (e.g. hormone replacement therapy, anti-diabetic agents)
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1 (Karnofsky >= 70%)
  • Life expectancy of greater than 3 months
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,200/mcL
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dl (patients may be transfused to this level)
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin < 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal OR > 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal allowed if direct bilirubin is within normal range
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Prothrombin time (PT) < 1.3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • International normalized ratio (INR) < 1.3 x ULN
  • Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) < 1.3 x ULN
  • Serum creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL OR creatinine clearance >= 50 mL/min/1.73 m^2
  • Potassium > 3 and < 5.5 mEq/L
  • Magnesium > 1.2 and < 2.5 mEq
  • Left ventricular >= institutional lower limit of normal (LLN) by echocardiogram (ECHO) ejection fraction
  • Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days prior to randomization and agree to use effective contraception (barrier method of birth control, or abstinence; hormonal contraception is not allowed) from 14 days prior to randomization, throughout the treatment period, and for 4 months after the last dose of study treatment; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Therapeutic level dosing of warfarin can be used with close monitoring of PT/INR by the site; exposure may be decreased due to enzyme induction when on treatment, thus warfarin dosing may need to be adjusted based upon PT/INR; consequently, when discontinuing dabrafenib, warfarin exposure may be increased and thus close monitoring via PT/INR and warfarin dose adjustments must be made as clinically appropriate; prophylactic low dose warfarin may be given to maintain central catheter patency
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Able to swallow and retain oral medication, and must not have any clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may alter absorption such as malabsorption syndrome or major resection of the stomach or bowels

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who received prior systemic anti-cancer therapy (chemotherapy with delayed toxicity, extensive radiation therapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, or vaccine therapy) within the last 3 weeks prior to day 1 of cycle 1; patients are permitted to be on dabrafenib and trametinib standard of care at start of therapy without wash-out period prior to day 1 of cycle 1; dosing will change to protocol determined dose levels on day 1 of cycle 1
  • Patients must not have received prior HSP90 inhibitor therapy
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents; patients who have taken an investigational drug within 28 days or 5 half-lives (minimum 14 days), whichever is shorter, prior to randomization
  • Patients with history of activating RAS mutation positive tumors regardless of interval from current study; however, patients may have concurrent BRAFV600 and RAS mutations in the tumor to be treated with protocol therapy
  • Patients must have no clinical evidence of leptomeningeal or brain metastasis causing spinal cord compression that are symptomatic or untreated or not stable for >= 4 weeks (must be documented by imaging) or requiring corticosteroids; subjects on a stable dose of corticosteroids > 1 month or who have been off of corticosteroids for at least 2 weeks can be enrolled with approval of the Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP) medical monitor; subjects must also be off of enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants for > 4 weeks
  • History of known immediate or delayed hypersensitivity reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to AT13387, dabrafenib, or trametinib, or excipients or to dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active serious infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, uncontrolled diabetes, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued prior to the mother being treated with the study drugs
  • Patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients and on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible
  • History of another malignancy other than the study indication under this trial within 5 years of study enrollment; does not apply to subjects who underwent successful definitive resection of basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, superficial bladder cancer, in situ cervical cancer, in situ breast cancer, or other in situ cancers

    • Exception: patients with history of RAS mutation-positive tumors are not eligible regardless of interval from the current study; prospective RAS testing is not required; however, if the results of previous RAS testing are known, they must be used in assessing eligibility
  • History of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis
  • History or current evidence/risk of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) or retinal pigment epithelial detachment (RPED):

    • History of RVO or RPED, or predisposing factors to RVO or RPED (e.g., uncontrolled glaucoma or ocular hypertension, uncontrolled systemic disease such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or history of hyperviscosity or hypercoagulability syndromes)
    • Visible retinal pathology as assessed by ophthalmic exam that is considered a risk factor for RVO or RPED such as evidence of new optic disc cupping, evidence of new visual field defects, and intraocular pressure > 21 mm mercury (Hg)
  • History or evidence of cardiovascular risk including any of the following:

    • An average of the three most recent QT intervals corrected for heart rate using the Bazett's formula QTcB >= 460 msec
    • History or evidence of current clinically significant uncontrolled arrhythmias (exception: patients with controlled atrial fibrillation for > 30 days prior to randomization are eligible)
    • History of acute coronary syndromes (including myocardial infarction and unstable angina), coronary angioplasty, or stenting within 6 months prior to randomization
    • History or evidence of current >= class II congestive heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification system
    • Treatment-refractory hypertension defined as a blood pressure of systolic > 140 mmHg and/or diastolic > 90 mmHg which cannot be controlled by anti-hypertensive therapy
    • Abnormal cardiac valve morphology (>= grade 2) documented by echocardiogram (subjects with grade 1 abnormalities [i.e., mild regurgitation/stenosis] can be entered on study); subjects with moderate valvular thickening should not be entered on study
    • Prior placement of an implantable defibrillator
    • History of or identification on screening imaging of intracardiac metastases
  • No known active infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV); patients with chronic or cleared HBV infection and HCV infection are eligible
  • Current use of a prohibited medication; the following medications or non-drug therapies are prohibited:

    • Other anti-cancer therapy while on study treatment; (note: megestrol [Megace] if used as an appetite stimulant is allowed)
    • Concurrent treatment with bisphosphonates is permitted; however, treatment must be initiated prior to the first dose of study therapy; prophylactic use of bisphosphonates in patients without bone disease is not permitted, except for the treatment of osteoporosis
    • The concurrent use of all herbal supplements is prohibited during the study (including, but not limited to, St. John's wort, kava, ephedra [ma huang], ginkgo biloba, dehydroepiandrosterone [DHEA], yohimbe, saw palmetto, or ginseng)
    • Current use of a prohibited medication; patients receiving any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors or inducers of CYP3A or CYP2C8 are ineligible; current use of, or intended ongoing treatment with: herbal remedies (e.g., St. John's wort), or strong inhibitors or inducers of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) or breast cancer resistance protein 1 (Bcrp1) should also be excluded

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02097225

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United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Ryan J Sullivan Massachusetts General Hospital
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT02097225    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2014-00615
NCI-2014-00615 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
9557 ( Other Identifier: Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center )
9557 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
P30CA006516 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U01CA062490 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
UM1CA186709 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 27, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 30, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Skin Neoplasms
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Neoplasms by Site
Skin Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action