We are updating the design of this site. Learn more.
Show more
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

WEE1 Inhibitor MK-1775 and Irinotecan Hydrochloride in Treating Younger Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Solid Tumors

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified November 2017 by National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02095132
First Posted: March 24, 2014
Last Update Posted: November 10, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  Purpose
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of WEE1 inhibitor MK-1775 and irinotecan hydrochloride in treating younger patients with solid tumors that have come back or that have not responded to standard therapy. WEE1 inhibitor MK-1775 and irinotecan hydrochloride may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Condition Intervention Phase
Childhood Central Nervous System Neoplasm Recurrent Childhood Medulloblastoma Recurrent Childhood Supratentorial Embryonal Tumor, Not Otherwise Specified Recurrent Malignant Solid Neoplasm Recurrent Neuroblastoma Recurrent Rhabdomyosarcoma Drug: Irinotecan Hydrochloride Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Other: Pharmacological Study Drug: WEE1 Inhibitor AZD1775 Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1/2 Study of AZD1775 (MK-1775) in Combination With Oral Irinotecan in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults With Relapsed or Refractory Solid Tumors

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) defined as the maximum doses of WEE1 inhibitor MK-1775 and irinotecan hydrochloride at which fewer than one-third of patients experience dose limiting toxicities when receiving this combination [ Time Frame: 21 days ]
  • Pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of WEE1 inhibitor MK-1775 in terms of systemic exposure [ Time Frame: Course 1 day 1 prior to the irinotecan infusion, prior to the MK-1775 dose, 4 hours after the dose of MK-1775 is given, and prior to the irinotecan dose on day 2 ]
    The PK parameters will be summarized with simple summary statistics, including means, medians, ranges, and standard deviations (if numbers and distribution permit).

  • PK parameters of WEE1 inhibitor MK-1775 in terms of drug clearance [ Time Frame: Course 1 day 1 prior to the irinotecan infusion, prior to the MK-1775 dose, 4 hours after the dose of MK-1775 is given, and prior to the irinotecan dose on day 2 ]
    The PK parameters will be summarized with simple summary statistics, including means, medians, ranges, and standard deviations (if numbers and distribution permit).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in phosphorylated-cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (p-CDK1) levels [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 1 year ]
    Decreased p-CDK1 indicating Wee1 inhibition by WEE1 inhibitor MK-1775 will be investigated. These analyses will be descriptive and exploratory and hypotheses generating in nature.

  • Predictive biomarkers of WEE1 inhibitor MK-1775 sensitivity [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    These analyses will be descriptive and exploratory and hypotheses generating in nature.

  • Response rate according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
    Response rates will be calculated as the percent of patients whose best response is a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) and confidence intervals will be constructed according to the method of Chang. A responder is defined as a patient who achieves a best confirmed response of PR or CR on the study.


Estimated Enrollment: 154
Actual Study Start Date: March 27, 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: April 30, 2021 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (irinotecan hydrochloride, WEE1 inhibitor MK-1775)
Patients receive irinotecan hydrochloride PO and WEE1 inhibitor MK-1775 PO on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 18 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Irinotecan Hydrochloride
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Campto
  • Camptosar
  • Camptothecin 11
  • Camptothecin-11
  • CPT 11
  • CPT-11
  • Irinomedac
  • U-101440E
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies
Drug: WEE1 Inhibitor AZD1775
Given PO
Other Names:
  • AZD-1775
  • AZD1775
  • MK-1775
  • MK1775

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and/or recommended Phase 2 dose of AZD1755 (MK-1775) administered on days 1 through 5 every 21 days, in combination with oral irinotecan (irinotecan hydrochloride), to children with recurrent or refractory solid tumors.

II. To define and describe the toxicities of AZD1755 (MK-1775) in combination with oral irinotecan administered on this schedule.

III. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of AZD1755 (MK-1775) in children with refractory cancer.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To preliminarily define the antitumor activity of AZD1755 (MK-1775) and irinotecan within the confines of a Phase 1 study.

II. To obtain initial Phase 2 efficacy data on the anti-tumor activity of AZD1755 (MK-1775) in combination with irinotecan administered to children with relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma, in children with relapsed or refractory medulloblastoma/CNS PNET (central nervous system primitive neuroectodermal tumor) and in children with relapsed or refractory rhabdomyosarcoma.

III. To investigate checkpoint over-ride by AZD1755 (MK-1775) via the mechanism-based pharmacodynamic (PD) biomarker of decreased cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1) phosphorylation in correlative and exploratory studies.

IV. To evaluate potential predictive biomarkers of AZD1755 (MK-1775) sensitivity, including v-myc avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog (MYC), v-myc avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene neuroblastoma derived homolog (MYCN), phosphorylated-WEE1 G2 checkpoint kinase (p-Wee1), enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (Drosophila) (EZH2) and gamma-H2A histone family, member gamma-H2AX in tumor tissues in correlative and exploratory studies.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation followed by a phase II study.

Patients receive irinotecan hydrochloride orally (PO) and WEE1 inhibitor MK-1775 PO on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 18 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have had histologic verification of malignancy at original diagnosis or relapse except in patients with intrinsic brain stem tumors, optic pathway gliomas, or patients with pineal tumors and elevations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or serum tumor markers including alpha-fetoprotein or beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
  • Part A: Patients with relapsed or refractory solid tumors, including patients with primary or metastatic CNS tumors
  • Part B: Patients with relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma
  • Part C: Patients with relapsed or refractory medulloblastoma or CNS PNET
  • Part D: Patients with relapsed or refractory rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Patients must have a body surface area >= 0.35 m^2 at the time of study enrollment if enrolling on dose levels 1-5; patients must have a body surface area >= 0.46 m^2 at the time of study enrollment if enrolling on dose level 0
  • Part A: Patients must have either measurable or evaluable disease
  • Part B: Patients must have either measurable disease or must be evaluable for MIBG response without evidence of Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) measurable lesions; patients with neuroblastoma in bone marrow only are not eligible
  • Part C: Patients must have measurable disease by computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Part D: Patients must have measurable disease for Part D
  • Patient's current disease state must be one for which there is no known curative therapy or therapy proven to prolong survival with an acceptable quality of life
  • Karnofsky >= 50% for patients > 16 years of age and Lansky >= 50 for patients =< 16 years of age; note: neurologic deficits in patients with CNS tumors must have been relatively stable for at least 7 days prior to study enrollment; patients who are unable to walk because of paralysis, but who are up in a wheelchair, will be considered ambulatory for the purpose of assessing the performance score
  • Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior anti-cancer chemotherapy
  • At least 21 days after the last dose of myelosuppressive chemotherapy (42 days if prior nitrosourea)
  • At least 14 days after the last dose of a long-acting growth factor (e.g. Neulasta) or 7 days for short-acting growth factor; for agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur; the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair
  • At least 7 days after the last dose of a biologic agent; for agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur; the duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair
  • At least 42 days after the completion of any type of immunotherapy, e.g. tumor vaccines
  • >= 21 days must have elapsed from infusion of lase dose of antibody, and toxicity related to prior antibody therapy must be recovered to grade =< 1
  • At least 14 days after local palliative radiation therapy (XRT) (small port); at least 150 days must have elapsed if prior traumatic brain injury (TBI), craniospinal XRT or if >= 50% radiation of pelvis; at least 42 days must have elapsed if other substantial bone marrow radiation, including therapeutic doses of Iobenguane (MIBG)
  • Stem cell Infusion without TBI: no evidence of active graft vs host disease and at least 84 days must have elapsed after transplant or stem cell infusion
  • Patients previously treated with irinotecan are eligible for this study
  • For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement: peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/mm^3
  • For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement: platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3 (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions for at least 7 days prior to enrollment)
  • For patients with solid tumors without known bone marrow involvement: hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL (may receive red blood cell [RBC] transfusions)
  • Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease will be eligible for study provided they meet the blood counts (may receive transfusions provided they are not known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusions); these patients will not be evaluable for hematologic toxicity; at least 2 of every cohort of 3 patients must be evaluable for hematologic toxicity for Part A, the dose escalation part of the study; if dose-limiting hematologic toxicity is observed, all subsequent patients enrolled must be evaluable for hematologic toxicity
  • Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 ml/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:

    • Age 1 to < 2 years: 0.6 mg/dL
    • Age 2 to < 6 years: 0.8 mg/dL
    • Age 6 to < 10 years: 1 mg/dL
    • Age 10 to < 13 years: 1.2 mg/dL
    • Age 13 to < 16 years: 1.5 mg/dL (males), 1.4 mg/dL (females)
    • Age >= 16 years: 1.7 mg/dL (males), 1.4 mg/dL (females)
  • Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
  • Serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 110 U/L; for the purpose of this study, the ULN for SGPT is 45 U/L
  • Serum albumin >= 2 g/dL
  • Correct QT interval (QTc) =< 480 msec; Note: Patients should avoid concomitant medication known or suspected to prolong QTc interval or cause torsades de pointes; if possible, alternative agents should be considered; patients who are receiving drugs that prolong the QTc are eligible if the drug is necessary and no alternatives are available
  • Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on non-enzyme inducing anticonvulsants and well controlled
  • Nervous system disorders (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4 [CTCAE v4]) resulting from prior therapy must be =< grade 2
  • All patients and/or their parents or legally authorized representatives must sign a written informed consent; assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional guidelines
  • Tissue blocks or slides must be sent if available, with exclusions; if tissue blocks or slides are unavailable, the study chair must be notified prior to study enrollment
  • Patients must be able to swallow capsules

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or breast-feeding women may not be entered on this study; pregnancy tests must be obtained in girls who are post-menarchal
  • Males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use an effective double barrier contraceptive method for the entire duration of protocol therapy and for 3 months (males) and 1 month (females) after study drug discontinuation
  • Patients receiving corticosteroids who have not been on a stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroid for at least 7 days prior to enrollment are not eligible
  • Patients who are currently receiving another investigational drug are not eligible
  • Patients who are currently receiving other anti-cancer agents are not eligible
  • Patients who are currently receiving drugs that are strong or moderate inhibitors and/or inducers of cytochrome P450, family 3, subfamily A, polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4) or sensitive CYP3A4 substrates and CYP3A4 substrates with a narrow therapeutic range are not eligible; the use of aprepitant as an antiemetic is prohibited; caution should be exercised with concomitant administration of AZD1755 (MK-1775) and agents that are sensitive substrates of cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 8 (CYP2C8), 2C9 and 2C19, or substrates of this enzyme with narrow therapeutic ranges, as well as agents that are inhibitors or substrates of permeability glycoprotein (P-gp)
  • Patients who are receiving cyclosporine, tacrolimus or other agents to prevent graft-versus-host disease post bone marrow transplant are not eligible for this trial
  • Patients must not have received enzyme inducing anticonvulsants for at least 14 days prior to enrollment
  • Patients with cardiac diseases ongoing or in the past 6 months (e.g. congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, significant uncontrolled arrhythmias) are not eligible for this trial
  • Patients who have an uncontrolled infection are not eligible
  • Patients who have received a prior solid organ transplantation are not eligible
  • Patients who in the opinion of the investigator may not be able to comply with the safety monitoring requirements of the study are not eligible
  • Patients with a history of allergic reaction to irinotecan, cephalosporins or a severe penicillin allergy are not eligible
  • Patients unable to swallow capsules whole are not eligible; nasogastric or gastric (G) tube administration is not allowed
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02095132


  Show 24 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Kristina Cole COG Phase I Consortium
  More Information

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02095132     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2014-00547
NCI-2014-00547 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
ADVL1312
ADVL1312 ( Other Identifier: COG Phase I Consortium )
ADVL1312 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
UM1CA097452 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: March 13, 2014
First Posted: March 24, 2014
Last Update Posted: November 10, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms
Neuroblastoma
Rhabdomyosarcoma
Medulloblastoma
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Myosarcoma
Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Sarcoma
Glioma
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Irinotecan
Camptothecin
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action