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Dual mTOR Inhibitor MLN0128 in Advanced Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (CRPC) Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02091531
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 19, 2014
Results First Posted : October 29, 2019
Last Update Posted : November 21, 2019
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

This is a phase II study which will test the study drug MLN0128 in patients with castration resistant prostate cancer who have received chemotherapy in the past. Phase II clinical trials test how well an investigational drug works in treating a specific cancer. "Investigational" means that the drug is still being studied and that research doctors are trying to find out more about it. MLN0128 is not approved by the FDA.

The purpose of this study is to see what effects (good and bad) the study drug MLN0128 has on the patient and the cancer. MLN0128 is a drug that belongs to a class of drugs called "mTOR kinase inhibitors". A protein, called "mTOR" inside the cells in the body, plays a role in controlling how cells grow. In some cancer cells, mTOR may be over-active. This over-activity may cause some cancer cells to grow out of control. Research has shown that mTOR inhibitors can block this overactivity and may help stop or slow down the growth of some types of cancer cells.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer Drug: MLN0128 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 9 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of the Dual mTOR Inhibitor MLN0128 in Patients With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer (CRPC)
Study Start Date : March 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MLN0128
Patients will be treated with the established phase II dose of MLN0128 (4mg po daily continuously; 1 cycle=4 weeks) to assess mechanisms of sensitivity and resistance in men with CRPC who have received either enzalutamide and/or abiraterone.
Drug: MLN0128

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Median Time on Treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 8 months ]
    from the start of treatment, as defined by the Prostate Cancer Working Group 2 (PCWG2) guidelines.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Median PSA Rise at End of Treatment as Compared to Baseline [ Time Frame: Duration of Treatment, up to 30 weeks ]
    Summary tables and waterfall plots describing change in PSA relative to baseline will be reported at end of treatment

  2. Best Response [ Time Frame: Duration of Treatment, up to 30 weeks ]
    We propose to study both FDG and optional FDHT PET imaging at baseline, 4 weeks after treatment initiation and at the time of progression (end-of-treatment), and to correlate the changes with treatment response. Response and progression will be evaluated in this study using a combination of the international criteria proposed by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) Committee and modified for prostate cancer and the guidelines for prostate cancer endpoints developed by the Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials Working Group (PCWG2).21

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

To be included in this study, patients should have histologically confirmed castration resistant metastatic prostate cancer with evidence of disease progression. Patients must have been in a castrate state either by orchiectomy or by GnRH analogues. In detail, they should meet all of the following criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed prostate cancer with progressive metastatic disease based on any of the following: i) a rise in PSA, ii) transaxial imaging, or iii) radionuclide bone scan.

    1. PSA - a minimum of 3 consecutive rising levels, with an interval of ≥

      1 week between each determination. The last determination must have a minimal value of ≥ 2 ng/mL and be determined within two weeks prior to enrollment.

    2. Measurable Disease - patients showing new or progressive soft tissue masses on CT or MRI scans as defined by the PCWG2 criteria21
    3. Radionuclide bone scan - at least two new metastatic lesions.
  • Detectable metastases by bone scan, CT-scan or MRI.
  • Ongoing androgen depletion therapy with a Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH) analogue or inhibitor, or orchiectomy (i.e., surgical or medical castration).

For patients who have not had an orchiectomy, there must be a plan to maintain effective GnRH-analogue therapy for the duration of the trial.

  • Castrate levels of serum testosterone < 50 ng/dL determined within 4 weeks prior to starting treatment.
  • Patients who are receiving an anti-androgen as part of their first-line hormonal therapy must have shown progression of disease off the anti-androgen prior to enrollment.
  • At least 4 weeks must have elapsed from the use of androgen receptor antagonists (i.e., flutamide, nilutamide, bicalutamide, enzalutamide ); 5-α reductase inhibitors (i.e., finasteride, aminoglutethimide); abiraterone acetate; estrogens; nitrosoureas, mitomycin C, isotype therapy, ketoconazole, chemotherapy and other anti-cancer pharmacologic therapy prior to beginning protocol therapy.
  • At least 8 weeks must have elapsed from the use of Strontium-89, Radium-223, Samarium-153, or immunotherapy (e.g., Provenge) prior to beginning protocol therapy.
  • At least 4 weeks must have elapsed from the use of any investigational agent prior to beginning protocol therapy.

    a. Note: Prior treatment with PI3K/mTOR pathway inhibitors prohibited.

  • At least 4 weeks must have elapsed from major surgery.
  • Toxicities related to prior therapy must either have returned to ≤ Grade 1, baseline or deemed irreversible.
  • Patients with treated, non-progressive epidural disease are eligible.
  • KPS performance status 70-100% (50-60% is allowed only if due to bone pain)
  • At least 18 years of age, with a life expectancy at least 3 months.
  • Patient must be willing to comply with study procedures.
  • Physical and laboratory test findings

    1. Adequate hepatic function with serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times the upper institutional limits of normal (ULN), ALT and AST ≤ 2.5 x ULN. Patients with a history of Gilbert's syndrome may be enrolled if the total bilirubin is < 3 mg/dL with a predominance of indirect bilirubin
    2. Adequate renal function with serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN.
    3. Adequate hematologic function with absolute neutrophil counts ≥ 1,500 cell/mm3 and platelets ≥ 100,000 cells/mm3 and hemoglobin value ≥ 9 g/dL (Note: patients whose anemia has been corrected to a hemoglobin value ≥ 9 g/dL with blood transfusions are allowed).
    4. Electrolytes (including potassium, sodium, and serum calcium corrected for albumin or ionized calcium) must be within normal limits.
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) no more than 5 absolute percentage points below the institutional standard of normal as measured by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multiple gated acquisition scan (MUGA) within 4 weeks prior to first study drug administration (ie, if the institutional normal is 50%, subject's LVEF may be as low as 45% to be eligible for the study)

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients that meet any of the criteria listed below will not be eligible for study entry:

  • History of, or current known metastases in the brain or untreated spinal cord compression;
  • History of another malignancy within the previous 2 years except for the following:

    1. Adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer,
    2. Adequately treated Stage I or II cancer currently in complete remission, or any other cancer that has been in complete remission for at least 2 years;
  • Prior treatment with PI3K/mTOR pathway inhibitors;

Diabetes mellitus on active treatment, or subjects with either of the following:

  1. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) ≥ 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L), or
  2. HbA1c ≥ 6.5%;

    • Use of herbal products that may decrease PSA levels (i.e., saw palmetto) or systemic corticosteroid greater than the equivalent of 10 mg of prednisone per day during the 4 weeks prior to screening or plans to initiate treatment with the above during the entire duration of the study;
    • Any history of unstable angina, myocardial infarction, New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or IV heart failure, and/or pulmonary hypertension;
    • Significant active cardiovascular disease including:

a. Uncontrolled high blood pressure (ie, systolic blood pressure > 180 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure > 95 mmHg) b. Grade 3 or higher valvular disease c. Grade 3 or higher atrial fibrillation d. Grade 3 or higher bradycardia e. Endocarditis f. Pulmonary embolism g. Recent cerebrovascular accident within 6 months prior to enrollment

  • A requirement for positive inotropic support (excluding digoxin) or serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia (including atrial flutter/fibrillation) within 1 year prior to screening
  • A pacemaker or implantable cardiac defibrillator
  • Known history of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), based on medical history (screening labs to rule out HIV infection are not required);
  • Any other condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would impair the patient's ability to comply with study procedures.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02091531

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United States, New York
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Dana Rathkopf, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier: NCT02091531    
Other Study ID Numbers: 13-143
First Posted: March 19, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 29, 2019
Last Update Posted: November 21, 2019
Last Verified: October 2018
Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
mTOR Inhibitor MLN0128
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Prostatic Diseases