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A Dose-ranging Pharmacokinetics and Safety Study of GWP42003-P in Children With Dravet Syndrome (GWPCARE1)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02091206
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 19, 2014
Results First Posted : July 19, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 24, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GW Research Ltd

Brief Summary:
To evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) of multiple doses of GWP42003-P compared with placebo in children with Dravet syndrome.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Epilepsy Dravet Syndrome Drug: GWP42003-P 5 mg/kg/day Dose Drug: Placebo control Drug: GWP42003-P 10 mg/kg/day Dose Drug: GWP42003-P 20 mg/kg/day Dose Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This multi-center study consisted of 2 parts: Part A and Part B. Only Part A is described in this record. Part A was a randomized, double-blind 21-day treatment study period. Participants were randomized to one of 3 doses of active drug or placebo at a 4:1 ratio.

Participants who satisfied all inclusion and none of the exclusion criteria were assigned a unique participant number and then began a 28-day baseline observation period.

Eligible participants were then randomly assigned to receive one of 3 dose levels of GWP42003-P: 5 milligrams (mg) per kilogram (kg) per day, 10 mg/kg/day, 20 mg/kg/day, or matching placebo.

There were three groups of ten participants. In each group, participants were randomly assigned so that eight participants received active treatment and two participants received placebo. Participants received GWP42003-P or placebo for a 21-day exposure period, which consisted of a titration period, followed by a stable dose period.

A PK assessment took place after the first single dose of GWP42003-P. There was a second PK assessment after 21 days of consecutive dosing with GWP42003-P. Participants who took clobazam (CLB) as an adjunctive treatment were asked to take their usual dose 2 hours prior to attending the clinic. The same recommendation was made for other concomitant antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), if applicable. This was so that the pre-treatment (with GWP42003-P) plasma concentrations of CLB, its major metabolite N-desmethylclobazam, and any other concomitant AEDs could be measured, and the impact of GWP42003-P treatment on these levels evaluated. Interim clinic visits to (primarily) evaluate safety and adherence to the titration regimen took place at 7 and 14 days of treatment.

After 21 days of treatment, all participants commenced a 10-day down-titration taper period. An independent Data Safety Monitoring Committee reviewed unblinded safety and PK data and recommended the target dose (up to 20 mg/kg/day) for Part B of the study and for an open label extension study. Once the safety review of Part A data had taken place, participants had the option of entering the open label extension study.

A follow-up telephone call was made 28 days after the end of dosing for participants who did not enter the open label extension study within this time-frame.

Throughout the 21-day treatment period and the 10-day taper period, there were regular safety telephone calls (approximately every 2 days) to check participant status. Weekly safety telephone calls were made during the 28-day follow-up period.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 34 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double Blind, Placebo-controlled, Two-part Study to Investigate the Dose-ranging Safety and Pharmacokinetics, Followed by the Efficacy and Safety of Cannabidiol (GWP42003-P) in Children and Young Adults With Dravet Syndrome
Actual Study Start Date : October 22, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 9, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : March 9, 2015


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: GWP42003-P 5 mg/kg/day Dose
Participants received GWP42003-P 5 mg/kg/day administered orally, half in the morning and half in the evening. Participants titrated GWP42003-P to 5 mg/kg/day over 3 days and remained at this dose for the rest of the 21-day treatment period (19 days). The 21-day treatment period was followed by a 10-day taper (10% per day) period.
Drug: GWP42003-P 5 mg/kg/day Dose
GWP42003-P was an oral solution containing 25 mg/milliliter (mL) cannabidiol (CBD) or 100 mg/mL CBD dissolved in the excipients sesame oil and anhydrous ethanol (79 mg/mL) with added sweetener (0.5 mg/mL sucralose) and strawberry flavoring (0.2 mg/mL). Participants were randomly assigned to receive either 5, 10 or 20 mg/kg/day.
Other Names:
  • Cannabidiol
  • Epidiolex

Experimental: GWP42003-P 10 mg/kg/day Dose
Participants received GWP42003-P 10 mg/kg/day administered orally, half in the morning and half in the evening. Participants titrated GWP42003-P to 10 mg/kg/day over 7 days and remained at this dose for the rest of the 21-day treatment period (15 days). The 21-day treatment period was followed by a 10-day taper (10% per day) period.
Drug: GWP42003-P 10 mg/kg/day Dose
GWP42003-P was an oral solution containing 25 mg/mL CBD or 100 mg/mL CBD dissolved in the excipients sesame oil and anhydrous ethanol (79 mg/mL) with added sweetener (0.5 mg/mL sucralose) and strawberry flavoring (0.2 mg/mL). Participants were randomly assigned to receive either 5, 10 or 20 mg/kg/day.
Other Names:
  • Cannabidiol
  • Epidiolex

Experimental: GWP42003-P 20 mg/kg/day Dose
Participants received GWP42003-P 20 mg/kg/day administered orally, half in the morning and half in the evening. Participants titrated GWP42003-P to 20 mg/kg/day over 11 days and remained at this dose for the rest of the 21-day treatment period (11 days). The 21-day treatment period was followed by a 10-day taper (10% per day) period.
Drug: GWP42003-P 20 mg/kg/day Dose
GWP42003-P was an oral solution containing 25 mg/mL CBD or 100 mg/mL CBD dissolved in the excipients sesame oil and anhydrous ethanol (79 mg/mL) with added sweetener (0.5 mg/mL sucralose) and strawberry flavoring (0.2 mg/mL). Participants were randomly assigned to receive either 5, 10 or 20 mg/kg/day.
Other Names:
  • Cannabidiol
  • Epidiolex

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Participants received placebo (0 mg/mL CBD), volume matched to one of the 3 dose levels (5, 10, or 20 mg/kg/day), administered orally, half in the morning and half in the evening for 21 days. To maintain the blinded aspect of the study, participants titrated the placebo dose over 3 to 11 days according to the matched investigational medicinal product (IMP) group (3, 7, and 11 days for the 5, 10, or 20 mg/kg/day GWP42003-P groups, respectively) and remained at this dose for the rest of the 21-day treatment period. The 21-day treatment period was followed by a 10-day taper (10% per day of the matched dose) period.
Drug: Placebo control
Placebo oral solution contained the excipients sesame oil and anhydrous ethanol (79 mg/mL) with added sweetener (0.5 mg/mL sucralose) and strawberry flavoring (0.2 mg/mL).
Other Name: Placebo




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number Of Participants Who Experienced Severe Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 1) through Safety follow-up visit (Day 60) ]

    A TEAE was defined as an adverse event (AE) with an onset date on or after the first dose of IMP. If an AE had a partial onset date and it was unclear from the partial date (or the stop date) whether the AE started prior to or following the first dose of IMP then the AE was considered a TEAE. The number of participants who experienced one or more severe TEAEs after dosing on Day 1 through the Safety Follow-up Visit (Day 60) is presented.

    A summary of serious and all other non-serious AEs regardless of causality is located in the Adverse Events module.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Area Under The Concentration-Time Curve Calculated To The Last Observable Concentration At Time T (AUC0-t) For CBD And Its Metabolites At Days 1 And 22 [ Time Frame: Predose and 2-6 hours postdose on Days 1 and 22 ]
    AUC0-t for CBD and its major metabolites, 6-hydroxy-CBD (6-OH-CBD), 7-hydroxy-CBD (7-OH-CBD), and 7-carboxy-CBD (7-COOH-CBD) were calculated using blood samples collected before and after IMP dosing on Days 1 and 22. One sample was collected predose, 2 to 3 hours postdose, and 4 to 6 hours postdose for CBD and its metabolites. Results are presented for participants who received GWP42003-P at 5, 10, or 20 mg/kg/day during the study and for participants with a numeric result for the given evaluation.

  2. Mean Percentage Change From Baseline To End Of Treatment In Plasma Clobazam (CLB) And N-Desmethylclobazam (N-CLB) Concentrations [ Time Frame: Predose on Days 1 and 22 ]
    Plasma concentrations of CLB and N-CLB were measured on Days 1 and 22. Participants were instructed to take their daily dose of CLB 2 hours prior to the anticipated pre-IMP blood specimen collection on both days. Blood samples were collected prior to administration of IMP. Results are presented for a subgroup of participants who took CLB during the study and had PK samples analyzed at both PK sampling visits (Days 1 and 22).



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Ages Eligible for Study:   4 Years to 10 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants were male or female aged between 4 and 10 years (inclusive).
  • Participants had a documented history of Dravet Syndrome that was not completely controlled by AEDs.
  • Participants took one or more AEDs at a dose which had been stable for at least 4 weeks.
  • Participants had experienced fewer than 4 convulsive seizures (tonic-clonic, tonic, clonic, atonic seizures) during the 28-day baseline period.
  • All medications or interventions for epilepsy (including ketogenic diet and vagus nerve stimulation [VNS]) were stable for four weeks prior to screening and participants were willing to maintain a stable regimen throughout the study. The ketogenic diet and VNS treatments were not counted as an AED.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants had clinically significant unstable medical conditions other than epilepsy.
  • Participants had clinically relevant abnormalities in the 12-lead electrocardiogram measured at screening or randomization.
  • Participants were currently using or had in the past used recreational or medicinal cannabis, or synthetic CBD based medications (including Sativex®) within the 3 months prior to study entry and were unwilling to abstain for the duration for the study.
  • Participants had any known or suspected hypersensitivity to cannabinoids or any of the excipients of the IMP.
  • Participants who had been part of a clinical trial involving another investigational product in the previous 6 months.
  • There were plans for the participants to travel outside their country of residence during the study.
  • Participants were previously randomized into this study. In particular, participants participating in Part A of the study cannot enter Part B.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02091206


Locations
United States, Florida
Miami, Florida, United States, 33155
United States, Georgia
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30328
United States, Illinois
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
United States, Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
United States, Massachusetts
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
United States, North Carolina
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27408
United States, Ohio
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43205
United States, Texas
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United Kingdom
Edinburgh, United Kingdom, EH9 1LF
Liverpool, United Kingdom, L12 2AP
London, United Kingdom, WC1N 3JH
Sponsors and Collaborators
GW Research Ltd

Publications:
Responsible Party: GW Research Ltd
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02091206     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GWEP1332 Part A
2014-002941-23 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: March 19, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 19, 2018
Last Update Posted: August 24, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018

Keywords provided by GW Research Ltd:
Cannabidiol
CBD
Epidiolex
GWP42003-P

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Rett Syndrome
Syndrome
Epilepsies, Myoclonic
Spasms, Infantile
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Epilepsy
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Epilepsy, Generalized
Mental Retardation, X-Linked
Intellectual Disability
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System