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Orthotic Use for Chronic Low Back Pain

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02089750
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 18, 2014
Last Update Posted : March 31, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Illinois at Chicago
Foot Levelers, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jerrilyn Cambron, DC, PhD, National University of Health Sciences

Brief Summary:

The goal of this randomized clinical study is to assess pain and dysfunction in 225 volunteer subjects who have chronic low back pain.

The hypothesis of this study is that custom-made shoe will improve patients' low back pain and dysfunction. Additionally, custom-made shoe orthotics plus chiropractic treatment will further improve patients' low back pain and dysfunction while maintaining that improvement during the one year study follow-up period.

Specific Aims:

  1. To determine the changes in perceived pain levels (Numeric Pain Rating Scale) and dysfunction (Oswestry Disability Index) in patients with chronic low back pain after six weeks of custom-made shoe orthotic use with or without chiropractic care as compared to no care.
  2. To determine the changes in perceived pain levels and dysfunction in patients with chronic low back pain after twelve weeks of custom-made shoe orthotic use.
  3. To determine the changes in perceived pain levels and dysfunction at 3, 6, and 12 months following the 12 week treatment period.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Low Back Pain Other: Orthotics Other: Orthotics Plus Chiropractic Care Other: Wait List Not Applicable

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 225 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Orthotic Use for Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Study Start Date : March 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : November 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Orthotics
Subjects are asked to wear custom-made shoe orthotics for a 12 week study period.
Other: Orthotics
Active Comparator: Orthotics Plus Chiropractic Care
Subjects are asked to wear custom-made shoe orthotics for a 12 week study period in addition to receiving Chiropractic Care 1-4 times per week during the first 6 weeks of the 12 week study period.
Other: Orthotics
Other: Orthotics Plus Chiropractic Care
The six week Chiropractic Care portion of this intervention may include the use of ice packs, hot packs, massage, and chiropractic manipulations to the spine or lower extremities (utilizing High Velocity Low Amplitude and/or Flexion Distraction manipulations).

Wait List
The group serves as a cross-over control group. Subjects are asked to avoid any new therapies for the first 6 weeks of the 12 week study and during the last six weeks they are fitted for the custom-made shoe orthotics.
Other: Orthotics
Other: Wait List



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) [ Time Frame: This primary outcome measure will be collected at the Randomization Visit and Week 6. ]
    The Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) is a numeric scale from 0-10, wherein patients can select (by circling or otherwise selecting) the one number along that line that best describes the pain being inquired about during the specified time period. The NPRS is one of the most frequently used methods for the measurement of clinical pain.

  2. Modified Oswestry Disability Index (MODI) [ Time Frame: This primary outcome measure will be collected at the Randomization Visit and Week 6. ]
    The Modified Oswestry Disability Index, a condition specific questionnaire covering 10 areas of daily living and expressing the degree of disability as a percentage. The measured areas include: pain intensity, personal care, lifting, walking, sitting, standing, sleeping, social life, traveling, and employment. Each category is scored on a continuum from 0 to 5 points, for a possible total score of 50 out of 50, popularly described as "100% disability."


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) [ Time Frame: This outcome will also be collected at secondary time points which include additional bi-weekly time points during care at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 10, and 12; as well as, 3, 6, and 12 months post-care. ]
  2. Modified Oswestry Disability Index (MODI) [ Time Frame: This outcome will also be collected at secondary time points which include additional bi-weekly time points during care at Weeks 2, 4, 8, 10, and 12; as well as, 3, 6, and 12 months post-care. ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. At least 18 years old
  2. Subjects must be symptomatic with current pain between T12 and the SI joints with or without radiating pain at an average score of 4 or higher on the NPRS scale
  3. Symptoms must have been present for at least three months

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Use of custom-made orthotics in the past 6 months
  2. Ongoing active conservative care (such as physical therapy or chiropractic care) for the low back, leg, or foot received in the past 6 months (excluding the use of oral medications or daily at-home exercises for general well-being).
  3. Current or future litigation for any healthcare concern
  4. Not fluent or literate in the English language. We will not be able to provide multiple translators within this study
  5. Brain disorders (e.g., dementia, Alzheimers Disease , etc.) that would lead to difficulty in questionnaire completion
  6. Chronic pain other than low back pain, such as fibromyalgia or multiple sclerosis
  7. Clinically significant chronic inflammatory spinal arthritis
  8. Spinal pathology or fracture
  9. Progressive neurologic deficits due to nerve root or spinal cord compression, including symptoms/signs of cauda equina syndrome
  10. History of bleeding disorder
  11. Known arterial aneurysm
  12. Previous lumbar spine surgery
  13. Severe skeletal deformity of the foot
  14. Peripheral neuropathy due to disorders such as diabetes
  15. Low back pain that is not reproducible
  16. Current pregnancy
  17. Other conditions that may affect the subjects' ability to participate throughout the duration of the study or exclude patients from participation in the study, including contraindications to orthotic use or chiropractic spinal manipulations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02089750


Locations
United States, Illinois
National University of Health Sciences
Lombard, Illinois, United States, 60148
Sponsors and Collaborators
National University of Health Sciences
University of Illinois at Chicago
Foot Levelers, Inc.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jerrilyn Cambron, DC, MPH, PhD National University of Health Sciences

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Jerrilyn Cambron, DC, PhD, Professor in the Department of Research, National University of Health Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02089750     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NUHS IRB_H-1203
First Posted: March 18, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 31, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017

Keywords provided by Jerrilyn Cambron, DC, PhD, National University of Health Sciences:
Low Back Pain
Chiropractic
Shoe Orthotics

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Back Pain
Low Back Pain
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms