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Pegylated Recombinant Human Arginase 1 in Combination With Oxaliplatin and Capecitabine for the Treatment of HCC (PACOX)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02089633
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 18, 2014
Last Update Posted : July 28, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
The University of Hong Kong
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bio-Cancer Treatment International Limited

Brief Summary:
The propose of the study is to evaluate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of Oxaliplatin in combination with pegylated recombinant human arginase 1 (PEG-BCT-100) and Capecitabine and efficacy of this combination regimen (PACOX)in patients with advanced liver cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatocellular Carcinoma Biological: PACOX Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a phase II open-label study. The first part of the study (Part 1) is a dose escalation study of a 21-day regimen of IV Oxaliplatin in combination with weekly IV PEG-BCT-100 2.7 mg/kg and oral Capecitabine 1000 mg/m2 twice per day for 14 days. There are 3 successive treatment cohorts in dose level of 85 mg/m2, 100 mg/m2 and 130 mg/m2 for Oxaliplatin. Subsequent treatment cohort is opened only after all patients in the previous cohort have completed the first 3 cycles of PACOX. The first patient entered the study is started at Cohort 1. At least three subjects will be treated at this cohort and observed for dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). If one of the three treated patients develops DLT at any dose level, three additional patients are to be entered at the same dose level. The dose of Oxaliplatin will be escalated if no DLT for the first three patients or one of the six treated patients develops a DLT. If two or more of the three/six patients at a given dose level experienced a DLT, dose escalation is stopped and the previous dose level is declared the MTD (recommended dose) of PACOX regimen for the second part of the study (Part 2). If the first three patients in Cohort 3 do not develop a DLT, an additional three patients will be enrolled in Cohort 3. If one or less than one patient in Cohort 3 has developed a DLT. the dose level is declared as the MTD.

Toxicity will be assessed through physical examination and vital signs findings, safety laboratory tests results, and graded by the NCI CTCAE (version 4.0).

Part 2: Patients receive the recommended dose of PACOX regimen as defined in Part 1. A 14-day screening period followed by a treatment period consisting of 3-week treatment cycles. Patients will be treated until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. The treatment period will end by a follow up visit at 30 days after the last dose of trial treatment. After the study treatment, patients will be follow-up every 8 weeks for survival status or until study termination.

Patients in both parts of the study will receive PACOX regimen until disease progression, intolerable toxicity, death or patients withdraw consent. The clinical effects of PACOX regimen on tumor response will be evaluated. Tumour assessment which is based on RECIST 1.1 criteria will be performed until disease progression.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 17 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Recombinant Human Arginase 1 (PEG-BCT-100) Combined With Capecitabine and Oxaliplatin in Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Study Start Date : April 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: PACOX
Pegylated human arginase (PA) in combination with Capecitabine (C) and Oxaliplatin (OX)
Biological: PACOX
Pegylated recombinant human arginase 1 in combination with Oxaliplatin and Capecitabine
Other Names:
  • PEG-BCT-100
  • Xeloda
  • Eloxatin




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of Oxaliplatin (OX) in combination with PEG-BCT-100 (PA) and Capecitabine (C) in patients with locally advanced or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    There are 3 successive treatment cohorts in dose level of 85, 100 and 130 mg/m2 for Oxaliplatin. Subsequent treatment cohort is opened only after all patients in the previous cohort have completed the first 3 cycles of PACOX. At least 3 subjects will be treated at each cohort and observed for dose-limiting toxicity (DLT). If 1 of the 3 treated patients develops DLT at any dose level, 3 additional patients are to be entered at the same dose level. The dose of Oxaliplatin will be escalated if no DLT for the first 3 patients or 1 of the 6 treated patients develops a DLT. If 2 or more of the 3/6 patients at a given dose level experienced a DLT, dose escalation is stopped and the previous dose level is declared the MTD for the second part of the study. If the first 3 patients in Cohort 3 do not develop a DLT, an additional 3 patients will be enrolled in Cohort 3. If 1 or less than 1 patient in Cohort 3 has developed a DLT. the dose level is declared as the MTD.

  2. Time To Progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    TTP will be measured from the date of first dose of the PACOX regimen until documentation of disease progression according to RECIST 1.1 Criteria. Death due to cause other than progression will be censored. Patient without an event will be censored at date last known progression-free.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    PFS will be measured as the start of the PACOX regimen until documentation of disease progression according to RECIST 1.1 Criteria or death due to any cause. Patients without an event will be censored at date last known progression-free

  2. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    OS is defined as the time form the start of PACOX regimen until death due to any cause, censored at the last date known alive.

  3. Response Rate (RR) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The overall disease response rate in accordance with RECIST 1.1 Criteria, which is defined as the percentage of patients who achieve either a complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) or stable disease (SD)

  4. Serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    change in serum AFP level from baseline.

  5. To evaluate the difference in disease response based on RECIST 1.1 Criteria and modified RECIST Criteria [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  6. Safety events [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Adverse Event (AE)/Serious AE evaluated by NCI CTCAE, version 4.0


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. To evaluate the association between the biomarkers of ornithine transcarbamoylase (OTC) and argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS) in liver tissue and clinical response treated with PACOX regimen [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    The tumor tissue biomarkers, OTC and ASS, will be measured at baseline using standard immunohistochemical (IHC) staining method. IHC score will be produced for each tumor by summing up the intensity of the stain (0, 1, 2, 3) and the percentage of tumor with the corresponding intensity semi-quantitatively.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age>=18 years
  • Histologically or cytologically or clinically diagnosed advanced HCC not amenable or refractory or intolerance to surgery, or local-regional therapy, or targeted therapy.
  • Confirmed diagnosis of HCC according to the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) criteria.
  • Child-Pugh class A or B
  • ECOG Performance State of 0 or 1
  • Expected life expectancy of ≥ 12 weeks
  • Adequate bone marrow, liver and renal function as assessed by the following laboratory requirements to be conducted within 7 days prior to screening
  • Normal ECG
  • Subjects with at least one measurable target lesion at baseline in accordance with RECIST 1.1 Criteria.
  • Patients who give written informed consent prior to any study specific screening procedures with the understanding that the patient has the right to withdraw from the study at any time, without prejudice.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior use of any systemic anti-cancer treatment for HCC other than targeted therapy, e.g. sorafenib. Systemic anti-cancer treatment for HCC includes chemotherapy, immunotherapy and hormonal therapy (except hormonal therapy for supportive care is permitted). Antiviral treatment is allowed, however interferon therapy must be stopped at least 4 weeks prior to the start of trial treatment
  • Prior use of any approved or investigational targeted therapy for HCC, e.g. sorafenib, within two weeks prior to the start of trial treatment
  • Use of any local ablative treatment or TACE within 6 weeks prior to the start of trial treatment, and must have clear evidence of progressive disease after local treatment;
  • Radiotherapy within 3 weeks prior to the start of trial treatment. (Palliative radiotherapy will be allowed)
  • Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to the start of trial treatment
  • Use of biologic response modifiers, such as G-CSF, within 3 week prior to the start of trial treatment.
  • Concomitant treatment of rifampin or St John's Wort
  • Other investigational products within 4 weeks prior to the start of the trial treatment
  • Symptomatic metastatic brain or meningeal tumors (unless the patient is > 6 months from definitive therapy, has a negative imaging study within 4 weeks of study entry and is clinically stable with respect to the tumor at the time of study entry).
  • Previous or concurrent cancer that is distinct in primary site or histology from the cancer being evaluated in this study EXCEPT cervical carcinoma in situ, treated basal cell carcinoma, superficial bladder tumors [Ta, Tis & T1] or any cancer curatively treated > 3 years prior to study entry.
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding patients. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test performed within five days prior to the start of trial treatment. Both men and women enrolled in this trial must use adequate barrier birth control measures during the course of the trial.
  • History of cardiac disease: congestive heart failure > NYHA class 2; active coronary artery disease (myocardial infarction more than 6 months prior to study entry is allowed); cardiac arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy (beta blockers or digoxin are permitted) or uncontrolled hypertension
  • History of HIV infection
  • Known case of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency
  • Active clinically serious infections (> grade 2 NCI CTCAE version 4.0)
  • Patients with clinically significant gastrointestinal bleeding within 30 days prior to the start of trial treatment.
  • Patients with main portal vein tumor thrombosis
  • Patients with ascites uncontrolled by medication
  • Patients with seizure disorder requiring medication (such as steroids or anti-epileptics)
  • Patients with previous liver transplantation
  • Patients undergoing renal dialysis
  • Known or suspected hypersensitivity to capecitabine, 5-fluorouracil, oxaliplatin or other platinum compounds, and any other agent given in association with this trial
  • Patients with significant peripheral sensory neuropathy with functional impairment
  • patients unable to swallow oral medications
  • Any condition that is unstable or could jeopardize the safety of the patient and their compliance in the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02089633


Locations
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Hong Kong
The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital
Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bio-Cancer Treatment International Limited
The University of Hong Kong
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Thomas CC Yau, Dr. The University of Hong Kong

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Bio-Cancer Treatment International Limited
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02089633     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: BCT-100-004
First Posted: March 18, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 28, 2017
Last Verified: July 2017
Keywords provided by Bio-Cancer Treatment International Limited:
hepatocellular carcinoma
HCC
pegylated recombinant human arginase
PEG-BCT-100
oxaliplatin
capecitabine
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Capecitabine
Oxaliplatin
BCT-100
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents