Technology Intensified Diabetes Education Study in African Americans (TIDES)
|Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Adult-Onset Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, Noninsulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, Type II||Behavioral: Technology Intensified|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Technology Intensified Diabetes Education Study in African Americans With Type 2 Diabetes|
- Hemoglobin A1c [ Time Frame: 12 months post randomization ]Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c): blood specimens will be collected at the screening visit, as well as the 3-months, 6-months, 9-months, and 12-months follow-up visits
- Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: 12 months post randomization ]Blood pressure measurement: Blood pressure readings will be obtained at baseline, 3-months, 6-months, 9-months, and 12-months, following the American Heart Association guidelines. The device will be programmed to take 3 readings at 2 minute intervals, and give an average of the 3 blood pressure readings.
- Quality of Life [ Time Frame: 12 months post randomization ]Quality of Life: The Short Form-12 (SF-12) is a valid and reliable instrument to measure functional status. The SF-12 items reproduce at least 90% of the variance in physical component (PCS-36) and mental component (MCS-36) scores.
- Resource Utilization & Cost [ Time Frame: 12 months post randomization ]Resource Utilization & Cost: Information on hospitalizations, physician/professional visits, and medications will be captured.
|Study Start Date:||May 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||April 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||April 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Techonology Intensified
Subjects randomized to this group will receive: 1) the FORA system for self-monitoring; 2) weekly telephone-delivered diabetes education/skills training; 3) patient activation (list of 5 questions to ask their provider at every visit and training on how to ask the questions); and 4) patient empowerment (diabetes responsibility contracts, personal goals, and flow charts for patients to record lab results/medications and training on how to use the empowerment tools). The intervention will be delivered by telephone once a week for 12 weeks with each session lasting ~30 minutes.
Behavioral: Technology Intensified
The intervention is based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model and provides information, motivation, and behavioral skills training (using motivational enhancement techniques). Patients will be assigned the FORA 2-in-1 Telehealth System and provided glucose test strips to allow testing at least once a day. They will be asked to perform glucose testing and blood pressure measurement using the FORA system once daily. They will be asked to upload the measurements daily as soon as possible after the test is performed. The nurse educators will have access to a secure server to which the uploaded measurements are stored in real time. The glucose and BP readings will be used to tailor and reinforce behavior change during weekly telephone-delivered diabetes education sessions.
No Intervention: Usual Care
Apart from study visits, patients will be followed by their primary care providers. The provider will be responsible for determining treatment parameters, making changes in the treatment regimen, and determining the timing of follow up visits. Between scheduled office encounters, contact between patient and provider will be patient initiated. The provider may use clinic nurses to follow up on problematic patients or patients with abnormal results. In essence, this group will receive the current standard of care at the study clinics.
African Americans (AA) with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have higher prevalence of diabetes, poorer metabolic control (i.e. poorer blood glucose, blood pressure, and lipid control), and greater risk for complications and death compared to White Americans. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is the primary marker for glycemic control and is a strong independent predictor of development of complications and increased mortality in T2DM. Key self-care behaviors that influence glycemic control (and HbA1c) include diet, physical activity, self-monitoring of blood glucose and medication adherence. Systematic review of multiple randomized clinical trials (RCTs) show that self-care interventions that include diabetes education and skills training are effective in improving metabolic control in diabetes. Recent findings indicate that patients with diabetes, especially ethnic minority patients, prefer telephone-delivered diabetes education to group visits or internet-based education. Multiple RCTs have documented the effectiveness of telephone-delivered self-care interventions in T2DM. Preliminary data from our group also suggest that a culturally-tailored telephone-delivered diabetes education and skills training intervention is an effective strategy to improve metabolic control in AA patients with T2DM.
This study provides a unique opportunity to address gaps in the literature by testing the efficacy of a technology-intensified diabetes education/skills training (TIDES) intervention in AAs with poorly controlled T2DM. The long-term goal of the project is to identify effective strategies to improve metabolic control and hence reduce diabetes complications and mortality rates in AAs with T2DM.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02088658
|United States, South Carolina|
|Medical University of South Carolina|
|Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425|
|Principal Investigator:||Leonard E Egede, MD, MS||Medical University of South Carolina|