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Functional Impact of a Memory Intervention Program

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02087137
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 14, 2014
Last Update Posted : January 13, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Susan Vandermorris, Ph.D., C.Psych., Baycrest

Brief Summary:

Normal aging is associated with decline in some aspects of memory, and this can be a risk factor for reductions in everyday functioning. The Baycrest Memory and Aging Program teaches positive adaptation to age-related memory changes, including strategies for minimizing the everyday impact of normal memory change and positive lifestyle change to maximize brain health. Prior research has shown that the Memory and Aging program is effective in increasing participants' knowledge about memory, use of memory strategies, and confidence in memory function, as well as adoption of healthier lifestyle practices and reduction in intention to use unneeded health care resources.

Although not one of the stated goals of the program, informal feedback from participants suggests that the educational content and skills training in the Memory and Aging Program has led some participants to change behaviours in ways that lead to significant improvements in their everyday functioning. For example, graduating participants often volunteer examples of how they have applied what they have learned to succeed in everyday memory tasks such as learning a new name or keeping track of future plans. Based on this participant feedback, it is hypothesized that the knowledge, skills, and confidence gained by Memory and Aging Program participants may lead to positive behaviour changes that, in turn, lead to improved everyday functioning. The present study will test this hypothesis using a randomized controlled pretest-posttest design.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Aging Behavioral: Memory and Aging Program Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 69 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Functional Impact of a Memory Intervention Program
Study Start Date : May 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Memory

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Memory and Aging Program
The Memory and Aging Program intervention consists of five 2-hour sessions conducted over five consecutive weeks. The content of the program includes: (a) the provision of factual information (i.e., about memory, age-related memory changes, lifestyle factors affecting memory, and memory strategies) in an informal lecture format; and (b) memory intervention (i.e., practice and application of several evidence-based memory strategies) in a hands-on interactive format.
Behavioral: Memory and Aging Program
No Intervention: Wait-list Control
Participants randomized to the wait-list control group will receive no intervention following randomization. They will be offered the intervention immediately following completion of the week 14 outcome testing session.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change from baseline in healthy lifestyle behaviours as measured by Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (Walker, Sechrist, & Pender, 1987) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8, week 14 ]
  2. Change from baseline in memory strategy use as measured by the Memory Strategy Toolbox (modified from Troyer, 2001) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8, week 14 ]
  3. Attainment of individualized goals for (a) lifestyle change, (b) memory strategy use, and (c) functional outcomes of memory strategy use as measured by Goal Attainment Scaling (Gordon, Powell, & Rockwood, 2000; Kiresuk, Smith, & Cardillo, 1994) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8, week 14 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in positive and negative affect as measured by Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8, week 14 ]
  2. Change in general health status as measured by the RAND 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (Ware & Sherbourne, 1992). [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8, week 14 ]
  3. General Self-Efficacy Scale (Schwarzer & Jerusalem, 1995) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8, week 14 ]
  4. Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (Smith, Della Sala, Logie, & Maylor, 2000) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8, week 14 ]
  5. Self-report health status, lifestyle changes, attitudes about aging [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8, week 14 ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Change in memory knowledge as measured by Memory knowledge quiz (modified from Troyer, 2001). [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 8, week 14 ]
  2. Change in self-perceived memory as measured by Multifactorial Metamemory Questionnaire (Troyer & Rich, 2002) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 8 weeks, 14 weeks ]
  3. Change in prospective memory function (Prospective telephone-call task, Troyer, 2001; actual week, Rendell & Craik, 2001) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 8 weeks, 14 weeks ]
  4. Change in name learning (Name-learning task, based on Troyer, Häfliger, Cadieux, & Craik, 2006) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 8 weeks, 14 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 90 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 50-90
  • Available to participate in all testing and intervention sessions (located in Toronto, Canada)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • health conditions with major effects on cognition, including a current or previous history of stroke, brain surgery, or diagnosed neurological disorder
  • dependence in instrumental activities of daily living
  • cognitive impairment, defined as performance below cutoff for cognitive impairment on a standardized cognitive test, the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (Brandt, Spencer, & Folstein, 1988).
  • affective impairment, defined as performance below cutoff for depression on standardized depression screen, the Geriatric Depression Scale (Yesavage et al., 1983)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02087137

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Canada, Ontario
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M6A 2E1
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Principal Investigator: Susan Vandermorris, PhD Baycrest

Additional Information:
Brandt, J., Spencer, M., & Folstein, M. (1988). The Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status. Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychology, & Behavioral Neurology, 1(2), 111-117.
Kiresuk, T. J., Smith, A., & Cardillo, J. E. (1994). Goal attainment scaling: Applications, theory, and measurement. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Troyer, A. K. (2001). Improving memory knowledge, satisfaction, and functioning via an education and intervention program for older adults. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 8(4), 256-268.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Susan Vandermorris, Ph.D., C.Psych., Psychologist, Baycrest Identifier: NCT02087137     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 14-21
First Posted: March 14, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 13, 2016
Last Verified: January 2016

Keywords provided by Susan Vandermorris, Ph.D., C.Psych., Baycrest:
memory training