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Coronary Artery Disease Screening in Kidney Transplant Candidates (CADScreening)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02082483
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 10, 2014
Results First Posted : February 11, 2020
Last Update Posted : February 11, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
John Gill, University of British Columbia

Brief Summary:

Kidney transplant candidates are at very high risk for coronary artery disease (CAD). The optimal strategy to monitor and maintain the cardiac fitness of patients awaiting kidney transplantation is unknown. Currently patients undergo annual testing; however, screening for CAD may increase morbidity and mortality by:

  1. exposing patients to the risk of angiography and revascularization procedures
  2. delaying or excluding patients from life saving transplantation.

Before proceeding with a definitive study to determine whether screening is necessary, feasibility will be determined in this pilot study.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
End Stage Renal Disease Coronary Artery Disease Other: Selective Screening Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This pilot trial will determine the feasibility of a multi-center, randomized, parallel group definitive trial. Asymptomatic wait-listed patients will be randomized to routine screening for coronary artery disease (CAD) (i.e. Myocardial Perfusion Scintigraphy (MPS) or Dobutamine Stress Echo (DSE)) as per the current standard of care versus selective screening based on symptoms. Patients enrolled in the pilot will be included in the definitive trial analysis. The pilot trial will include four Canadian centres. The definitive trial will aim to determine if a strategy of selective use of screening tests (i.e. Myocardial Perfusion Scintigraphy or Dobutamine Stress Echo) only in the presence of symptoms (i.e. chest pain, dyspnea etc) is non-inferior with respect to the composite endpoint of non-fatal MI and cardiac death compared to screening all asymptomatic wait-listed patients at regular intervals as described in transplant specific guidelines published by the National Kidney Foundation.

Currently there is no strong evidence for or against using routine cardiac screening of asymptomatic transplant patients, more evidence based randomized clinical trials are needed. This need is further highlighted by a number of factors such as: wait-listed patients are increasing in number and medical complexity; longer wait times and changing donor characteristics can increase CAD risk; wait-listed patients are at high risk for CAD but are commonly asymptomatic; the standard of care is not evidence based and is expensive; the current standard may be harmful. The study will determine feasibility of a definitive trial through the measures outlined under 'Outcome Measures'.

End stage renal disease (ESRD) patients wait-listed for kidney transplantation will be randomized to undergo selective screening for CAD, in which patients are only screened if they develop symptoms suggestive of CAD or the current standard of care that involves regular screening for CAD at fixed time intervals based on the presence of risk factors. Patients will remain on the pilot trial protocol until death, non-fatal MI, transplantation, permanent removal from the waiting list for any reason, or 24 months after enrolment in the pilot trial. During wait-listing, follow-up telephone interviews and chart reviews will be performed every six months. After transplantation, an in-person follow up visit and chart review will occur at the time of discharge from hospital, and a telephone interview and chart review will be performed 3 months after transplantation. Patients will be followed for 24 months from the date of enrolment. Patients who receive a kidney transplant during the study will be followed for 27 months.

For the pilot trial, descriptive analyses are planned. Feasibility will be summarized with proportions, rates, means, and medians as appropriate. Comparison of the definitive trial outcomes between treatment groups, will not be done at the end of the internal pilot as these patients will be included in the definitive trial. Analyses of enrolment rates and consent rates will be done after the enrolment phase of the pilot trial in late 2014. An interim analysis of protocol adherence is planned in mid 2016 in support of the definitive trial funding application in September, 2016.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 144 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot Study to Determine Feasibility of a Randomized Trial of Screening for Coronary Artery Disease in Kidney Transplant Candidates
Actual Study Start Date : November 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : July 31, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Selective Screening
Patients randomized to selective-use of screening tests will not routinely undergo Myocardial Perfusion Scintography or Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography. If patients develop symptoms of CAD at any time, they will undergo investigations as per the usual standard of care.
Other: Selective Screening
Patients randomized to selective-use of screening tests will not routinely undergo Myocardial Perfusion Scintography or Dobutamine Stress Echocardiography. If patients develop symptoms of CAD at any time, they will undergo investigations as per the usual standard of care.

No Intervention: Regular Screening
Patients randomized to regular screening will be tested as per the current standard described in guidelines published by the National Kidney Foundation (e.g. annually while wait-listed for transplantation). If patients develop symptoms of CAD at any time, they will undergo investigations as per the usual standard of care.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants Adhering to the Expected Number of Screening Tests [ Time Frame: Up to 27 months ]
    Adherence will be defined by completion of the expected number of screening tests during follow up as per the 2005 National Kidney Foundation guidelines. For example, the expected number of screening tests in a diabetic patient who did not develop symptoms would be zero in the selective screening group, while the same patient would be expected to completed two screening tests if randomized to regular screening. Tests performed for clinical symptoms of CAD will be excluded from the determination of adherence.

  2. Enrolment Rates [ Time Frame: Measured after enrolment period of 6 months ]
    The total number of subjects enrolled across all sites will be monitored monthly from the CRO, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute (OHRI), which issues the randomization scheme.

  3. Consent Rate [ Time Frame: Measured after enrolment period of 6 months ]
    The percentage of patients willing to participate will be established at each site. Willingness to enrol in the study will be recorded on each patient's case report form along with the reason for any refusal to consent.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Cardiac Events [ Time Frame: Up to 27 months ]
    A composite outcome of cardiac death and non-fatal myocardial infarction will be looked at and adjudicated by a blinded clinical endpoints committee.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Number of Participants With Transplant Events [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Patient transplantation will be documented on the subject case report form.

  2. Number of Participants With Wait List Holds or Removals [ Time Frame: Up to 24 months ]
    Indication for hold or removal will be measured as well.

  3. Number of Health Care Encounters [ Time Frame: Up to 27 months ]
    The information captured will include outpatient, day care, and emergency room use (including any diagnostic testing and all medical and surgical interventions (i.e. use of thrombolytics, revascularization procedures), inpatient encounters and resource utilization (hospitalizations, procedural costs), physician consultations. Indirect patients costs (time off work, transportation costs), and quality of life (measured using the short-form 36 (SF36).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • age greater than 18 years
  • active on the deceased donor transplant waiting list

Exclusion Criteria:

  • patients not expected to require further screening for CAD prior to transplantation by the current standard of care. For example, a diabetic patient recently screened for CAD and expected to be transplanted <12 months from the start of the study would not require further screening according to current guidelines and would be ineligible
  • patients with signs or symptoms suggestive of active cardiac disease such as unstable coronary syndromes, de-compensated heart failure, uncontrolled arrhythmia, and severe valvular heart disease
  • patient who have been put "on hold" for transplantation due to a medical problem (e.g. an infection)
  • prior extra-renal transplant recipients
  • multi-organ transplant candidates (e.g. kidney pancreas transplant candidates)
  • patients with a planned living donor transplant
  • patients unable to provide informed consent

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02082483


Locations
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Canada, British Columbia
St. Paul's Hospital
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Vancouver General Hospital
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Canada, Ontario
St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8N 4A6
The Ottawa Hospital
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
University Health Network
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Canada, Quebec
Royal Victoria Hospital
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of British Columbia
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: John Gill, MD St. Paul's Hospital
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by John Gill, University of British Columbia:

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Responsible Party: John Gill, Dr. John Gill, University of British Columbia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02082483    
Other Study ID Numbers: H14-00141
MOP 133509 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: Canadian Institutes of Health Research )
First Posted: March 10, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 11, 2020
Last Update Posted: February 11, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020
Keywords provided by John Gill, University of British Columbia:
Kidney Transplant
Screening
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Kidney Failure, Chronic
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Disease
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Renal Insufficiency
Dobutamine
Cardiotonic Agents
Sympathomimetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Adrenergic beta-1 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic beta-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Protective Agents