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Study to Evaluate the Interaction Potential of Clarithromycin XL on Diltiazem Hydrochloride Cream 2% in Healthy Subjects

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02080780
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 6, 2014
Results First Posted : April 14, 2014
Last Update Posted : April 14, 2014
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
TKL Research, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ventrus Biosciences, Inc

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the drug-drug interaction potential of clarithromycin XL on Diltiazem hydrochloride (DTZ) 2% cream.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
CLARITHROMYCIN/DILTIAZEM [VA Drug Interaction] Drug: Clarithromycin XL Drug: 2% Diltiazem Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This study was designed to investigate the potential effect of clarithromycin XL at steady state (administered orally, once daily on Days 4 through 9 as 2 x 500 mg tablets, 1000 mg per day, for a total of 6000 mg) on the PK of a single topical dose of diltiazem hydrochloride 2% cream applied to the perianal area (~2.5 cm [1 inch]; ~8.5 mg). This was a Phase 1 study with a single treatment arm. Efficacy was not assessed; therefore the study was of open-label design.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 24 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase 1, Open-label, Drug-drug Interaction Study to Evaluate the Interaction Potential of Clarithromycin XL on Diltiazem Hydrochloride Cream 2% in Healthy Subjects
Study Start Date : September 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Drug Reactions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 2% Diltiazem & Clarithromycin XL

3 parts:

  1. - Single Dose, Diltiazem (Day 1)
  2. - Multiple Dose, Clarithromycin XL (Days 4-9)
  3. - Single Dose, Diltiazem (Day 8)
Drug: Clarithromycin XL
Clarithromycin XL administered once daily on Days 4 through 9 as 2 x 500 mg tablets, 1000 mg per day, for a total of 6000 mg

Drug: 2% Diltiazem
2% Diltiazem Hydrochloride Cream applied on Day 1 & Day 8 to the perianal area (~2.5 cm [1 inch]; ~8.5 mg)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Peak Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of 2% Diltiazem [ Time Frame: 9 days ]
    To evaluate the drug-drug interaction potential of clarithromycin XL on Diltiazem hydrochloride (DTZ) 2% cream.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Were healthy subjects (as confirmed by medical history, laboratory work, and physical exam);
  2. Were between 18 and 60 years of age, inclusive;
  3. If of childbearing potential, were using an acceptable form of birth control (ie, nonhormonal intra-uterine device, diaphragm, condom, bilateral tubal ligation, abstinence, or were in a monogamous relationship with a partner who had a vasectomy);
  4. In the case of females of childbearing potential, had a negative serum pregnancy test (SPT) at Screening and a negative urine pregnancy test (UPT) at Study Day -1, (a woman was considered to be of childbearing potential unless she was postmenopausal for at least 12 months or was surgically sterile [hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy]);
  5. Had clinical lab tests (hematology, chemistry, and urinalysis), an electrocardiogram (ECG), and vital signs within normal limits, or assessed by the investigator as not of clinical significance; and
  6. Were able to read, understand, and provide signed informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. On any drug treatment at the time of the study;
  2. Had donated plasma (500 mL) within 7 days prior to drug administration;
  3. Had donated or lost whole blood (excluding the volume of blood that was to be drawn during the screening procedures of this study) prior to administration of the study medication as follows: 50 mL to 499 mL of whole blood within 30 days, or more than 499 mL of whole blood within 56 days prior to drug administration;
  4. Were using and were unwilling to stop any other concomitant topical preparations in or around the anus and perianal area from Day −1 through the end of the study;
  5. Had a hypersensitivity or allergy to the investigational compound/compound class used in this study, and bacterial fighting medications, including but not limited to clarithromycin XL , azithromycin, telithromycin, and erythromycin or to calcium channel blockers;
  6. Had a history or presence of neurological, endocrinal, cardiovascular, pulmonary, hematologic, immunologic, psychiatric, or metabolic disease, that, in the opinion of the investigator, could have interfered with the study conduct or observation;
  7. Were unable to adhere to or understand the requirements of the protocol;
  8. Had a body mass index > 40 kg/m2;
  9. Had a screening ECG >470 QTCF for females and >450 QTCF for males;
  10. Were on active treatment with anti-viral therapies (eg, indinavir, nelfinavir, ritonavir) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV);
  11. Had been treated with any of the following medications within 14 days prior to signing the ICF:

    • CYP450 inhibitors and inducers;
    • CYP3A4 substrates, inhibitors, and inducers;
    • Benzodiazepines;
    • β-adrenoceptor antagonists (beta-blockers);
    • Calcium channel blockers;
    • Digoxin;
    • Investigational agents;
    • Opioids.
  12. Had any of the following concomitant disease states:

    • Sick sinus syndrome except in the presence of a functioning ventricular pacemaker;
    • Second-or third-degree atrioventricular block except in the presence of a functioning ventricular pacemaker;
    • Hypotension (< 90 mm Hg systolic);
    • Acute myocardial infarction and pulmonary congestion documented by x-ray;
    • History of clinically significant renal disease;
    • History of clinically significant Alzheimer's or Parkinson's disease;
    • History of clinically significant hepatic disease;
    • Current infection treated with a macrolide antibiotic;
    • Clinical evidence or history of fecal incontinence;
    • Clinical evidence or history of anal fistula;
    • Clinical evidence or history of anal abscess;
    • History of inflammatory bowel disease (eg, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis);
    • History of any prior anal or rectal surgery including but not limited to: lateral sphincterotomy and anal stretch;
  13. Had a major organ transplant;
  14. Had a serious illness in the 4 weeks preceding the beginning of treatment (ie, that resulted in missed work or hospitalization);
  15. Had received treatment for any type of internal cancer within the 5 years prior to enrollment;
  16. Had, in the opinion of the investigator, clinically significant abnormal clinical laboratory results at the time of screening;
  17. Were females who were pregnant, were planning to become pregnant during the study, or were breastfeeding a child;
  18. Were currently using narcotics chronically;
  19. Were currently a smoker;
  20. Had used an investigational drug or had participated in an investigational study within 30 days prior to dosing;
  21. Had used prescription medication within 14 days prior to administration of study medication or over-the-counter (OTC) products (including natural food supplements vitamins, garlic as a supplement) within 7 days prior to administration of study medication, except for topical products without systemic absorption;
  22. Were an employee, family member, or student of the investigator or clinical site;
  23. Had any food allergy, intolerance, restriction, or special diet that, in the opinion of the investigator, could have contraindicated the subject's participation in this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02080780


Locations
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United States, New Jersey
TKL Research
Paramus, New Jersey, United States, 07652
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ventrus Biosciences, Inc
TKL Research, Inc.

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Responsible Party: Ventrus Biosciences, Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02080780     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: VEN307-DDI-001
First Posted: March 6, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 14, 2014
Last Update Posted: April 14, 2014
Last Verified: March 2014
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Clarithromycin
Diltiazem
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Protein Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Antihypertensive Agents
Calcium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Vasodilator Agents