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Safety and Efficacy Study of SL-701, a Glioma-Associated Antigen Vaccine To Treat Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02078648
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 5, 2014
Last Update Posted : January 26, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Stemline Therapeutics, Inc.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of SL-701 as a treatment for recurrent glioblastoma multiform (GBM).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Adult Brain Glioblastoma Glioblastoma Multiforme Biological: SL-701; poly-ICLC (polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid stabilized with polylysine and carboxymethyl cellulose) Drug: Bevacizumab Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 74 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1/2 Study of SL-701, a Subcutaneously Injected Multivalent Glioma-Associated Antigen Vaccine, in Adult Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM)
Study Start Date : May 2014
Primary Completion Date : September 1, 2017
Study Completion Date : January 22, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Bevacizumab
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: SL-701; poly-ICLC 1.6mg; bevacizumab
SL-701 emulsion and the adjuvant poly-ICLC will be administered twice weekly for the initial 2 weeks, every 7 days during the subsequent 3 doses, and subsequently every 14 days for the subsequent 9 doses (16 doses total) through Week 22, and every 4 weeks thereafter. Bevacizumab will be administered every 2 weeks, subsequent to the administration of SL-701/poly-ICLC
Biological: SL-701; poly-ICLC (polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid stabilized with polylysine and carboxymethyl cellulose)
Within 20 minutes following the administration of the SL-701 emulsion, poly-ICLC should be administered as an IM injection in the same extremity (within 3 cm whenever possible) as was administered the SL-701 (deltoid muscle, unless contraindicated).
Other Name: Avastin
Drug: Bevacizumab
Following the administration of SL-701 and poly-ICLC, bevacizumab will be administered IV at a dose of 10 mg/kg. Bevacizumab infusions may occur over 30, 60 or 90 minutes in accordance with institutional practices and guidelines.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Characterize the safety and tolerability of SL-701 [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months and ongoing ]
  2. Estimate the percent of patients alive 12 months after the initiation of SL-701 (OS-12) [ Time Frame: up to 12 months ]
  3. Estimate the objective response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Estimate duration of response [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  2. Estimate the percent of patients alive and progression-free survival at 6 months (PFS-6) after the initiation of SL-701. [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
  3. Estimate the distributions of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 years of age or older.
  • Histologically confirmed GBM or World Health Organization (WHO) Grade IV variants (gliosarcoma, glioblastoma with oligodendroglial features, or giant cell glioblastoma).
  • Uneqivocal evidence of a first tumor recurrence or progression on the initial treatment regimen (prior to enrollment on this study), consisting of surgical intervention (biopsy and/or resection), radiation, and temozolomide chemotherapy, as assessed by MRI or CT scan of the brain with or without contrast within 14 days prior to the start of SL-701. If receiving corticosteroids, the dose must be stable or decreasing for at least 5 days prior to the scan. Patients unable to undergo MRI because of non-compatible devices can be enrolled, provided CT scans are obtained and are of sufficient quality. For each patient, the same imaging technique should be performed throughout the study, for purposes of assessing tumor response or PD.
  • For patients who have undergone resection of recurrent or progressive tumor prior to study enrollment, the following conditions must apply:

    • Recovery from the effects of surgery.
    • Residual disease following resection of recurrent tumor is not mandated for eligibility into the study. To best assess the extent of residual disease post-operatively, an MRI should be performed:

      • No later than 96 hours (h) in the immediate post-operative period; or
      • At least 4 weeks post-craniotomy (7 days for stereotactic biopsy), within 14 days prior to the start of SL-701, and on a corticosteroid dosage that has been stable or decreasing for at least 5 days.
  • Patients who have not had resection of recurrent or progressive disease must have measurable disease.
  • At least 56 of the approximately 76 patients treated must have measurable disease, defined as at least one, contrast-enhancing lesion measuring at least 1 cm in 2 planes (axial, coronal, or sagittal).
  • No evidence of hemorrhage on the baseline MRI or CT scan other than those that are Grade ≤ 1 and either post-operative or stable on at least two consecutive scans.
  • Recovery from prior therapy toxicity, defined as resolution of all treatment-related adverse events (AEs) to Grade ≤ 1 or pre-treatment baseline (except alopecia and lymphopenia).
  • At least 12 weeks from prior radiotherapy to the start of SL-701 unless there is new enhancement outside of the radiation field or unequivocal histopathologic evidence of recurrent tumor.
  • No chemotherapy or investigational agent for at least 3 weeks prior to the start of SL-701, with at least 6 weeks of elapsed time from last dose of nitrosoureas.
  • Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A2 positive.
  • A tumor tissue sample is provided for immunohistochemical analysis of relevant antigens, immune markers and potential prognostic factors. Preferably a paraffin block or 10-12 unstained slides will be submitted prior to study entry. Patients for whom tumor samples are unavailable or inadequate are permitted to participate in the study; however, the absence of available/adequate tumor specimen must be documented.
  • Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score ≥ 70%.
  • Adequate organ function, including the following:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000/μL, platelets ≥ 100,000/μL.
    • Serum creatinine < 1.5 × the upper limit of normal (ULN).
    • Bilirubin < 1.5 × ULN.
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) < 2.5 × ULN.
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 3 days prior to the start of SL-701 treatment.
  • Female patients of childbearing potential and sexually active male patients must agree to use an acceptable form of contraception for heterosexual activity (ie, oral contraceptives, double barrier methods, hormonal injectable, transdermal, or implanted contraceptives, tubal ligation, or vasectomy of their sexual partner(s) for > 40 days before Screening, during the study, and for 60 days after the last dose of study drug. Men should not donate semen during the study and for 60 days after the last dose of study drug.
  • Female patients without childbearing potential (spontaneous amenorrhea for > 12 months or surgically sterilized by tubal ligation, hysterectomy, or bilateral oophorectomy > 6 months before Screening) are eligible for inclusion without contraceptive use restriction.
  • Able and willing to comply with protocol requirements, in the opinion of the investigator.
  • A written and voluntarily signed informed consent must be obtained from the patient or legally authorized representative, in accordance with local regulations, before the initiation of any study related procedures. The patient or legally authorized representative must be able to read and understand the informed consent form (ICF).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior cancer chemotherapy, bevacizumab (or other vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGF]/VEGF receptor [VEGFR]-directed agent), or an investigational agent for recurrent/progressive GBM or prior bevacizumab as part of initial therapy (prior chemotherapy or investigational agents are permitted as part of initial therapy; VEGF/VEGFR-directed agents are not permitted).
  • Contrast-enhancing tumor that is any of the following:

    • Multi-focal (defined as two separate areas of contrast enhancement measuring at least 1 cm in 2 planes that are not contiguous on either fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) or T2 sequences);
    • Associated with either diffuse subependymal or leptomeningeal dissemination; or
    • ≥ 4 cm in any dimension.
  • Requirement of systemic corticosteroid therapy > 4 mg/day of dexamethasone or equivalent or requirement of increasing dose of systemic corticosteroids during the 7 days prior to the start of SL-701 treatment.
  • Surgical resection or major surgical procedure within 4 weeks prior to the start of SL-701, or stereotactic biopsy within 7 days prior to the start of SL-701.
  • Radiation therapy, local therapy (except for surgical re-resection), or systemic therapy following first recurrence/progressive disease. Excluded local therapies include stereotactic radiation boost, implantation of carmustine biodegradable wafers (Gliadel), intratumoral or convection-enhanced delivery administered agents, etc.
  • Active infection requiring intravenous antibiotics.
  • History of cancer (other than GBM) within the past 2 years that has metastatic or local recurrence potential and could negatively impact survival and/or potentially confound tumor response assessments within this study.
  • Clinically significant cardiovascular disease (eg, uncontrolled or any New York Heart Association Class 3 or 4 congestive heart failure, uncontrolled angina, history of myocardial infarction or stroke within 6 months of study entry, uncontrolled hypertension or clinically significant arrhythmias not controlled by medication).
  • Known immunosuppressive disease or active systemic autoimmune disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus, human immunodeficiency virus infection, Hepatitis B, or Hepatitis C, or has taken an immunosuppressive agent within 4 weeks prior to the start of SL-701 treatment. Patients with vitiligo, type 1 diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement therapy, psoriasis not requiring systemic therapy, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll.
  • Any condition which in the investigator's opinion makes the patient unsuitable for study participation.
  • Requires therapeutic anticoagulation with warfarin at baseline; patients must be off warfarin or warfarin-derivative anti-coagulants for at least 7 days prior to starting study drug; however, therapeutic or prophylactic therapy with low-molecular weight heparin is allowed.
  • Has history of known coagulopathy that increases risk of bleeding or a history of clinically significant hemorrhage within 12 months of start of study drug.
  • Has evidence of intratumoral or peritumoral hemorrhage on baseline MRI scan other than those that are ≤Grade 1 and either post-operative or stable on at least 2 consecutive MRI scans
  • Has gastrointestinal bleeding or any other hemorrhage/bleeding event National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) >Grade 3 within 6 months of start of study drug.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02078648

United States, Alabama
University of Alabama
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, Arizona
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85013
Center for Neurosciences
Tucson, Arizona, United States, 85718
United States, California
Cedars Sinai Medical Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90048
United States, District of Columbia
George Washington University
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20052
United States, Florida
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32611
United States, Georgia
Piedmont Cancer Institute
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30309
United States, Illinois
Northwestern University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60208
United States, Massachusetts
Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
United States, Michigan
Henry Ford Health System
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
United States, New York
Columbia University Medical Center
New York, New York, United States, 10027
United States, Ohio
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15260
United States, Rhode Island
Rhode Island Hospital
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02903
United States, Texas
Baylor Charles A Sammons Cancer Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75246
United States, Virginia
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, 22904-
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stemline Therapeutics, Inc.

Responsible Party: Stemline Therapeutics, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02078648     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: STML-701-0114
First Posted: March 5, 2014    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 26, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018

Keywords provided by Stemline Therapeutics, Inc.:
Glioma Associated Antigen
Recurrent Glioblastoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Poly I-C
Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Interferon Inducers
Gastrointestinal Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents