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A Safety, Efficacy, and Tolerability Trial of Pregabalin as Add-On Treatment in Pediatric Subjects <4 Years of Age With Partial Onset Seizures.

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02072824
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 27, 2014
Results First Posted : October 9, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 9, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pfizer

Brief Summary:
This study is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of 2 doses of pregabalin to reduce seizure frequency as an add on therapy in pediatric subjects 1 month to <4 years of age with refractory partial onset seizures. It is hypothesized that both doses of pregabalin will demonstrate superior efficacy when compared to placebo by reducing the partial onset seizure frequency and that pregabalin will be safe and well tolerated.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Partial Onset Seizures Drug: Pregabalin Dose Level 1 Drug: Pregabalin Dose Level 2 Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 175 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel-group, Multicenter Study Of The Efficacy And Safety Of Pregabalin As Adjunctive Therapy In Children 1 Month Through <4 Years Of Age With Partial Onset Seizures
Actual Study Start Date : September 16, 2014
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 13, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : March 13, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Seizures
Drug Information available for: Pregabalin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Study Drug Level 1 Drug: Pregabalin Dose Level 1
Pregabalin liquid dosed daily three times a day in equally divided doses escalated to 7.0 mg/kg/day beginning at Randomization through Taper Phase then tapered to 3.5 mg/kg/day during 1 week Taper Phase

Experimental: Study Drug Level 2 Drug: Pregabalin Dose Level 2
Pregabalin liquid dosed daily three times a day in equally divided doses escalated to 14.0 mg/kg/day beginning at Randomization through Taper Phase then tapered to 3.5 mg/kg/day during 1 week Taper Phase

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo
Placebo Liquid dosed three times daily beginning at Randomization through Taper Phase




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Log Transformed 24-Hour Seizure Rate for All Partial Onset Seizures During the Double-Blind Treatment Phase [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to Day 14 ]
    All partial onset seizures experienced during treatment phase were recorded by central reader during the 48 to 72 hour video-electroencephalogram (EEG). Double Blind 24 hour EEG seizure rate for all partial onset seizures = ([Number of seizures in double blind 48 to 72 hour EEG assessment] divided by [number of hours of video-EEG monitoring])*24. The EEG assessment was done at the end of the fixed dose treatment. For log-transformation, the quantity 1 was added to the double blind 24 hour EEG seizure rate for all participants to account for any possible "0" seizure incidence. This resulted in final calculation as: log transformed (double-blind 24-hour EEG seizure rate + 1).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Responder Rate: Percentage of Participants With at Least 50 Percent (%) or Greater Reduction From Baseline in 24-Hour Seizure Rate for All Partial Onset Seizures During the Double-Blind Treatment Phase [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to Day 14 ]
    Responder Rate was defined as percentage of participants who had a 50% or greater reduction from baseline in 24-hour seizure rate during the double-blind treatment phase. Double Blind 24 hour EEG seizure rate for all partial onset seizures = ([Number of seizures in double blind 48 to 72 hour EEG assessment] divided by [number of hours of video-EEG monitoring])*24. The EEG assessment was done at the end of the fixed dose treatment.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Number of Participants With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (AEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to End of study (EOS) (maximum Day 25) ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a participant who received study drug without regard to possibility of causal relationship. An SAE was an AE resulting in any of the following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason: death; initial or prolonged inpatient hospitalization; life-threatening experience (immediate risk of dying); persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly. Treatment-emergent AEs were events which occurred between first dose of study drug and up to end of study (up to Day 25) that were absent before treatment or that worsened relative to pre-treatment state. AEs included both serious and non-serious adverse events.

  2. Number of Participants With Treatment-Related Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (AEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to EOS (maximum Day 25) ]
    Treatment-related AE was any untoward medical occurrence attributed to study drug in a participant who received study drug. An SAE was an AE resulting in any of the following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason: death; initial or prolonged inpatient hospitalization; life-threatening experience (immediate risk of dying); persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly. Treatment-emergent AEs were events which occurred between first dose of study drug and up to end of study (up to Day 25) that were absent before treatment or that worsened relative to pre-treatment state. Relatedness to drug was assessed by the investigator. AEs included both serious and non-serious adverse events.

  3. Number of Adverse Events by Severity [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to EOS (maximum Day 25) ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence attributed to study drug in a participant who received study drug. AEs were classified according to the severity in 3 categories a) mild: AEs does not interfere with participant's usual function b) moderate: AEs interferes to some extent with participant's usual function c) severe: AEs interferes significantly with participant's usual function.

  4. Number of Participants With Laboratory Test Abnormalities [ Time Frame: From Baseline up to EOS (maximum Day 25) ]
    Abnormality Criteria: hemoglobin,hematocrit,red blood cells(RBC)count:<0.8*lower limit of normal[LLN],platelets:<0.5*LLN/>1.75*upper limit of normal[ULN]; leukocytes:<0.6*LLN/>1.5*ULN; lymphocytes,neutrophils, total protein,albumin, tetraiodothyronine,thyroid stimulating hormone:<0.8*LLN/>1.2*ULN; basophils,eosinophils,monocytes:>1.2*ULN; prothrombin [PT],PT international ratio:>1.1*ULN; aspartate aminotransferase,alanine aminotransferase,alkaline phosphatase,gamma glutamyl transferase:>0.3*ULN; bilirubin:>1.5*ULN; blood urea nitrogen,creatinine, cholesterol,triglycerides:>1.3*ULN; sodium: <0.95*LLN/>1.05*ULN; potassium,chloride,calcium,bicarbonate:<0.9*LLN/>1.1*ULN; glucose fasting:<0.6*LLN/>1.5*ULN; creatine kinase:>2*ULN;urine glucose,ketone,protein:>=1;urine WBC,RBC:>= 20/High Power Field[HPF]; urine casts,hyaline casts:>1/Low Power Field; urine bacteria:>20/HPF.

  5. Number of Participants With Vital Signs Abnormalities [ Time Frame: From Baseline (BL) up to EOS (maximum Day 25) ]
    Criteria for abnormalities in vital signs included: sitting/supine systolic blood pressure (SBP) values: maximum increase and decrease of greater than or equal to (>=) 30 millimeter of mercury (mmHg) from baseline; sitting/supine diastolic blood pressure (DBP) value: maximum increase and decrease of >=20 mmHg from baseline.

  6. Percentage of Participants With Abnormal Physical Examination Findings at Screening and End of Study [ Time Frame: Screening and EOS (maximum Day 25) ]
    Physical examinations evaluated the following body systems/organs: abdomen; ears; extremities; eyes; general appearance; head; heart; lungs; lymph nodes; mouth; musculoskeletal; nose; skin and throat. Abnormalities in physical examination were based on investigator's discretion.

  7. Percentage of Participants With Abnormal Neurological Examination Findings at Baseline and End of Study [ Time Frame: Baseline (BL) and EOS (maximum Day 25) ]
    Neurological examinations included: coordination; cranial nerve function (CNF); gait and station; level of consciousness (LOC); lower and upper extremity sensation; muscle strength; muscle tone; nystagmus; reflexes and speech. Abnormalities in neurological examination were based on investigator's discretion and also, some components of the neurological examination were not done for certain participants due to participant age or significant developmental impairment. Only those categories of neurological examination in which at least 10% of participants had an abnormality in any treatment group at any time point were reported in this outcome measure.

  8. Number of Participants With Electrocardiogram (ECG) Abnormalities [ Time Frame: From screening up to EOS (maximum Day 25) ]
    Criteria for abnormalities in ECG findings: 1) Time from ECG Q wave to the end of the S wave corresponding to ventricle depolarization (QRS complex): >=140 milliseconds (msec); 2) The interval between the start of the P wave and the start of the QRS complex, corresponding to the time between the onset of the atrial depolarization and onset of ventricular depolarization (PR interval): >=200 msec; 3) Time from ECG Q wave to the end of the T wave corresponding to electrical systole corrected for heart rate using Fridericia's formula (QTCF interval): absolute value 450 to <480 msec, 480 to <500 msec, >=500 msec; 4) Maximum QT interval: >=500 msec; 5) Maximum QTCB interval (Bazett's correction): 450 to< 480 msec, 480 to <500 msec, >=500 msec. Only those categories of ECG abnormalities in which participants were found abnormal (maximum QTCB interval 450-<480 msec), were reported in this outcome measure.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Month to 3 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject must have 3 partial onset seizures in the month prior to screening.
  • Subject must have 2 partial onset seizures during the 48 hour baseline phase.
  • Signed Informed Consent.
  • On 1-3 stable anti-epileptic drugs at screening.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Primary generalized seizures including clonic, tonic, clonic-tonic, absence, febrile seizures, and infantile spasms.
  • Lennox-Gasteau, BECTS, and Dravet's syndrome.
  • Status epliepticus within 1 year of screening.
  • Any change in AED regimen with 7 days of screening.
  • Progressive structural central nervous system (CNS) lesion or a progressive encephalopathy.
  • Progressive errors of metabolism.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02072824


  Show 72 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pfizer
Investigators
Study Director: Pfizer CT.gov Call Center Pfizer
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Pfizer:
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] April 6, 2018
Study Protocol  [PDF] December 15, 2017


Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Pfizer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02072824     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A0081042
2013-003420-37 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: February 27, 2014    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 9, 2018
Last Update Posted: October 9, 2018
Last Verified: September 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Pfizer:
Partial Onset Seizures
Epilepsy
Safety
Efficacy
Tolerability
Pregabalin
Lyrica
Adjunctive treatment
Placebo controlled
blinded
Eligibility Criteria

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Seizures
Epilepsy
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Pregabalin
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anticonvulsants
Calcium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Psychotropic Drugs