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Gene-Modified T Cells, Vaccine Therapy, and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Malignancies

This study is currently recruiting participants.
See Contacts and Locations
Verified September 2016 by Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02070406
First received: February 21, 2014
Last updated: September 7, 2016
Last verified: September 2016
  Purpose
This pilot phase I trial studies the side effects of taking ipilimumab after gene-modified T cells and vaccine therapy when treating patients with advanced cancer that has spread to other areas of the body and has not responded to standard therapies. This trial also will determine the best dose of Ipilimumab to use in this combination treatment. T cells are a special type of white blood cell (immune cell) that have the ability to kill cancer cells. T cells are taken from the blood and modified in the laboratory to recognize a specific protein expressed on cancer cells, called NY-ESO-1. This may allow the T cells to target and kill cancer cells that express that protein. Dendritic cells are another type of blood cell that can teach other cells in the body to look for cancer cells and attack them. Giving a dendritic cell vaccine with the NY-ESO-1 protein may help dendritic cells teach the immune system to target cancer cells expressing that protein, and further help the T cells attack cancer. Ipilimumab is a monoclonal antibody, a type of drug manufactured in the laboratory that is similar to antibodies made in the human body that fight off infection. Ipilimumab blocks a protein that turns down the immune system, so blocking this protein may make the immune system more active. This may increase the ability of immune cells to kill cancer cells and improve the effectiveness of the T cell transplant. Giving gene-modified T-cells, a dendritic cell vaccine, and ipilimumab together may teach the immune system to recognize and kill cancer cells that have the NY-ESO-1 protein.

Condition Intervention Phase
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: fludarabine phosphate Biological: NY-ESO-1 reactive TCR retroviral vector transduced autologous PBL Biological: dendritic cell vaccine therapy Biological: aldesleukin Radiation: fludeoxyglucose F 18 Procedure: positron emission tomography Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: NY-ESO-1 TCR Engineered Adoptive Cell Transfer Therapy With CTLA4 Blockade

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of toxicity as defined using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Simple descriptive statistics will be used to summarize toxicities observed after each TCR transgenic cell infusion in terms of type (organ affected or laboratory determination such as absolute neutrophil count), severity (by toxicity table) and nadir or maximum values for the laboratory measures, time of onset (i.e. course number), duration, and reversibility or outcome. Tables will be created to summarize these toxicities and side effects by dose and by course. Baseline information (e.g. the extent of prior therapy) and demographic information will be presented, as well.

  • Maximum tolerable dose (MTD) based on the number of subjects experiencing dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) [ Time Frame: 60 days ]
    Adverse events are defined following the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Feasibility of NY-ESO-1 TCR cells, determined by incidence of preparation not meeting the lot release criteria [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Descriptive statistics including simple summary measures and plots appropriate for longitudinal data will be used. If appropriate, single group inferences of counts will be made with 2-sided confidence intervals.

  • Transgenic cell persistence, analyzed using immune monitoring and molecular techniques [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Molecular analysis of the persistence of cells bearing the NY-ESO-1 TCR complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) will be done by real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) techniques using primers specific for the transgenes and retroviral vector sequences. Immunological monitoring will consist primarily of quantifying T cells bearing surface NY-ESO-1 TCR by NY-ESO-1 126-157/ major histocompatibility complex (MHC) tetramer or dextramer analysis. Descriptive statistics including simple summary measures and plots appropriate for longitudinal data will be used.

  • NY-ESO-1 TCR transgenic cell tumor trafficking (imaging), assessed using 18F-FDG PET [ Time Frame: Up to 60 days after ACT ]
    Regional uptake of 18F-FDG within metastatic tumor sites and secondary lymphoid organs will be quantified by standard uptake value (SUV) normalized to the body weight of the patient. As an internal quality control, SUVs will also be determined for several normal organs, such as muscle, liver and lungs. Descriptive statistics including simple summary measures and plots appropriate for longitudinal data will be used. If appropriate, single group inferences of SUVs will be made with 2-sided confidence intervals.

  • Antitumor activity, assessed using RECIST [ Time Frame: Up to day 90 ]
    Descriptive statistics including simple summary measures and plots appropriate for longitudinal data will be used.


Estimated Enrollment: 12
Study Start Date: July 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: February 2019 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (gene-modified T-cells, vaccine therapy, ipilimumab)

CONDITIONING CHEMOTHERAPY REGIMEN: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV on days -5 and -4 and fludarabine phosphate IV over 30 minutes daily on days -4 to -1.

NY-ESO-1 TCR PBMC INFUSION: Patients receive NY-ESO-1 reactive TCR retroviral vector transduced autologous T cells IV on day 0.

IPILIMUMAB ADMINISTRATION: Patients receive ipilimumab IV over 90 minutes before the NY-ESO-1 TCR PBMC infusion on day 0 or after the infusion on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 4 doses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

NY-ESO-1(157-165) PEPTIDE PULSED DC ADMINISTRATION: Patients receive NY-ESO-1(157-165) peptide pulsed DC vaccine ID on days 1, 14, and 30.

LOW DOSE IL-2 ADMINISTRATION: Patients receive aldesleukin (IL-2) SC BID on days 1-14.

Drug: cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CPM
  • CTX
  • Cytoxan
  • Endoxan
  • Endoxana
Drug: fludarabine phosphate
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 2-F-ara-AMP
  • Beneflur
  • Fludara
Biological: NY-ESO-1 reactive TCR retroviral vector transduced autologous PBL
Given NY-ESO-1 reactive TCR retroviral vector transduced autologous T cells IV
Other Names:
  • anti-NY-ESO-1 TCR gene-engineered lymphocytes
  • anti-NY-ESO-1 TCR retroviral vector-transduced lymphocytes
Biological: dendritic cell vaccine therapy
NY-ESO-1157-165 peptide pulsed DC vaccine given ID
Biological: aldesleukin
Given SC
Other Names:
  • IL-2
  • Proleukin
  • recombinant human interleukin-2
  • recombinant interleukin-2
Radiation: fludeoxyglucose F 18
Correlative studies
Other Names:
  • 18FDG
  • FDG
Procedure: positron emission tomography
Correlative studies
Other Names:
  • FDG-PET
  • PET
  • PET scan
  • tomography, emission computed
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. The safety of NY-ESO-1 T-cell receptor (TCR) transgenic adoptive cell transfer (ACT) has been reported. The current protocol includes the addition of the cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA4) blocking monoclonal antibody ipilimumab to NY ESO TCR ACT in a dose escalation scheme in two study cohorts at 1 and 3 mg/kg of ipilimumab intravenous (i.v.) every three weeks with a maximum of 4 doses (q3wx4).

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the feasibility of delivering the TCR transgenic cell dose and CTLA blockade to patients.

II. To determine the persistence of NY-ESO-1 TCR-engineered peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in serial peripheral blood samples and in biopsies of accessible metastatic lesions.

III. To explore the use of positron emission tomography (PET)-based imaging using the PET tracer [18F] fluorodeoxy-glucose ([18F]FDG) with the goal of determining if the adoptively transferred NY-ESO-1 TCR-engineered PBMC when administered with ipilimumab home and expand in secondary lymphoid organs and tumor deposits.

IV. Clinical antitumor activity recording objective response rate will be an exploratory endpoint in this pilot clinical trial.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of ipilimumab.

CONDITIONING CHEMOTHERAPY REGIMEN: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV on days -5 and -4 and fludarabine phosphate IV over 30 minutes daily on days -4 to -1.

NY-ESO-1 TCR PBMC INFUSION: Patients receive NY-ESO-1 reactive TCR retroviral vector transduced autologous T cells IV on day 0.

IPILIMUMAB ADMINISTRATION: Patients receive ipilimumab IV over 90 minutes before the NY-ESO-1 TCR PBMC infusion on day 0 or after the infusion on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for up to 4 doses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

NY-ESO-1(157-165) PEPTIDE PULSED DENDRITIC CELL (DC) ADMINISTRATION: Patients receive NY-ESO-1(157-165) peptide pulsed DC vaccine intradermally (ID) on days 1, 14, and 30.

LOW DOSE INTERLEUKIN-2 (IL-2) ADMINISTRATION: Patients receive aldesleukin (IL-2) subcutaneously (SC) twice daily (BID) on days 1-14.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically for 90 days, every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Stage IV or locally advanced cancers for which no alternative therapies with proven survival advantage are available
  • At least 1 lesion amenable for outpatient biopsies; this should be a cutaneous or palpable metastatic site or a deeper site accessible by image-guided biopsy that is deemed safe to access by the treating physicians and interventional radiologists; patients without accessible lesions for biopsy but with prior tissue available from metastatic disease would be eligible at the investigator's discretion
  • NY-ESO-1 positive malignancy by immunohistochemistry (IHC) utilizing commonly available NY-ESO-1 antibodies
  • Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A*0201 (HLA-A2.1) positivity by molecular subtyping
  • Life expectancy greater than 3 months assessed by a study physician
  • A minimum of one measurable lesion defined as:

    • Meeting the criteria for measurable disease according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST)
    • Skin lesion(s) selected as non-completely biopsied target lesion(s) that can be accurately measured and recorded by color photography with a ruler to document the size of the target lesion(s)
  • No restriction based on prior treatments
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0 or 1
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1.5 x 10^9 cells/L
  • Platelets >= 100 x 10^9/L
  • Hemoglobin >= 10 g/dL
  • Aspartate and alanine aminotransferases (AST, ALT) =< 2.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (=< 5 x ULN, if documented liver metastases are present)
  • Total bilirubin =< 2 x ULN (except patients with documented Gilbert's syndrome)
  • Creatinine < 2 mg/dl (or a glomerular filtration rate > 60)
  • Must be willing and able to accept two leukapheresis procedures
  • Must be willing and able to provide written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previously known hypersensitivity to any of the agents used in this study
  • Received systemic treatment for cancer, including immunotherapy, within one month prior to initiation of dosing within this protocol
  • History of, or significant evidence of risk for, chronic inflammatory or autoimmune disease (eg, Addison's disease, multiple sclerosis, Graves' disease, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, inflammatory bowel disease, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, hypophysitis, pituitary disorders, etc.); patients will be eligible if prior autoimmune disease is not deemed to be active (e.x. fibrotic damage of the thyroid after thyroiditis or its treatment, with stable thyroid hormone replacement therapy); vitiligo will not be a basis for exclusion
  • History of inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, or other chronic gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea or bleeding, or current acute colitis of any origin
  • Potential requirement for systemic corticosteroids or concurrent immunosuppressive drugs based on prior history or received systemic steroids within the last 4 weeks prior to enrollment (inhaled or topical steroids at standard doses are allowed)
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity or other congenital or acquired immune deficiency state, which would increase the risk of opportunistic infections and other complications during chemotherapy-induced lymphodepletion; if there is a positive result in the infectious disease testing that was not previously known, the patient will be referred to their primary physician and/or infectious disease specialist
  • Hepatitis B or C seropositivity with evidence of ongoing liver damage, which would increase the likelihood of hepatic toxicities from the chemotherapy conditioning regimen and supportive treatments; if there is a positive result in the infectious disease testing that was not previously known, the patient will be referred to their primary physician and/or infectious disease specialist
  • Dementia or significantly altered mental status that would prohibit the understanding or rendering of informed consent and compliance with the requirements of this protocol
  • Clinically active brain metastases; radiological documentation of absence of active brain metastases at screening is required for all patients; prior evidence of brain metastasis successfully treated with surgery or radiation therapy will not be exclusion for participation as long as they are deemed under control at the time of study enrollment
  • Pregnancy or breast-feeding; female patients must be surgically sterile or be postmenopausal for two years, or must agree to use effective contraception during the period of treatment and 6 months after; all female patients with reproductive potential must have a negative pregnancy test (serum/urine) within 14 days from starting the conditioning chemotherapy; the definition of effective contraception will be based on the judgment of the study investigators
  • Since IL-2 is administered following cell infusion:

    • Patients will be excluded if they have a history of clinically significant electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities, symptoms of cardiac ischemia or arrhythmias and have a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 45% on a cardiac stress test (stress thallium, stress multi gated acquisition (MUGA) scan, dobutamine echocardiogram, or other stress test)
    • Similarly, patients who are 50 years old with a baseline LVEF < 45% will be excluded
    • Patients with ECG results of any conduction delays (PR interval > 200 ms, corrected QT interval [QTC] > 480 ms), sinus bradycardia (resting heart rate < 50 beats per minute), sinus tachycardia (heart rate > 120 beats per minute) will be evaluated by a cardiologist prior to starting the trial; patients with any arrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter, excessive ectopy (defined as > 20 PVCs per minute), ventricular tachycardia, 3rd degree heart block will be excluded from the study unless cleared by a cardiologist
    • Patients with pulmonary function test abnormalities as evidenced by a forced expiratory volume of the lung in 1 second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) < 70% of predicted for normality will be excluded
  • Evidence of diverticulitis at baseline, including evidence limited to computed tomography (CT) scan only
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02070406

Locations
United States, California
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center Recruiting
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
Contact: Antoni Ribas    310-206-3928    aribas@mednet.ucla.edu   
Principal Investigator: Antoni Ribas         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Antoni Ribas Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02070406     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 13-001624
NCI-2014-00221 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
13-001624 ( Other Identifier: Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center )
P30CA016042 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: February 21, 2014
Last Updated: September 7, 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Vaccines
Cyclophosphamide
Fludarabine phosphate
Fludarabine
Aldesleukin
Interleukin-2
Vidarabine
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Immunosuppressive Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Radiopharmaceuticals

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on June 23, 2017